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BULLETIN OF SURGERY
IN KAZAKHSTAN
3 (48) 2016
/ALMATY
ISSN 2410-938X (online)


BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN
3 (48) 2016
2005 .
ISSN 2410-938X (online)
 ..  -
- . ..
a quarterly scientific-practical journal of the National Scientific Center of Surgery named after A.N. Syzganov
EDITOR IN CHIEF
dr. med., prof.
DEPUTY
CHIEF EDITOR
Medeubekov U.Sh.,
dr. med., prof.

..,
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PhD;
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PhD;
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Remzi Emiroglu
Bulent Oktay
Tamer Turan
Jeong Tae Kim
();
();

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Hannu Kuokkanen
();
75327
 75327
Subscript index of KAZPOST 75327
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 3(48)2016
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DIAGNOSTICS AND THREATMENT
Aldangarova G.A., Suleimenova A.A.
Optimization of diagnostics
and treatment of uterine
Medeubekov U.Sh., Kuandykov T.K.,
Mutagirov V.V.
Hemostasis assessment and its
correction in patients underwent
liver transplantation . . . . . . . . . . .30
Adilgireeva L.X.,
Semenova Y.M.
anti-proliferative
effect of intravitreal
implant in experiment . . . . . . . . . .34
Adilgireeva L.X., Rakhisheva Z.A.
Comparative characteristic of
vitreous body changes
after intravitreal introduction
of chitosan film in the
conditions of experimental
proliferative
32016

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
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ALCAPA (
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CASE
hanchi mead, Demeuov T.N.,
Rare cases surgical
treatment of
posttraumatic arteriovenous
fistulas renal
vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Sagatov I.Ye., Tae-Gook Jun,
Koshkimbayev Zh.B., Imammyrzaev U.Ye.
Clinical case of surgical
treatment of a girl 6 years old
with ALCAPA (Bland-White-
Garland Syndrome). . . . . . . . . . . .50
Nasibov E.Y.
change in concentration of
rehabilitation abdoal
microelements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
HEALTH
Asen A.A.
The system doctor patient
in healthcare of the Republic of
Kazakhstan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
EVENT CENTER
Masterclass Transplantation of
liver from a living family donor
for children. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Institutional and specialized
accreditation of educational
activity of JSC NSCS
named after
A.N.Syzganov. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016


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Aldangarova G.A., Suleimenova A.A.
National Scientific Center of Surgery named after A.N.Syzganova, Almaty, Kazakhstan
32016
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016

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32016
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
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32016

BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
RESEARCH EXPERIENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC
RESISTANCE OF MICROORGANISMS IN THE
SURGICAL HOSPITAL
615.859:617-
089:579:615.33-078
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Summary
The results of the monitoring of antibiotic resistance of microorganisms held in National Scientific Surgery Center under
the name of A.N.Syzganov in 2015. The obtained data are actual as introduction in clinical practice of a significant
number of modern antibiotics and the emergence of new mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms require

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87019911346
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..., -,
: [email protected],
87776850298
Abdilova Gulnur Bekmurzaevna -
e-mail address:
telephone 87019911346
Nurakhova Alma Dandybaevna -
PhD, doctor-laboratory CDL,
e-mail address: [email protected],
telephone 87776850298


