Why men don’t listen and women can’t read maps

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Barbara & Allan Pease

Copyright © Allan Pease 2001

All rights reserved
The right of Allan Pease to be identified
as the author of this work has been

asserted by him in accordance with the

Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

This edition published in 2001 by

Pease International Pty Ltd

Phone: 61

Fax: 61

Email: [email protected]
Web: www. peaseinternational. com

Published in Great Britain by

Publishing Group

Distributed in Australia and New Zealand
by HarperCollins Ltd

Imported to Great Britain by Pease Training International Ltd.

Tel: 01564 741 888 Fax: 01564 741 800
Email: pease

A CIP catalogue record for this book
is available from the British Library

Designed by Karen Stirling Printed by Griffin



A Sunday Drive

Why Writing This book Was So Tough

Same Species, Different Worlds I
Some Things Are Obvious
Different Job Specs

The 'Stereotype' Argument
Is it All a Male Conspiracy?
Where We (the Authors) Stand

The Nature Versus Nurture Argument
Your Human Guidebook

How We Got This Way

We Didn't Expect it to Be Like This
Why Mum and Dad Can't Help
We're Still Just Another Animal
Making Perfect Sense
The Eyes Have It

Eyes in the Back of her Head?

Why Womens' Eyes
The Slippery Case of the Missing Butter

Men and Ogling

Seeing is Believing

Why Men Should Drive at Night

Why Women Have a 'Sixth Sense'

Why Men Can't Lie to Women
Men Can 'Hear' Direction

The Magic of Touch

Women Are Touchy

Why Men Are So Thick
A Taste for Life
The X

Why Men Are Called 'Insensitive'

It's All In The Mind
Why We're Smarter than the Re

How Our Brains Defend Territory

The Brains Behind Success
What's Where in the Brain
Where Brain Research Began
How the Brain is Analysed
Why Men Can Only Do One Thing at a Time!

Try the Toothbrush Test
Why We Are Who We Ar
The Brain
Wiring Test
How to Score the Test
Analysing the Result
A Final Word


Talking And Listening
The 'Blue or Gold Shoes' Strategy
Can't Talk Proper
Boys and Their Schooling

Why Women Are Great Talkers
Women Need to Talk
The Hormonal Connection

Women Love to Talk

Men Talk Silently to Themselves
The Downside of Silent Talk

Women Think Aloud

The Downside of Thinking Aloud
Women Talk, Men Feel Nagged
Why Couples Fail
How Men Talk

Women Multi

What Brai
n Scans Show

Strategies for Talking with Men

Why Men Love Big Words

Women Use Words for Reward
Women Are Indirect

Men Are Direct

What to Do About It
How to Motivate a Man to Action
Women Talk Emotively, Men Are Literal

How Women Listen

Men Listen Like Stat

How to Use the Grunt

The Schoolgirl Voice

5. Spa
Parking 118

How a Map Almost Led to Divorce
Sexist Thinking

The Lunch
Why Men Know Where to Go

Why Boys Hang Out i
n Video Arcades

Boys' Brains Develop Differently

Diana and her Furniture
Testing Spatial Ability

How Women Can Navigate

What if You Can't Find North?
The Flying Map

The Upside

A Final Test
How to Avoid an Argument
How to Argue While Driving

How to
Sell to a Woman

The Pain of Reverse Parallel Parking

Women Are Safer Drivers

How Women Were Misled
Spatial Ability in Education

Spatial Skill Occupations
Billiards and Nuclear Science

The Computer Industry

Maths and Accounting

All Things Being Equal...
ys and their Toys

How Women Feel
Can You Improve Your Spatial Skill?

Some Useful Strategies

In Summary

6. Thoughts, Attitudes, Emotions And Other
Disaster Areas 1
Our Different Perceptions

Boys Like Things, Girls Like People

What We Talk About

Talking Dirty

What Modern Men and Women Want
Emotion in the Brain
Women Value Relationships, Men Value Work
Why Men 'Do Things'

Why Men and Women Leave Each Other
Why Men Hate to Be Wrong

Why Men Hide Their Emotions
Why Men Hang O

Why Men Hate Advice

Why Men Offer Solutions
Why Stressed Women Talk

Why Stressed Men Won't Talk

Using Spatials to Solve Problems

Why Men Flick the TV Channels
When They're Both Stressed

How Men
Why Men Can't Handle Women Being Emotional

The Crying Game

Eating Out
Shopping: Her Joy, His Terror

How to Give a Woman a Sincere Compliment

7. Our Chemical Cocktail 1
How Hormones Control Us
Chemicals of 'Falling in Love'

Why Blondes Have High Fertility
and Sex Drive
Woman's Chemical Gloom
Testosterone: Bonus or Curse?

The Case of the Flying Crockery
Men Are Aggressive
Why Men Work So Hard
and Spatial Ability Why Women Hate
Reverse Park

Why Men Have Pot Bellies and Women Have


ll Be Boys, But Not Always 19

Gays, Lesbians and Transsexuals
Homosexuality is Part of History

Why People Look
Can the 'Choice' Be Changed?
The Case of Identical Gay Twins

It's in their Genes

The 'Gay Gene'

Gay Fingerprints and Family Studies
Experimental Changes
It's What Happens in the Womb

The Transsexual Brain
Are We Slaves to Our Biology?
Why Gay
Men Aren't All Alike

Lesbian Differences


Men, Women and Sex 2
How Sex Began

Where is Sex in the Brain?

Why Men Can't Help Themselves

Why Women Are Faithful
Men Are Microwaves, Women Are Electric Ovens
Why We Argue About Sex

Sex Drive and Stress
Sex on the Brain
How Sex Improves Your Health
Monogamy and Polygamy

Why Men Are Promiscuous
The Rooster Effect

Why Men Want Women to Dress Like Tarts
(But Never in Public)
Why Men Are Three

The Ball Game

Men and Ogling

What Men Need to Do
What We Really Want, Long

Why Men Want 'Just One Thing'
Why Sex Suddenly Stops
What Men Want From Sex
What Women Want From Sex
Why Men Don't Talk During Sex

The Orgasm Objective

What Turns Us On?

The Aphrodisiac Myth
Men and their Pornography

Are There Female Sex Maniacs?

Lights Off or On?

10. Marriage, Love And Romance 2
Why Women Need Monogamy

Why Men Avoid Commitment
Where is Love in the Brain?

Love: Why Men Fall In and Wo
men Fall Out
Why Men Can't Say 'I Love You'

How Men Can Separate Love from Sex
When Women Make Love, Men Have Sex
Why Great Partners Look Attractive

Do Opposites Attract?

Physical Opposites Attract

The Hips
Waist Ratio is the Key

Men and Romance
Some Su
refire Romance Tips for Men
Why Men Stop Touching and Talking

Why Men Grope and Women Don't

Is There Love in Springtime?

How to Think Sexy

Recreating Infatuation
How to Find the Right Partner

11. Towards A Different Future 27
What Do Men and Women Real
ly Want?

Occupational Choices

The Feminising of Business
What To Do About Boys

No Role Models for Boys
The Sports Hero
Is This All Politically Correct?

Our Biology Hasn't Changed Much


Ray & Ruth Pease, Bill & Be
at Suter, Alison & Mike Tilley,
Jaci Elliott, Stella Brocklesby, Paula & Natasha Thompson,
Michael Hedger, Christine Maher, Ray Martin, Dr Rudi
Brasch, Prof Stephen Dain, Christine Craigie, Dr Themi
Garagounas, Prof Dennis Burnham, Prof Barbara Gillham,
yan Cockerill, Leanne Wilson, Geoff Arnold, Lisa
Tierney, Robyn McCormick, Kerri
Burch, Jonathan Norman, Marie Ricot, Julie Fenton, Nick
Symons, Richard & Linda Denny, Angela & Sheila Watson
Challis, Simon Howard, Tom Kenyon
ony &
Patrica Earle, Darley Anderson, Sue Irvine, Leanne Christie,
Anita & Dave Kite, Barry Toepher, Bert Newton, Brendan
Walsh, Carrie Siipola, Debbie Tawse, Celia Barnes,
Goodwin, Eunice & Ken Worden,
rank & Cavill Boggs,
Graham & Tracey Dufty, Graham Shiels, Grant Sexton, Kaz
Mehrtens, Jack & Valerie Collis, John Allanson, John
Hepworth, Pru Watts, Michael & Sue Rabbit, Michael &
Sussan Hawryluk, Sue Williams, Terry & Tammy Butler, W.
Mitchell, Walter Dickman, Bea Pullar, Alan Collinson,
Russell Jeffery, Sandra & Loren Watts, Katrina Fl
ynn, Luke
Orchard, Donn Guthrie, Chris Stewart, Howard Gibbs, Sue
McIlwraith, Jules Di Maio, Nathan Haynes, Michael Kelly,
Gary Larson, Dorie Si
mmonds and Trevor Dolby.



out with their three teenage daughters on a lazy
drive down to the beach. Bob was at the wheel and
sat beside him, turning towards the back every few
tes to join in the animated series of conversations
going on among their daughters. To Bob, it sounded as
if they were all talking at once, creating an incessant
barrage of noise that just didn't make any sense at all.
Eventually, he'd had enough.

'Can you
lot please shut up!' he yelled.

There was a stunned silence.
'Why?' asked Sue, eventually.
'Because I'm trying to drive!' he replied, exasperated.

confusion. 'Trying to drive?' they mumbled.
They could not see an
versation and his ability to drive. He couldn't under
stand why they were all speaking simultaneously,
appearing to listen.
centrate on driving? Their talking had already caused
him to miss the last turn
off on the highway.

The fundamental problem here is simple: men and
different. Scientists, anthropologists and sociobiologists
painfully aware that to express this knowledge publicly
in such a politically correct world could turn them into

that men and women possess exactly th
e same skills,
aptitudes and potentials
extremely shaky ground. It's only by understanding the
start building on our collective strengths
rather than
on our individual weaknesses. In this book, we seize
upon the enormous advances that have recently been
made in human evolutionary science and show how the
lessons learned appl
y to male and female relationships.
The conclusions we unearth are controversial. They are
confronting. They are, occasionally, extremely disturb
ing. But they give us all a solid and thorough under
standing of the many strange things that happen
Why Writing This Book Was So Tough
This book took us three years, and more than 400, 000
studied papers, interviewed experts an
d gave seminars
throughout Australia, New Zealand, Singapore,
Thailand, Hong Kong, Malaysia, England, Scotland,
Ireland, Italy, Greece, Germany, Holland, Spain, Turkey,
the USA, South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia,
Namibia, Angola, Switzerland, Austri
a, Finland,
Indonesia, Bulgaria, Saudi Arabia, Poland, Hungary,
Borneo, Russia, Belgium, France, Japan and Canada.
private organisations to give their opinions on the facts.
For example, fewer than 1%
of all commercial airline
pilots are female.
When we tried to discuss this with
airline officials, many were too terrified to offer an

opinion for fear of being accused of being sexist or anti
female. Many said 'no comment' and some organisa
tions even mad
mentioned in our book. Women executives were
generally more obliging, although many took an imme
diately defensive position and saw this research as an
attack on feminism without even knowing what it was
about. Some of the
authoritative opinions we have
documented were obtained 'off the record' from
corporate executives and university professors in dimly
lit rooms, behind closed doors, with guarantees that
they were not being quoted nor their organisations
named. Many had
wo opinions
their politically
correct public opinion and their real opinion, which
was 'not to be quoted'.

based on hard scientific evidence, we have
everyday conversations, beliefs and scenarios that range
from the humorous to the downright hilarious to make
sure it's fun to read. We have tried to boil all the
evidence down into the simplest explanations while, at
the same time, avoiding oversimpl
approach makes the information easily accessible for
most people, but can annoy others in the science world
who would prefer to read a science journal. Our
objective in writing this book is to help you learn more
about both yourself and the
opposite sex, so that your
interaction and relationships can be more fulfilling,
enjoyable and satisfying.
One driving organisation measured gender differences
in reverse parking ability and did comparisons in
several countries. Their results were so asto
when the report was released they were inundated with
complaints that they were sexist and racist. The report
was immediately withdrawn and locked away, never to

be seen again, as it was clearly bad for business.
We obtained a copy of this stud
y and will discuss the
the source.
This book is dedicated to all the men and women who
have ever sat up at 2am pulling their hair out as they
plead with their partners, 'But
don't you under
stand why a woman can't be more like a man, and
women expect their men to behave just like they do.
Not only will this book help you come to grips with the
opposite sex, it'll help you understand yours
how you can both lead happier, healthier and more har
monious lives as a result.

Barbara and Allan Pease



different. Just about the only thing they
e in common is that they belong to
the same
species. They live in different worlds, with
Everyone knows this, but very few people, par
men, are willing to admit it. The truth,
er, is
most definitely out there. Look at the
Around 50% of marriages end in divorce in
countries and most serious relationships stop
short of
becoming long
creed and hue constantly argue over their
opinions, behaviour, attitudes and beliefs.
Some Things Are Obvious
as strangers can
ome out best friends and lifelong
buddies. But everyone would be instantly suspicious of
the man who called out, 'Hey Frank, I'm going to the
Men dominate TV remote controls and flick through
the channels; women don't mind
watching the commer
cials. Under pressure, men drink alcohol and invade
other countries; women eat chocolate and go shopping.

Women criticise men for being insensitive, uncaring,
not listening, not being warm and compassionate, not


talking, not giving eno
relationships, wanting to have sex rather than make
love, turning the temperature down, and leaving the
Men criticise women about their driving, for not
upside down, for their lack of a sense of direction, for
initiating sex often enough, turning the temperature up,
find a pair of socks but their CD
car keys, but rarely the most direct route to their desti
nation. Men think they're the most sensible sex.
they are.
How many men does it take to

It's unknown. It's never happened.

Men marvel at the way a woman can walk into a room
full of people and give an instant commentary on
everyone; women can't believe men are so unobservant.
Men are amazed how a woman can't see a red flashing
oil light on
the car dashboard but can spot a dirty sock
dered by men who can consistently parallel park a car
in a tight spot using a rear
view mirror, but can never
find the G
ask for directions. To a man, this is a sign of weakness.
He'll drive round in circles for hours, muttering things

Men and women have evolved differently because they
had to. Men hunted, women gathered. Men protected,
women nurtured. As a result, their bodies and brains
As their bodies physically changed to adapt to
specific functions, so did their minds. Men grew taller
and stronger than most women, while their brains
developed to suit their tasks. Women were mostly
content for men to work away as they kept the cave
fires burning, and their brains evolved to co
their function in life.
Over millions of years, the brain structures
of men and women thus continued to change in
different ways. Now, we know the sexes process infor
mation differently. They think differently. They believe
different things. They h
ave different perceptions, prior
ities and behaviours.

confusion and disillusionment all your life.

The 'Stereotype' Argument

Since the late 1980s, there has been an explosion of
research into male and femal
e differences and the way
both the male and female brains work. For the first
time ever, advanced computer brainscanning equipment
has allowed us to see the brain operating 'live' and,
with that peek into the vast landscape of the human
mind, provided us
ith many of the answers to the
questions about male and female differences. The
research discussed in this book has been collected from
studies in scientific, medical, psychological and socio
logical studies and it all points clearly to one thing: Al

most of the 20th Century those differences were
explained away by social conditioning; that is, we are
who we are because of our parents' and teachers'
attitudes which, in turn, reflected the attitudes of
to play with; baby boys were dressed in blue and given
toy soldiers and football jerseys. Young girls were
cuddled and touched while boys were thumped on the
back and told not to cry. Until rec
ently, it was believed
that when a baby was born its mind was a clean slate
on which its teachers could write its choices and pref
erences. The biological evidence now available,
however, shows a somewhat different picture of why
we think the way we do. It
shows convincingly that it
is our hormones and brain wiring that are largely
responsible for our attitudes, preferences and
behaviour. This means that if boys and girls grew up on
to guide them, girls
mentally and physically with each other and form
groups with a clear hierarchy.
The wiring of our brain in the womb and

how we thin

As you will see, the way our brains are wired and the
hormones pulsing through our bodies are the two
factors that largely dictate, long before we are born,
how we will think and behave. Our instincts are simply

Is it All a Male Conspiracy?
Since the 1960s a number of pressure groups have tried
to persuade us to buck our biological legacy. They
claim that governments, religions and education
systems have added up
to nothing more than a plot by
men to suppress women, colluding to keep good
women down. Keeping women pregnant was a way of
controlling them even more.
Certainly, historically, that's how it appears. But the
question needs to be asked: If women and men
identical, as these groups claim, how could men ever
have achieved such total dominance over the world?
The study of how the brain works now gives us many
answers. We are not identical. Men and women should
be equal in terms of their opportunities to ex
full potential, but they are definitely not identical in
The equality of men and women is a

difference is a scientific one.
Those who resist the idea that our biology affects our
behaviour often do so with the best of intentions
oppose sexism. But they are confused about the difference
different issues. In this book, you will see how science
confirms that men and woman are profoundly different
both physically and mentally. They are
We have investigated the research of leading palaeon

and men are now clear, beyond all speculation,
prejudice or reasonable doubt.

females discussed in this
ook, some people may say,
'No, that's not like me, I don't do that!' Well, maybe
they don't. But we are dealing here with
and women, that is, how most men and women behave
most of the time, in most situations and for most of the
past. 'Average'
means that if you are in a room full of
people you'll notice that men are bigger and taller than
women, in fact 7% taller and an average 8% bigger.
The tallest or biggest person in the room may be a
woman, but overall the men are bigger and taller than
Guinness Book of World Records
the biggest and tallest people have almost always
been men. The tallest human on record was Robert
Wadlow from Alton, Illinois who, in June 1940,
person in the year 2000 was Radhouane Charbib of
History books are full of 'Big Johns' and 'Little Suzies'!
This is not sexist. It's fact.

Where We (the Authors) Stand
Reading this book, some people may
begin to feel
smug, arrogant or angry. This is because, to a greater or
lesser extent, they are victims of idealistic philosophies
our position on this now. We, the authors, are writing
this book to
elp you develop and improve your rela
tionships with both sexes. We believe that men and
women should have equal opportunity to pursue a
career path in any field they choose and that equally

qualified people should receive equal compensation for
the same

Difference is not the opposite of equality. Equality
means being free to choose to do the things we want to
do and difference means that, as men or women, we
may not want to do the same things. We usually choose
different things off the same list.
Our aim is to look objectively at male and female
relationships, explain the history, meanings and impli
cations involved and to develop techniques and strate
gies for a happier and more fulfilling way of life. We
won't beat about the bush with supposition
s, political
correct cliches or scientific mumbo
looks like a duck, sounds like a duck, walks like
duck and there is enough evidence to prove it's a
duck, then that's what we'll call it.

The evidence presented here shows that the
sexes are
to behave in different ways. We are
not suggesting that either sex is bound to behave or
should behave in any particular way.
The Nature Versus Nurture Argument

Melissa gave birth to twins, a girl and a boy.
Jasmine, she wr
in a blue one. Relatives brought soft fluffy toys as
gifts for Jasmine, and a toy football and a tiny football
jersey for Adam. Everyone cooed and gooed and talked
relatives who picked her up and cuddled her. When
the male relatives visited, they focused mostly on
Adam, speaking noticeably louder, poking his belly,
bouncing him up and down and proposing a future as
a football pla

Such a scenario will be familiar to everyone. It does,
however, raise the question: Is this adult behaviour
caused by our biology or is it learned behaviour that is
or nurture?
For most of the
0th century, psychologists and soci
ologists believed most of our behaviour and preferences
were learnt from our social conditioning and our envi
ronment. However, we know that nurturing is a learned
human or
their infants. Scientists, on the other hand, have argued
that biology, chemistry and hormones are largely
responsible. Since 1990, there has been overwhelming
evidence to support this scientific view that we a
re born
with much of our brain software already in place. The
fact that men were usually the hunters and women the
nurturers even today dictates our behaviour, beliefs and
priorities. A major study at Harvard University shows
that we not only behave differ
girl babies, we also use different words. To baby girls
heart', 'You're a beautiful little girl' and to baby boys
we raise our voices and say, 'Hey, big boy!' and 'Wow,
you're s
boys does not create their behaviour; it simply exacer
bates it. Similarly, the Harvard study found that adults'
distinctive behaviour towards baby girls and boys only
accentuated the difference
you put a duck on a pond, it starts to swim. Look
beneath the surface, and you'll see the duck has webbed
with a 'swimming module' already in place. The pond
is just whe
not causing its behaviour.

Research shows that we are more a product of our
biology than the victims of social stereotypes. We are
different because our brain is wired differently. This
causes us to perceive th
e world in different ways and

Your Human Guidebook
This book is like a guidebook to visit a foreign culture
or country. It contains local slang and phrases, body
language signals and
n insight into why the inhabi
tants are the way they are.
Most tourists travel to foreign countries without
having done much local research and become intimidat
or critical because the locals won't speak English or
burgers and chips. But to enjoy
nd benefit from the
experience of another culture you must first understand
its history and evolution. Then you need to learn basic
phrases and to sample their lifestyle for first hand expe
rience and a deeper appreciation of that culture. That
way you won
kind of person who would have benefited just as much
from staying at home and merely
This book will show you how to enjoy and benefit
from the knowledge of the opposite sex. But first you

must understand their history and evolution.

On a visit to Windsor Castle,
an American tourist was heard to say,
'It's a wonderful castle, but why did
they build it so close to the airport?'

This book deals in facts and reality. It's about real
uthentic research, actual events and recorded
conversations. And you don't need to worry about
resonance imaging and serotonin in researching brain
function. We did, but we're now keeping everything as
largely with a relatively recent science called sociobiol
genes and our evolution.

niques and strategi
es that are scientifically substantiat
and appear, for the most part, to be obvious or
common sense. We've cast aside all techniques,
practices or opinions that aren't grounded in, or proven
by, science.
We deal here with the modern naked ape
the ape
who controls the world with mega
computers and can
land on Mars, and who can still be traced directly back
to a fish. Millions of years was spent developing us as a
politically correct world that make
s little or no
allowance for our biology.

It took us nearly 100 million years to evolve into
primitive ancestors when he got there. Humans may
look a lit
underneath, our biological needs and urges are the
same. We will demonstrate how our different behav
ioural traits are inherited or passed on from generation
to generation and, as you will see, there are pract
no cultural differences.

Once upon a time, a long, long time ago, men and
The man would venture out each day into a hostil
e and
dangerous world to risk his life as a hunter to bring
food back to his woman and their children, and he
would defend them against savage animals or enemies.
He developed long
could locate food and bring it home, and
marksmanship skills so that he could hit a moving
a lunch
chaser, and that's all anyone expected of him.

The woman, however, felt valued because her man
would put his life on the line to ca
re for his family. His
success as a man was measured by his ability to make a
kill and bring it home, and his self
worth was measured
by her appreciation for his struggle and effort. The
family depended on him to carry out his job description
as a lunch
and nothing else.
There was never any need for him to 'analyse the rela
tionship' and he wasn't expected to put out the garbage
or help change the nappies.
The woman's role was equally clear. Being appointed
the child
he way she would evolve and
role. She needed to be able to monitor her immediate
surroundings for signs of danger, have excellent short
range navigational skills, using landmarks to find her
way, and hav
e a highly
tuned ability to sense small
changes in the behaviour and appearance of children
and adults. Things were simple: He was the lunch
chaser, she was the nest
Her day would be spent caring for her children, col
the other women in the group. She did not have to

concern herself with the major food supply or fighting
enemies, and her success was measured by her ability to
sustain family life. Her self
worth came from the man's
ion of her home
making and nurturing skills.
Her ability to bear children was considered magical,
She was never expected to hunt animals, fight enemies
or change light bulbs.

