Ilia Repin (1844—1930)


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Ilia Efimovich Repin (1844- 1930) The great Russian painter Ilia Efimovich Repin was born in 1844 in a small Ukrainian town of Tchuguev in the family of a military settler. As a boy he was trained as an icon painter. Memorial museum of L.E. Repin.Tchuguevin the early 19th century At the age of 19 he entered the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Imperial Academy of Fine ArtsFull-scale class of the Academy of Arts The resurrection of the daughter of JairusHis arrival to the capital coincided with an important event in artistic life of the 60s, the so-called "Riot of the Fourteen" when 14 young artists left the Academy having refused to use mythological subjects for their diploma works.In 1871, the theme of "The Raising of Jairus's daughter" was proposed for the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts graduation of competitive work.The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg. Russian artist Ilya Repin Barge Haulers on the Volga, 1873"Barge Haulers on the Volga" (1870-1873) was the first considerable work painted by Repin after graduation. . It immediately won recognition. Italy in the early 19th centuryFor his diploma work (1871) Repin was awarded The Major Gold Medal and received a scholarship for studies abroad.In 1873, Repin went abroad. For some months he had been travelling in Italy and then settled and worked in Paris up to 1876. Ilya Repin « Procession in Kursk Province»In 1877, he started to paint religious processions (krestny khod): "Khrestny Khod (Religious Procession) in Kursk Gubernia" (1880-1883). A series of paintings devoted to the revolution theme deserves special attention. The artist was no doubt interested in creating the character of a fihter for social justice. The range of social, spiritual and psychological problems, which attracted Repin, is revealed in his works: "Unexpected Return" (1884) and "Refusal from the Confession" (1879-1885)."Unexpected Return" (1884) Portraits of contemporariesRepin is the author of many portraits, which are an essential part of his artistic heritage. Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (1887) Pavel Tretyakov Historical paintingRepin rarely painted historical paintings. The most popular in this genre is "Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan" (1895). Ivan Groznyj kills the son (1895) Zaporozhye Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan (1880-1891). Museum of Repin "Penates". After the bolsheviks' revolution in 1917 he lived and worked in his estate Penates in Finland.

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