,
[email protected],
87019911346

..., - ,
[email protected],
87776850298




.., .., ..
. .  , , 
  , .
Abdilova G.B., Kataeva H.T., Nurakhova A.D.
National Scientific Surgery Center under the name of A.N.Syzganov, Almaty
Kazakh Medical University Continuing Education, Almaty
32016
Abstract
The results of the monitoring of antibiotic resis-
tance of microorganisms held in National Scientific
Surgery Center under the name of A.N.Syzganov in
2015. The obtained data are actual as introduction
in clinical practice of a significant number of modern
antibiotics and the emergence of new mechanisms
of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms require
more strict standardization of testing procedures,
the development of new approaches to the interpre-
tation of the results, the use of advanced internal
quality control system at every stage of research.
In recent years, around the world there is a
significant increase in the sustainability of com-
munity-acquired pathogens and nosocomial infec-
tions antimicrobic preparations. The emergence of
antimicrobial resistance is a natural biological re-
sponse to the use of the antibiotics, which create
a selective pressure that promotes the selection,
the survival and reproduction of resistant strains of
microorganisms.
Resistance to the antibiotics has a great socio-
economic importance in the developed countries of
the world is seen as a threat to national security.
Infections caused by resistant strains, character-
ized by longer duration, often require hospitaliza-
tion and increase the length of hospital stay, worsen
the prognosis of patients. With the inefficiency of
the drugs of choice have to use the means of the
second or third row, which often are more expen-
sive, less safe and are not always available. All this
increases the direct and indirect economic costs,
but also increases the risk of the spread of drug-
resistant strains in the community.
There are several levels of resistance to antibi-
otics - global, regional and local. First of all, it is
necessary to take into account the global tenden-
cies in the development of resistance. Examples
of microorganisms that are in the world rapidly de-
velop resistance to existing antibiotics are staphy-
lococci, pneumococci, gonococci, Pseudomonas
aeruginosa, and others. It should be remembered
that antibiotic resistance is not an all-out does not
apply to all micro-organisms and the antibiotics.
However, despite the importance of taking into
account the global picture when planning antibiotic
treatment policy more rationally based on data ob-
tained in a particular country (regional data). There
is no doubt that in Kazakhstan there are significant
variations in territorial spread of antimicrobial re-
tance of the territorial monitoring of resistance and
bringing the results to doctors of various special-
As follows from the figure, for example, in the
first half of 2015 the highest resistance of Staphylo-
coccus aureus was observed to gentamicin, amika-
cin and ceftriaxone. The most active agents against
this microorganism were erythromycin (0.1% resis-
tance) and meropenem (resistance of 0.16%).
Meanwhile ciprofloxacin (resistance 0.2%) and
ceftazidime (resistance 0.2%) were more effective
in the treatment of infections caused by Klebsiella
pneumonia. The studied strains of Klebsiella pneu-
monia were the most resistant to gentamicin, me-
ropenem, ciprofloxacin and amikacin.
During the second half of 2015 marked resis-
tance of Staphylococcus aureus to the following
drugs: gentamicin, meropenem, ciprofloxacin,
amikacin, amoxicillin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, and
erythromycin.
Also in the specified time period the more pro-
nounced resistance Klebsiella pneumonia, in par-
ticular gentamicin, meropenem, ciprofloxacin, ami-
kacin, erythromycin.
RESEARCH EXPERIENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF MICROORGANISMS
IN THE SURGICAL HOSPITAL
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
RESEARCH EXPERIENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF MICROORGANISMS
IN THE SURGICAL HOSPITAL
The introduction into clinical practice of a sig-
gence of new mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in
microorganisms require more strict standardization
of testing procedures, the development of new ap-
Figure 1.
resistance (%) Staphylo-
coccus aureus in surgical
hospital in the first half
2015 year
32016
Figure 3.
resistance (%) Staphylo-
coccus aureus in surgical
2015 year
Figure 4.
resistance (%) Klebsiella
pneumoniae in surgical
2015 year
planning and local adaptation measures to opti-
mize the use of the strategy of the antibiotics in
evaluating the efficiency of the current program
and correct strategy to optimize the use of the
reducing the risk of selecting resistant to anti-
biotics nosocomial microflora by reducing the
RESEARCH EXPERIENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF MICROORGANISMS
IN THE SURGICAL HOSPITAL
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
1. .., . . Aggregatibacter
RESEARCH EXPERIENCE OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF MICROORGANISMS
IN THE SURGICAL HOSPITAL
32016
TREATMENT OF LUNG
HYPOPLASIA
I.

21 -
.
.