Survival was difficult
And this was the way it was for hundreds of thousands
of years. At the end of each day, the hunters would
Each hunter
would trade part of his kill with the
After the meal, the men would sit around the fire,
gazing into it, playing games, telling stories or sharing
jokes. It was a prehistoric man's version of flicking TV
channels with h
is remote control or being absorbed in
a newspaper. They were exhausted from their hunting
efforts and were recuperating to begin the hunt again
the next day. The women would continue to tend the
children and make sure the men were sufficiently
fed and res
ted. Each appreciated the other's efforts.
Men were not considered lazy and women were not
seen as their oppressed handmaidens.
These simple rituals and behaviours still exist
amongst ancient civilisations in places like Borneo,
parts of Africa and Indones
ia, and with some
Aboriginal Australians, New Zealand Maoris, and the
Inuit of Canada and Greenland. In these cultures each
person knows and understands his or her role. Men
appreciate women and women appreciate men. Each
sees the other as uniquely contrib
uting to the family's
survival and well
being. But for men and women who
live in modern civilised countries, these old rules have

been thrown out
ness have been left in their place.
e family unit is no longer solely dependent on men
for its survival and women are no longer expected to
stay at home as nurturers and home
makers. For the
first time in the history of our species, most men and
women are confused about their job description
the reader of this book, are the first generation of
fathers or mothers never had to tackle. For the first
time ever, we are looking to our partners for love,
passion and personal fulfilment beca
use basic survival
is no longer critical. Our modern social structure
usually provides a basic level of subsistence through
social security, National Health, consumer protection
laws and various Government institutions. So what are
the new rules, and where
book attempts to provide some answers.
If you were born before 1960, you grew up watching
your parents behave towards each other based on the
ancient rules of male and female survival. Your parents
epeating the behaviour they learned from
parents who, in turn, were copying
parents, who
parents, and back it goes to the ancient
cave people in their clearly defined roles.
newlyweds is now around 50% and, taking defacto and

gay relationships into consideration, the
breakup rate
for couples is likely to be over 70%. We need to learn a
survive emotionally intact into the 21st Century.

We're Still Just Another Animal

Most people have difficulty thinking of themselves as
just another animal. They refuse to face the fact that
96% of what can be found in their bodies can al
so be
found inside a pig or a horse or that our DNA is 97. 5%
identical to that of a gorilla and 98. 4% to that of a
chimpanzee. The only thing that makes us different
from other animals is our ability to think and make
forward plans. Other animals can onl
y respond to situ
only react.
Most people accept and acknowledge that animals
This instinct
frogs croak, male dogs cock their leg and cats stalk their
prey. But these are not intellectual behaviours, so many
this behaviour and their own. They even igno
that their own first behaviours were instinctive
and sucking.

Whatever behaviours we inherit, positive or negative,
from our parents are likely to be passed on to our
children the same way it happens with all animals. When
we as humans
impulses are honed by millions of years of evolution, it
makes it easier to understand our basic urges and
impulses, and to be more accepting of ourselves and
others. And therein lies the way to true happiness.


he party was already in full swing when John and
Sue arrived. Inside, Sue looked John full in the
face and, without appearing to move her lips,
'Look at that couple over by the window. ' John
turned his head to take a loo
hissed, 'you're so obvious!' Sue couldn't understand
couldn't believe that Sue could see the other people in
the room without doing so.

In this chapter we will explore researc
and the implications they have on our relationships.
or feeling hurt, while a man would generally have to
slapped around the face before he'd even have a clue
anything was going on. For, like most female mammals,
women are equipped with far more finely tuned sensory
skills than men. As child
bearers and nest
they needed the ability to sense subtle mood and
attitude changes in others. What is commonly called
'women's intuition' is mostly a woman's acute ability to
history, has bewildered men who play around
invariably caught.


One of our friends said he couldn't believe how
wonderful his wife's eyesight was when he had
her totally when it came to back
into the
car fender
and the garage wall while moving is,
however, a spatial
skill located in the right
hemisphere in men and is not
strong in most
women. We'll discuss that later in
'My wif

garage door when she parks the car'
defenders, to safeguard their family's survival,
needed to be able to pick up small changes in the
behaviour of their offspring that could signal
hunger, injury, aggression or depression. Males,
long enough to learn to read non
verbal signals or the
ways of inter
personal communication.
Neuropsychologist Professor
Ruben Gur of the
University of
Pennsylvania used brain
scan tests to
show that when a man's brain is in a
at least 70% of its electrical activity is shut
Scans of women's brains showed 90% activity
during the same state, confirming that women are
ng and analysing information from
environment. A woman knows her children's
they are
thinking, how they are feeling and,
usually, what
mischief they are plotting. Men are
vaguely aware of some shor
t people also living in
the house.

The Eyes Have It

The eye is an extension of the brain that sits outside the
about 130 million rod
tors to deal with black and white, an
d seven million
provides these colour cells. Women have two X chro
than men and this difference is noticeable in how
women describe colours in greater
use basic colour descriptions like red, blue and green,
but a woman will talk of bone, aqua, teal, mauve and
apple green.
Human eyes have noticeable whites which other
primates lack. This allows for the movement of the eye
and the direct
ion of the gaze which are vital to human
white than mens' eyes because close
munication is an integral part of female bonding, and
more white allows a greater range of eye signals to
sent and received in the direction that the eyes move.

This type of eye communication is not critical to
most other species of animal and so they have little or
no whites and rely on body language as the main form
of communication.

Eyes in the Back of h
er Head?
Well, not quite, but close. Women not only have a
wider peripheral vision than men. As a nest
woman has brain software that allows her to receive an
arc of at least 45° clear visio
n to each side of her head
and above and below her nose. Many women's periph

eral vision is effective up to almost 180°. A man's
are larger than a woman's and his brain
them for a type of long
distance tunnel
vision which
means that he ca
n see clearly and
accurately directly in
front of him and over greater
distances, almost like a pair of binoculars.

Women have wider peripheral
vision, men have tunnel vision.
As a hunter, a man needed vision that would allow
to zero in on, and pursue,
evolved with almost blinkered vision so that he
needed eyes to allow a wide arc of vision so
that she
could monitor any predators sneaking up
on the
nest. This is why modern
way effort
lessly to a distant pub, but can never find
things in

In the UK in 1997, there were 4, 132 child pedestrians
killed or injured on the roads, of which 2, 640 were
boys and 1, 492 were girls.
In Australia, boy pedestrian
fatalities and injuries are more than double that of girls.
Boys take more risks crossing the road than girls and
this, combined with poorer peripheral vision, increases
their injury rate.

You can increase your peripheral visio
n range with
practice, just as fighter pilots do. The arc of a person's
peripheral vision can also increase under life
circumstances. During a prison riot at Australia's
prison in 1999, inmates held several prison
hostage. They
announced that unless their
officer Lance Bremen reported that, until that
time, he
had 'typical male tunnel vision'. Having
survived the
incident, his peripheral vision had
increased to
almost 180 deg
rees. Because of the trauma of the event
and the fear of being killed, his brain had
expanded his
vision range to monitor anyone trying to
sneak up on

Why Women's Eyes See So Much
Billions of photons of light equal to 100 megabytes of
computer data st
This is too much for the brain to handle so it edits
the information down to only what is necessary
for survival. For example, once your brain understands
all the colours of the sky, it selects only what it needs to

that we can concentrate on a specific thing. If we are
centrated narrow field of vision. Men's brains, being pre
wired for hunting, see a much na
rrower field. Women's

brains decode information over a wider peripheral range
because of their past defending the nest.
The Slippery Case of the Missing Butter
Every woman in the world has had the following con
versation with a male who is standing in fro
open fridge.


David: 'I'


At that, Jan strides into the kitchen, thrusts her arm into
the fridge and, as if by magic, produces a tub of butter.
Inexperienced men some
times feel that this is a trick and
they accuse women of always hiding things from them
in drawers and cupboards. Socks, shoes, underwear,
can't see them. With her wider arc of peripheral vision
woman can see most of the contents of a fridge or
cupboard without moving her head. Her oestrogen
hormones allow her to identify matching items in a
drawer, cupboard or across a room and later remember
objects in a complex random pattern
such as where

the butter or jam is in the refrigerator. New research
also suggests that male brains are searching in the fridge
for the word B
he virtually can't see it. This is why men move their
heads. Men move their heads fro
m side to side and up
and down as they scan for the 'missing' objects.

These differences in vision have important implica
tions throughout our lives. Car insurance statistics, for

instance, show female drivers are less likely to be hit
from the side in an
drivers. Women's greater peripheral vision allows them
to see traffic approaching from the side. They are more
likely to be hit in the front or back of the car while
attempting to reverse parallel park, as that challe
their less
developed spatial skills.
A woman's life is much less stressful when she under
stands the problems men have seeing things at close
range. When a woman tells a man, 'It's in the cup
board!' it is less stressful for him to believe her and
tinue the search.

Men and Ogling
Wider peripheral vision is the reason why women rarely
Almost every man has been accused at some time or
other of ogling the opposite sex, but few women receive
the same complaint from men. Sex resear
chers every
where report that women look at men's bodies as much
Seeing is Believing
he proof
but can you trust your eyes? Millions
believe in UFOs despite the fact that 92% of all
UFO sightings are in remote country areas on Saturday
nights around eleven o'clock
There has never been a UFO sighting by a Prime

Minister or President and UFOs never land on a

University Campus, Government research laboratory
or Parliament. And they never land in bad weather.
Researcher Edward Boring devised the following
illustration to show how we each perceive different
in the same picture. Women are more likely to
see an old woman with her chin tucked into the collar
of her fur coat but men are more likely to see the left
side profile of a young woman who is looking away.

The picture of the table also shows that what y
ou see is
Your brain is fooled into believing that the far side of
the table is longer than the front side. Women are
usually amused by this, but men demand proof and
grab a ruler to measure it.

In the picture above your bra
in focuses on the solid
colour so it looks like a group of odd shapes. When you
change the way you look at it and concentrate on the

white portions the word FLY will appear. A woman is
stuck on the geome
tric shapes.
especially at the red end of the spectrum, a man's eyes
with his right brain spatial ability, a man can separate
and identify the movement of other vehicles on the road
ahead and behind. Most women can testify to what is a
kind of night blindness: the i
nability to distinguish which
side of the road approaching traffic is on. This is a task
that a man's hunting vision is equipped to handle. This
means that if you are going on a long driving trip, it
makes sense for a woman to drive during the day and for
the dark than men but only over a shorter, wider field.
On long trips, men should drive at
night and women drive in the day.
Men suffer greater eyestrain than women because their
eyes are configured for
stantly readjusted to look at a computer screen or read
range activities, giving her a longer working time on
motor capability in a small area, which
means the average woman is excellent at threading a

Why Women Have a 'Sixth Sense'

For centuries women were burned at the stake for pos
sessing 'supernatural
powers'. These included the ability
to predict outcomes of relationships, spot liars, talk to
animals and uncover the truth.

In 1978, we conducted an experiment for a television
programme which highlighted women's ability to read
the body language signals
of babies. At a maternity
hospital, we collated a selection of ten
of crying babies and asked the mothers to watch the
clips with the sound turned down. This way the
mothers received only visual information.
ranging from hunger and pain to wind or tiredness.
When the fathers did the same test, their success rate was
two emotions. Even then, we suspect many were
probably guessing.
Many fathers would triumphantly
announce, 'The baby wants its mother. ' Most men had
little, if any, ability to decode the differences in baby
cries. We also tested the grandparents to see if age
affected the outcome. Most grandmothers scored
70% of the
mother's score, while many grandfathers
could not even identify their own grandchild!

Our study with identical twins revealed that most
grandfathers were unable to identify each twin individ
ually, whereas most female family members had less
difficulty wi
th this task. In a room of fifty couples it
takes the average woman less than ten minutes to
room. When a woman enters a room, her superior
sensory abilities enable her to rapidly identify couples
who are
argument, who is making advances on whom and

man enters a room, our cameras show a different story.
Men scan the room looking for exits and entries
may come from and possible escape routes. Next, he
looks for familiar faces or possible enemies and then
scans the room layout. His logical mind will register
things that need to be fixed or repaired such as
windows or a blown light bulb. Meanwhile, the women
have scanned all the faces in the room and know what's
what, who's who and how they are all feeling.

Why Men Can't Lie to Women
Our Body Language research reveals that, in face
verbal signals account for 60
of the impact of the message, while vocal sounds make up
30%. The other
10% is words. A woman's
superior sensory equipment picks up and analyses this
information and her brain's ability to rapidly transfer
grating and deciphering verbal, visual and other signals.
This is why most men have difficulty lying to a
woman face
to a man face
face is comparatively easy, as
he does
not have the necessary sensitivity to spot incongruen
men, if they're going to lie to a woman, would be far
the lights off, and a blank
tinguishing high
pitched sounds. A woman's brain is

programmed to hear a baby cry in the night, whereas a
father may be oblivious to it and sleep on. If there
is a
kitten crying in the distance, a woman will hear it. A
man, however, with his superior spatial and directional
skills, can tell her where it is.
Dripping taps drive women
crazy, while men sleep.
At one week, baby girls can distinguish their mother's
oice or the cry of another baby from the other sounds
that are present in the same room. Baby boys can't.
Males use their left brain only for listening but females
use both brains for this task. The female brain has the
ability to separate and categorise
ound and make
decisions about each sound. This accounts for a
woman's ability to listen to one person in a face
conversation while monitoring another person's conver
sation. It also explains why a man has difficulty hearing
a conversation while the
ground or dishes are being clattered in the sink. If a
phone rings, a man will demand people stop talking,
music is turned down and the TV is switched off for him
to answer it. A woman simply answers the phone.

Women Read
Women have superior sensitivity in differentiating tone
changes in voice volume and pitch. This enables them
to hear emotional changes in children and adults.
Consequently, for every man who can sing in tune,
there are eight women who can
a long way to explaining the women's phrase, 'Don't
use that tone of voice with me!' when arguing with men

and boys. Most males don't have a clue what she's
talking about.
Tests conducted on babies reveal that baby girls
almost twice as much to a loud sound than
boys. This explains why girls are more easily soothed
and comforted by high
pitched baby talk than boys,
and why mothers intuitively sing lullabies to girls, but
talk to, or play with, boys. Female hearing advantag
contributes significantly to what is called 'Women's
Intuition' and is one of the reasons why a woman can
however, shouldn't despair. They are excellent at iden
tifying and imitating animal sounds, which wo
been a significant advantage for the ancient hunter.
Sadly, that's not quite as much use today.
Men Can 'Hear' Direction

point to where they're coming from. Combined with the
male ability to
dentify and imitate animal sounds, this
skill makes him a highly efficient hunter of game. So
Professor Masakazu Konishi of the California Institute
Technology discovered some of the answers using ba
where a sound is coming from. Play them a
sound and
they will turn their heads to face its source.
discovered a group of cells in the auditory region
of their
brains that mapped the exact
ocation of a
Speakers that played the same sound to each of
the owls'
ears at a different rate of speed
millionths of
a second
map of the sound's location. The owls then
turned their

locate prey or avoid approaching enemies. This appears
to be the same ability that men use to pinpoint sound.

Why Boys Don't Listen

Boys are often chastised by their teachers and parents
for not listening. But as boys
row, particularly
approaching puberty, their ear canals undergo growth
spurts that can cause a temporary form of deafness.
Female teachers have been found to reprimand girls dif
ferently to boys and seem intuitively to understand
male and female hearing di
If a girl refuses to keep eye contact while the teacher
berates her, a female teacher will continue the
reprimand. If a boy refuses eye contact, many female
teachers intuitively understand that he probably either
can't hear or is not listening,
and will say, 'Look at me
when I speak to you'. Unfortunately, boys are equipped
for effective seeing rather than hearing. For an easy
demonstration of this, just count the number of
the following sentence.

Finished files are the result of
years of s
Lyn and Chris are driving home from a party.
driving, she's navigating and they've just had an argu

ment about her telling him to turn left when she really
meant right. Nine minutes of silence has passed and he
asks Chris. 'Yes
Lyn answers.
Her emphasis on the word 'fine' confirms that things
are actually far from fine. He thinks back to the party.
want to talk about it!' she snaps.
This means she's angry and
want to talk about
do?' he pleads. 'I don't know what I did!'

In most conversations like this one, the man is
telling the truth
he simply doe
problem. 'OK then, ' she says, 'I'll tell you the problem
even though you're playing that stupid act!' But it's
not an act. He genuinely doesn't have a handle on
the problem. She takes a deep breath. 'That bimbo
was hanging around you a
ll night giving you come
aged her!'
What come
while the 'bimbo' (this is a woman's expression; men
would desc
talking to him, he hadn't noticed that she was tilting her
pelvis at him, pointing her foot his way, flicking her
hair, stroking her thigh, massaging her earlobes, giving
him longer than usual glances, stroking th
e stem of her
wine glass and talking like a schoolgirl. He's a hunter.
He can spot a zebra on the horizon and tell you how
fast it's moving. He doesn't have a woman's ability to
pick up the visual, vocal and body language signals that
say someone's on the
make. Every woman at the party
saw what the 'bimbo' was doing even without moving
their heads. And a telepathic 'bitch alert' was sent and

received by all other women at the party. Most of the
So when a man claims he is telling t
he truth about
these accusations, he probably is. Male brains are not
The Magic of Touch

Touch can be life
giving. Early tests conducted on
monkeys by Harlow and Zimmerman showed that lack
of touch on infant monkeys resulte
d in depression,
illness and premature death. Similar results have been
found in neglected children. An impressive study on
babies from ten weeks of age to six months, found that
the offspring of mothers who were taught to stroke
their babies had dramatica
lly fewer colds and sniffles,
and less vomiting and diarrhoea than those whose
mothers didn't stroke them. Other research found that
women who were neurotic or depressed recovered
much more quickly according to the number of times
they were hugged, and the
Anthropologist James Prescott, who pioneered the
study of child
in which children were rarely touched affectionately, had
the highest rates of adult violence. Children brought up
with affe
child molesters both tended to have pasts characterised
by rejection, violence, a lack of cuddles as children, and
childhoods, often, spent in remote inst
them to experience touch via stroking and patting their
of helping people overcome depression and other mental
problems. Just lo

antipathy of a touchy
Germaine Greer said, 'Even crushed against his brother
that he is alone. '

Women Are Touchy
The skin is th
it are 2, 800, 000 receptors for pain, 200, 000 for cold,
and 500, 000 for touch and pressure. From birth, girls
are dramatically more sensitive to touch and, as
adult, a woman's skin is at least ten times more
sensitive to touch and pressure than a man's. In one
authoritative study it was found that the boys who
tested most sensitive to touch felt even less than the
least sensitive girls. Female skin is thinner
than male
skin and has an extra fat layer below it for more
warmth in winter and to provide greater endurance.
Oxytocin is the hormone that stimulates the urge to
be touched and fires up our touch receptors. It's no
wonder that women, with receptors that a
re ten times
more sensitive than men's, attach so much importance
to cuddling their men, children and friends. Our body
language research shows that western women are four
to six times more likely to touch another woman in a
social conversation than a man
is likely to touch
another man. Women use a greater range of touch
expressions than men, describing a successful person as
having a 'magic touch' and others as being 'thin
skinned' or 'thick
skinned'. Women love 'staying in
touch' and dislike those who 'ge
They talk about 'feelings', giving someone 'the personal
touch', being 'touchy' and annoying people by 'rubbing
them up the wrong way'. In 1999, a research team led

by Michael Meaney at McGill University in Quebec,
Canada, showed baby
rats that are constantly groomed
and cared for by their parents develop more brain mass
and higher intelligence than baby rats who had less
caring parents.

A study with psychiatric patients showed that, under
world. More than half the women in the same test, on
the other hand, initiated approaches to men, not for
sex, but for the intimacy of touch. When a woman is
emotionally cut off or angry with a man, she is likely to
respond by saying, 'Don't touch me
!', a phrase that has
little meaning to men. The lesson? To win points with
women, use lots of appropriate touching but avoid
groping. To raise mentally healthy children, cuddle
them a lot.

woman is four to six times more likely
to touch another woman in
a social con
versation than a man would another man.
Why Men Are So Thick

Men have thicker skin than women which explains why
man's back is four times thicker than his stomach skin,
a legacy from his
more protection from a rear attack. Most of a boy's
sensitivity to touch is lost by the time he reaches
puberty and his body prepares itself for the rigours of
the hunt. Males needed desensitised skin to run through
kly bushes, wrestle animals and fight enemies
without the pain slowing them down. When a man is

focused on a physical task or sporting activity, he is
unlikely even to be aware of injury.
A boy doesn't really lose skin sensitivity at
puberty, it just all
When a man is not focused on a task, his threshold of
pain is much lower than a woman's. When a man
moans, 'Make me some chicken soup/fresh orange
sure my Will is in order!', it us
ually means he's got a
slight head cold. Men are also less sensitive to a woman
who is suffering pain or discomfort. If she's doubled up
in pain, has a temperature of 104 degrees and is
darling?' but
he's thinking, 'If I ignore it, maybe she'll
have sex

Men do feel sensitivity when watching football or
aggressive sports, however. If men are watching a
boxing match on TV and one of the boxers is felled by
a low blow a woman will
hurt' while the men all groan, double over and actually
A Taste for Life
Women's senses of taste and smell are superior to men's.
tongue, sour on the sides and bitter at the back.
Japanese researchers are currently testing a fifth taste
the taste of fat. Men score higher on discerning salt and
bitter tastes which is why they drink beer, and women
are far

which is why there are far more female chocoholics in
the world than male. As the nest
ripe enough to pass on to her brood, it was an
vantage to have a highly refined sugar
most food tasters are women.
average man's, it is even more sensitive around
ovulation stage of her monthly cycle. Her nose can
with men and these are scents that cannot be
state of a man's immune system and, if it's co
tary to, or stronger than her own immune system, she
may describe a man as attractive or 'strangely
she is likely to find him less attractive.
Brain researchers have discovered that a woman's
immune systems pass on an advantage to offspring by
giving them a greater chance of survival. One outcome of
all this research has been the number of oils and
wild with desire.
strong immune system can make
a man seem 'strangely compelling'.

The X
Our evolutionary roles have equipped us
logical skills and senses we need for survival. What is
often called witchcraft, supernatural power and
women's intuition has been scientifically tested and
measured since the 1980s and, for the most part, comes
down to a woman's superiority
in all the perceptive
senses. Most witches were women who were put to
death by men who could not understand the biological
small nuances in body language, vocal cues, tone of
voice and other sensory st
imuli. They can also read
attitudes and emotions in animals. This allowed ancient
approaching her nest was dangerous or friendly. A
woman can even tell if a dog is feeling embarrassed or if
a horse is about to ki
an embarrassed dog looks like. Women counsel cats.
When women are not looking, men kick cats.

