test 6


ЗАДАНИЕ N 25 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Поисковое чтение с целью определения наличия в тексте запрашиваемой информацииПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Определите, какое утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.
 The intensity of forest management depends on the purpose planted forests are grown for.
   In developing countries planted forests can’t be used for the purpose of forest products manufacturing.
   Key criteria for sustainable forest management are the counties they are planted and grown in.
   Now planted forests are defined as forests having been established through planting or seeding by humans.

  ЗАДАНИЕ N 26 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Изучающее чтение с элементами аннотированияПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Завершите утверждение согласно содержанию текста.For some countries planted forests are especially important for their social and cultural values conservation …
 as their natural forests are deforested or intended for conservation
   in order forest products are to be produced within environmentally friendly contexts
   like semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species
   as it is significant for global assessments of the extent of sustainable forest management
Решение:Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации и, прочитав текст, завершить утверждение согласно содержанию текста.Утверждение «For some countries planted forests are especially important for their social and cultural values conservation…» («Для некоторых стран посаженные леса особенно важны для сохранения их социально-культурных ценностей…») следует закончить вариантом ответа «as their natural forests are deforested or intended for conservation» («так как их природные леса вырубаются или предназначены для заповедников»), так как именно это утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.Согласно тексту: «Planted forests… play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values… particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation… (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones)» («Посаженные леса… играют важную роль в сохранении социально-культурных ценностей… в особенности потому, что природные леса исчезают из-за вырубки (в основном в развивающихся странах тропиков и субтропиков) или предназначены для заповедников… (в основном в развитых странах в умеренных зонах») (фрагмент 1).
  ЗАДАНИЕ N 27 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Изучающее чтение с элементами анализа информацииПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Ответьте на вопрос:What forests can be referred to planted forests nowadays?
 Nowadays it is believed that planted forests can contain trees planted by people as well as trees of some other kinds.
   Today it is increasingly being recognized that planted forests are necessary for people for different reasons.
   At present time people create planted forests through planting or seeding and carefully manage them.
   Planted forests are carefully managed nowadays as they are important sources for forest products.
Решение:Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации при изучающем чтении, уметь анализировать получаемую информацию и, читая текст, находить ответ на поставленный вопрос.Правильный ответ на вопрос «Какие леса называются «насаженными лесами» сегодня?» – «Nowadays it is believed that planted forests can contain trees planted by people as well as trees of some other kinds» («Сегодня считается, что насаженные леса могут содержать деревья как посаженные человеком, так и деревья других видов»), так как согласно тексту: «At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species» («В настоящее время установлено, что “насаженные леса” – это леса, которые были созданы посадкой их в виде саженцев или семенами людьми. Насаженными лесами все более признают полунатуральные леса, в которых произрастают самостоятельно выросшие виды, и насаженные леса с экзотическими видами» – фрагмент 2).

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 28 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Изучающее чтение с выделением главных компонентов содержания текстаПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Определите основную идею текста.
 Planted forests are very important in cultural and socio-economic spheres of society, the degree of forest management depending on the purpose they are planted for.
   Now it is considered that in planted forests trees appear through planting or seeding by humans including trees of semi-natural and exotic species.
   Planted forests worldwide are important sources for forest products, forest management is being exercised only for forests designated for sale.
   There is no common definition of planted forests, but it has been an accepted fact that they are increasingly important nowadays.

ЗАДАНИЕ N 25 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Поисковое чтение с целью определения наличия в тексте запрашиваемой информацииПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Определите, какое утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.
 The intensity of forest management depends on the purpose planted forests are grown for.
   In developing countries planted forests can’t be used for the purpose of forest products manufacturing.
   Key criteria for sustainable forest management are the counties they are planted and grown in.
   Now planted forests are defined as forests having been established through planting or seeding by humans.