UDK: 616.24-053.1
Shirtaev Bakhytzhan Kerimbekovich
MD, PhD, the branch manager of
toracic and child surgery department
e-mail: [email protected]


BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
Among the operated patients with congenital
disorders of the lung hypoplasia is 1.3-15.7% of
cases. alformation of lung characterized by uni-
form size decreases lung lobe or segment without
significant disruption of the structure as a result
underdevelopment of the bronchi and lung paren-
chyma [1, 2, 3, 4, 5].
In our clinic for the last 30 years, 21 patients
were operated with pulmonary hypoplasia, which
is 2.1% of the operated congenital lung disease. If
among children and adolescents number of women
and men was similar, among adult patients was
This pathology is often diagnosed in childhood.
According to our data, the first signs of defect in
61.9% of patients manifested from early childhood,
and at 23.8% in the subsequent years of life. In one
case, the disease was asymptomatic and was de-
tected during routine examination. By the time of
the survey in 2 (9.4%) patients the duration of clini-
cal symptoms was less than 5 years.
that established the existence of a more or less
pronounced inflammation in the lungs .In 11 chil-
dren found to delay in growth and development.
Seven children were malnutrition with deformity of
the chest, with narrowing of intercostal spaces and
atrophy of the pectoralis major muscle. At the en-
tire lung hypoplasia (9 patients) breathing on the
affected side was weak or with dry and moist rales.
On radiographs with hypoplastic lung observed
decrease transparency in the areas of lung tis-
DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL TREATMENT OF LUNG HYPOPLASIA
Fibrobronchoscopy was performed in 18 pa-
tients (8 adults and 10 children). Endoscopic picture
was different depending on the prevalence of hypo-
plasia and nature of endobronchitis. On the basis of
the endoscopic picture in 11 (61.1%) patients were
able to establish hypoplasia: observed rough defor-
mation and bronchodilation of the affected lobe, that
at the segmental level is not clear, mucous had cor-
rugated appearance, and bronchial lung unaffected
departments were shifted to the affected side . In
5 patients (27.8%), the trachea was shifted to the
affected side, bronchial lumen was normal, but they
Sex
children and
adolescents
%Adult%
Female
753,8337,5
Male646,2562,5
Total131008100
Table 1
Hypoplasia of the left lung
32016
DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL TREATMENT OF LUNG HYPOPLASIA
acquired bronchiectasis of lobar segments. Due to
prolonged recurrent exacerbations of purulent pro-
cess in the lower lobe appeared in lobar segments
secondary bronchiectasis, which further led to the
expansion of the volume of surgery.
Early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment
of lung hypoplasia avoids subsequent inflammatory
changes in the normal parts of the lungs and arte-
riovenous shunting. Therefore, the presence of lung
hypoplasia we consider the indication for surgical
treatment.
Type of surgerychildren%Adult%Total%
pneumonectomy753,8225942,9
Bilobectomy112,514,7
lobectomy
7,7
37,5
12,5
19,1
combined resection17,7112,529,5
Total13100810021100
Table 2
Localization of lung hypoplasia (lobe)
children
(n=13)
The left lung538,4225
upper lobe225
lower lobe + lingular segments17,7112,5
lower lobe430,8
The right lung215,4
upper lobe17,7112,5
lower lobe112,5
lower and middle lobe112,5
Total131008100
y
p
o
p
l
a
s
i
a

o
f

t
h
e

l
e
f
t

l
u
n
g
Hypoplasia of the left lung
Table 3
The nature of surgical
interventions in hypoplasia
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
DIAGNOSIS AND SURGICAL TREATMENT OF LUNG HYPOPLASIA
ing bronchial stump to prevent bronchial fistula.
of surgical treatment of hypoplasia we assess as
good - in 10 (75%), satisfactory - in 3 (25%) pa-
tients. Unsatisfactory results were not.
Thus, early surgical treatment of a simple hy-
poplasia prevents the development suppurative
processes in the lung pathological shunting of
blood and pulmonary hypertension. Removal of
localized chronic suppurative focus leads to a re-
duction of inflammatory changes in the bronchial
1. Abrams M.E, Ackerman V.L, Engle W.A. Primary
unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia: neonate through
early childhood - case report, radiographic diagnosis
and review of the literature. J Perinatol. Oct. 2004;
24(10):667-70.
2. Kant S. Unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia. A case re-
port. Lung India. 2007; 24:6971.
3. Sunam G, Ceram SJ. Pulmonary artery agenesis and
lung hypoplasia. Eur J Gen Med. 2009;6:2657.
References
32016



,

I.

