Sillabus


SILLABUS
of the elective course
«DIAGNOSTIC ALGORITHM AND MANAGEMENT
OF PREGNANT WOMEN WITH PERINATAL INFECTION»
Department Obstetrics and Gynecology №2 (90 hours)
SabjectObstetrics and Gynecology
Specialty051301 «General Medicine»
The total volume of training hours
(credits) 90 hours (2credits)
Practical traning 30 hours
Student’s independent work
the teacher controlled 30 hours
Independent work of the student30 hours
The courseV
The semesterIХ - Х
The form of control exam

Almaty, 2013.
The work program is compiled by MD Kaliyeva L.K., is discussed and approved at the meeting of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology№ 2.
Protocol №______, «_____»___________________2013.
Head of the department. Obstetrics and Gynecology № 2,
MD Kaliyeva LK

General:
Name of University Kazakh National Medical University S.D.Asfendiarov
Department: Obstetrics &Gynecology №2
Discipline& its code: Obstetrics &Gynecology, AG-4303
Speciality: «051301 – General medicine»
The volume of hours / credits 90 hours
Course and semester: 5-th course, IХ-Х semester
Information on teachers
№ ФИО долж-ность ученая
степень приоритетные научные интересы место нахождения кафедры Телефон
Калиева Лира Каббасовна зав. кафе-дрой д.м.н. Оперативное акушерство и гинекология, вопросы бесплодия, фтизиогинекология Богенбай Батыра, 492
Роддом №1 292-69-91
87052051070
[email protected]
Нугманова Маруа Искаковна доц.,
завуч к.м.н. Онкогинекология, оперативное акушерство и гинекология Розыбакиева, 74, Ж\к №1 292-69-91
87772237795
Дусумбаева Любовь Шыктыбаевна доц. к.м.н. Гнойно-септические заболевания в гинекологии Казыбек Би
БСНП 235-87-55
87013135712
Бищекова Балзира Нагашибаевна доц. к.м.н. Акушерство и гинекология, гинекология детей и подростков Богенбай Батыра, 492
Роддом №1 292-69-91
87772373321
Максутова Дина Жусуповна доц. д.м.н. Современные методы лечения миомы матки Казыбек Би
БСНП 235-87-55
87013697367
Еспаева Раушан Нуркадыровна асс. к.м.н. Акушерские кровотечения. Джандосова,2
ЦГКБ 230-59-12
87772293864
Шукенова Эльвира Камшыбековна асс. - Ведение родов при узком тазе у женщин, УЗИ в акушерстве Богенбай Батыра, 492
Роддом №1 292-69-91
87013252337
Сагандыкова Нургуль Молдакасымовна асс. - Задержка внутриутробного развития плода Богенбай Батыра, 492 292-69-91
87014097865
Оспанова Сауле Турсынгалиевна асс. - Практическое акушерство и гинекология Джандосова,2
ЦГКП 274-83-75
87017650605
1.8. Contact information:
Location of the Department: Bogenbai batyr str. 492. Phone: 2926991; 3179201
1.9. The rules of discipline: Consistent and focus the learning process. Requirement of teachers to students is based on general principles of training in medical school:
1. Mandatory, regular attendance of workshops, in the absence of the lesson for a good reason, such as illness, you should submit the approval of the dean's office to perfect the missed classes.
2. Do not be late for class.
3. Regularly and hard carry out tasks, to participate actively in the learning process.
4. Students should come to the practical training in special clothes: pure white gown, clean hood, removable shoes without heels.
5. Students must be approved for use in hospitals.
6. Students must comply with sanitary and epidemiological conditions in the hospital.
7. Students should be respectful to teachers, medical staff and other clinic students.
8. Students should openly discuss conflicts in the groups with the head teacher or head of department.
The Program.
2.1 Introduction.
In recent years we have seen an increase in the frequency of intrauterine infections and increasing its role in perinatal mortality. A risk group of intrauterine fetal infection is pregnant women with obstetric pathology, women who have had acute respiratory infections and other infections during pregnancy, women who have pockets of chronic infections, especially in the urogenital area.