  ЗАДАНИЕ N 26 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Изучающее чтение с элементами аннотированияПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Завершите утверждение согласно содержанию текста.For some countries planted forests are especially important for their social and cultural values conservation …
 as their natural forests are deforested or intended for conservation
   in order forest products are to be produced within environmentally friendly contexts
   like semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species
   as it is significant for global assessments of the extent of sustainable forest management
Решение:Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации и, прочитав текст, завершить утверждение согласно содержанию текста.Утверждение «For some countries planted forests are especially important for their social and cultural values conservation…» («Для некоторых стран посаженные леса особенно важны для сохранения их социально-культурных ценностей…») следует закончить вариантом ответа «as their natural forests are deforested or intended for conservation» («так как их природные леса вырубаются или предназначены для заповедников»), так как именно это утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.Согласно тексту: «Planted forests… play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values… particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation… (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones)» («Посаженные леса… играют важную роль в сохранении социально-культурных ценностей… в особенности потому, что природные леса исчезают из-за вырубки (в основном в развивающихся странах тропиков и субтропиков) или предназначены для заповедников… (в основном в развитых странах в умеренных зонах») (фрагмент 1).
  ЗАДАНИЕ N 27 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Изучающее чтение с элементами анализа информацииПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Ответьте на вопрос:What forests can be referred to planted forests nowadays?
 Nowadays it is believed that planted forests can contain trees planted by people as well as trees of some other kinds.
   Today it is increasingly being recognized that planted forests are necessary for people for different reasons.
   At present time people create planted forests through planting or seeding and carefully manage them.
   Planted forests are carefully managed nowadays as they are important sources for forest products.
Решение:Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать алгоритм обработки текстовой информации при изучающем чтении, уметь анализировать получаемую информацию и, читая текст, находить ответ на поставленный вопрос.Правильный ответ на вопрос «Какие леса называются «насаженными лесами» сегодня?» – «Nowadays it is believed that planted forests can contain trees planted by people as well as trees of some other kinds» («Сегодня считается, что насаженные леса могут содержать деревья как посаженные человеком, так и деревья других видов»), так как согласно тексту: «At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species» («В настоящее время установлено, что “насаженные леса” – это леса, которые были созданы посадкой их в виде саженцев или семенами людьми. Насаженными лесами все более признают полунатуральные леса, в которых произрастают самостоятельно выросшие виды, и насаженные леса с экзотическими видами» – фрагмент 2).

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 28 сообщить об ошибкеТема: Изучающее чтение с выделением главных компонентов содержания текстаПрочитайте текст и выполните задания.Planted forests1. Planted forests worldwide are increasingly important sources for forest products produced within sustainable, energy-efficient and environmentally friendly contexts. They also play a major role in preserving the social and cultural values attached to forests, particularly as natural forests decrease in size through deforestation (mainly in developing countries in the tropics and subtropics) or are designated for conservation or other purposes (mainly in developed countries in temperate zones).2. Recently there have been concerted efforts to harmonize forest-related terms and definitions. At this point in time, it can be agreed that "planted forests" are forests in which trees have been established through planting or seeding by human intervention. Planted forests are increasingly being recognized as including semi-natural forests with indigenous species and plantation forests with exotic species.3. Planted forests are often intensively managed for production purposes, but they may also be established for purposes of protection or conservation, or for socio-economic reasons, in which case management may be less obvious or intensive. The distinction is important for global assessments that attempt to capture the extent of productive, protective, conservational or socio-economic functions of forests, which are key criteria for sustainable forest management.Определите основную идею текста.
 Planted forests are very important in cultural and socio-economic spheres of society, the degree of forest management depending on the purpose they are planted for.
   Now it is considered that in planted forests trees appear through planting or seeding by humans including trees of semi-natural and exotic species.
   Planted forests worldwide are important sources for forest products, forest management is being exercised only for forests designated for sale.
   There is no common definition of planted forests, but it has been an accepted fact that they are increasingly important nowadays.

ЗАДАНИЕ N 2 HYPERLINK "javascript:void(0);" сообщить об ошибкеТема: Деловая лексикаBids had to be in by 6.00 and we put ours in ten minutes before the …
 deadline   time   stock market   fringe benefitsРешение:Чтобы выполнить задание, следует знать лексику деловой сферы применения, уметь использовать ее в заданном контексте и правильно перевести варианты ответов:deadline – конечный срок подачи чего-то;time – время;stock market – фондовая биржа;fringe benefits – дополнительные льготы.Согласно контексту, только вариант deadline является правильным: «Заявки по ценам нужно было предоставить к 6 часам, и мы подали наши за десять минут до конечного срока».


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