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Candida , .
.. 2015 . ,
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Candida  .
 ,    
,  䳜, - 圳  䳜
 .
Abstract
The work carried out microbiological monitoring data analysis of antibiotic resistance of microorganisms and sensi-
tivity of Candida fungi to antifungal drugs identified in National Scientific Surgery Center under the name of A.N.Syzganov
in 2015. The article deals with the topical issue, as is currently the world community is faced with a situation where new
579:615.33-078:616-089
Abdilova Gulnur Bekmurzaevna -
e-mail address:
telephone 87019911346
Nurakhova Alma Dandybaevna - PhD,
doctor-laboratory CDL,
e-mail address: [email protected],
telephone 87776850298


,
87019911346

..., - ,
. : [email protected],
87776850298

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[email protected],
87019911346
ͱ 
..., -,
: [email protected],
87776850298
.., ͱ ..,  ..
.. λ , .,
. 
Abdilova G.B., Nurakhova A.D., Kataeva H.T.
National Scientific Surgery Center under the name of A.N.Syzganov, Almaty,
Kazakh Medical University Continuing Education, Almaty
 䳜

Analysis of the results of antibiotic resistance microbiological monitoring of
microorganisms isolated in the surgical hospital
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016

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Enterobacter 816 ; E.coli 525 ;
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
(158%), (105%),
(134%), (104%), -
(101%). E.CoIi
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32016
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616.2-003.7-006
Azerbaijan State Advanced Training
Institute for Doctors named after A.
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E- mail: [email protected]
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Department of Urology, Baku
 

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National Scientific Center of Surgery, Almaty

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Liver cirrhosis associated with severe coagulopathy and increased risk of massive bleeding. Blood loss and mas-
sive transfusion of blood components are independent risk factors for morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation.
: 611.36-616.089-07
Medeubekov Ulugbek Shalkharovih -
Board on scientific and clinical work
of JSC A.N. Syzganov National
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
Summary
To study in experiment anti-proliferative action of the chitosan film (ChF) at surgical treatment of proliferative
Enin E.A. Laboratory chef of a
patomorfology with prozekture, cytology
and group of electronic microscopy
Botabekova T.K. orresponding
member of National academy of
Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
MD, professor
Adilgireeva L.X. candidate of medical
Semenova Y.M. candidate of
medical science, director of studies of
department ophthalmology, associate
professor of General surgery chair
Studying of anti-proliferative effect of intravitreal implant in experiment
Enin E.A., Baiyrkhanova A.O., Botabekova T.K.,
Adilgireeva L.X., Semenova Y.M.
JSC National scientific center of surgery of A.N. Syzganov, Almaty
Semey State Medical University, MHSD KR
JSC Kazakh Awards Badge of honor research institute of eye diseases



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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
References
1. Sosnovskii S.V., Boiko E.V., Kharitonova N.N. Obos-
novanie i razrabotka sistemy kolichestvennoi otsenki


32016



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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
Enin E.A., Baiyrkhanova A.O., Adilgireeva L.X., Rakhisheva Z.A.
JSC National scientific center of surgery of A.N. Syzganov, Almaty
Semey State Medical University, MHSD KR
Kazakh National Medical University of S.D.Asfendiyarov
Abstract
To compare the changes of vitreous body after intravitreal introduction of chitosan film and without introduction
Laboratory chef of a pa-
tomorfology with prozekture, cytology
and group of electronic microscopy
Adilgireeva L.X.
Comparative characteristic of vitreous body changes after intravitreal introduction of
Keywords

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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016

˨
32016
TREATMENT OF POSTTRAUMATIC
ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULAS
RENAL VESSELS
III.
Abstract
he article analyzes examined and operated on 7 patients with arteriovenous fistulas of different localization in the
vascular surgery department them. AN Syzganov Scientific Centre of Surgery with 1990-2003. Of these, 4 cases were
616.13/14001089.12
surgeonof the department of
angiosurgery, can.med., a high level
certificate physician.