Now it is proved that infectious diseases of the mother during pregnancy can adversely affect the fetus, causing his death in utero or miscarriage. The disease can be detected at birth, shortly after birth, or it may go undetected for months or years after birth.
Viral infections play a significant role in causing the pathology of the fetus. Viral infection can lead to the development of various pathological processes in the egg, embryo, fetus and adult.
The virus, chlamydia and genital mycoplasmas are the most common causes of infectious diseases urogenital adults, as well as common diseases of infants and young children.
The poblem in modern infectious disease is associated infections. It is shown that the combination of a variety of infections can increase virulence of each pathogen. Then the diagnosis is complicated and it is necessary to use many modern serological virological and immunological methods.
2.2. The purpose of the elective course:
Formation of students’ knowledge about:
the effect on the fetus maternal acute and chronic infectious diseases
practical skills of history-taking
objective methods of general and gynecological research
using of additional methods, the interpretation of their results
• Formation the technique of taking bioassay for the detection of sexually transmitted infections.
2.3. The learning problems:
To acquaint the student with the clinical features, diagnosis of acute and chronic respiratory diseases in pregnancy, therapeutic tactics
To acquaint the student with the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic infections of the genitourinary system in pregnant women
To acquaint the student with genital diseases caused by adenovirus, enterovirus, papovaviruses, hepatitis, HIV
To show the role of viral, chlamydial infections in causing pathology of pregnancy and newborns, the role in the birth of healthy children
To acquaint the student with the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, clinical manifestations and treatment of sexually transmitted infections
The show features a hidden carriers of sexually transmitted infections, methods of detection, treatment, and prevention of hidden forms of STIs.
To demonstrate the technique of taking a bioassay for the detection of sexually transmitted infections
To acquaint the student with the basic clinical protocols and orders of the MoH RK in obstetrics and neonatology
To acquaint the student with the legal framework of health care for women during pregnancy and after childbirth.
2.4. The results at the end of training.
The student must be generated knowledge about:
specifics of acute and chronic infections during pregnancy, testing and treatment in different stages of pregnancy
specifics of manifestation and treatment of acute and chronic infections of the genitourinary system during pregnancy
the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis of infections transmitted through sexual contact. The role of these infections in the pathology of pregnancy and child
the features of inter-species relationships STI
the basic protocols and orders MoH RK in obstetrics and neonatology
the regulatory framework of health care for women during pregnancy and after childbirth
The student acquires skills:
a survey of women with certain infectious diseases during pregnancy
carry out the necessary research to verify the diagnosis
planning treatment of infections during pregnancy
prevent transmission to the fetus and newborn
conversation with a patient with a particular infection
taking a bioassay for the detection of pathogen
registration forms in the direction of the laboratory
2.5 Prerequisites: Departments of: Microbiology, Communication skills - 2, Epidemiology, General immunology, Obstetrics and Gynecology №1.
Postrequisites: Departments of: Postgraduate training for AFP, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology.
2.6 Brief contents: Students will lean different methods of diagnosis various infections during pregnancy and management of pregnant women
.7. Thematic plan of practical training and Student’s independent work the teacher controlled (SIWTC)
№ Тopic The form of practical training Duration (hours)
The form of SIWTC Acute and chronic respiratory diseases and pregnancy. The effect on the fetus. Algorithm for the diagnosis and management of pregnant women. Testing. The survey and discussion. 4
Curation of patients 4
Features of acute and chronic diseases of the urinary tract in pregnancy. Complications of pregnancy and the postpartum period. Algorithm for diagnosis, treatment, prevention. The value of the hidden bacteriuria in pregnancy. Testing. The survey and discussion. 4
Curation of patients 4
Genital herpes infection. Cytomegalovirus infection. Diagnostic algorithm, the management of pregnant women. Case study. The survey and discussion. 3
3
Supervision of patients. Interpretation of the results of laboratory tests. Some oncogenic viral infections. HIV. Algorithm for the diagnosis and management of pregnant women. The survey and discussion. The decision of situational problems. 4