For nest
hands would have been an advantage to the process of
gathering as it gives twi
ce the speed. Consequently,
many women do not have a specific area in either brain
for identifying left from right
This is why there are disproportionately more ambidex
trous women than men. It also explains why women
re unfairly criticised by men who, frus
trated at being given wrong directions by a woman,
yell, 'Don't you even know your left from right!' The
correct answer is 'no'
of their superior abilities in this area, modern women
are still victimised by their attraction to astrologers,
psychics, tarot card readers, numerologists and others
who offer an explanation for female intuition in

exchange for hard
earned money.
A woman's highly
refined sensors contribute significantly to the early
maturity of adolescent girls. By the age of seventeen,
most girls can function as adults, while the boys are still
giving each other wedgies at the swimming pool and
lighting farts.

Men Are Called
It's not so much that women have super senses
more that men's senses have been dulled, comparatively
speaking. In a woman's world of higher perceptiveness,
she expects a man to read her verbal, vocal and body
ignals and to anticipate her needs, just as
another woman would do. For the evolutionary reasons
assumes that a man will know what she wants or needs
and, when he doesn't pick up on her cues, she accu
him of being, 'Insensitive
everywhere bleat, 'Am I supposed to be a mindreader?'
Research proves that men are poor mindreaders. But the
good news is that most can be trained to improve their
awareness of non
verbal and voca
The next chapter has a unique test that will show you
the sexual orientation of your brain and why you are the
way you are.




hese lighthearted illustrations of the male and
female brain are funny only becau
se they contain
such an element of truth. But how much? Well,
than you might think. In this chapter we'll
examine the recent dramatic revelations from research
into the brain.

You'll find this chapter a real eye
the end we have included
a simple but remarkable
test to show you just why your brain behaves the way
it does.

Look at the following drawings and you'll notice two
and us modern humans. Firstl
y, our brain is more than
three times the size of the gorilla's and one
than our primitive ancestor's. Fossil evidence shows
that our brain has remained about the same size for the
last 50, 000 years and there has been little change in our
forehead which our fore
fathers and primate cousins
lacked. The forehead contains the left and right frontal
brain lobes which give us many of our unique abilities
such as thinking, map reading and speech. This
is what
makes us superior to all other animals.

Men and women's brains have evolved with different
strengths, talents and abilities. Men, being responsible
for hunting game, needed areas in the brain for long
distance navigation, to develop tactics for o
didn't need to be good conversationalists or sensitive
to anyone's emotional needs, so they never developed
strong brain areas for interpersonal skills.

Women, by contrast, needed an aptitude
for good
range navigation, wider peripheral vision to

monitor their surroundings, the ability to perform
several activities simultaneously, and effective commu
nication skills. As a consequence of these needs, men
and women's brains develop
ed specific areas to handle
each skill.
we'll tackle this issue later.
How Our Brains Defend Territory
memory is alive and operating, ' say the scient
Naturally, you'd expect tens of thousands of years
sitting in a cave facing outwards to monitor surround
ings, defend territory and solve the myriad problems of
survival, to leave quite a mark on m
Just look at them in a restaurant. Most men prefer to sit
with their backs to the wall, facing the restaurant
entrance. This makes them feel comfortable, secure and
alert. No one's going to sneak up on them unobserved,
even if it is, these days, with n
particularly hefty bill. Women, on the other hand, don't
mind having their backs to an open space, unless they are
alone with young children, when they'll tend to take a
seat next to the wall.

At home, men will also act instinctiv
ely, by taking the
side of the bed closest to the bedroom door
symbolic act of defending the cave entrance. If a couple
moves to a new home or stays in a hotel where the door
is on the woman's side of the bed, a man can feel
restless and may have dif
ficulty sleeping without ever
knowing why. Changing places so that he is once again
closest to the door can often solve the problem.

Men joke that they sleep by the door

of their first marital home for a
pure defender instinc
When a man is away from home, a woman will
generally assume his protective role and sleep on his
side of the bed. At night, a woman can be aroused from
a deep sleep immediately by a high
a baby's cry. Men, to women's great annoyance,
snore on soundly. But his brain is wired to hear sounds
associated with movement and even the sound of a twig
breaking outside his window can bring him wide awake
in a split second to defend against a possible attack.
This time, women will sleep on
is away and her brain becomes programmed to assume
his role, and hear every sound or movement threatening
the nest.

The Brains Behind Success
The Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that the
centre for thought lay in the heart while
he brain
helped cool the body. This is why the heart is the object
of many of our expressions of emotion. It may seem
ridiculous to us now, but many experts, as recently as
the late 19th Century, still agreed with Aristotle.

In 1962 Roger Sperry won a Nobe
l Prize for identify
that the two hemispheres of the brain's cerebral
are responsible for separate intellectual
Advanced technology is now allowing us to
see how the
brain operates, but our real understanding

of brain function is sti
ll very basic. We know that the
right hemisphere, which is the creative side, controls the
left side of the body, while the left hemisphere controls
logic, reason, speech and the body's right side. The left
brain is where language and vocabulary are locate
particularly for men, and the right brain stores and
controls visual information.
People who are left
right hemisphere, which is the creative side of the brain.
It is for this reason that there is such a disproportionate
umber of left
handers who are artistic geniuses,
including Albert Einstein, Leonardo Da Vinci, Picasso,
McCartney. There are more left
handed women than
men and 90% of all people are right
handed. Most me
are very capable with their right arm and hand but are
not as good with their left. For males, the right arm
needs to be accurate at throwing objects at a moving
This right
handedness for men appear
s to be located
somewhere in the genes and explains why, if a man is
going to attack, more than 90% of the time his first
move will be a right side, over
arm blow.
Tests show that women rate
three percent higher in general

intelligence than men.
Until the
1960s, most of the data collected on the human
brain came from soldiers killed on the battlefields
there were plenty of candidates to work on. The problem
was, however, that most of these were males and the
silent assumption was that female brains op
same way.

Today, latest research reveals that the female brain
operates significantly differently to the male brain.
Therein lies the source of most of the problems in rela
smaller th
have no significance on a woman's brain performance.
In 1997 Danish researcher Bente Pakkenberg of the
Neurology Department of Copenhagen Municipal
Hospital demonstrated that, on average, a man has
around four bil
generally, women test around 3% higher in general
intelligence than men. In 1999, brain researcher
Professor Ruben Gur of the University of Pennsylvania
Medical Centre discovered that women have more grey
matter than
municators than men.
'It's obvious that women are
smarter than men. Think about

man's best friend is a dog. '
Joan Rivers
Here is a commonly held view of which side of the
brain controls which function.
While research and our understanding of the human
brain is increasing dramatically every day, there are

are several areas on which scientists and researchers do
which measures electrical activity in the brain, it is now
possible to identify and measure the exact location of
many specific functions
in the brain. With brain
scanning equipment, we can see which part of the brain
is handling a particular task. When a brain scan shows
a specific location for a skill or function, it means that
the person will usually be good at performing that skill,
they enjoy doing it and are attracted to occupa
tions and pursuits that allow them to use it.

For example, most men have a specific brain location
for sensing direction so they find that easy to do. They
enjoy planning directions and are drawn to pursui
and pastimes that allow them to use abilities such as
navigation and orientation. Women have specific areas
for speech. They're good at it, can do it with ease and
are attracted to fields that allow them to make use of
this strength, such as therapy, co
Where there is no clear brain location for a certain skill
it usually means that a person is not naturally good at,
or does not particularly enjoy, tasks that make use of

that skill. This is why it's as hard to locate female nav
ators as it is to find solace in a male counsellor, or
learn 'proper' English from a male language teacher.

Where Brain Research Began

The first recorded scientific tests into differences
by Francis Galto
pitched noises
had a stronger hand grip and were less
sensitive to pain than women. At the same time, in
America, a similar study found that men preferred red
to blue
, had a larger vocabulary and preferred solving
technical problems to domestic ones. Women could
hear more acutely, used more words than men and
preferred working on individual tasks and problems.
Early research into the specific location of brain
s came from brain
damaged patients. It was
found that men who suffered injury to the left side of
the brain had lost much or all of their speech and
vocabulary skills, whereas women who were similarly
damaged did not suffer speech loss to the
same ex
tent, indicating that women have more than
one centre for speech.
Men were three to four times more likely to suffer
speech losses or speech impediments than women, and
were much less likely to ever regain these skills. If a
man is injured on the left side
of the head, he stands a
chance of becoming mute. If a woman is hit in the same
place, she'll probably keep right on talking.
Men with brain damage on the right side lost most or
all of their spatial skills
the ability to think in three
dimensions and t
o rotate objects in the mind to picture
how they look from different angles. For example, an

architectural plan of a house is seen two
by a female brain, whereas a male brain can see it three
dimensionally, that is, men can see depth. Most
can see how a building would look as a finished house.
Women who were brain
damaged in the exact same
place on the right suffered little to no change to their
spatial skills.
Doreen Kimura, Professor of Psychology at the
University of Western Ontario,
ound that speech
disorders occur in men when the left side only of the
brain is damaged, but only occur in women when the
frontal lobe of either hemisphere is damaged. Stuttering
is a speech defect that is almost entirely restricted to
males and there are
three to four times as many boys as
girls in remedial reading classes. Put simply, males have
limited abilities when it comes to speech and conversa
tion. This result won't surprise most women. History
books show that men's lack of talk and conversation
s been making women tear their hair out for
thousands of years.

How the Brain is Analysed

Since the early 1990s, brain
scanning equipment has
developed to the point where it is now possible to see
your brain operating live on a television screen using
Washington University's School of Medicine measured
pinpoint the exact areas that are used for specific skil
and these are shown here.

At Yale University in 1995, a team of scientists led by
women to establish which part of the brain is used to


Specific hot spots in the brain using MRI
match rhyming words.
changes in blood flow to different parts of the brain,
they confirmed that men used mainly the left brain
for speech tasks while women used both left and right.
These experiments and countless others carried out
since the 90s all
women's brains operate differently.
Research also shows that the left side of a girl's brain
develops more rapidly than that of a boy, which means
earlier, and lea
also explains why speech pathologists are booked solid
for treatment on little boys.

Ask men and women if their brains

work differently. Men will say they think
were reading o
Women will say,
course they do

Boys, however, develop the right side of their brain
perceptual skills. Boys excel at mathematics, building,
les, and problem
solving, and master these much
earlier than girls.
facts simply do not support that view. Unfortunately,
we now live in a social env
ironment that insists we are
the same
despite the mountain of evidence showing
we are wired differently and have evolved with dramat
ically varying inbuilt capabilities and inclinations.

The left and right brain hemispheres
are connected by a
bundle of nerve fibres called the corpus callosum. This
exchange information.

Try to imagine you have two computers on your
is the corpus callosum.

Neurologist Roger Gorski of the University of
California at Los Angeles confirmed that a woman's
brain has a thicker corpus callosum than a man's, with
the left and right. He also pro
ved that men and women
use different parts of the brain when working on the
same task. These findings have since been duplicated by
other scientists elsewhere.
Research also reveals that the female hormone oestrogen
prompts nerve cells to grow more connect
ions within the
the more connections you have, the more fluent your
speech. It also explains women's ability to multi


unrelated activities and throws a great deal of light on
women's intuition. A
s we have discussed, a woman has a
greater range of sensory equipment and, with that multi
plicity of fibre connections for faster transfer of infor
woman can make so many fast, accurate judgements
about peo
All the available research agrees: men's brains are spe
cialised. Compartmentalised. A male brain is config
ured to concentrate on one specific, dedicated task at
once and
ost men will tell you they can only do 'one
thing at a time'. When a man stops his car to read a
radio? He turns it down! Most women can't under
stand why this happens. She can read while listening
and talking so why can't he? Why does he insist on

turning down the TV when the telephone rings? 'When
he's reading the newspaper or watching TV, why can't
he hear what I've just told him?' is a lament that has
been made by every woman in the world at som
e time.
The answer is that a man's brain is configured for one
thing at a time because of fewer connecting fibres
compartmentalised brain. Take a brain scan of his head
when he's reading, and you'll find h
e is virtually deaf.
A woman's brain is configured for multi
formance. She can do several unrelated things at the
same time, and her brain is never disengaged, it's
always active. She can talk on a telephone, at the same
time as cooking a new r
ecipe and watching television.
Or she can drive a car, put on make
up and listen to the
radio while talking on a hands
free telephone. But if a
man is cooking a recipe and you talk to him, he is likely
to become angry because he can't follow the written
structions and listen at the same time. If a man is
shaving and you talk to him he'll cut himself. Most
women will have had the experience of being accused
by a man of making him miss a turn
because she was chatting to him at the time.
woman told us that if she is angry with her husband,
she talks to him while he is hammering a nail!

Because women use both sides of their brains, many
find it more difficult to tell their left hand from their
right. Around 50% of women cannot instantly
recognise which is which, without looking for a ring or
a freckle first. Men, on the other hand, operating in
either the left or right brain, find it much easier to
identify left from right. As a result, women all over the
world everywhere are criticised b
y men for telling them
to turn right
when they really meant left.

Try the Toothbrush Test
and talking on several topics. They can make up
down strokes with the toothbrush at the same
as polishing a
table using a circular movement
the other hand. Most men find this very difficult,
brain means they focus entirely on that single
30cm ap
art, body bent over the sink, moving their head
back and forth against the brush, usually to the speed
of the water.
At a time when we are raising boys and girls as if
they are identical, science is proving they are dramati
cally diff
erent in their thinking. The conclusion that
neurologists and brain researchers everywhere
have now reached is that we are who we are because
of hormones.
We are who we are because of hormones.
We are all the result of our chemistry.
Late 20th Century thin
king says we are born with
an empty mind and our parents, teachers and environ
ment dictate our attitudes and choices. New research
into the brain and its development now reveals that our
minds are configured like a computer at around six to
eight weeks af
system' is in place and several 'programmes' are also

installed so that when we are born we come pre
packaged, like a computer with an array of add
hardware and software.
Science also shows that the basic operating
and its wiring leave little room for change. Our envi
ronment and our teachers can only add data and run
compatible programmes. And, up until now, there have
been practically no 'How to' manuals available. This
means that when we are born, our futur
sexuality preferences are pre
nurture? It's a done deal. Nature had the headstart from
the very beginning. We now know that nurturing is a
learned behaviour, with adoptive mothers proving just
as effective at nurturing chil
Almost all of us are made up of 46 chromosomes which
three come from our mother and 23 from our father. If
our mother's 23rd chromosome is an X chrom
(it's shaped like an X) and if the father's 23rd is also an
X, the result is called an XX baby, which is a girl. If the
an XY baby which will be a boy. The basic template for
the human body and br
we all start out
as girls
as nipples and mammary glands.

At the six to eight week point after conception, the
develop either male or fem
ale genitalia.
German scientist Dr Gunther Dorner, a leading pioneer
in social science, was one of the first to advance the
theory that our sexual identity is formed six to eight
weeks after conception. His research showed that if the

direct large amounts of male hormones, particularly
testosterone, through the body to form male testes and
configure the brain for masculine traits and behaviours,
such as long
throwing, hunting and chasing.
unit of male hormone to form male genitals and
another three units to configure the brain with a male
operating system but, for reasons we will discuss later,
it does n
needs four units but receives only three. The first unit is
used to form the male genitals but the brain receives
only two more units which means that the brain
becomes sexed two
female. The result is that a baby boy is born who will
grow up to become a person with a mainly male brain,
but with some female thinking patterns and abilities. If
hormone, one is used for testes for
mation and the brain
have a baby whose brain is still mainly female in
body. By the time puberty arrives, this boy is likely to
be homosexual. We'll
Chapter 8.

hormone is present and so the body forms female
genitalia and the brain's template remains female. The
brain is further configured with female hormones and
defending attributes, including the
centres for being able to decode verbal and non
signals. When the baby girl is born, she looks female
and her behaviour will be feminine as a result of her
wired brain. But occasionally, usually by

male hormone and the result is a baby girl born with,
to a greater or lesser extent, a masculine brain. We will
also discuss how this happens in Chapter 8.
It is estimated that about 80% to 85% of mal
es have
mainly male
wired brains and about 15% to 20% have
brains that are feminised to a greater or lesser extent.
Many of these in the latter group become gay.

Fifteen to twenty percent of men have

feminised brains. About ten percent of

women have mascul
Any references to female gender in this book will refer
to approximately 90% of girls and women whose
brains are wired for mainly female behaviour. Around
10% of women have a brain that is wired, to a greater
or lesser extent, with some masc
uline abilities because
it received a dose of male hormone six to eight weeks
after conception.
Here is a simple but fascinating test that can show
you the extent to which your brain is wired for
masculine or feminine thinking. The questions have
been coll
ated from many leading studies into human
brain sexuality and the rating system used was
right or wrong answers in this test, but it gives you
some interesting insights into why you make the choices
test you can score your result on the chart. Photocopy
the test and give it to those you live and work with, and
the result will be a real eye

Wiring Test
This test is desi
gned to indicate the masculinity
femininity of your brain patterns. There are no
right or
wrong answers
cation of the
probable level of male hormone your
brain did, or did
not, receive around six to eight
weeks after your
conception. This is reflected in your
preference of values,
behaviours, style, orientations
Circle the statement that is most likely to be
for you most of the time.

directory you:
have diff
iculty and often ask for help



radio playing and a friend phones. Do you:
leave the radio on an

while talking on the phone
turn the radio off, talk and keep cooking


say you'll call them back as soon as you've

finished cooking

Friends are coming to visit and ask for

directions to your new house. Do you:
draw a map w
ith clear directions and send it
ask what landmarks they know then try to
M3 to Newcastle, turn off, turn left, go
the second traffic lights... '

more likely to:
use a pencil, paper and body language gestures


explain it verbally using body language and

explain it verbally, being clear and concise


When coming home from a great movie, you

prefer to:

picture scenes from the movie in your mind


talk about the scenes and what was said

quote mainly what was said in the movie


on the right side




work. You would:
sympathise, and discuss how they feel about it

recommend someone reliable who can fix it

figure out how it works and attempt to fix it

for them


You're in an unfamiliar place and someone asks
you where North is. You:
confess you don't know


guess where it is, after a bit of thought

point towards North without difficulty

You've found a parking space but it's tight and
you must r
everse into it. You would:
rather try to find another space

carefully attempt to back into it

reverse into it without any difficulty.


You are watching TV when the telephone rings.
You would:
answer the phone with the TV on


turn the

then answer
artist. Usually you:
can sing some of the song afterwards
without difficulty


can sing some of it afterwards if

simple song


sounded but you might recall some of the


You are best at predicting outcomes by:

using intuition

making a decision based on both the
available information and 'gut feel


You've misplaced your keys. Would you:


remember where you put them

ber where you left them

sound of a siren. You:

couldn't identify where it's coming from

could probably point to it if you concentrate


could point straight to where it's coming



You g
to seven or eight new people. Next day you:

can easily picture their faces

would remember a few of their faces

would be more likely to remember their



You want to go to the country for your hol

but your partner wants to go to a beach resort.

countryside and the kids and family always
have fun there


tell them if they go to the country you'll be
teful and will be happy to go to the beach
next time


use the facts: the country resort is closer,
cheaper, and well
leisure activities



write a list so you can see wh
at needs to be


think of the things you need to do


picture in your mind the people you will see,
places you will visit and things you'll be



A friend has a personal problem and has come

to discuss it with you. You:

say that problems are never as bad as they

seem and explain why

give suggestions or rational advice on how to

solve the problem

spot it?


you could spot it very early


you'd pick up on it half the time


What is life all about, as you see it?

having friends and living in harmony with

those around you
being friendly to others while maintaining

onal independence


others' respect and winning prestige and



Given the choice, you would prefer to work:

in a team where people are compatible

around others but maintaining your own


by yourself

The books you prefer to read are:


novels and fiction

magazines and newspapers



When you go shopping you tend to:


often buy on impulse, particularly the specials

have a general plan but t
ake it as it comes


You prefer to go to bed, wake up and eat



whenever you feel like it

on a basic schedule but you are flexible

You've started a new job and m
people on the staff. One of them phones you

when you are at home. You would:

find it easy to recognise their voice


recognise it about half the time




their silence or lack of response

when they won't see your point of view



and writing essays?


you found them both fairly easy


you were generally OK with one but not the



When it comes to dancing or jazz routines, you:

can 'feel' the music once you've learnt the


with othe

mimicking animal sounds?

not very good



At the end of a long day, you usually prefer to:
talk to friends or family about your da

listen to others talk about their day


How to Score the Test
First, add the number of A, B and C responses and
the following table to arrive at your final
For Males
Number of A's x 10 points =
Number of C's x
5 points =
Total points =

For Females
Number of A's x 15 points =
Number of B's x 5 points =
Number of C's x
5 points =
Total points =
For any questions where the answers didn't accu
rately reflect your life or you
eft them blank, award
yourself five points.
Analysing the Result
females, 150
masculine thinking usually score below 150. The closer
to 0 they are, the more masculine they
higher their testosterone level is likely to be. These
people demonstrate strong logical, analytical and
verbal skills and tend to be disciplined and well
at projecting costs and plan
data, with their emotions hardly influencing them at all.
Scores in the minus range are high masculine scores.
These scores show that large amounts of testosterone
ment. T
he lower the score for a woman, the more likely
she will be to have lesbian tendencies.

Brains that are wired for mainly feminine thinking
will score higher than 180. The higher the number, the
more feminine the brain will be, and the more likely the
and musical talents. They will make more of their
decisions on intuition or gut feeling, and are good at
recognising problems using minimal data. They are also
good at solving problems using creativity and

The higher the score is above 180 for a man, the greater
the chance he will be gay.
Males who score below 0 and women who score
above 300 have brains that are wired so oppositely that
the only thing they are likely to have in common is that
thought for both sexes, or a foot in both sexual camps.
These people do not show a bias for either male or
female thinking and usually demonstrate a flexibility in
thinking that can be
a significant advantage to any
group who are going through a problem
process. They have the predisposition to make friends
with both men and women.
A Final Word
Since the beginning of the 1980s, our knowledge of the
brain has surpassed our wildest
expectations. US
President George Bush proclaimed the 1990s as the
Decade of the Brain and we have now entered the
Millennium of the Mind. In our discussion of the brain
and its various regions we have simplified neuroscience
to avoid being too technical,
but we are also conscious
of not over
structure of neurons that form complex assemblies of
brain cells which make up brain regions.

You, the reader, don't want to become a neuroscientist,
you just want a basic un
some strategies that work when dealing with the opposite
sex. It's easy to pinpoint the area of the brain used for
spatial skill in males and to develop working strategies for
operation of emotion in the brain. But, even so, we can
still develop workable strategies for dealing with it.

Wiring Test



cocktail party. Barbara
had bought a new dress
and was anxious to look her best. She held up
pairs of shoes, one blue, one gold. Then she asked
the question that all men fear, 'Darling, which
I wear with this dress?'

A cold chill ran down Allan's back. He knew h
e was
' he stammered. 'Come on Allan, ' she said, impa
nervously. 'So, what's wrong with the blue?'
she asked.
'You've never liked
them! I paid a fortune for
them and
you hate them, don't you?'

