the US macro — economic regions


Until recently US division into three main economic regions was widely used. However from the 80-ies. American statistics highlight four macro-regions, which very different in historical and cultural context, and the nature of the contemporary socio-economic development: Northeast, Midwest, South and West.
Northeast: "Workshop of the nation." North-east - the smallest macro-region, but its role in the country has been and remains extremely important. In 1620 the ship "Mayflower" with the first English settlers arrived from England to the coast of the Gulf. Thus arose New England, which can be called the cradle of the US. For a long time the North-East was developing faster than other areas. This was facilitated by the benefits of its economic and geographical location, wealth of coal, features of colonization. This region is called "Main street" of the country, because there are "economic capital" of the country - New York and its political capital – Washington there. New York - the largest financial, industrial, transport, commercial and cultural center of the USA. It gives more than 1/10 of the total GDP of the country. Especially New York City has great importance as a major the US financial center. If New England has long been a major area of the US light industry, the glory of "the American Ruhr" in the last century has acquired the western part of Pennsylvania, where one of the foundations of the industrial zone was formed on the basis of the Appalachian basin. The main center of the coal and metallurgical base – Pittsburgh. But for a long time, the old industrial area is in decline.
Midwest was settled and developed in the XIX century. The territory of the industrial belt of New York and Boston gradually moved to the west, reaching Lakeshire. Here, large industrial centers such as Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland were created based on the rich resources of raw materials and fuel. But the Midwest is not only rich with coal and iron ore. Its wealth also include soil and agro-climatic conditions. Occupying just 1/5 of territory of the USA, it produces about 1/2 of its agricultural products.
The American South developed much more slowly the Northeast and Midwest, primarily because of the predominance of the slave plantation economy. During the century and a half it was the possession of "Kings of Cotton." And later served as South agro-raw materials appendage for the more developed macro-regions. Ideas of poverty, underdevelopment, extreme racism were associated with the South .However, in recent decades, the traditional image of the South is largely gone. The region took the first place in the country for oil natural gas, coal, phosphorite production, electric power stations capacity. now 9/10 of fabrics, tobacco production is concentrating here.

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