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National Scientific Center of Surgery named after A.N. Syzganov
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ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULAS RENAL VESSELS
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) renal vessels are
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32016
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RARE CASES SURGICAL TREATMENT OF POSTTRAUMATIC
ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULAS RENAL VESSELS
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
community diagnosed with dilated kardimiopatiya.
1. Spiridonov AA Rare forms of renal vessels. -VNIIMI,
Scientific Review, edited by AV Intercession, 1975,
pp 61-64.
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3. Shalimov AA, Dryukov NF Aortic Surgery and main
arteriy. Kiev: Health, 1979.-S.383.
4. Vasiliev AI, Zakharov PI, Fedoseyev AK Surgical treat-
ment of traumatic fistula aortovenoznogo // Clinical
hirurgiya4, -C. 111-112.
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arterial injury: results of 550 cases and review of risk
factors associated with limb loss // J. Vasc. Surg.
2001.Vol.33, N6.P.
1212-1219.
6. Megalopoulos A., Siminas S., Trelopoulos G. Trau-
matic pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery after
blunt trauma: Case report and a review of the lit-
erature // Vasc. Endovasc. Surg.2007.Vol.40.
P.499-504.
7. Franz R. W., Jump M. A. Endovascular repair of post-
traumatic, concomitant popliteal artery pseudoan-
eurysm and arteriovenous fistula // Int. J. Angiol.
2009.Vol.18, N1.P.41-44.
RARE CASES SURGICAL TREATMENT OF POSTTRAUMATIC
ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULAS RENAL VESSELS
32016

6- ALCAPA
( BLAND-WHITE-GARLAND)
III.

6-
ALCAPA ( Bland-White-Garland).

ALCAPA, .
Sagatov I.Ye.
1,2
, Tae-Gook Jun
Koshkimbayev Zh.B.
, Imammyrzaev U.Ye.
National Scientific Surgery Center named after A.N. Syzganov
Kazakh Medical University of Continuous Education
, Almaty, Kazakhstan,
Samsung Medical Center School of Medicine, Sungyunkwan University
, Seoul, South Korea

 ALCAPA (Bland-White-Garland ) 6  
.
Abstract
The article presents a case report of successful surgical treatment of the patient 6 years old with ALCAPA
(Bland-White-Garland syndrome).
ALCAPA, .
Keywords
ALCAPA, children.
[616.12-089+616.13-
089]:616.132.2
Sagatov Ye. Inkar Assistant Profes-
sor of Cardiovascular and Endovas-
cular Department of KazMUCE, Chief
Researcher of NSSC named after A.N.
Syzganov, MD.,
e-mail: [email protected]
Tae-Gook Jun Professor, Head
of congenital Team Samsung
Sungyunkwan University, M.D., Ph.D.


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Tae-Gook Jun ,

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Samsung Medical Center School of Medicine, Sungyunkwan University
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Samsung Medical Center School of Medicine, Sungyunkwan University
, Seoul, South Korea
ALCAPA (Bland-White-Garland ) 6 

Clinical case of surgical treatment of a girl 6 years old with ALCAPA
(Bland-White-Garland syndrome)
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
6- ALCAPA
( BLAND-WHITE-GARLAND)