Allan's shoulders slumped. 'If you don't want my
opinion, Barbara, don't ask!' he said. He thought he'd
been asked to fix a problem but, when he solved it, she
wasn't at all grateful. Barbara,
typical female speech trait: indirect speech. She'd already
decided which shoes she was going to wear and didn't
want another opinion on it; she wanted confirmation
that she looked good. In this chapter, we will look at the
en and women have communicating with
each other and offer some novel solutions.
The 'Blue or Gold Shoes' Strategy

If a woman asks 'blue or gold?' when selecting shoes,
it's important that a man does not give an answer.
Instead, he should ask, 'Have you cho

darling?' Most women are taken aback by this
approach because most men they know immediately
state a preference. 'Well... I thought I could possibly
wear the gold... ' she'll say, uncertainly. The reality is,
she has already chosen the gold sh
he'll ask. 'Because I'm wearing gold accessories and my
dress has a gold pattern in it, ' she'll respond. A skilled
man would then reply, 'Wow! Great choice! You'll look
he'll hav
e a great night.
Why Males Can't Talk Proper
We've known for thousands of years that men aren't
great conversationalists, particularly when compared to
women. Not only do girls start speaking earlier than
boys but a three

vocabulary of a three
almost 100% comprehensible. Speech pathologists are
kept busy with parents bringing young boys in for
therapy with the same complaint: 'He can't speak
properly. ' If the boy has an older sister, this spe
ech dif
ference is even more noticeable, particularly as older
sisters and mothers frequently talk for their sons. Ask a
old boy, 'How are you?' and his mother or
sister answers, 'He's fine, thanks'.

Mothers, daughters, and older
sisters often sp
the males in their family.
For males, speech and language are not critical brain
skills. They operate mainly in the left brain and have no

specific location. Studies with left brain
people show that most speech disorders in males
in the left/rear hemisphere and mainly in the left/front
for females. When a male talks, MRI scans show that
his entire left hemisphere becomes active as it searches
to find a centre for speaking, but is unable to find
much. Consequently, men aren't
The following MRI brain scan is from research
conducted by Dr Tonmoy Sharma, head of cognitive
psychopharmacology at the Institute of Psychiatry,
London, in 1999. As you can see, males have few hot
spots for speech functions.
This dem
onstrates why boys tend to mumble and
have sloppier pronunciation than girls. They use fillers
like 'um', 'uh' and 'like' during conversation, are more
likely to drop the
from the end of words, saying
comin' and goin', and using only three tones of voi
when speaking, compared to a woman's five tones.
TV, that's exactly what they do
the only conversation
tends to be 'pass the chips' and 'got any more beer?' For
programme has always been more of an excuse for a
plots are familiar, rather than a complicated murder
mystery drama.

Location of male speech

and language. (Black areas

represent activity. )

Institute of Psychiatry,

The different ways the sexes express themselves is
perhaps nowhere more obvious than in
port. Watch
ball players, for instance, can describe their match
exactly, succinctly and perfectly comprehensibly. When
male players are interviewed, however, not only is it
difficult to make sense of the
their mouths don't appear to move. With teenagers, the
difference is remarkable, too. When we asked our
teenage daughter about the party she attended the night
before, she gave an articulate recitation of everything
that happe
who said what to whom, how
everyone felt about it and what they were wearing. Our
teenage son, asked the same question, mumbled, 'Uhh
... good. '

On Valentine's Day, florists tell men to 'say it with
flowers' because they know that a man finds it dif
to say it with words. Buying a card is never a problem
for a man, it's what to write inside that stumps him.

with plenty of words inside. That
way, there's less space for them to write.
Men evolved as lunch
emember, not communi
cators. The hunt was conducted with a series of non
verbal signals and often the hunters would sit for hours
silently watching for their prey. They didn't talk or
sit for hours and sa
y nothing. They're having a great
time enjoying each other's company, but they don't feel
indicative of a major problem. The only time men come

close is
when the division of communication in the
tightly compartmentalised male brain is broken down
by copious quantities of alcohol.
Boys and their Schooling
In the beginning, boys don't do well at school because
their verbal abilities are inferior to those of
girls. As a
result, they perform poorly in languages, English and
the arts. They feel stupid in front of the more articulate
girls and become boisterous and disruptive. The idea of
starting boys at school a year later, when their language
development woul
younger, would, in that respect, seem to make a lot of
about themselves, and much less intimidated by the
fluency of girls the same age.
In later years, girls fall behin
where spatial ability is vital. But while remedial
language classes are full of boys whose worried parents
hope and pray that their sons will eventually be able to
read, write and speak properly, no such caveat is put on
girls to
brush up on their spatial reasoning. They simply
end up changing subjects.
There has been a growing trend in recent years to
separate boys and girls in certain subjects like English,
maths and sciences. Shenfield High School in Essex, for
example, allows
ach sex to learn in an environment

maths tests, the girls are asked questions that relate to
hardware store. This type of segregation capitalises
the natural preferences of male and female brain
and the results are impressive. In English, the boys'
results are four times higher than the national average

and the girls' maths and science scores are almost
double those in other schools.

Women Are Great Talkers
With women, speech is a specific area located primarily
in the front left hemisphere with another, smaller
specific area in the right hemisphere. Having speech on
both sides of the brain makes women good conversa
tionalists. They e
njoy it, and do lots of it. With specific
areas to control speech, the rest of a woman's brain is
available for other tasks, enabling her to do lots of
different things at once while talking.

language. (Black are

represent activity. ) Institute

Psychiatry, London, 1999.

Compare the above illustration, which shows the
locations of speech and language in women, to that of
men, and you can see why women are such excellent
communicators and men are

Recent research has shown that a baby learns to
recognise its mother's voice while it is still in the womb,
probably from voice resonance through the mother's
body. A four
patterns of its native tongue from a f
oreign language. At
four months, babies can recognise lip movements asso
ciated with vowel sounds.


they are beginning to associate words with meanings; by
eighteen months, they have the beginnings of a vocabu
lary that, at two
years old, will have expanded in the
case of girls to up to 2, 000 words. Both intellectually
and physically, this is an awesome achievement
compared to the learning abilities of an adult.

Having a specific brain zone for speech allows girls to
learn fore
ign languages faster and easier than boys, and
tuation and spelling. In 25 years of giving seminars in
foreign countries, we have rarely been given a male
they're usually women.

. of Teachers

% Women

% Men

2, 700
16, 200


8, 100



8, 900
Other languages 1, 300



This chart shows how women clearly dominate subjects
where strong left
brain verbal ability is required.
specific speech centres give them superiority
in language ability and verbal dexterity.

These figures show that even in the most politically
correct areas
female brain
they are doing a good job because half of all teachers
are men and half are women but, as you can see,
females clearly dominate the areas involving speech.

The left brain controls the physical functions of the
right side of the body, which could be why most people
write with the right hand. This would also explain why
the handwriting of most women is much more legible
than that of men
women's specific language centres

are pre
and written.
Male brains are highly compartmentalised and have the
ability to separate and store information. At the end of
a day full of problems, a man's mono
tracking brain
can file them all away. The female brain doe
s not store
information in this way
the problems just keep going
around and around in her head.
Men can mentally index their problems
and put them on hold. Women churn.
her mind is by talking about them
to acknowledge
them. Therefore, when a woman talks at the end of the
day, her objective is to discharge the problems, not to
find conclusions or solutions.

Ontario conducted a
study on women's performance
and the hormone oestrogen. Hanson found that low
testosterone levels depressed a woman's spatial ability,
while high oestrogen enhanced her articulation and
motor skills. This explains why, during the
menstrual cycle, on h
igh oestrogen days a woman can
behave calmly and speak with near
Conversely, on high testosterone days her speech is

not be so expert at humiliating a man with a well
barb, but she could hit him with a frying pan
Women Love to Talk
including children, men, careers and what's happeni
in their lives. When groups of men and women watch a
women to shut up. Men can either talk
watch the
that women can. Besides, women consider th
develop relationships
potatoes staring at the screen.

During the ad breaks, a man often asks a woman
to explain the storyline and tell him where the relation
unlike women, to read the subtle body language
signals that reveal how the characters are feeling emo
tionally. Since women originally spent their days with
the other women and children in the group, the
developed the ability to communicate successfully in
order to maintain relationships. For a woman, speech
continues to have such a clear purpose: to build rela
tionships and make friends. For men, to talk is to relate
the facts.

Men see the telephone as
a communication tool for
relaying facts and information to other people, but a
woman sees it as a means of bonding. A woman can
spend two weeks on vacation with her girlfriend and,
and talk for another t

There is no convincing evidence that social condition
ing, the fact that girls' mothers talked to them more, is
the reason why girls talk more than boys. Psychiatrist
Dr Michael Lewis, author of
Social Behaviour
and Language Acquisition,
ed experiments
that found mothers talked to, and looked at, baby
girls more often than baby boys. Scientific evidence
shows parents respond to the brain bias of their
and receive speech, we therefo
more. Consequently, mothers who try to talk to their
sons are usually disappointed to receive only short
grunts in reply.

Men Talk Silently to Themselves

Men evolved as warriors, protectors and problem
solvers. Their brain bias and social
prevent them from showing fear or uncertainty. This is
why, when a man is asked to solve a problem, he will
often say, 'Can you leave it with me?' or 'I'll think it
over. ' And that is exactly what he does
he thinks it
over silently, with an
expressionless face. Only when he
has the answer will he speak or look animated to show
he is ready to communicate the solution. Men talk
mainly inside their heads because they don't have the
verbal capability that women have to use words exter
nally for c
ommunication. When a man is sitting staring
out of a window, a brain scan shows that he is having
a conversation with himself
woman sees a man doing this, she assumes that he's
bored or idle, and tries to talk to him or give him
interrupted. As we know, he can't do more than one
thing at once.

The Downside of Silent Talk

If a man is dealing with other men, talking inside his
head is not a problem. Men can sit with each other in
and no
one feels uneasy about it
exactly what it is
a group of women, the women are li
distant, sulky or simply doesn't want to join in. If men
talk more.
Women Think Aloud

'My wife drives me crazy when she's got a problem or
is talking about what she intends to do that
day, ' said a
man at one of our seminars. 'She talks out loud about
the options, possibilities, people involved, what she
needs to do and where she'll be going. It's so distract
ing, I can't concentrate on anything!'

A woman will verbalise a series of
s out loud in random order,
all the options and possibilities.
A woman's brain is pre
wired to use speech as a
main form of expression and this is one of her
strengths. If a man has to carry out a list of five or six
tasks, he will say, 'I've got s
ome things to do. I'll see
you later'. A woman will verbalise all the items out
loud in random order, mentioning all options and pos

rang a
nd wants you to call him back
the parcel from the Post Office, I suppose I could also
... ' This is one of the reasons men accuse women of
talking too much.
The Downside of Thinking Aloud
Women perceive thinking aloud as being friendly
sharing, but men see it differently. On a personal level,
a man thinks the woman is giving him a list of problems
that she expects him to fix, so he becomes anxious,
scatterbrained, undisciplined or unintelligent. To
impress men in business, a woman needs to keep her
thoughts inside her head and only talk about conclu
sions. In a relationship, partners need to discuss their
different ways of working th
to understand that when a woman talks, she is not
expecting him to respond with solutions. Women need
to understand that when a man doesn't talk, that is not
Women Talk, Men Feel Nagged
The building o
f relationships through talk is a priority
in the brain
wiring of women. Italian women are the
top talkers, speaking up to 6, 000
They use an additional 2, 000
3, 000 vocal sounds to
communicate, as well as 8, 000
10, 000 gestures,
ial expressions, head movements and other body
signals. This gives these women a daily average of more
than 20, 000 communication 'words' to relate their

messages. Western women speak up to 80% of that
figure. That explains just why the British Medical
sociation recently reported that women are four
times more likely to suffer with jaw problems.

'Once I didn't talk to my wife for
six months', said the comedian.
didn't want to interrupt'.

Contrast a woman's daily 'chatter' to that of a man. He
utters ju

4, 000 words and 1, 000


2, 000
sounds, and makes a mere 2, 000
3, 000 body
signals. His daily average adds up to around
7, 000
communication 'words'
output of
most women.

This speech difference becomes
apparent at the end of
desire to communicate any more. Her state depends on
what she has been doing that day. If she's spent the day
talking with peo
ple, she may have used her quota of
'words' and also has little desire to say much more. If
she's been home with young children she will be
lucky to have used 2
3, 000 'words'. She still has up to
15, 000 to go! We're all familiar with friction at the
er table.


home. How was your day?'

'Good. '

today. How did
it go?'

'That's good. He can be a really tough
customer. Do you think he'll take your


and so on.

Mike feels as though he's being interrogated and
talk, he asks: 'How was your day?'

what happened in her day.

'Well... what a day I had! I decided not to go to the
city today because my cousin's best friend wo
rks at the
bus station and he said there'd be a strike today so I
decided to walk. The weather forecaster said it would
be a sunny day so I decided to wear my blue dress
know the one
was walking I bumped into

She begins speaking the balance of her unspoken
words. He wonders why she won't shut up and leave
him in peace. He feels like he's been 'nagged to death'!
everywhere. He's a hunter
day. He just wants to stare into the fire. The problem
comes, however, when she starts feeling ignored and
becomes resentful.
When a man is silent, it's easy for a
woman to start feeling unloved.

The point of the woman's talk
is to talk. But the man
sees her continual talk about problems as a plea for
solutions. With his analytical brain, he continually
interrupts her.



'... and I slipped on the pavement and
broke the heel on my new shoes,

and then... '


you shouldn't wear high heels to the
shopping centre! I've seen a survey on it.
It's dangerous
it's safer!'

He thinks,

She thinks,
just listen? She continues


'... and when I got back to the car, the

back tyre was flat and so... '


fill up at the garage. That way you won't

be stuck like that again!'

He thinks,

for her.
She thinks, Why
He thinks,
me alone? Do I have to solve all her
right the first time?
She ignores his interruptions and keeps talking.
We have surveyed thousands of women everywhere and
they all make o
ne point clear:

When a woman is speaking her

unused words at the end of the day,
she doesn't want interruptions
with solutions to her problems.


This is good news for men
you're not expected to
respond, just to listen. When a woman has finished
she feels relieved and happy. Plus she'll think
you're a wonderful man for listening, so you'll probably
have a good night.
Talking about day
women cope with stress. They see it as bonding and being
supportive. This is why mos
t people who go to counsellors
are women, and most counsellors are women who are
trained to listen.
Why Couples Fail

four per cent of working women and 98% of
working women name the biggest failing of their
husbands and boyfriends as a reluctan
ce to talk, partic
ularly at the end of the day. Past generations of women
never felt this problem because they always had lots of
children and other women for conversation and
support. Now mothers who stay at home are likely to
feel isolated and lonely be
cause their female neighbours
are all likely to be at work. Working women have less
difficulty with non
talking males because they have
been speaking to others during the day. None of this is
anyone's fault. We are the first generation to have no
role models for successful relationships. Our
parents never had these problems. But the good news is
that we can learn the new skills required for survival.
How Men Talk

A man's sentences are shorter than a woman's and are
more structured. They usually hav
e a simple opening, a
clear point and a conclusion. It's easy to follow what he


means or wants. If you multi
understand that if you want to be convincing or per
suasive with a
man, you should present only one clear
thought or idea at a time.
The first rule of talking to a man:
Keep it simple! Give him only
one thing at a time to think about.
If you are presenting an idea to a mixed group of men
and women, it's safer to use a mal
e speaking structure
to make your points. Both sexes can follow 'man
but men have difficulty following a woman's multi
tracked conversations and can quickly lose interest.

Women Multi
right he
mispheres and specific brain locations for
speech, most women can talk about several subjects
juggling three or four balls at the one time and most
women seem to do it effortlessly. Not only
but women can juggle several subjects with other
women who are all doing the same thing
ever seems to drop a ball.
At the end of the conversation, each woman knows
the events that took plac
This multi
tracking ability is frustrating for a man as
the male brain is mono
tracked and can only handle
one subject at a time. When a group of women are


A woman may start talking about one subject, switch
in mid
sentence to another and then, without any
warning, revert back to the first with a little bit of
good measure. Men become perplexed and befuddl
Take this family conversation from the Pease household:


'Now, wait a minute
who said what to

whom at the office?'


'I wasn't talking about the office

talking about my brother

'Your brother

you'd changed the subject!'




Men may be able to find their way from
to B via a maze of back
them in the middle of a group of women
discussing a number of topics at the same


This kind of facility for complex multi
tracking is
their jobs,
erforming a number of different tasks at
once is an absolute necessity. It's hardly surprising then
99. 1% were women
there were only 5, 913 men.
Some groups attribute this to girls being groomed for
account, however, women's domination of verbal,
organisational and multi
tracking abilities. Even in
fields where hierarchies are strongly committed to
Equal Opportunity policies, such as community
counselling and in the welfare system, of the 144, 266
people employed to do these jobs in Britain in 1998,
816 were men and 100, 450 were women. Wherever
communication skills and verbal prowess is required,
women reign supreme.

What Brain Scans

When a woman is speaking, brain scans show that her
front left and right brain centres controlling speech are
both operating. Her hearing functions also operate at
the same time. This powerful multi
allows a woman to speak and list
en simultaneously and
to do both on several unrelated topics. Men are
awestruck when they first learn that women have this
Women can speak and listen simultane
ously, while at the same time accusing
men of being able to do neither.


Women have been the butt of jokes from men for
thousands of years on the issue of how much they talk.
At conferences in every country we hear men say the
same things: 'Listen to those women all talking
blah, blah
Norwegians say it just as much as African and Inuit
men. But the difference is, when men say it, they take it
in turns. For, as we now know, men can either speak or
they can't do both at once.
Strategies for

Men usually only interrupt each other if they are
communicate with a man, a simple strategy is not to
interrupt when he is speaking. This is difficult for a
woman because for her, simulta
tionships and shows participation. She has an urge to
track the conversation to impress him or make
him feel significant. When she does it, however, he
effectively becomes deaf. He will also resent what he
considers a rude inte

Men take turns talking, so when a
'Stop interrupting me!' is shouted by men at women
everywhere and in every language. A man's sentences
are solution
the sentence
, otherwise the conversation seems
pointless. He can't multi
track various points at
different times in the conversation and he views anyone
else doing it as impolite or scatterbrained. This is a
foreign concept to a woman. She multi


injury, in a typical male/female conversation, 76% of
interruptions are made by men!

Why Men Love Big Words

Having no specific brain location for speech, the hunter
needed to be able to communicate the most
information with the least number of words, so his
brain developed specific areas for vocabulary, located
in the front and rear part of the left brain. In women,
vocabulary is front and back of both hemispheres and
is not a strong ability. Conse
quently, definition and the
meaning of words is not important to a woman because
she relies on voice intonation for meaning and body
language for emotional content.

in the male brain

This is why the meanin
men and why they will use definition to gain advantage
over another man or woman. Men use language to
important tactic in playing the game. If one man is


trying to make a str
example, '... he wasn't making his point clearly or
stand what he meant', another man may interrupt with,
summarise the other person's entire sentence.

Women Use Words for Reward
A woman uses words to show participation and build
relationships and so, for her, word
reward. If she likes you, is agreeing with what you are
saying or wants to be your friend, she'll talk to you a lot.
you know she's not your friend, she won't talk. Men
often call
a woman of 'I'll never talk to you again!' is one to be
taken seriously.

If a woman is talking to you a lot,
she likes you. If she's not talking
to you, you're in trouble.
It takes an average man around nine
minutes of silence
to realise that he's being punished. Until the nine
minutes' mark is reached, he sees her silence as a kind
of bonus
everywhere complain that women talk too much.
Certainly, compared to men, the


It started out as a nice, relaxing weekend drive through
a beautiful valley a few hours away from home. As the
road twisted and turned around the mountainside, John
road. He couldn't navigate bends and listen to music at
the same time.

'John, ' said his girlfriend Allison, 'would you like a
cup of coffee?'

John smiled. 'No thanks, I'm fine, ' he replied,
thinking to himself how nice it was of her to ask. A
short tim
e later John noticed that Allison had stopped
wrong. 'Everything OK darling?' he enquired. 'Just
fine!' she snapped. Confused, he asked, 'So... what's
the problem?' She snorted with derision. 'You wouldn'
stop!' she said. John's analytical mind tried to
remember when she had used the word
He was
sure she hadn't and told her so. She told him he needed
to be more sensitive. When she had asked him if he
wanted coffee, what she really meant was that
wanted one. 'Am I supposed to be a mind reader?' he
asked sarcastically.

by men to women everywhere. When a woman talks
she uses indirect speech which means that she hints at
what she wants or beats
round the bush. Indirect
speech is a female speciality and serves a specific
it builds relationships and rapport with
others by avoiding aggression, confrontation or
discord. It fits perfectly into the nest
defender's overall
approach to preservi
ng harmony.


Indirect talk builds rapport
among women

work with men because they
don't understand the rules.
Women's brains are process
process of communicating. Men find this lack of
structure and purpose
very disconcerting, and accuse
women of not knowing what they're talking about. In
business, indirect speech can be disastrous for women
as men can't follow a multi
tion, and may end up turning down their proposals,
requests or
ids for advancement. Indirect speech
may be excellent for building relationships but, unfor
tunately, that benefit may pale into insignificance if cars
or planes end up crashing when the driver or pilot is
unclear about what is being said.
Indirect speech
usually includes a lot of qualifiers
such as 'kind of, 'sort of and 'a bit'. Imagine if
Winston Churchill had used indirect speech to try to
motivate the Allies against the threat from Hitler. It
wouldn't have sounded quite the same.
'We will fight them on
fight them a bit in the fields
surrender. ' They might even have ended up losing the war.

When a woman uses indirect speech with another
woman there is never a problem
women are
sensitive to pick
however, be disastrous using it with men. Men use
direct speech and take words literally. But with patience
and practice, men and women can learn to understand
one another.


Men's sentences are short, direct,
to the point, drawing on a broader vocabulary and
peppered with facts. They use quantifiers such as
This kind of speech helps close
business deals quickly and efficiently, and is a means of
authority over others. When men use such
direct speech in their social relationships, it often makes
them appear abrupt and rude.

Consider these statements:
Would you make

direct to com
are most likely to be used by men, and the last three by
women. All have the same request expressed in a
him saying, 'You're not capable of making a decision.
I'm going to McDonald's!'
Men need to understand that indirect talk is part of a
To build a personal relationship with a woman, a man


needs to listen effectively, using 'listening sounds' and
body language (we'll come to that in a moment). He
doesn't need to volunteer solutions or question her
motives. If a woman sounds like she
problem, an excellent technique for a man to use is to
ask her, 'Do you want me to listen as a boy or a girl?'
If she wants him to be a girl, he just listens and encour
ages her. If she says she wants him to be a boy, he can
offer solutions.

notice and provide an agenda.
In order to make the most impact on a man, tell him
what you want to talk about and when. For example:
'I'd like to talk with you about how to handle a problem
I have with my boss at work
seven o'clock be a good time for you to talk me through
it?' This appeals to the logical structure of man's brain,
makes him feel appreciated and passes on the problem!
An indirect approach would be, 'No
one appreciates
me', which c
reates problems because a man is likely to
think that he's being blamed and goes straight on the
defensive. Direct speech is the way men do business with
other men in Western countries but this is not the case
in the East. In Japan, for example, indirect
peech is
widely used as a business language and people who use
direct language are considered childish or naive.
Foreigners who use it are seen as immature.
How to Motivate a Man to Action
Having a Masters Degree in indirect talk, a woman asks
'can' and 'c


out?' 'Could you call me tonight?' 'Can you pick up the
asks, 'Can you change the lightbulb?' he hears, 'Do you
have the ability to change the lightbulb?'
man inter
check of his ability so his logical response is Yes, he
take rubbish out or he
change the lightbulb, but
these words carry no commitment to act. Plus, men feel
manipulated and forced
into giving a 'yes' response.
To motivate a man, ask 'will' or 'would' questions to
tonight?' asks for a commitment to tonight and a man
'No' answer to
a 'will you' or 'would you' question and
you' or 'could you' question you ask. A man who asks
a woman to marry him says, 'Will you marry me?' He
never says, 'Could you marry me?'