Bioassay taking skills from the cervical canal, urethra for PCR. 4
Chlamydial urogenital infection. Extragenital chlamydial disease. Mycoplasma infection. The survey and discussion. 4
Case study 4
Viral hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E). Algorithm for the diagnosis and management of pregnant women The survey and discussion. 4
Case study 4
Zootrop infections
a) toxoplasmosis
b) brucellosis
b) Listeria
Algorithm for the diagnosis and management of pregnant women Testing. The solution case studies 4
Analysis of the history of the disease. 4
Bacterial vaginosis. Fungal infections. Algorithm for the diagnosis and management of pregnant women. The survey and discussion. 3
Curation of patient 3
Common Practical training 30 hours
SIWTC 30 hous
2.7 Тhe tematical plan of Students’ independent worky (SIW)
№ Topic The form of the work Duration (hours)
Review of the medical history of pregnant suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis Presentation 3
Review of the case of viral pneumonia in pregnant Presentation 3
The emergence and spread of genital herpes and chlamydia urogenital infections Abstract 3
Current treatment regimens of patients with chronic inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract caused by mixed chlamydia-ureaplasma -herpetic infection. Presentation 3
Measures to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections. Presentation 3
Annexes A, B, C, D, E of the Protocol MOH "Observation of physiological pregnancy" (Basic clinical protocols and orders of the MoH PK in obstetrics and neonatologii.-C29-45). Presentation 3
Orders MoH PK on viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, HIV \ AIDS, "Rules of organization of inpatient care in health care organizations to protect the health of mother and child" Presentation review of the data orders 3
Algorithm for screening for intrauterine infection in the perinatal period. Abstract 3
Lymphogranuloma venereum Abstract 3
German measles. Etiology pathogenesis. Clinic. Diagnosis. Impact on the course of pregnancy, the fetus. Abstract 3
Common 30 hours
2.9 Methods of teaching and learning
Practical: oral questioning, testing, analysis of medical records, the solution case studies.
Student’s independent work the teacher controlled (SIWTC):
participate in the reception of patients, supervision case patients, practical skills, interpretation of laboratory results.
Students’ independent work (SIW) working with phantom, students work with a training and additional literature, electronic media and the Internet, abstracts and presentations.
The form of the SIW: Abstracts work, project work (presentation).
2.9. Criteria and rules of assessment.
Methods for assessing the knowledge and skills of students:
Assessing the students on five criteria of competence:
Theoretical knowledge of the student are assessed on the previous criteria - added test answers, oral questioning, solutions situational problems. (ГОСО РК 5.03.06-2006 «Система образования Республики Казахстан. Контроль знаний в высших учебных заведениях» от 26.08.2006г.). The maximum score – 100
. To assess the practical skills evaluated each step the assignment. Performed by the student practical skills are assessed on the following criteria:
0-49 Can not apply the knowledge in practice, in the assessment of the problem situation. Makes an erroneous conclusion. Practical skills does not consistently wrong.
50-74 Difficult to apply knowledge in practice, in the assessment of the problem situation. Hard to argue the conclusion. Practical skills to step through, but makes mistakes.
75-89 Is able to apply the knowledge in practice, to assess the problem situation, but difficult to argue opinion. Practical skills to perform the steps in the implementation, there are some inaccuracies.
90-100 Actively applying knowledge in practice and transforms them according to the situation, is critical of the information, draw conclusions, explains and justifies the statement. Practical skills to perform the steps clearly.
The maximum score – 100
Assessment of communication skills
0-49 No initiative, does not participate in the discussion, is not involved in the resolution of disputes, with difficulty comes in contact with the patient avoids contact with the medical staff.
50-74 No initiative, passive in the discussion, inadequate reaction to the criticism of the medical staff and the emotions, show respect, but not correct. Can collect history, but not in full.
75-89 Initiative, participated in the discussion, responding to criticism of the medical staff, be respectful, polite. Can reassure the patient, collect history, but makes mistakes.
90-100 Initiative, is actively involved in the discussion can quickly get in touch with the medical staff, observes ethics. Available can properly explain the patient her condition, to reassure her. That's right, just asking the right questions, can collect history. Makes no mistakes.