Anomalous Left
Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery
ALCAPA S.J. Brooks [5]. -
1908 . M. Abbott
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
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2. Abbott M. E. Congenital Cardiac disease. Modern
Medicine / Philadelphia. 1908.
3. Bland E. F., White P. D., Garland J. Congenital anoma-
lies of the coronary arteries: report of an unusual case
associated with cardiac hypertrophy. 1933. 8:787-801.
4. Bravo-Valenzuela NJ, Silva GR. Aneurysm of
the Left Coronary Artery in Postoperative Bland-
White-Garland Syndrome. Case Rep Cardiol.
2015;2015:568014. doi: 10.1155/2015/568014. Epub
2015 Dec 6.
5. Brooks S. J. Two cases of abnormal coronary ar-
tery of the heart arising from the pulmonary artery:
with some remarks upon the effect of this anomaly
in producing cirsoid dilation of the vessels. J. Anat.
Physiol. 1886. Vol. 20. P. 2632.
6. Erdinc M, Hosgor K, Karahan O. Repair of anoma-
lous origin of the left coronary artery arising from
right pulmonary artery with rolled-conduit-extended
reimplantation in an adult. J Card Surg. 2011 Nov.
26(6):604-607.
7. Juan CC, Hwang B, Lee PC, Meng CC. Diagnostic
6- ALCAPA
( BLAND-WHITE-GARLAND)
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
,



616.381-002
III.
Summary


II

.+994556657982
Elshan Nasibov Yagubogly. Senior
Assistant, chair of surgical - diseases
II Azerbaijan Medical Universit. Baku.
tel + 994 556 657 982.

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1. Abbasov, PA Microelements and hemodynamic compli-
cations after liver transplantation peculiarities associ-
ated with the system. Health N 4, 2014, p. 25- 39.
2. Huseynov SA Non-klostridial peritonitis anaerobic
treatment of complex medical elmdokdissavtoreferat.
Baku, 2007, 42s.
3. Hamzayev Sh.M. Severe Peritonitis hipotermik histo-
morfoloji changes in kidney tissue // Azerbaijan dur-
ing restructuring. Modern achievements of Medicine,
2012, N3, s4951
4. Valiyev NA, Hamzayev Sh.M. AbdoMinal sepsis.
Baku, 2013, manuals.
5. Abbasov, PA Microelements and hemodynamic compli-
cations after liver transplantation peculiarities associ-
ated with the system // Health, 4, 2014, p. 25- 39.
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BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
һ


614.2
IV.

.

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.
:
,
.
LLP Kazakhstan Medical University Graduate school public health

     .
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   .
  , 
   .
Summary
In the moment is a basic strengthening of healthcare of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The system doctor
patient in the organization of patient centered health care model needs a clear structure and definition of
roles of all the participants.
In our article we analyzed the experience of public health in neighbors countries and abroad to study the
most acceptable and adaptive ways of development in the context of the realities of the Kazakh system.
 ,
- .
Keywords:
patient centralisation,

.. 䳜
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e-mail: [email protected]
Asen A.A.- Vice-chief on clinical
preventive work in out-patient clinic
e-mail: [email protected]

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e-mail: [email protected]
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The system doctor patient in healthcare
of the Republic of Kazakhstan
 
  


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REQUIREMENTS
BULLETIN OF SURGERY IN KAZAKHSTAN 32016
Scientific articles and notes, express messages on the results
of research in the various fields of surgery are published in the
REQUIREMENTS
32016
nation of the amino acid residues, sugars and nucleic acid bases
are usually given in transcriptions. For example: Leu-Leucine, Ile-
isoleucine, Phe-phenylalanine, Glu-glucose, Suc-sucrose.
Tables are printed on separate pages. Each table (at least three
columns) should be numerical and have subject heading. Figure
captions are placed on a separate paper. Figures should contain a
minimum of inscriptions. On the axes specify a dimension, not the
name of the measured variable.
Curves in graphs are indicated by Arabic numerals, relevant
explanations are given in the figure captions.
The manuscript is sent in printed or electronic copies and on
CD or by e-mail. The full names, patronymics and surnames of
all authors, rank, position, place of work, phones, faxes, e_mail,
postal addresses with the index.
When publishing articles the editorial board is governed with
the date of their final receipt from the author. Custom works and
articles are published out of turn, having, in the opinion of the edi-
torial board, a priority. Manuscripts, not accepted for publication,

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