Women Talk Emotively, Men

Because vocabulary is not a hotspot in a woman's
brain, she can feel that the precise definition of words
or won't shy away from exaggeration simply for effect.
true and respond accordingly.

In an argument a man defines a woman's words to try
to win. See if you recognise this exchange:







'Not true! I don't
disagree with you!

agreed with you

Saturday so you can't say I
'You say this
time I bring it up!'
'That's a lie! I don't say it

She continues arguing, using emotions to fight him; he
keeps defining her words. The argument escalates to the
point where she refuses to talk or he stomps off to be
on his own. But to argue successfully, a man
needs to
understand that a woman will use words that she
doesn't really mean, so he shouldn't take them literally
or define them. Take, for example, when a woman says,
'If I sat next to a woman who was wearing the identical
dress, I'd just die! There's no
thing worse!' She doesn't
really mean that there is
nothing worse
or that she
really expects to
but a man's literal mind may
respond with, 'No, you won't die, there are worse
things than that!' which sounds sarcastic to a woman.
By the same token, how
ever, a woman needs to learn
that she'll have to argue logically with a man if she
wants to win and only give him one thought at a time.
And women should never multi
their barbs have no chance of hitting home.
ly, a woman can use an average of six listening
expressions in a ten
feed back the speaker's emotions. Her face will mirror


the emotions being expressed by the speaker. To
someone watching, it can almost look as if the e
being discussed are happening to both women.
Here is a typical ten
second sequence of a woman
showing she is listening:

A woman reads the meaning of what is being said
through voice intonation and the speaker's body
language. This is exactly what
man needs to do to
capture a woman's attention and keep her listening.
Most men are daunted by the prospect of using facial
feedback while listening, but it pays big dividends for
the man who becomes adept at the art.
Men Listen Like Statues
The biologica
l objective of our male warrior when
his emotions.
Here is the same range of facial expressions used by a
man in a ten


This is a light
hearted look at male listening techniq
but recognising the truth in the humour gives it edge.
This emotionless mask that men use while listening
allows them to feel in control of the situation, but does
not mean a man does not experience emotions. Brain
scans reveal that men feel emotion as
strongly as
women, but avoid showing it.
How to Use the Grunt

Women use a range of high and low
sounds (five tones) including 'oohs' and 'aahs',
repeating a speakers' words or context, and multi
tracking the conversation. Men have a more
pitch range (three tones) and have difficulty decoding
the meanings behind pitch changes, so speak in a more
monotone voice.
To show that they are listening, men use what is
called The Grunt
occasional little
nod of the head. Women criticise men
for this form of listening, which partly explains why
women accuse men of not listening. Often he
listening, he just doesn't look like he is. For business
women, there is money in The Grunt. If you're a
woman explai
ning an idea or proposition to a man
or men, it is vital that when a man is speaking, having
his turn, you do not feed back his emotions, as you
would with a woman. Just sit there expressionless, nod,
grunt and don't interrupt. We have found that women
scale from men. Women who feed back men's
emotions (or what they think the men's emotions might
be) are heavily marked down on credibility and
or 'too emotional'!


Make a time, give him an agenda, announce a time
limit and tell him you don't want solutions or plans of
action. Say, 'I'd like to talk with you about my day,
Allan. Would after dinner be OK? I don't need an
solutions to problems
men will agree to a request like this because it has a
time, a place and an objective
all the things that
appeal to the male brain. And he is not expected to do
any work.
The Schoolgirl Voice
Most women don't need a degree in evolutionary
biology to know the power of talking in a high
almost singing voice. High voices are related to high
oestrogen levels and their child
most men's inbuilt urge to protect. Women
prefer a
deeper bass voice in a man as it is a powerful indicator
of high testosterone levels, meaning greater virility. This
drop to bass levels occurs in boys when they reach
puberty as testosterone surges through their bodies and
their voices 'break'.
hen a woman increases her
speaking pitch and a man decreases his, it is a powerful
signal that they are making a play for one another. We
are not, in any way, implying that this is the way men
and women
act around each other, but merely
explaining w
hat actually happens.

Think someone's giving you
the come on? Listen to the
pitch of his or her voice.


It is important to know that studies constantly show
that, in business, a woman with a deeper voice is con
sidered more intelligent, authoritative and c
redible. It is
possible to practise a deeper voice by lowering the chin
and speaking in a slower, more monotone way. In
attempting to gain authority many women mistakenly
raise their voice, which gives the impression that they
are aggressive. Two interesti
ng observations are that
some overweight women use the 'girlie' voice to coun
teract the power of the large body size and others use it
to encourage protective behaviour in men they like.




no! I can't believe this, girls... Look at this map!... I think
we were supposed to turn right at that big green mountain... '


How a Map Almost Led to Divorce

ay and Ruth were on their way to see a show in
city. Ray always drove. They never discuss
why he
always drove, he just did. And, like most
men, he
became a different person behind the wheel.

directory. She opened it at the appropriate page and then
turned the directory upside
ted it to the
right way up and then turned it upside
she sat silently and stared at it. She understood what a map
meant but, when it came to applying it to where they were
going, it seemed strangely irrelevant. It was like studying
hy in school. All those pink and green shapes bore
little resemblance to the real world in which she lived.
heading North, but South was a disaster
heading South. She rotated the map one more
time. After
several more seconds of silence, Ray spoke.

'Stop turning the map upside
down!' he snapped.
'But I need to face it in the direction we're going, '
Ruth explained, meekly.
'Yeah, but you can't read it upside
down!' Ray

'Look Ray, it make
s logical sense to face the map in
the direction we need to go. That way I can match
voice indignantly.

'Yeah, but if the map was supposed to be read upside
down, they'd print the writing upside
own, right?
Stop fooling around and tell me where to go!'


'I'll tell you where to go all right!' responded Ruth,
shouted, 'Read it yourself!'
Does this argument sound familiar? It's one of the
most comm
Century, Lady Godiva rode her horse naked down the
home after a love tryst with Romeo, Cleopatra threat
ened Ma
rc Antony with castration for trying to force
her to understand his battle maps and the Wicked
Witch of the West often headed South, North or East.

Sexist Thinking
Reading maps and understanding where you are relies
spatial ability. Brain scans show tha
located mostly in the right brain for men and boys, and
one of a male's strongest abilities. It developed from
ancient times to allow men, the hunters, to calculate the
speed, movement and distance of prey, work out how
fast they ha
much force they needed to kill their lunch with a rock or
spear. Spatial ability is located in both brain hemi
for women but does not have a specific measur
location as it does in males. Only abo
have spatial abilities that are as dynamic as those
The majority of women
have limited spatial ability.

To some p
eople, this research may appear
we will be discussing the kind of strengths and abilities


at w
hich males excel, and the pursuits and occupations
in which biology has given them the clear advantage.
Later, however, we will look at areas where women have
the upper hand.
The Lunch

Spatial ability means being able to picture in the min
shape of things, their dimensions, co
tions, movement and geography. It also involves being
able to imagine an object being rotated in space, navigat
ing around an obstacle course and seeing things from a
Iowa State University professor of psychology Dr
Camilla Benbow scanned the brains of more than a
million boys and girls to study their spatial ability and
reported that differ
already striking by the age of four. She found that while
girls were excellent at seeing two dimensions in the
brain, boys had the ability to see a third dimension,

Location of spatial ability in the brain. (Black areas
nt activity. ) Institute of Psychiatry, London, 1999.


giving depth. On three
outstripped girls in spatial ability by a ratio of 4: 1 and
the best girls were often outclassed by the lowest
scoring boys. With males, this is
specific brain
function located in at least four sites in the right front
hemisphere and several smaller areas in the left.
having a specific location for spatial ability means
most women generally score on the low side with
spatial tasks. Most
omen don't enjoy spatial activities
and don't pursue careers or pastimes that require them.
Having a specific area for spatial ability, most men
boys are good at any activities that use those skills
often pursue related careers and sports. For male
also the area of the brain that allows them to solve
problems. Spatial ability is not strong in women and
girls because being able to chase animals and find the
way home was never part of woman's job description.
This is why many women have trouble
reading a map
Women don't have good

spatial skills because they evolved

chasing little else besides men.

There are thousands of documented scientific studies
that confirm male superiority in spatial skills. This is
not surprising cons
modern man no longer has to catch lunch. Today, he
uses his spatial ability in other areas such as golf,
computer games, football, hunting and any sport or
they would not only enjoy it, they would succeed.


Men are so obsessed with watching another man hit a
and tennis players. You don't need a college degree to be
respected any more; you simply need to be good at esti
mating speed, distance, angles and directions.
ability allows a man to rotate a map in his mind
the same location at a later time, he doesn't need the map,
as his spatial area can store the information. Most males
can read a map while facing No
rth and know that they
need to go South. Similarly, most males can read a map
and then successfully navigate by memory. Studies show
that a man's brain measures speed and distance to know
when to change direction. Most men, if put in an unfa
miliar room wi
th no windows, can point North. As a
chaser, he needed to find his way back home or
there would be little chance of survival.
Most men can always point north, even if
they have no idea where they are.
Sit in any sports stadium and you can witness
men leave their seats to buy a drink and
successfully navigate their way back to that seat some
time later. Go to any city in the world and watch
female tourists standing at junctions furiously turning
their maps around and looking lost. Visit a multi
female shoppers wandering gloomily around trying to
find their cars.


Why Boys Hang Out in Video Arcades
Visit any video or pinball arcade in the world and you'll
see that it's full of teenage boys using their sp
spatial ability. Most of them involved the assembly of
dimensional mechanical apparatus.
A study at Yale University found that only 22% of
females could perform such tasks as wel
l as males. It also
discovered that while 68% of males could programme a
tions on the first attempt, only 16% of females could do
it. Boys excelled when their right eye was covered so that
only the lef
to the right brain where most spatial skills are located. It
made no difference to girls which eye they used, because
their brain tried to solve the problems using both sides.
This is why women rarely choose to
engineers or airline pilots.
Dr Camilla Benbow and colleague Dr Julian Stanley
tested a group of gifted children and found that boys
good at maths outnumbered girls by 13 to 1. Boys can
construct a block building from two
easier and quicker than girls, they can estimate angles
These ancient hunting skills are the reason men
dominate areas like architecture, chemistry, building,
tion, making them more proficient at ball sports. This
ing co
and skateboard rinks around the world are full of boys
but there are few girls. Most of the girls are there to
impress the boys but, as most teenage girls quickly learn,


the boys are more obsessed with the games than th
in noticing them.

In 1999 Dr Sandra Witelson led a team of scientists at
McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, which
analysed the anatomy of Albert Einstein's brain and
compared it to the preserved brains of 35 men and 56
women known to have norma
l intelligence when they
died. They also compared his brain to those of eight
other men who were of similar age to Einstein when
they died. They found that the spatial area of his brain,
related to his mathematical reasoning, was 15 percent
wider on both s
ides than in normal men and women.
Boys' Brains Develop Differently
Parents who have both sons and daughters quickly
come to realise that boys are very different to girls in
their speed of development. The right brain in boys
develops and grows at a faster
It develops more connections within itself and also has
fewer connections with the left brain. In girls, both
sides grow at a more balanced speed giving girls a
nections be
tween left and right through a thicker
corpus callosum, there tends to be more ambidextrous
girls than boys, and many more women who have dif
ficulty in knowing their left hand from their right.

Testosterone hormones inhibit the left brain growth in
s a trade
that boys outstrip girls in their ability to move a beam
out on the floor, assemble a range of three
objects and solve problems requiring mathematical


reasoning. All of these skills are located mainly in the
right brain of at least 80% of men and boys.
Diana and her Furniture
When the removal van was unloading the furniture to
go into Diana's new home, she was busily running her
tape measure over every piece to see if it would fit into
certain places. As she measured the dining room
dresser, her 14
that won't fit where you want it to go. It's too big. '
Diana then measured the space and Cliff was right. She
could not comprehend how he could look at a piece of
a space in the house. An
d how did he do it? He used his
spatial ability.

Testing Spatial Ability

American scientist Dr D. Wechsler created a series of IQ
Tests that eliminated sexual bias against men or women
during spatial tests. By testing members of cultures
from primitive rac
es to sophisticated city dwellers all
over the world, he, like other researchers elsewhere,
came to the conclusion that women had superiority
over men in general intelligence, being around three per
cent more intelligent than men, despite having slightly
maller brains. When it came to solving maze puzzles,
however, men were overwhelmingly superior to
women, scoring 92% of the top honours against
women's eight per cent, regardless of culture. Critics
might say this proves women are too intelligent to play
male spatial ability.


The following spatial test was developed at the
University of Plymouth and is the type used as an occu
pational test in the selection of pilots, navigators and
air traffic contro
llers. It measures your ability to take
dimensional information and construct, in your
mind, a three
Imagine that the puzzle in Test 1 is an opened
cube. Assuming that the face with the cross x is on the
right and the circle is o
n the left, which of your options
A, B, C or D is the correct one? Do the test now.

This test requires your brain to imagine the image in
angle. These are the same skills required to read a map
or st
correct answer is A. )
Now here's a more complex version of the test that
requires your brain to make even more spatial rotations.


Tests by zoologists show that male mammals are
superior to female ma
mmals in spatial abilities
at relocating a waterhole. (By the way, the correct
answer for Test 2 is C. )

How Women Can Navigate

'If me
n didn't design maps that way, we wouldn't have
to turn them upside down, ' many women complain.
50% of its members are female and that 50% of those
who design and edit maps are also women. 'Map design
is a two
as capable as men, ' said leading British cartographer
Alan Collinson. 'The difficulty that most women have
is reading and navigating with the map because they
need a three
dimensional perspective to na
vigate a
route. I design tourist maps that have a three
sional perspective
they show trees, mountains and
other landmarks. Women have much greater success
with this type of map. Our tests show that men have the
ability to turn a two
dimensional map
dimensional view in their mind, but most women don't
seem to be able to do this. '

Women dramatically improve their navi
gational skills using perspective maps.
Another interesting finding has been that men score
highly when navigating with
group leader who
verbally tells them new directions at each point on a
given route. Women, by contrast, perform abysmally


when given verbal instructions. This shows how men
can convert sound signals into three
dimensional mind
maps to visualise the corre
dimensional perspective map.
What if
You Can't Find North?
Australian sailor Kay Cottee was the first woman to
handedly circumnavigate the world non
This is clearly a wo
man who knew where she was
going, right?

At a recent conference she told us that she had diffi
how did you go around the world?' 'That's navigation, '
Kay replied. 'You programme the computer and it
you in the right direction. I don't go out to sea and say,
intuitive thing. You need to 'feel' which way to go.
around. I tried renta
l cars but I always ended up going
the wrong way. '

People find it hard to believe that Kay Cottee could
planning and courage, you can navigate your
around the world
by organising the right people and
equipment needed to achieve the task.

We (the authors) travel the world for nine months of
the year giving seminars, and spend much of our


in hire cars. Allan normally drives as his spatial skills
Barbara has almost no navigational ability so she
and Allan have argued and fought their way around the
world for years
city, country to country.
him in practically every language by Barbara, and
on several occasions she has fled from him and
his maps, catching buses or trains and shouting, 'Read
it yourself!'
Barbara has
Allan can never find socks in bis drawer.
Fortunately, their research into spatial ability alerted
them to the problems that arise when one partner has
little spatial ability and the other does not understand
this. Today, Allan
eads the map before driving and
Barbara talks and points out interesting features of the
landscape that Allan normally misses. They are still
happily married and flying maps no longer pose a
hazard to passing motorists.

The Upside
In England in 19
way map that has a standard map view when trav
elling North and a second, upside
down view, with
South at the top of the page, for travelling South. In a
British national newspaper's weekend magazine they
offered a fr
ee map to the first 100 people who wrote in.
They received requests from more than 15, 000 women
point in an Upside
Down Map or thought it was a joke.


Women, however, are impressed because it replaces t
need for spatial rotation.
BMW motor cars were the first to install Global
Positioning System (GPS) visual navigational equipment
in their vehicles which allows the image to be turned
upside down to match the direction the car is travelling.
, it has proved a huge hit with women.

A Final Test
Try this test developed by human resource and research
company Saville and Holdsworth (UK) Ltd which is
given to candidates to test their spatial reasoning for
jobs such as air traffic controllers. If you
can't do it in
under three minutes, you're out. This is even harder
than the first two and, if you're male, should increase
the temperature of your right hemisphere.

In this test, you are given a pattern which, if cut out,
could be folded to make a three
dimensional box. You
could be made by folding the pattern, and show this by
circling the appropriate one. If you think that none of
the boxes could be made from the pattern, do not circle
any box.

under three minutes are men, particularly those with
dimensional jobs like architects and mathemati
cians. Now you know why 94% of air traffic con
trollers are men. Most women think these type of tests

are a waste of time, although we found one woman
occupation? She's an actuary.


How to Avoid an Argument

Men love to drive fast around winding roads because
their spatial skills come into play
and brake combinations, relative speed to corners, angles
and distances. And they do it with the radio turned off.
The modern male driver sits behind the wheel, hands
wife a map and asks her to navigate. With limited
ability she be
comes silent and starts turning the


if you don't have specific areas in the brain for mental
map rota
tion, you'll rotate it in your hands. It makes
perfect sense to a woman to face a map in the direction
she is travelling. For a man to avoid arguments, he
should avoid asking a woman to read a map.
To have a happy life: Never insist that a
woman read a map
Having spatial ability on both sides of the brain inter
feres with a female's speech function, so if you give a
turns it around. Give it to a man and he'll continue
can't operate his hearing functions at the same time as
his map
while he answers it.

Women work out mathematical probl
ems mainly in
the left side of the brain which not only makes them
slower at calculus but explains why so many women
and girls perform mathematical functions aloud. Men
everywhere shout, 'Would you mind calculating in your
head please! I can't concentrate!
their newspapers.
A husband who teaches his wife to drive is heading for
divorce courts. Men all around the world give the

instructions to women: 'Turn left


change gears
out for those pedestrians
spatial ability relative to the environment. For a woman,
point B. A man's best strategy as a passenger is
to close
his eyes, turn up the radio and stop commentating
because, overall, women are safer drivers than men.
that's all. But at least he can relax and arrive alive.

A woman will criticise a man's
riving because his
spatial ability allows him to make decisions and judge
ments that look dangerous to her. Provided he doesn't
have a poor driving record, she also needs to relax and
first drop of r
ain hits the windscreen, a woman imme
understand. A man's brain waits until the exact amount
of raindrops are on the screen relative to the speed of
the wipers and he turns the wipers on when the precise

amount of time has passed. In other words, he uses
spatial ability.

How to Sell to a Woman
Never give a woman directions like, 'Head North' or
skills. Instead, give directions involving landmarks such

as, 'Drive past McDonald's and head for the building
with the National Bank sign on top. ' This allows a
woman to pick up these landmarks with her peripheral
vision. Builders and architects everywhere lose millions
in business deals by presenting two
nsional plans
and blueprints to female decision
makers. A man's
brain can convert the plan to three dimensions to see


woman it's just a page of irrelevant lines. A three
dimensional model or computer image
ill sell houses
to women. With this information, a woman need never
again feel like an idiot when looking at a map. Give it
to a man, it's
It's much more relaxing for a man to navigate and
drive while a woman talks about the interesting land
inferior verbal skills compared to a woman, so his navi
gational skills seem like a fair trade
can find his way to the address of his new girlfriend, even
if he won't know what to say
The Pain of Reverse Parallel Parking

If you were asked to look at cars that had been reverse
parked by men and which by women? Research com
missioned by an English defensive driving
showed that men in the UK averaged 82% accuracy in
reverse parking someone else's car close to the kerb and
71% could successfully park their vehicle on the first
attempt. Women scored only 22% accuracy, while a
mere 23% could do it successfully on
the first attempt.
A similar study in Singapore gave men an accuracy
score of 66%, with 68% doing it first time. For women,
the accuracy result was 19%, and only 12% did it the
first time. The bottom line: if the driver is a
parkers are German men with 88% doing it successful
on the first attempt. Parking tests at driving schools
than men during driver training, but statistics show
women perform worse
in real life situations. This is


and successfully repeating it, provided the environment
and conditions under which they do it don't change. In
suited to handle this task.

Most women would prefer to park the car in a larger
space somewhere else and walk back to their destina
tion rather than reverse park into a tight spot.
If women ran local co
uncils, reverse and
parallel parking would be banned!

In recent times many regional towns and cities have
introduced 45
degree rear
kerb reverse parking
because it has been shown to be safer by allowing the
driver to drive forward when they depart.
concerns about reverse parking as it still requires
spatial abilities to estimate angles and distances. We
surveyed 20 local councils who implemented this type
of reverse parking and discovered that there were pr
tically no women involved in the decision. It was
almost always men. If a council was made up com
no longer be allowed! They would arrange for drive
through style parking that eliminates the need for
reversing or estimating angles and distances. This
would take up a greater amount of space, but there
would be fewer accidents.

A study of the insurance records of 2. 3 million UK
drivers in the year 2000 revealed that 25. 5% of wom


drivers had made a claim in the last 4 years compared
to 18. 6% of men. It also showed that 9% of women
drivers do not have a no
they had an accident in the past 12 months
to 6. 5% of men. It would be easy to co
women are worse drivers than men are but closer
examination shows a different story. Women are more
cautious drivers, they will take an extra couple of
seconds before moving off on a roundabout or wait
when there is nothing to wait for. This ca
ution can lead
to more accidents because other drivers become frus
trated at what seems like indecision. Women have more
accidents but their insurance payouts are lower because
it involved more bumps and scrapes. Most high payout
claims and total write
s involve male drivers with
too much testosterone on the pedal. Women make more
claims but men are more dangerous drivers. The study
also found that divorced women are more likely to have
smashes than married women.
How Women Were Misled
So where does all
this spatial evidence leave women?
Many well
they were freed from the supposed chains of male
oppression and prejudice, they would quickly climb to
the top levels of most male
But, as you are about to see, men continue to
hold a virtual monopoly in those professions and
pursuits that require spatial ability. Millions of women
have ignored their natural inclinations towards careers
and pursuits in which they could naturally excel
their particular brain


Spatial Ability in Education

As we've seen, our biology directs us to occupations
and pastimes that are compatible with the wiring of our
a high priorit
officials in Australia, New Zealand and Britain who all
emphasised that they try to keep the split of
male/female teachers at 50/50 to give equal opportuni
to the sexes. In Britain in 1999, 48% of teachers were
e and 52% female. The feminised brain is
suited to teaching than the male brain because its
communication and human interaction abilities are
erences are selected by teachers of each sex.
No. of Teachers % Men % Women



13, 800


14, 200

Social studies
11, 000




1, 900
Personal and
Social education
7, 900


Religious education

13, 400



There are two lessons to be learnt from this table.
Firstly, the subjects taught are those that don't require

a high degree of left or right brain dominance to be able
to teach them. A high degree of spatial ability is not


required and neither is great left brain verbal capabili
You can see that the percentages are spread fairly

No. of Teachers

% Men

% Women


4, 400

Info Technology 10, 700


28, 900


Subjects requiring spatial ability
The above table shows clearly that where the ability to
think spat
ially is a necessity, men dominate.
Spatial Skill Occupations
Following is a list of occupations where high spatial
ability is critical to job performance and in which
someone's life can be lost if it's absent. You don't need
this chart and its relationship to male right
hunting skills.

natural abilities count for nought still claim that male
oppression, men's 'boys only' attitudes and traditiona
achieving equality in these professions. The Royal
Institute of British Architects, however, reports that
50% of students enrolling in architecture courses are
women, but that they only account for nine per
all practising architects. Obviously, some of the women
who did not become architects chose parenthood, but
what happened to the rest? In accountancy, 17% of
who started the course were women.


hy aren't there more female airline pilots?' we
asked the airlines. 'They don't take the course, ' was the
answer. 'Women aren't interested in flying planes. '
Most airline officials were vague about, or unaware of,
the significance of spatial ability in
lying and many
were nervous about making any comment on gender
differences despite the glaringly obvious fact that 98%
of all cockpit crews are male. One thing is clear here:
women are not in most of these professions because
they don't enrol in the course
s. Their brain bias is not
suited to these areas so they are not interested in
learning to do the job.