The maximum score – 100
Patient advocacy skills assessed by an oral examination.The maximum score – 100
The process of self-improvement of the student is evaluated based on the results of independent work of the student, knowledge of the latest research data on a given topic, participating in the research work of the student, conferences. The maximum score – 100
The evaluation criteria of independent work of the student
Summary:
90-100 score of "excellent" - the student has shown a comprehensive and in-depth knowledge of the material topics accurately and creatively fulfilled the task with respect to the structure of the presentation abstract different sources of text with illustration, with reference to the literature over the past 5 years;
75-89 points "good" - the student fulfilled the assignment subject to presentation of an abstract structure, using different sources of text with illustration, with reference to the literature over the past 5 years, with the unprincipled made ​​mistakes in the presentation of the material;
50-74 points "satisfactory" - the student finished the task very briefly, not in full, and the fundamental mistakes made ​​in the presentation of the material;
49 points or less "unsatisfactory" - the structure of the presentation abstract inadequate.
Presentation:
90-100 score of "excellent" - the student has shown a comprehensive and in-depth knowledge of the material topics accurately and creatively fulfilled the task to meet a delivery structure presentation. The main points of clear and specific themes reflected by 10-15 slides, highlighting the most important information, with reference to the literature over the past 5 years. Illustrations of good quality (high resolution), with a clear image.
75-89 points "good" - the student fulfilled the assignment subject to presentation of the layout structure, and the unprincipled made ​​mistakes in the presentation;
50-74 points "satisfactory" - the student finished the task very briefly or with large amounts of text on a slide, illustrations of satisfactory quality;
49 points or less "unsatisfactory" - introduced the presentation does not meet the requirements.
Requirements for practical training
• The decision of tests: 10 tests are compiled for each session, the textual part of the test - 7-8 lines answers - 5, one of them is correct.
• Survey: student verbally respond to questions posed by the teacher, showing the theoretical knowledge on the topic.
• Working in small groups: given a task that must be done in a short amount of time. After the assignment, each group makes a report or role play shows on employment. Assessed the degree of participation of each student in the group, the completeness of coverage of issues, themes.
• Analysis of medical records, the health center patients thematic maps: assess student responses to questions posed by the teacher during the parse history, dispensary map.
• The decision of situational problems evaluated leading selection of symptoms, a certain amount of research for diagnosis, interpretation of the results of laboratory and imaging studies, differential diagnosis, the wording of the final diagnosis, the purpose of treatment. Once participants have completed the analysis of the case, either individually or in small groups, they have an opportunity to express their views on this issue to them.
Requirements for independent work of the student
• Students' work with the literature and other sources. The student must be grouped and analyzed the necessary sources and literature, read the relevant publications related to the theme of work.
Requirements to the abstract
The volume of the abstract should be in the range of 6-8 pages long;
In the development of the abstract is recommended 4-5 different sources of text;
The abstract shall be made ​​in compliance with the structure of the presentation;
Course of the presentation shall refer to the literature used.
References should be in the last 5 years.

The structure of the essay should include:
• title page;
• index (consistent presentation abstract sections showing the page from which it begins);
• Introduction (Crystallizing the problem under study, determining the relevance, purpose and objectives of the essay);
• the majority (each section of this part of the essay convincingly reveals a different problem, or one of its sides, is a logical continuation of the previous);
• Conclusion (summarizing or given generalized conclusion on the abstract, with guidance);
• References.
Requirements for presentations.
• The student must abide by a single style, cool background, non-contrast texture on one slide to use no more than 3-4 colors, the use of computer animation, the content should be short, clear.
The criteria and rules for assessing knowledge
Evaluation of the rating assessments of students made ​​up of monitoring.
t - current control = average received a mean value based on the average amount of points for the practical value and the average amount of points for the self-study. 