% Men

Flight engineer
100. 0%

100. 0%

Racing driver
99. 8%
Nuclear engineer
98. 3%
99. 2%

Air traffic controller

94. 0%
93. 6%

91. 0%

Flight deck officer

90. 5%


90. 0%
Billiard player
87. 0%


83. 0%
Billiards and Nuclear Science
In the course of our research, we spoke with a number
of professional snooker and billiards players. 'The
like men, ' said one former world champion. 'They talk
like us and dress like us too
suits and bow
ties. ' The
female players, however, believed that if they practised


as much as the men, they'd be just
felt that men's attitudes towards them was a signifi
cant factor in holding them back. 'But what about
spatial ability?' we asked. 'Measuring the relative
speed and angles of the balls, the distances to the
heard of it,' was the answer. Again, men's attitudes
were held responsible for the overall lack of female
champions and participants.
'We offer equal opportunity to both sexes,' the
Institute of Nuclear Engineers told us, 'but we hir
based on capability, not equality.' And 98.3% of
nuclear engineers are males. Interestingly, the
Institute's research found that female engineers are
verbal abilities but numbers relate to the spatial rela
Look at history and you will see that practically no
women have excelled in areas where spatial ability
and mathematical
easoning are required, such as
that sexist male tyranny has kept women out of these
pursuits, but look around and you'll see that in our
world of equal opportunity, the women who eclipse
men in spatially
related pursuits are rare. The main
reason is that their brains tell them they're more inter
ested in defending their nests rather than attacking
someone else's.
Women excel in the creative areas such as perform
arts, teaching, human resources and lite
rature, all
fields where abstract reasoning is not paramount.
While men play chess, women dance and decorate.


Computer science is built largely on mathematics,
which relies on spatial ability and, as a result, it's a male
domain. Som
e computer science areas, however, such as
programming or user
understanding of human psychology than mathematics
and these are the areas which have the highest numbers
of women.
Results of a survey in
US Business Women In
magazine show a steady decline in the
number of women entering the information technology
reason as a lack of interest from women in taking these
courses. The study also found that women are twice as
84% of women saw the computer simply as a means to
an end or as a tool to provide creative freedom, only
33% of men shared this view. The survey showed that
67% of men saw the technology or playing with
programmes and accessories as more important in
computing, in common with just 16% of women.
Maths and Accounting

The males who enter spatially
professions usually remain and dominate. Most maths
teachers are still males even t
hough, in this subject area,
the gender gap is closing. In the year 2000, 58% of
maths teachers in the United Kingdom were men.

So how do we explain the increasing percentage of
women teaching this subject? The likely explanation is
that women are more sui
ted to teaching, interaction
and organising groups, and are more committed to
learning the basics than men. Because they are teaching


the same material over and over again, they can do an
excellent job with teaching most subjects, including
maths. This wo
accountancy there is a general increase in the number of
female accountants. Accounting has become a
friendly sales role for which women's brains
becoming seconda
where it is now common to see a female accountant
wooing and winning the clients and the mathematical
accounting work delegated to the junior males in the
back room. When the requirement for the job is pure
spatial abili
ty and mathematical reasoning, however,
men still dominate. This is why 91% of actuaries and
99% of all engineers are male.

All Things Being Equal ...
In Australia, just five percent of the engineering
than their male counterparts. This indicates that where
equal spatial ability exists, women can perform at a
higher level than men. In professional motor
have been almost no female champions since the
10% of the participants and winners are women. Why?
speeds, angles, corners, overtaking and complicated gear
ratios. Drag
is the perso
n who has the fastest reaction time to the
green light

Where equal spatial ability exists, women
can perform at a higher level than men.


Although most female drag
Wiring Test showed ov
erall higher male brain
orientation than non
the benefits in drag
racing as relationship
'The guys are really great to work with,' they said.
'Everyone pitches in.' And, 'We're all good friends.' The
male drive
rs saw the benefits as winning trophies,
having wonderful car specifications and bragging about
accidents they had survived.
Boys and their Toys
Boys love their toys. This is why 99% of all patents are
registered by men. Girls love to play with toys too bu
usually lose interest by age 12 as they begin to grow
into young women. Men never lose their obsession for
impractical, spatially
phones shaped like cars, computer
and video games,
or on by voice command and anything that has an
engine. If it beeps, blinks and needs at least six
batteries, most men want one.

How Women Feel
Any discussion on gender differ
this book brings howls of protest from feminists and
politically correct activists, who see it as undermining
many of their arguments for a fair go in life. But while
al behaviour in males and females, and fun
damental inequities, the stereotypes are not the cause of
the behaviour. Our basic biology and how our brains


are organised are the culprits. Many women feel that
they are failures or that women in general have f
by not conquering male
not true. Women haven't failed; they've merely not been
particularly well
brains much more.
Women haven't failed
only failed to be like men.
The id
only valid when based on the assumption that success
by male standards is, or should be, the benchmark for
everyone's success. But who says being a chief executive
gramming a space shuttle's computer is the ultimate
measure of fulfilment?
Men do. It's
standard of
excellence, not everyone's.
Can You Improve Your Spatial Skill?
In a word, yes. There are several alternatives. You can
wait for the natural p
rocess of evolution to take place
and constantly practise your spatial activities until your
brain develops sufficient connections. Be prepared for
the long haul with this one, though. Biologists estimate
that it could take thousands of years.
A course of
testosterone hormones will also improve
spatial ability, but this is not a satisfactory option as the
downside includes increased aggression level, baldness
and a beard, which might not suit most women.
manently to create more brain connections for a given
task. Rats raised in cages full of toys have more brain


nothing lose their brain mass, whereas those who keep
active mental interests maintain mass
it. Learning and practising how maps work can greatly
increase your practical ability to use them, just as daily
playing. Unless the player has the kind of brain
circuitry that facilitates
ntuitive playing, however, lots
of regular practice is required to maintain a reasonable
level. Unless the piano player or map reader keeps that
up, their skill level will diminish more quickly and take
longer to recover than a person whose brain is wired
handle the task.

A bald head and a beard might
be too high a price to pay for
women to improve their spatial skills.
You can successfully teach a dog to walk on its hind
legs, and if it repeats this behaviour regularly, its
offspring are also likely to
do it too. But it's not a dog's
position and it takes a lot of pain and effort to
walk that way. A dog's natural position is on
Some Useful Strategies
If you are a woman raising a son or have men in your life,
you need to understand that
while they have excellent
spatial ability, most can still only do one thing at a time.
Most need help to organise their homework, diary and life
in order to be effective boys and men. These organisa


tional skills come more naturally to girls and women.
Albert Einstein was a spatial genius but he didn't speak
until the age of five and he had almost no organisational
or interpersonal skills, as his hairstyle showed.
If you are a male in a spatially
related job such as
building or architecture, you need to
understand that
most women need a three
dimensional perspective if
you are to be convincing.
Want to persuade a woman to go
her a three
dimensional version.
If you are recruiting women into spatially
related occu
encompass all women based on the fact that they make
up 50% of the population is a futile exercise.
In Summary

navigates. She talks and points out landmarks and he
listens, without interruption. She no longer criticises his
driving because she knows that his spatia
him take what she may consider a risk, but to him is
perfectly safe driving.

Ray bought a camera worth $3,000 with all types of
why he loves it. When it's her turn to take a photo
graph, he


to take a good shot instead of laughing when she can't
work out how to turn it on.
When men stop asking women to navigate, everyone's
lives will be happier, and when women stop criticising
men's driving abilit
We are all good at different things so, if you are not
good at a particular task, don't worry about it. You can
that of your partner.





olin and Jill were driving to a party in an
directions, it
minutes. It had
already taken them 50, and there
was still no sign of
ion. Colin was
becoming grumpy and Jill
as they passed the same
somewhere ...'

'But we're half
hour late already and the

party's started

'No, I don't want to drive, but I don't want

'OK then, why don't I just turn the car
around and we'll go back home!'

Most men and women will recognise this conv
A woman can't understand why this wonderful man
she loves so much suddenly turns into Mad Max on
steroids just because he's lost. If she was lost, she'd ask
for directions, so what's his problem? Why can't he just
admit he doesn't know?



y did Moses spend 40 years
wandering in the desert?

He refused to ask for
Women don't mind admitting mistakes because, in their
world, it's seen as a form of bonding and building trust.
The last man to admit he'd made a mistake, however,
neral Custer.
Our Different Perceptions
Men and women perceive the same world through
different eyes. A man sees things and objects and their
relationship to each other in a spatial way, as though he
literally take in a bigger, wider picture and see
relationship to the next piece is more relevant
spatial positioning.

is focused on communication, co
love, sharing and our relationship to
one another.
This contrast is so great that it's am
men and women
Boys Like Things, Girls Like People

Girls' brains are wired to respond to people and faces

but boys' brains respond to objects and their



Studies of babies from a few hours
old to a few months
all show this one clear point: boys like things, girls like
sexes show how each perceives the same world through
the bias of their differently wired brains. Baby girls are
to faces and maintain eye contact two to three
times longer than boys, and baby boys are more inter
ested in watching the movement of a mobile with
irregular shapes and patterns.

At 12 weeks old, girls can distinguish pictures of
family from strangers, wh
obvious, long before social conditioning has had a
chance to take effect. Pre
school children were tested
with a pair of binocular eye
viewers that showed
objects to one
ye and people's faces to the other eye.
The tests of the children's recall showed that girls
remembered people and their emotions and boys
recalled more about things and their shapes. At school,
girls sit in circles, talking and each mirroring the
body language. You cannot identify a leader.

Girls want relationships and co
operation, boys want power and status.
profile building with the emphasis on the imaginary
people who are in the building, wh
to build a bigger and higher structure than the next
planes or tanks, while girls talk about which boys they
like or how stupid some of the boys look. At pre
school, a new girl is we
lcomed by other girls and they
all know each other's names. A new boy is usually
treated indifferently by other boys and is only included


in the group if the hierarchy feels he can serve a useful
purpose. At the end of the day, most boys would not
know th
how good or bad a player he was. Girls welcome and
someone who may have a handicap or disability, but
boys are likely to ostracise or victimise the disadvan
taged p
Despite the best intentions of parents to raise boys and
girls in the same way, brain differences finally decide
preferences and behaviour. Give a four
teddy bear or toy and she'll make it her best friend; give
it to a boy and he'll
dismember it to see how it works,
leave it in pieces and then move on to the next.
Boys are interested in things and how they work, girls
are interested in people and relationships. When adults
reminisce about weddings, women talk about the
ceremony and th
e people who attended, men talk about
the 'stag night'.

Girls' groups are co
operative and you cannot visually
identify a leader. Girls use talk to show their level of
bonding and each girl usually has a best friend with
exerts authority by saying, 'She thinks she's somebody'
or they call her 'bossy'. Boys' groups have a hierarchy
with leaders who can be identified by their superior or
assertive talk and body language, and
for status in the group. Power and status are all
important in a boy's group. This is usually achieved
through a boy's skills or knowledge or by his ability to
talk tough to others or fight off challengers. Girls are
happy to build relati
onships with teachers and friends


while boys question teachers and prefer to explore the
spatial relationships of the world, and to do so alone.
What We Talk About
Listen to any group of men, women, boys or girls in any
country and you'll hear how the bra
in circuitry of each
sex causes them to talk about the same things different
Girls talk about who likes who or who is angry with
as a form of bonding. As teenagers, girls talk
weight, clothes and their friends. As adults,
lovers, personalities, clothes, the actions of
work relationships and anything to do with
people and
personal issues. Boys talk about
hings and

work. As teenagers, they talk about sports,
and the function of things. As men they
discuss sports,
their work, news, what they did or where
they went,
technology, cars
A 1999 survey of 1,000 telephone users by the British
cable phone company Telewest revealed what men and
women talk about on the telephone.
Friends 30%


22 %
Sports 16%

Other 11%

A third of all women said their calls lasted at least
15 minutes and half the men said their calls were less
than 5 minutes.


Women have
always assumed that men huddle in
groups for sleazy sex chats, but that isn't true. If a man,
in the company of other men, actually began to talk
about what he had done in bed the night before,
become spe
echless or leave. This is not because he is
ruining a woman's reputation, but because the speaker
might produce statistics, including times and centime
tres, that the other men would have difficulty in
and achievement, women have face
based on emotional sharing. That's why women's
arguments can be so hurtful
hurl. Women are never withholding when it comes to sex
talk either. They freely discuss techniques, strategies,
times and sizes. And they are graphic in their descriptions.
A recent study conducted in five Western countri
asked men and women to describe the kind of person
they would ideally like to be. Men overwhelmingly
chose adjectives including
dominant, assertive, admired
From the
same list women chose
warm, loving, generous
as high on their scale of values, whereas men rated
prestige, power and owning things as important. Men
valued things, women valued relat
ionships. The
structure of their brains dictated their preferences.


Emotion in the Brain

Canadian research scientist Sandra Witleson conducted
tests on men and women to locate the position of
emotion in the brain. Using emotionally
images that we
re shown first to the right hemisphere
via the left eye and ear and then to the left hemisphere
via the right eye and ear. From MRI scans, she
concluded that men's emotion is located mainly in two
areas in the right hemisphere, and women's is located
ghout both hemispheres. New research indicates
that our emotions may be located in various organs in
the body in amino acids called neuropeptides and that
these areas revealed in brain scans are simply remote
controls for these neuropeptides.

For men,
emotion is generally positioned in the right
brain, meaning that it can operate separately from other
brain functions. For example, in an argument, a man can
argue logic and words (left brain) and then switch to
spatial solutions (right front brain) withou
t becoming
emotional about the issue. It's as if emotion is in a little
room of its own and a man's smaller corpus callosum
means that emotion is less likely to operate simultane
ously with other functions.


For women, emotion operates on a more widely
at the same time as other brain functions. A woman can
become emotional while discussing an emotional issue,
while a man is less likely to do the same, or he will
simply refuse to discuss the issue. This wa
y, he can
avoid becoming emotional or appear not to be in
control. Overall, women's emotions can switch on
simultaneously with most other brain functions
meaning that she can cry while changing a flat tyre,
whereas a man sees tyre
changing as a test of his

eyed even when he discovers, by the side of a
deserted road, at midnight, in the pouring rain, that the
spare is flat and he took the jack from the boot of the
car last week.
An emotional man can l
like a reptile; an emotional
woman prefers to 'talk about it'.

Ruben Gur, professor of neuro
psychology at the
University of Pennsylvania, pioneered similar research
and concluded that men's brains, being highly com
partmentalised, deal with emotio
ns on a more basic
animal level, similar to an attacking crocodile, whereas
a woman will 'sit down and talk about it'. When a
woman is talking with emotion, she uses expressive
facial signals, body language and a range of speech
patterns. A man who switche
s on his emotions is more
likely to go into a reptilian mode and lash out vocally
or become aggressive.


Women Value Relationships, Men Value Work
evolution. Hundreds of thousands of years of living in
brain circuitry that causes most of our relationship
problems and misunderstandings. Men have always
defined themselves by their work and accomplishments
and women define their own self
worth by the quali
of their relationships. A man is a lunch
chaser and
problem solver
A woman is a nest
survival of the next generation. All the studies
conducted on male and female values in th
e 1990s
continued to show that 70%
80% of men everywhere
still say that the most important part of their lives is
their work, and 70%
80% of women say the most
important priority is their families. As a consequence,
If a woman is unhappy in her
ps, she can't concentrate

on her work. If a man is unhappy at
work he can't focus on his relationships.
Under stress or pressure, a woman sees spending time
talking with her man as a reward, but a man sees it as
an interference in his problem
solving proce
wants to talk and cuddle, and he wants to watch the
football. To a woman, he seems uncaring and disinter
ested and a man sees her as annoying or pedantic.
These perceptions are the reflections of the different
organisation and priorities of their b
rains. This is why
woman always says that the relationship seems more


important to her that it does to him
it is. Under
standing this difference will take the pressure off you
and your partner, and you will not judge each other's
behaviour harshly.

y Men

'Do Things'
A man's brain is organised to evaluate and understand
objects, their relationship to other objects, spatial
relevance, how it all works and solutions to problems.
response to life. Men use
this 'fix it' criterion in their
approach to almost everything they do. One woman
told us that she wanted her husband to show a more
loving attitude towards her
so he mowed the lawn.
He saw this as an expression of his love. When she said
she still wasn'
t happy, he painted the kitchen. And
when this didn't work, he offered to take her to the
motor or fix a leaking tap.
prove his love for her, he c
limbed the
highest mountain, swam the deepest
ocean, and crossed the widest desert.

But she left him
he was never home.
While women fantasise about love and romance, men
fantasise about fast cars, bigger computers, boats and
motorcycles. All these are th
ings they can use and all


A man's biological urge is to provide for a woman and her
appreciation of his efforts confirms his success. If she is
happy, he feels fulfil
is a failure because he believes he can't provide enough.
Men constantly say to their friends, 'I can never make her
happy,' and this can be sufficient motivation for a man to
leave a relationship for another woman
with what he can provide.
woman leaves a man not because
she is unhappy with what he can
provide, but because she is
emotionally unfulfilled.

She wants love, romance and conversation. He needs to
be told by a woman that he is successful
at what he
does and what he can provide is fine. But a man needs
to be romantic and, most of all, listen when a woman
talks, without offering solutions.

To understand why men hate to be wrong, it's
important to understand the histo
attitude came from. Picture this scene. The cave family
is crouched around a fire. The man is sitting at the cave
entrance gazing out, surveying the landscape and
scanning the horizon for signs of movement. The
woman and children have not
eaten for days and he
knows that he must hunt at the first break in the


his role and his family are depending on him. They're
hungry but confident he can succeed as he has always
done. His stomach is
be successful again? Will his family starve? Will other
males kill him because he is weak from hunger? He just
sits there with a blank expressionless face
He must not show any signs of fear to his family as
would become disheartened. He must be strong.

In being wrong, a man considers
himself a failure because he has
not been able to do his job properly.
A million years of not wanting to be seen as a failure seems
to be wired into the brains of modern men
. Most women do
not know that if a man is driving in the car alone, he'd
probably stop and ask directions. But to do it when she is in
the car makes him feel like he is a failure because he couldn't
This is also the reason men have difficulty saying, 'I'm
sorry'. They see it
be wrong is to fail.
To deal with this problem, a woman needs to make
sure that she doesn't make a man feel wrong when she
discusses problems with him. Even giving a man a self
help book for his birthday is often interp
as, 'You're not good enough.'


Men hate criticism
that's why
they like to marry virgins.

A man needs to understand that a woman's objective
is not to make him wrong; it's to help him and he
should not take things personally. A woman wants to
meaning that he is not good enough. A man won't
admit mistakes because he thinks she won't love him.
But the reality is, a woman loves a man more when he
will admit mistakes.

Why Men Hide Their Emotions
Modern men still carry the ancient legacy of being
brave and showing no weaknesses. Women everywhere
ask, 'Why does he always have to be so strong?
Why can't he just show me how he feels?' 'When he's
or d
his problems.'

trolled, defensive and a loner who hides his emotional
state to stay in control. For men, becoming emotional
is seen as being out of con
reinforces these behaviours in men by teaching them
to 'act like a man', 'put on a brave face' and 'boys
don't cry'.

As a nest
wired to be
open, trusting, co
motions and know it's not necessary to stay in control
all the time. This is why, when a man and woman
other's reaction.


For our caveman, the big food prizes were much
and stronger than him, so he organised himself into co
operative groups with others to form a hunting pack.
His superior brain allowed him to create the ancient
equivalent of football plays for hunting and he used a
system of body language signals
o allow his hunting
strategies to be deployed.
These hunting packs consisted almost entirely of males
doing 'men's work', that is, throwing their spears at
lunch while the women, who were usually pregnant, did
'women's work' in tending to children, collect
ing fruits,
homemaking and defending the nest. The urge for men
to pack
hunt took millions of years to instil into the
male brain and no amount of training will remove it
pubs and clubs to exchange joke
s and tell stories about
their hunting activities and when they go home, most
still like to sit and gaze into the fire.
A man needs to feel that he is capable of solving his
own problems and sees discussing them with others as
a burden on that person. He won't even
bother his best friend with a problem unless he thinks
Don't offer a man advice unless be
asks for it. Tell him you have confidence

in his ability to work things out.


When a wom
feelings or problems, he resists because he sees it as
offering advice builds trust in a relationship and is not
seen as a sign of weakness.
Why Men Offer Solutions
Men have logical, problem
enters a room in a conference centre or restaurant for
the first time, he looks around
and sees things that need
of laying out the room. His brain is a problem
machine that never takes a holiday. Even if he was on
to arr
light and country views.
Talking about her problems is how

she wants to be heard, not fixed.

When a woman talks about her problems, a man con
tinually interrupts her and of
help himself because his brain is programmed to do
solution. She only wants to talk and ignores his
failure or that she is pr
problems. Women don't want solutions, they just want
to talk about things and for someone to listen.


Why Stressed Women Talk

Under stress or pressure, a man's main brain functions
of spatial ability and logic are activated. A wo
speech function is activated and she starts talking, often
anyone who will listen. She can talk about her
problems to her friends for hours, giving a thorough
another post
mortem. She talks about present
problems, past problems, possible problems and
problems that have no solutions. When she talks, no
solutions are sought as she receives comfort and relief
from the process of talking. Her ta
lk is unstructured
and several subjects can be discussed at any one time
with no conclusions being reached.
For a woman, sharing problems

with her friends is a sign of
trust and friendship.

For a man, listening to her talk about problems is hard
work becau
problem she brings up as she talks aloud. He doesn't just
want to talk about it, he wants to
it! He is likely to interrupt with, 'What's the point here?'
The point is that there doesn't
to be
a point. The
most valuable lesson a man can learn is to listen using
listening sounds and gestures, and not to offer solutions.
To a man, however, this is an alien concept because he
only talks when he has a solution to offer.


When you're dealing with an
don't offer solutions or invalidate her
When a woman refuses to accept his solutions, his next
strategy is to try to minimise the problems by telling her,
'It doesn't really matter', 'You're overreac
about it', and 'It's not a big deal'. This infuriates a
woman who begins to feel he doesn't care about her
because he won't listen.

Why Stressed Men Won't Talk
A woman talks outside her head, that is, you can hear
her, whereas a man talks in
When he has a problem he talks to himself while she
talks to other people.

This is why, when under the pressure of problems or
stress, a man will clam up and stop talki
right brain to try to solve his problems or find solutions
and he stops using his left brain to listen or speak. His
brain can only do 'one thing at a time'. He can't solve
problems and listen or talk simultaneously. This silence
is often
istressing and frightening for a woman. A
women says to her husband, son and brother, 'Come
says this because this is what works for her. But he just
wants to be left alone to firegaze until he come
some solutions and answers. He doesn't want to talk to
anyone about it, especially a therapist, because he sees
that as a major sign of weakness.


The famous Rodin sculpture
'The Thinker'
a man thinking about his problems. He wants to
his rock and think about solutions and needs to be alone
to do it. The key word here is
one is
allowed to go up on the rock with him, not even
best friends. In fact, his male friends would not even
contemplate going up there. A
women feels the urge to
rude shock when he pushes her off!

Men climb on to their rock to

solve problems. Women who
If Rodin created a sculpture to personify a woman, it
'The Talker'.
Women need to
understand that when a man is on his rock they need to
that his silence means he doesn't love her or that he's
angry with her. This is because if a woman wa
on his rock with a cup of tea and a biscuit and doesn't
press him to talk, he'll be fine. When he finally solves
his problem, he'll come down off his rock and feel
happy and begin to talk again.
Using Spatials to Solve Problems

The different ways men 'sit on their rock' include
reading a newspaper or magazine, playing squash,
sion. A man who is under pressure is likely to invite


be limited conversation. The man with the problem goes
into his right brain to use his spatial skills to play golf
and can use this area to simultaneously work out
solutions for his problem. It seems that st
spatial area speeds up the problem
solving process.
Why Men Flick the TV Channels

A man flicking the channels with the remote control is
just flicking, not paying attention to any particul
programme. When a man does this, he is mentally
sitting on his rock and often doesn't even see what's
happening on each station. He just searches for the
bottom line in each story. By channel
other people's. Women don't flick channels
they watch
a programme and search for the storyline, the feelings
and relationships of those involved in the story.
Newspaper addiction serves the same purpose for men.
Women need to understand that when
men do these
things they can't hear or remember much, so it is
difficult to try to talk with them. Instead, make an
appointment and give him an agenda. Remember, his
forefathers spent over a million years sitting expression
less on a rock surveying the hor
izon, so this comes
naturally to him and he is comfortable doing it.

Mothers everywhere lament the fact their sons won't
talk to them. Their daughters come home from school


who wants to communicate more with her son should
computer games
and then talk during th
e activity.

Boys don't like too much eye
contact, but mothers love it.

This way he can avoid too much eye contact, even
though the conversation may be disjointed because
he has to stop the activity from time to time to respond
to a question. It's difficult
for him to do two things
talk. The same strategy also works with a man but
don't talk to him at a critical time
like while he's
screwing in a lightbulb!

When They're Both Stressed
Uptight men drink a
lcohol and invade another country.
Uptight women eat chocolate and invade shopping
centres. Under pressure, women talk without thinking
and men act without thinking. That's why 90% of
people in jails are men and 90% of people who see ther
apists are women.
under pressure it can be an emotional minefield as each
tries to cope. Men stop talking and women become
worried about it. Women start talking and men can't
him to talk
about the problem, which is the worst thing
to another location.


Men need to understand that
when a woman is stressed, she
wants to talk, and all he needs

to do is listen, not offer solutions.
se she's also under pressure, she wants to talk
about her problems, which frustrates him even more.
unloved and calls her mother, sister or friends.

This is one of the least understo
od stress differences
everyone out when he is under extreme stress or needs
to find a solution to a serious problem. A man totally
disconnects the part of his brain that controls emotion,
goes into problem
solving mode and stops talking.
fying for a woman because she only does this when she
has been hurt, lied to or abused. A woman assumes that
this must also be the case with a man
hurt h
im and he doesn't love her anymore. She tries to
encourage him to talk but he refuses, thinking she
doesn't have faith is his ability to solve his problems.
When a woman feels hurt, she shuts off and a man
thinks she needs space and so he goes to the pub w
woman shuts off, there's trouble brewing and it's time
for deep discussion.


If a man suspects that a woman is st
ressed or has a
problem, he does what men do to other men
away and gives her some space to solve her problems.
He says, 'Is everything OK honey?', she replies, 'Yes,
fine...' which is indirect talk for, 'If you love me you'll
ask me about it'. B
ut he says, 'That's good', and goes
off to work on his computer. She thinks, 'He's uncaring
and heartless' and calls her girlfriends. They talk about
how she feels and how insensitive her man is.

In the old days, men never had to face the problems
that mod
family a man did what men have always done
to work and 'brought home the bacon'. This is the way
it has been for thousands of years and it comes naturally
to most men. In most countries the workforc
averages around 50% females so many men are no
A man is expected to communicate: a skill that does not
come naturally to him. But the good news is, these skills
can be learned.

andle Women
her arms around and constantly talk using emotional
adjectives to describe how she feels. She wants to be
mothered, taken care of and listened to, but a man
and he hears her saying, 'Save me, fix my problems!'
So instead of being reassuring and comforting, he
offers advice, asks probing questions or tells her not to


n his face. 'You're over
reacting! Things aren't that
bad!' Instead of mothering her, he becomes her father.
He saw his father and grandfather behave this way and
this is how men have behaved since they climbed out of
the trees. For a woman, her display of
solution for her and feels like a failure if he can't think
of one. This is why, when a woman is emotional, a man
scared when a woman won't stop crying.

The Crying Game

Women cry more than men. Because of the way men
evolved they don't cry much, especially in public, and
social conditioning reinforces this. When a boy is
playing foot
might fall to the ground screaming, but a wild
hurt you! Be a man!'
The sensitive New Age Guy, however, is now
expected to cry any time, any place. He is
to cry by therapists, counsellors, magazine articles and
fires, deep in the forest. Modern men are accused
all out' at every opportunity. Beca
use a woman's brain
can connect emotion to other brain functions it is
obvious why she can cry or become emotional under
most conditions.

Real men do cry., but only when the
emotion segment of the brain is engaged.


Real men do cry but only when they are
apping the
this happen in public. So be suspicious of the man who
does it regularly in public. Women have superior
sensory abilities compared to men. They receive more
express emotionally and verbally how they feel. A
woman may cry at being insulted because an insult is
usually emotionally charged but a man may not even be
aware that he has been insulted. It literally doesn't
mean much to him.

Eating Out
Women see eating out as a way to build and nurture a
relationship, discuss problems or support a friend. Men
see it as a logical approach to food
no cooking,
shopping or cleaning up. When eating out, women call
everyone by their first names because this
tionships, but men will avoid any intimacy with other
men. If Barbara, Robyn, Lisa and Fiona go to lunch they
will call each other Barbara, Robyn, Lisa and Fiona. But
if Ray, Allan, Mike and Bill go out for a drink, they refer
to each other as
Dickhead, Wanker, Numbskull and
Useless. These names avoid any hint of intimacy.

When the bill arrives, the women calculate who had
what. The men all throw $100 on the table indicating
they want to pay so they can grab the spotlight, each
Shopping: Her Joy, His Terror

For women, shopping is like talking
to have a specific point or objective and can take place


in an unstructured way over several hours. It doesn't
need a definite outcome.
This type of shopping gives a man a brain haemorrhage
within 20 minutes. For a man to feel energised he needs
a lunch
quick kill and take it home.
after 20 minutes of shopping.

Men become anxious and frustrated in a dress shop
when a woman tries on outfit after outfit, asks for his
n and then buys nothing. Women love testing a
wide range of clothes because it fits the pattern of their
a range of emotions and feelings and each
different outfit to reflect that mood. A man's clothing
and bottom
man who is a good dresser usually has a woman
choosing his clothes or he's gay. One in eight men are
colour blind to either blue, red or g
reen and most have
little ability to match patterns and designs. That's why
it's easy to spot a single man.

To motivate a man to go shopping, give him clear
colours, sizes, brands, styles
where you will shop and for how long. With
objectives (even if you've invented them), you'll be
amazed at a man's shopping enthusiasm.


How to Give a Woman a
Sincere Compliment
When a woman tries on a new dress and asks a man,
'How does it look?', she'll probably receive a simple
response li
points. To score good points a man needs to respond
the same way a woman would, by
Some men cringe at the thought
you are prepared to try it, you will
score big po
For example, if he said, 'Wow! Great choice! Turn
you! The cut flatters your figure. Those earrings match
your outfit perfectly, you look wonderful,' most women
would be extremely



PMT, you warned your husband that unless he

stopped flicking channels on the remote control you'd blow
his brains out ... How did he respond?'


decide to go steady and exchange friendship
rings. A year later
to celebrate thei
r first
could order in some pizza
TV!' Paula becomes silent.
problem and says, 'Well, if you
order Chinese.' Paula replies,
when we started going out and that's when I bought this
car so it's due for its 12 months' service. That mechanic
said he'd fix that flicking oil light on the dashboard, and
that gearbox still isn't wor
Meanwhile, Paula is thinking, 'He doesn't think much of
our relationship if he wants to watch TV and eat pizza on
our special anniversary. The next thing he'll want is his
friends over as well. I'd like a candlelight dinner, some
dancing an
obviously isn't as important to him as it is to me. Maybe
he's been feeling confined by it. I want a stronger com
mitment from him but he's feeling threatened. Come to
myself so that I could spend more time with my friends. In
fact, I need more time to think about where this relation
ship is heading. I mean, where
we going? Are we just
kids? Or w
hat? Am I ready for this level of commitment?
Do I really want to be with him for the rest of my life?'



and thinks, 'Those idiots at the garage promised
they'd fixed that light and now the car's almost
of warranty!'

Paula is watching him and starts on another train of
thinks I'm too fat and I should improve the way I dress.
I know I should wear less make
up and exercise more.
He always talks abo
ut how fit my friend Carrie is and
that I should go to the gym with her. I've talked to my
love me the way I am and not try and change me.
Maybe they're right!'
go to ...'

tension. Maybe I'm reading him wrong ... maybe he
wants mor
e of a commitment from me and he's sensed
that I'm feeling a little unsure about how I feel ...Yes,
that's it! That's why he's not talking to me ... he doesn't
want to open up to me about his feelings in case I reject
him. I can see the hurt in his eyes.'

told them I was having problems and they blamed the
problem isn't covered under warranty or they'll have a
fight on their hands. I paid a fortun
can just ...'

'Please don't torture yourself like this ... maybe I'm
wrong to be thinking this way ... Oh, I feel so bad ...
Maybe I just need some t
ime ... I mean life wasn't


meant to be easy ...'

'You probably think I'm being foolish, don't you?'

'It's just that ... oh, I don't know any more ... I'm con
fused ... I need some time to think
just say "OK" and she'll be over it tomorrow! It must be
that time of the month.'

means to me,' she says. Looking into his eyes
realises he is a very special person and she will need to
think very hard about this relationship.
She tosses and turns all night and next morning calls
on the TV. He thinks Paula has some sort of problem,
probably PMT.
boyfriend Mark who says,
take a look at this oil light and tell me what you think.'

In the past, it was thought tha
t hormones only affected
the body and not the brain. We now know that
hormones programme our brains before birth, dictating
our thinking and behaviour. Testosterone in teenage
boys is 15
hormone flow in boys is
brain as the body needs it.


At puberty, testosterone surges through an adolescent
boy's body, giving him a dramatic spurt of growth and
a body ratio of 15% fat and 45% protein. As he turns
into an adolescent, his body phys
ically changes to match
his biological job description as a lean, mean, lunch
chasing machine. Boys are excellent at sport because
their bodies are hormonally constructed for effective
breathing and they have excellent oxygen distribution
via the red blood
grappling. Steroids are male hormones that build addi
and an unfair advantage over non

Female hormones have a different effect on teenage
They are not regulated like a boy's hormones but
come in huge waves over a 28
day cycle and can cause
havoc for many girls and women due to the rise and fall
of emotions that go with it. Female hormones change a
girl's body into a ratio of 26% fat and 20%
much to the frustration of females everywhere. The
purpose of the extra fat is to give additional energy for
breastfeeding and is insurance against times when food
may be scarce. Because female hormones fatten the
body, they are used to fatten liv
estock. Male hormones
reduce fat and build muscle so they're unsuitable for
animal fattening.
The Chemicals of Tailing in Love'

racing, your hands are sweating, you've got butterflies
in your stomach and
ou tingle all over. You go to
end of the evening, your date kisses you and it makes
you melt. For days after, you don't eat but you've never


vidence shows that the phenomenon of
'falling in love' is a series of chemical reactions taking
place in the brain that cause mental and physical
reactions. There are an estimated 100 billion neurones
Pert, author of Molecules of Emotion (1999),
pioneered the research that discovered neuropeptides, a
string of amino acids that float around the body and
attach themselves to welcoming receptors. So far, 60
different neuropeptides have been discovered and
trigger emotional reactions in the body when they
attach themselves to the receivers. In other words, all
our emotions
ical. When English scientist Francis Crick and his asso
ciates won the Nobel Prize in Me
dicine for deciphering
the DNA code that defines genes, he stunned the
medical world by saying, 'You, your joys, sorrows,
memories, ambitions, your sense of identity, free will
and love are no more than the behaviour of a vast
assembly of nerve cells.'

main chemical released to give you the elated
in chocolate. This is one of the chemicals that makes
your heart race, hands sweat, pupils dilate and
'butterflies' in the stomach. Adrenalin is also released,
speeding up your heart, making you alert and helping
you feel great. Along with that are also the endorphins,
which build your immune system and cure your cold.
When you both kissed, your
brains made a rapid
chemical analysis of each other's saliva and it made
of the man's immune system.

All this positive chemical reaction explains


and are much less likely to contract an illness than
those who are not. Being in love is usually great for
your health.
Hormonal Chemistry
is the female hormone that gives women an
a major role in a woman's nurturing and nest
behaviours. Because of its calming effect, it is also given
to aggressive males in prisons to control violent
behaviour. Oestrogen also aids memory, wh
ich explains
why so many women suffer memory problems after
menopause when their oestrogen levels drop. Those
who are on Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Experiments in June 2000 by Dr Agnes Lacreuse of
Emory University in At
lanta showed that as the ratio of
testosterone to oestrogen changes most women will
experience an enhancement in spatial memory. This
can make it easier for them to remember where car
keys, glasses or handbags have been left
or where
they parked the car.
is the hormone that releases parental and
nurturing feelings and its purpose is to encourage a
woman to carry out her child
rearing role successfully.
Progesterone is released when a woman sees a baby and
research shows it is the baby's shape
that triggers the
release of the hormone. A baby has short, stubby arms
and legs, a round, plump torso, oversized head and large
eyes, and these shapes are known as 'releasers'. The
reaction to this shape is so strong that the hormone is
also released whe
object like a stuffed toy. This is why toys such as teddy
bears and baby animals sell so well to females and long,


a teddy bear and sigh, 'Ahh ... isn't it beautiful!
' and
progesterone is released into her bloodstream.

Most men, lacking progesterone hormones, can't under
stand a woman's over
reaction to a piece of high
stuffed merchandise. This could also explain why women
who are the mothering type marry short
fat men with
chubby cheeks.

Look at these three illustrations. Seeing the baby causes
the release of progesterone hormone in women and the
toy bear has the same effect. There are no releaser
shapes in the third example so it will not release prog
e in a woman. The best selling toys have always
been plump dolls and baby animals with dilated pupils.
Why Blondes Have High Fertility

Blonde hair is a sign of high oestrogen levels and
accounts for men's strong attraction to blondes. It is an
indicator of
phrase 'dumb blonde'. Dumb blondes, so the jokes go,


have high fertility and low mathematical reasoning.
Research has shown that teenage girls whose mothers
academic disciplines than other females, and are more
that these girls are described as less feminine in nature
and are likely to have more body hair.
After a blonde's first baby is born, her
hair darkens
because her oestrogen level drops. It darkens even more
after her second child. The reduction in oestrogen levels
is why there are few natural blondes after age 30.
In the Roman era, prostitutes wore blonde wigs as an
advertisement for their
trade and this gave rise to the
phrase, 'Blondes have more fun.'

PMT and Sex Drive
modern women and one with which their ancestors
never had to deal. Until recently, women tended to be
pregnant most of the
time, which meant that the
average woman only ever had to deal with menstrual
times a year for modern women. If she has the average
of 2.4 children, this adds up to 350


400 times a
modern woman ca
times for a woman without children.

Until the introduction of the contraceptive pill in the
1950s, no
one noticed that women had emotional highs
and lows. For the firs
t 21 days after menstruation,
oestrogen hormones create a feeling of well
give generally happy feelings and a positive attitude to
most pre
menopausal women. Sex drive gradually
increases so that she is most capable of conceiving at a


oint, about midway through the cycle. This is
also the time when her testosterone level is the highest.
animals that makes them randiest at the most likely
time for conception. This is easily observable
in many
female animals. With horses for example, the female on
mount until the exact second when the egg is in the
right position for fertilisation. Female humans are
them too.
This is how a woman may inexplicably find herself in
day is at a total loss to understand how or why it
happened. 'I don't know what happened,' said one
the right time of the month and at the precise moment
the state of his immune system and other male char
acteristics were decoded subconsciously by the
woman's brain. If they passed a certain rating level of
acceptability for being a potential father, nature took
control. Women who have experienced this ev
ent don't
know how to explain it, and many describe it as 'fate'
standing that their hormones simply took control. As a
with men who are unsuitable
artners. Most men
would give anything to know when a woman is at her
hormonal peak!

Scottish scientists studied the reactions and prefer
ences of 104 women to digitally altered photos of
men. They found that during three weeks of the month
women preferred
the smoother, more feminised,


sensitive looking types who would be more likely to be
around over the long haul. When the women were
ovulating, however, they favoured the manly
big jaws, prominent eyebrows and larger bodies
creams virility. They also observed that
many ovulating women wore shorter skirts in public.
down, women want a male who is the best parental
investment. But when the biological bells are ringing,
y want Tarzan's genes.
Woman's Chemical Gloom

hormones dramatically drop, creating severe withdraw
symptoms commonly known as PMT. For many
women, this causes feelings of doom, gloom, depres
sion, and even
uicidal tendencies. One in 25 women
suffer so severely from their hormones being out of
balance, she can undergo personality changes.
Several studies have found that most female crime
such as assault and shoplifting occurs during the 21
days pre
women's prisons that at least 50% of female murders or
assaults are committed by women suffering PMT.
Women's visits to psychiatrists, counsellors and
astrologers increase dramatically during this phase and
many women feel
hat they are 'losing control' or
'going crazy'. There are well documented studies
showing that women suffering PMT are four to five
times more likely to be involved in a car accident when
they are behind the wheel.

Female hormones have long been used as a
way of
pacifying habitually aggressive people. In some
countries, PMT is a factor accepted by judges when


considering sentencing for women charged with
violent crimes.
When a woman reaches menopause, usually in her
40s or early 50s, she goes through a var
logical, emotional and hormonal changes. These vary
from woman to woman.
Menopause in men, however, is a uniformly pre
dictable event
he buys aviator sunglasses, leather
a motorcycl
e or sports car, and wears funny clothes.
Testosterone: Bonus or Curse?
Male hormones, particularly testosterone, are the
aggression hormones that cause men to hunt and kill
prey. Testosterone is largely responsible for human
survival, as it drove men to
atch food and fight off
attackers. It is also the hormone that makes men's
beards grow, causes baldness, deepens voices and
improves spatial ability. Bass baritones have been
shown to enjoy more than double the number of ejacu
lations in a week than tenors
, and most people given a
course of testosterone have less difficulty reading maps
asthma have also been linked to testosterone and it is
now known that men who smoke or drink excessively
have redu
ced levels in their blood.
The downside of testosterone for modern males is
that unless it is allowed to vent itself in a physical
social problems. As testosterone surges through their
bodies, boys aged b
and it will fire him up and he'll become more assertive
and self


also raise her aggression level, but will not have the
me degree of chemical effect as for a man. His brain
is pre
wired to react to testosterone while a woman's is
not. The reason for this is still uncertain, but it is
obviously related to spatial ability.

Women should watch out for left
handed, bald, bearded

with baritone voices who read
maps and sneeze at the same time.
As men reach their 50s and 60s, testosterone decreases
and they become less aggressive and more nurturing.
For women, the reverse happens. After menopause,
oestrogen levels decrea
testosterone to oestrogen. This is why women
aged 45
50 suddenly become more assertive and
more self
reliant. The downside is that these women
are more likely to grow facial hair and suffer stress
and strokes.
The Case of t
he Flying Crockery

Author Barbara Pease was unaware that the new con
traceptive pill she had been given contained a high level
of testosterone. Her husband, Allan, quickly learned
the valuable art of ducking from flying plates and other
airborne objects du
rediscovered his childhood facility for the short
distance sprint. Interestingly, her parallel parking
They improved dramatically on this pill.


Blood tests eventually
revealed Barbara's testosterone
excess and she changed to a pill without it. Within a
month, her mood swings had virtually ceased, but now
Allan felt he was living with a librarian studying to be
a nun. Another change of pill raised her testosterone
their marriage, and the household crockery.

Why Men Are Aggressive
Testosterone is the hormone of success, achievement and
makes men and male animals pote
ntially dangerous.
Most parents are aware of the almost insatiable desire
that young boys have to watch violent movies and how
their sons can accurately recall and describe aggressive
types of mov
ies. A study at the University of Sydney
showed that when confronted with a potentially aggres
sive conflict such as a schoolyard fight, 74% of boys
used verbal or physical aggression to solve the problem
whereas 78% of girls tried to walk away or negotiat
traffic lights is done by men, while they also carry out
96% of burglaries and 88% of murders. Practically all
sexual deviants are male, and tests on deviant women
show high male hormone levels.
people in prison are men.
Male aggression is mainly responsible for men's
dominance of our species. We don't teach aggression to
boys, we try to condition them away from it.


Aggression is one male trait that cannot be explained
by social
Studies with sportsmen show their testosterone level
is significantly higher at the end of an event than before
levels of aggression. New Zealand sports teams are
often seen performing the Ma
ori war dance, the
immediately before the start of play. This serves two
purposes: to strike fear into their opponents and to
raise the testosterone levels of the performers.
Cheerleaders are used in many sports worldwide for
exactly the same reason,
to raise the testosterone levels
of players and supporters. Studies confirm that higher
levels of crowd violence occur in matches where cheer
leaders are used.
Why Men Work So Hard

Professor James Dabbs of Georgia State University took
saliva samples from
men ranging from business leaders
and politicians to sportsmen, priests and convicts. He
found the top performers in each field had higher
testosterone levels than the poorer performers, and the
lowest counts were recorded by clergymen, indicating
less do
minant and less sexually active lives. He also
found that high female achievers, such as lawyers and
sales people, had higher testosterone levels than the
average woman. In addition, he reported that not only
does testosterone lead to high levels of achiev
ement, but
achievement causes more testosterone to be produced.
We have observed animal behaviour from Africa to
jungles of Borneo and witnessed first
entists have spent years in researching
animals with the highest testos
the roost. The testosterone in some animals, such as


spotted hyenas, is so high that they are born with a full
eat each other.
Creatures with the highest testosterone

The top dogs, cats, horses, goats, and monkeys are
those that record the highest level of male hormone. Put
terone will dominate the interaction. Working women
have higher levels th
an women who stay at home, and
daughters of working women have higher levels than
daughters of non
working women. Among 700 male
prison inmates in a 1995 study, those with the highest
testosterone levels were most likely to be in trouble
with the authoriti
es or engage in unprovoked violence.
A 1998 study found that trial lawyers, with their life of
conflict and argument, had higher levels than other
lawyers. High testosterone males have dominated the
human race throughout history and it is a reasonable
mption that outstanding women leaders in history
Golda Meir received additional male hormone at the
There is a serious downside, however, to constant
levels of unburned testo
recently came from America where 118 Law students
were given the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
Assessment and their lives were tracked and monitored
for 30 years. Those with the highest hostility and
aggression levels were
our times more likely to have
and more cerebral and women replace men in many
industries, we will have to find new ways to channel


male testosterone. There is a growing focus on
muscular male physiq
ue in popular culture, a boom in
crass men's magazines and an explosion in violent
computer games. This is known as cultural displace
ment and this happens when the power of testosterone
is ignored or attacked, so it re
emerges in cruder, less
social forms
. These are good reasons for young boys to
be encouraged to make a life habit of being physically
active on a regular basis.