Rating admission to the final assessment of the student is at least 60%, so the semester assessment of students in the discipline is given by:

• Final inspection: at the end of the examination subjects in two stages:
Stage 1 - Testing (prepared 176 tests);
Stage 2 - a practical skill, "smears for cervical PCR"
The evaluation criteria for the practical skills: the maximum score – 100
Scoring % Complete Score from the traditional system
90-100 90 - 100 fine
89-75 89 - 75 good
74-50 74 - 50 satisfactorily
49 and less 49 - 0 unsatisfactorily
The final grade
I = R х 0,6 + E х 0,4,
I – the final grade
R– evaluation rating of admission
E – evaluation of final control (examination of the discipline)
Rating is 60% of R,
Exam -40% от I
Summarized the assessment of the students in the discipline
Score alphabetic system Digital equivalent Points Score from the traditional system
А 4,0 100 fine
А- 3,67 90-94 В+ 3,33 85-89 good
В 3,0 80-84 В- 2,67 75-79 С+ 2,33 70-74 satisfactorily
С 2,0 65-69 С- 1,67 60-64 D+ 1,33 55-59 D 1,0 50-54 F 0 0-49 unsatisfactorily
Criteria for evaluation of knowledge-based ГОСО РК 5.03.06-2006 «Система образования республики Казахстан. Контроль знаний в высших учебных заведениях» от 26.08.2006г.
1. Knowledge, skills and competencies of students in all types of control are determined by estimates point-lettered rating systems that have a proportional relationship.
2 Rated "excellent" corresponds to an A, which has the digital equivalent of 4.0, and the percentage of 95-100% and A-, which has the digital equivalent of 3.67 and percentage of 90-94%.
This assessment is put in when the student has shown an understanding of programming material and did not allow of any errors, inaccuracies, timely and properly completed tasks, showing the original thinking, on time and without errors homework, doing research work independently using additional scientific literature in the study of the discipline, he was able to organize their own program material.
3. "Good" is graded B +, which has the digital equivalent of 3.33 and percentage of 85-89%, B which has the digital equivalent of 3.0, and the percentage of 80-84% and B-, which has the digital equivalent of 2.67 and percentage content of 75-79%
This assessment is put in when the student has mastered the program material is not lower than 75% and is not a gross error in the response, the timely implementation of the task and gave them no fundamental observations performed correctly and on time has passed without major homework comments use additional literature on teacher direction, engaged in research work, made mistakes or unprincipled principal issues that are fixed by the student, was able to organize the program material with the help of the teacher.
4. "Satisfactory" assessment corresponds to the estimate of C +, which has the digital equivalent of 2.33 and percentage of 70-74%, and C, which has the digital equivalent of 2.0, and the percentage of 65-69%, C-, which has the digital equivalent of 1.67 and percentage content of 60-64%, D +, which has the digital equivalent of 1.33 and percentage of 55-59%, and D, which has the digital equivalent of 1.0, and the percentage of 50-54%.
This assessment is put in when the student has mastered the program material is not less than 50%, the performance of tasks needed by the teacher, not been active in research, only limited academic literature, this teacher, had great difficulties in organizing the material.
5. Evaluation of "unsatisfactory" is graded F, which has the digital equivalent of 0, and the percentage of 0-49%.
This assessment is put in when the student found a gap in the knowledge base material under the program, more than half had not mastered the discipline of the program, the responses made ​​fundamental errors, did not fulfill individual tasks contained in the form of current, intermediate and final control, has not completed all the basic literature provided by the program.
Machinery and equipment
Equipment: LCD projector, computers, educational-training class in obstetrics and gynecology, educational films.
Equipment: test items, test questions, case studies, copies of medical records.
2.10. Recommended Reading:
References:
Management of Perinatal Infections Edited by Dr Pamela Palasanthrian, Dr Mike Starr, and Dr Cheryl Jones.- Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases, 2002.-71p.
Dounald School Textbook of Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2011.-P.149-156, P.213-220.
Berek Руководство по акушерству и гинекологии: учебное пособие/ пер. с англ. Под ред.Э. Jonathan S. Berek &Novak’s Gynecology, 14th Edition Copyright ©2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.-P.4-25.P.66-72
Гинекология: учебник / под ред. Г.М.Савельевой, В.Г.Бреусенко. – 3-е изд. – М., 2008. – 432 с.
Further Reading
Чернуха Е. А. Родовой блок: Руководство для врачей.-М.:Триада-Х,2005
Айламазян Э.Г. Акушерство – учебник для студентов мед.ВУЗов. Санкт-Петербург. – 2005 г.
Наглядное акушерство и гинекология. Норвитц Эррол Р., Шордж Джон О., Пер.с англ-М: ГЭОТАР-МЕД,2003-144с.

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