Testosterone and Spatial Ability

You may have already reached the conclusion that
because spatial skill is one of the strongest mal
e attrib
utes, it is linked to testosterone. In Chapter 3 we saw
how testosterone is mainly responsible for configuring
the 'software' related to the spatial abilities required for
hunting and chasin
terone the body produces, the more male
orientated the
brain's behaviour will be. Male rats which are injected
with additional male hormone find their way out of a
maze quicker than normal male rats. Female rats also
e their navigational performance, but not as dra
matically as the males. The aggression level of both
sexes increases.
In the Brain
with map
reading, orienteeri
ng, playing video games or
'hunting' sports like football, billiards and motor racing
and are good reverse parkers. Testosterone is also the
hormone that aids single
mindedness and helps avoid
Studies show that volunteers injected with
testosterone show greater endurance in physical activi


ties such as walking and long
concentrate for longer periods of time. Not surprisingly,
lesbians also have many of these attribute
s. Susan
Resnick of the Institute of Ageing in the US reported in
her findings that girls who received abnormal amounts
of male hormone in the womb also had far superior
spatial skills compared to their sisters who did not
receive the hormone.
Why Women Ha
te Reverse Parking
While testosterone will improve spatial ability, the
female hormone, oestrogen, suppresses it. Women have
dramatically less testosterone than men and, as a result,
the more feminine the brain, the less the spatial ability.
This is why ve
ry feminine women are not great reverse
parkers or map readers. There is a rare condition
(XX) is missing one of the X chromosomes and she
is known as an XO girl. These girls are super
in all their
behaviours and have little or no directional
or spatial ability. Never lend your car keys to an
XO woman.
Chinese men test significantly lower than Caucasian
men in testosterone levels and this is evidenced by their
lack of facial hair and low incidence
f baldness.
men being charged with violent or aggressive crimes,
compared to Caucasian or black men. Rape is less
common than among Caucasian men, probably
because of lower testosterone levels. This als
o explains
why Asian men generally tested lower on their ability to
reverse park.


Mathematics and Hormones
Boys use their right front brain to solve mathematical
problems. The spatial area for girls is located on both
sides of the brain and tests show tha
the left front verbal side of the brain to attempt to solve
mathematical problems. This is the likely explanation
for so many women counting aloud. It also goes a long
boys at basic c
alculus and their co
mitment to study often gives them the edge over boys in
Brain development in girls occurs much earlier than in
earlier. But after pub
erty boys catch up and excel in
mathematical reasoning as testosterone boosts their
spatial ability. Tests of mathematical ability were
carried out by Johns Hopkins University in Boston on
ered that the
ore difficult the tests became, the more
the boys' ability exceeded that of the girls. At the easier
levels, gifted boys beat gifted girls on a ratio of 2:1; in
the middle levels the ratio increased to 4:1; and at the
highest degree of difficulty it reache
d 13:1.

In 1998, Canadian brain research authority Dr
Doreen Kimura found that if you double or triple the
amount of testosterone in a male, it does not necessari
double or triple his mathematical reasoning skills.
shows that there is probably an
ptimum level for
testosterone effectiveness somewhere in the low to mid
range levels. In other words, King Kong will not neces
a man with a slow growing beard. Interestingly, testos
terone does improve
women's mathematical reasoning
more dramatically than it does for men. A woman with
a moustache is therefore much more likely to make a


Men score higher in map
reading ability in the autumn
when thei
r testosterone is at its highest levels.
scores in mathematical exams.
The education system favours boys and disadvantages
girls in mathematical exams because studies show that
girls suffering PMT have testosterone levels that
are sig
nificantly lower during this phase. One study showed
that girls with PMT scored 14% lower in mathematical
exams when they had PMT than girls who weren't
suffering PMT. A fairer system would be to arrange
exams to take place at a time that is biolo
suitable for girls. Boys can take the tests at any time.

Modern Man's Hunting
Sport is the modern replacement for hunting. Most
sporting activities began after the year 1800; prior to
that, most of the world's population still hunted animals
late 1700s and advanced farming techniques meant that
it was no longer necessary to chase and catch food.
Thousands of years of men being programmed to hunt
suddenly came to a stop and had nowhere to
Sport became the answer. More than 90% of modern
new ones appeared during the 20th Century. Most
allow high testosterone individuals to burn up
hormones. Research shows that boys who are physical
active are the least likely to be involved in crime or


aggression, and that young men with criminal records
showed the least involvement in sports. Simply, if it's
not burnt up on a playing fie
ld, it can show up in anti
social ways. On motorways and freeways, road
with each other on the road
there at the time.
Before enrolling in a sports club, examine the objec
tives, values, role
models and leaders of the club. If
they're in it 'for the game' and the game is all
important, then these people are still slaves to their
like yoga or martial arts that still teach
for effective living such as health, relaxation and sound
life values. Avoid any clubs that emphasise the financial
gains members might make.
Why Men Have Pot Bellies and
Women Have Large Rears

Nature distributes excess fat tissue as far fr
body's vital organs as possible so as to not impede their
effective operation. Usually there is little or no fat
around the brain, heart and genitals. Women have addi
tional vital organs
ovaries. Consequently, women
capable of bearing children ten
excess fat on the belly. Men, having no ovaries, accu
mulate this excess fat in what is usually called a 'pot
rarely see men with fat legs. Women's excess fat is dis
tributed on t
heir thighs, rears and under the upper arms
to be used as a source of nourishment in breast
If men had ovaries, they would have bigger thighs and
flat bellies too. If the ovaries are removed in a hysterec
tomy, nature will redistribute fat to the





What makes a woman a woman and a man a man?
being gay really a choice? Why does
a lesbian prefer
women? How did transsexu
both sides of the fence? Are
you who you are bec
you had an aggressive
mother, or your father was
emotionally cold or
crush on your Third
Year teacher? Are you who you are
because you're a second
born child, raised in poverty,
orphaned, from a
broken family, a Leo
on the cusp of
Scorpio or perhaps
incarnated from a cat?

In this chapter we will look at what happens
male hormone.
Gays, Lesbians and Transsexuals
Research shows that the basic template for the body
As a result men have some redundant female features
such as nipples. Men also have mammary glands which
milk. There are thousands of recorded cases o
f lactation
in male prisoners of war where starvation led to a
diseased liver failing to break down the hormones
essential for breast
As we now know, six to eight weeks after conception,
called androgens which first forms the testes,


and then a second dose to alter the brain from a female
not receive enough male hormone at the appropriate
time, one of two things may happen. Firstly,
a baby boy
may be born with a brain structure that is more
feminine than masculine, in other words, a boy who
boy may be born with a fully functioning female brain
gender. This is a person who is biologically male but
documents the many
being born looking like girls and being raised as girls,
only suddenly to find that they have penis and testicles
that 'appear' at puberty.

Republic and a study with the parents of
these 'girls'
shows that their parents typically raised them as girls
and encouraged stereotypical behaviours such as
feminine dress and playing with dolls. Many of these
parents were then shocked to discover that they'd
ended up with a fully fledged son a
t puberty when male
hormones took over and their 'daughters' suddenly had
a penis and reverted to male appearance and typical
male behaviour patterns. This change occurred despite
all the social conditioning and social pressures for
female behaviour.
The f
act that most of these 'girls' successfully lived the
rest of their lives as males highlights the point that their
social environment and upbringing had a limited
impact on their adult lives. Clearly, their biology was
the key factor in creating their beha


Homosexuality is Part of History

Among the ancient Greeks, homosexuality was not
only permitted, it was highly respected. The slim,
boyish, youthful figure was their ideal of beauty, and
paintings and statues were erected in its honour.
were written about the love that prominent older men
had for young men. The Greeks believed that male
homosexuality served a noble, higher purpose and it
inspired youths to become worthy members of the
community. They also found that young gay men
warriors as they would fight 'side
each other'.

In Roman times, Julius Caesar
was described as 'every woman's
man and every man's woman.'
When Christianity frowned on same
and God reportedly brought his vengeance down on the
City of Sodom, homosexuality was banned, disap
until recently.

The Victorian era refused to acknowledge that homo
sexuality existed and, eve
n if it did, it must be the
Devil's work and would be severely punished. As we
enter the 21st Century, most older generations still
believe that homosexuality is a recent phenomenon and
an 'unnatural' act. The reality is that it has been around
for as long
cient share of male hormones. Amongst primates,
homosexual behaviour is used as a way of bonding
members of a group or as a form of showing submis


sion to a superior, as is also the case with cattle, cocks
dogs. Lesbianism gained its name from the Greek
island of Lesbos. It has never been looked upon with
the same contempt as male homosexuality, probably
because it is associated more with intimacy, and not
labelled so much a 'perversion'.

Body Language
in 1991 for the launch of their books
(Mandarin Books) and
Talk Language
Moir revealed the results of her research whi
ch high
lighted what scientists have known for years
sexuality is inborn, not a choice.
Not only is homosexuality mostly inborn, but
the environment in which we are raised plays a
lesser role in our behaviour than was previously
thought. Scientists
have found that as an adolescent or
adult, parents' efforts to suppress homosexual tenden
cies in their off
spring has practically no effect.
And because the impact of male hormone (or lack of it)
on the brain is the main culprit, most homosexuals
are male
There is no solid evidence that upbring
ing affects the likelihood of a child
becoming homosexual.
For every lesbian (female body with a masculinised
brain) there are about eight to ten gay men. If the gay
and lesbian movement was to embrace this resear


and, if the education system taught these findings,
homosexual and transsexual people would not
encounter as much prejudice. Most people are more
tolerant and accepting of a person who has inborn dif
ferences than they are of a person who, in their opi
makes an unacceptable choice. Take, for example,
Thalidomide babies, Parkinson's sufferers, autism or
people who have cerebral palsy. The public is more
accepting of these people because they are usually born
with these conditions, as opposed to homo
sexuals who
supposedly choose their lifestyle.
Can we be critical of a person who is born left
handed or dyslexic? Or with blue eyes and red hair? Or
with a female brain in a male body? Most homosexual
people believe that their homosexuality is a choice an
like many minority groups, often use public forums to
display their 'choice', which generates negative
attitudes from many members of the public.
He was a dyslexic, agnostic insomniac.

He'd lie awake all night wondering
if there really was a dog.
statistics show that over 30% of teenage suicides
are committed by gays and lesbians, and that one out of
every three transgenders commits suicide. It seems that
the realisation of being stuck in the 'wrong body' for
the rest of their lives is too much fo
the upbringing of these homosexual teenagers has
shown that most were raised in families or communities
that taught hatred and rejection towards homosexuals,
or in religions that had tried to save some of the
'victims' with prayer or t


Why People Look to the Father

When a boy turns out to be gay, the father may often
be blamed. Family members claim that he criticised the
pursuits as he grew up. This theory holds that the boy

rebelled against the father and became gay to spite him,
but there is no scientific evidence to support this view.
The likely explanation is that the boy was more inter
ested in female pursuits rather than football, motorcy
racing, cars or boxing matc
hes. This would have
a constant source of annoyance for a father with
expectations of his son's male development. In
words, the son's effeminate tendencies are more
to have contributed to the father's critical or
Red hair and freckles has the same
occurrence as homosexuality.

If the public understood that scientific evidence shows
that most, if not all homosexuality is inborn, there
would be as much interest in a gay rally as there would
be in a ra
lly for people with red hair and freckles, a
homosexuality. The public would be more accepting of
homosexuality and gays and lesbians would not have as
many problems with self
esteem, and would be treated
with more dignity, and far less rejection and ridicule.
Ignorance on both sides keeps both apart.


Can the 'Choice' Be Changed?

Gays and lesbians do not choose their sexual orientation
human sexuality ex
perts agree that homosexuality is an
orientation that is unchangeable. Researchers believe
that most homosexual orientation develops in the
womb, that homosexual patterns are firmly fixed by
around age five and that it is outside the control of the
suppress homosexual feelings in 'sufferers' which have
included breast amputation, castration, drug therapy,
uterus removal, frontal lobotomy, psychotherapy,
selling and exorcism. No therapies have ever succeeded.
The best they have been able to achieve is to make some
bisexuals confine their sexual activities to members of
the opposite sex or force some homosexuals to become
celibate through guilt or fear,
and to push many others
to suicide.
Scientists have shown that
homosexuality is an orientation
that is unalterable. It's not a choice.
There is a greater than 90% chance that you, the reader,
to feel
sexually attracted to someone of your own sex
and you will begin to understand how it is virtually
impossible to create feelings that do not already exist. If
it was a choice, as many proclaim, why would any intel
ligent person choose a way of life that ex
so much hostility, prejudice and discrimination?
Hormones are responsible, not human choices.


The Case of Identical Gay Twins

Extensive research has been carried out on identical
twins who were separated at birth and raised in
different fami
lies and environments. Numerous tests
conditioning. This type of research shows that many
ism, depression, introversion/extroversion levels,
dominance, a facility for sport and the age of first
sexual activity. Assuming that around five percent of
the male population is gay, if you analysed 100 gay
identical male twins who had been separated fr
om their
twin at birth then you would expect that around five
percent of the other twins would also be gay, based on
the assumption that homosexuality is a choice. Various
research groups who studied this question have all
come up with the same answer. Tha
t answer has been
demonstrated by American researchers Dr Richard
Pillard of Boston University and psychologist Michael
Bailey of North Western University who studied the
conclusions were:

The chanc

22% for non

10% for non
twin or adopted brothers

52% for identical twins who share the same genes
The collective research into the gay identical twins who
were separated at birth, reveals that over 50% of the
lost twin brothers were also gay. Of these, the
researchers generally agreed it was likely that
were probably homosexuals who were too deep


proving convincingly that most homosexuality is
created in the womb. It also confirms that upbringing
has l
ittle, if any, impact on sexual orientation.
It's in their Genes
Based on the theory that gayness is created in the
womb, you would expect that all identical gay twins
would also be gay, so why is this not the case with the
other 30%
40% of the gay twin br
others? Genes have
likely that gene is to be switched on and become
causes Huntington's dis
gene, each has a 100% chance of developing
Huntington's disease but only
a 30% chance of devel
Those carrying the 'gay gene' as it is now called, have
a 50%
explains why all the identical twins brothers were not
gay. It is estimated that about 10% of all males carry
'gay gene' and about half these males will become
gay due to the 50%
Laboratory experiments with rats and monkeys have
proved that this sequence of events also happens in
other species. While performing these types of se
altering experiments on humans is illegal, and consid


been successfully conducted in Russia with the same
conclusive results.
The 'Gay Gene'

Dean Hamer of the National Cancer Institute in the
compared the DNA of 40 pairs of homosexual
markers in the X928 region of the X chromosome,
location of the gay gene. He also compared the DNA of
36 pairs
of lesbian sisters but no corresponding pattern
was found. This study further shows that not only is
homosexuality mainly a condition affecting males but it
on the presence of the testosterone hormone six to
eight weeks after conception. In addition, there is a
small chance that other factors, including social condi
tioning, may activate the gene in early life, usually
before age five.

Gay Fingerprints
and Family Studies
In 1998, Canadian brain research pioneer Dr Doreen
Kimura reported that she had conducted a study of the
person's fingerprints. She discovered that people with
high ridge counts on the
'feminine' tasks.

She found that most men have more ridges on their
right hands, but that, on average, women and homosex
men are likely to have more ridges on their left hands.


Fingerprint ridge counts

Another study
of gay men by the National Cancer
Institute has shown that homosexuality runs in
of 114 gay men shows there is a three times greater
than average chance that gay men's brothers, uncles,
cousins or par
ents were also gay. Most of the gay male
family members were on the mother's side of the family
and fewer were on the father's side. This can only be
gene somewhere on the X chromosome. This chro
some is the only one a mother can provide (she has two
male homosexuality.

Experimental Changes
Rats are a favourite for scientific research. They have
hormones, genes and a central nervous syste
m like
humans, but their brains do not develop in the womb
like a human's
birth which allows
us to see what's going on. Castrate a male rat and he
thinks he's a she and becomes a social, nest
rat. Give testosterone hormones to
a newborn female
rat and she thinks she's a he, becomes aggressive and
tries to mount other female rats. Some female birds,
such as canaries, can't sing but if they are injected at a


young age with testosterone, they can sing like a male.
This is because
testosterone affects the wiring of their
brain and therefore their abilities.

To achieve this sex
changing result the brain must be
altered when it is in an embryonic state. Similar tests on
adult rats, birds and monkeys failed to produce such
dramatic re
eight weeks after conception. It means that older rats
won't change much and neither will older humans.
brain surgery from a local university who disclosed
carried out in Russia on humans for some time and that
their results were the same as with the rats
changed boys into girls and girls into
boys by altering
their brains in the womb with male hormone. They
created their own gay, lesbian and transsexual people.
He also reported that there had been occasions where
given the hormones at the wro
ng time of its develop
accident also occurs from time to time in nature (as it
has done in the Dominican Republic) and explains how
a baby is born looking
like a girl and then suddenly
becomes a boy at adolescence.

This research shows what scientists know but are
not willing to discuss
that, by controlling the sex of
needle at the right time. This would, however, and
and humane questions.


If, during the early stages of pregnancy, testosterone is
birth to a gay boy dramatically increases because
female hormones become the hormones used to
configure the brain. One German study in the 1970s
showed that mothers who suffered severe stress during
early pregnancy had six t
imes the chance of giving birth
to a gay son. Research by Professor Lee Ellis of the
Department of Sociology at Minot State University in
North Dakota also showed that stressed pregnancies
may beco
me super
feminine and will probably have
poor spatial ability. In other words, she's very
mothering and nurturing but can't reverse park or find
North. Brian Gladue of North Dakota State University
male hormone was involved in the wiring of their
brains. So what suppresses testosterone? The main
factors are stress, sickness and some medications.
We have
nown for some time about the dangerous
effects of alcohol and nicotine on the unborn baby and
Glover at London's Chelsea Hospital shows that
nt women who suffer stress give birth to babies
who are also unable to deal with stressful situations. Dr
Glenn Wilson of the Institute of Psychiatry in London
has also studied this area extensively. He concluded,
'Certain chemical drugs can interfere with
function and the result can be the birth of a gay baby.'

dosed in male hormone, the result is a female body


with male brain circuitry. As children, these girls are
usually called 'tomboys
' and they play rougher and
harder than their female peers. They are likely to grow
more body and facial hair than other girls at puberty,
centage beco
me lesbians. Accidental dosing of male
hormones can occur if the pregnant mother is taking
certain medications that contain high levels of male
and other medications.

during the 1950s and '60s shows a high ratio of baby
girls who became lesbians after adolescence because
their brains received too much male hormone from the
nother study showed that women of the
same era who received female hormones such as
oestrogen in the belief that it would help pregnancy had
a five to ten times greater chance of giving birth to a gay
baby boy. It's not until adolescence that the brain
cuitry is switched on by the massive surge of
hormones that race through a teenager's body and the
real sexuality of the teenager becomes apparent.
Echoing these findings, researchers at the Kinsey
Institute in America found that mothers who had taken
hormones during pregnancy had daughters who
were described as having high levels of self
assertiveness and were likely to be involved in
aggressive sports such as kickboxing or football. As
children, many were described as 'tomboys'. Mother
who had taken female hormones had more daughters
who were described as more 'feminine' and sons who
were softer and gentler than their peers, were more
dependent on others and were not physically active.


The Transsexual Brain
Transsexuals feel from earl
y childhood that they were
born in the wrong
sex body. The area in the brain
essential for sexual behaviour is called the hypothala
mus and this area is markedly smaller in women than
in men. Researcher Dick Swaab and his team from the
in 1995 to show that the hypothalamus in male trans
sexuals was female
sized or smaller. This further
confirms research showing that gender identity stems
sex hormones
. This theory was first proposed by
German scientist Dr Gunther Dorner who found that
the hypothalamus of homosexual men responded in the
exact same way as a female hypothalamus when
injected with female hormone. Swaab reported, 'Our
study is the first to
show a female brain structure in
woman's brain trapped in a man's body.

The psychiatric label for a transgender person is that
they are suffering Gender Identity Disorder and around
20% of these people
undergo the sex
change operation.
This involves removing the testicles and cutting the
penis in half lengthways and removing the inside tissue.
realigned and the skin from the penis is then folded
de a surgically made cavity to line an artificial
vagina. In some cases, the head of the penis becomes
the clitoris and is capable of orgasm. Tragically, the
suicide rate for transsexuals is five times that of the
general population. One in five attempt su


Are we Slaves to our Biology?
Scientists know how to change the sexuality of rats and
monkeys in the womb. Some groups claim that we can
control our likes and dislikes by will or choice and they
with the same ease. But scientists know this is unre
You don't need to be a scientist to see that rabbits can't fly,
ducks are lousy runners, most women have dif
reading maps and men reading newspapers are
temporarily deaf. Unde
rstanding brain structure differ
ences makes us more tolerant of each other and allows
us to have greater control over our destiny and to feel
positive about our inclinations and choices.
Human intelligence has evolved to a point where we
are more in contr
ol of our emotions than other animals
and can think through our choices. Other animals
don't think: they react to circumstances and this makes
them slaves to their biology. Our biology is the moti
vation behind many of the choices we make that
we are more in control of ourselves than most
system. The biggest obstacle facing most people is their
rejection of the idea that we are just another animal
with a sma
rt brain. This refusal makes these people
victims of their biology.
In simple terms, there are two main centres associated
with homosexual behaviour, the 'mating centre' and the
'behaviour centre'.

The 'mating centre' is locate
d in the hypothalamus
and decides which sex we will be attracted to. In males,


it needs to be dosed in male hormones to convert it to
male operational function, so that a man will be
attracted to a woman. If it receives insufficient male
hormones it will
remain, to a greater or lesser extent,
female in operation and so the man will be attracted to
other men.
The 'behaviour centre' in the brain may not, however,
receive enough male hormones to give a man masculine
behaviour, speech and body language. If it
receive enough for male reconfiguration, the man's
behaviour will be significantly feminine.
How the mating and behaviour centres can receive
different amounts of male hormone is still a mystery,
but it certainly demonstrates why not all effeminate

Lesbian Differences
additional male hormones, it can masculinise the
mating centre. This means that as a woman she will
be attracted to other wom
en. If her behaviour centre
is also masculinised, she will take on masculine
behaviour, speech and body language, and may be
described as 'butch'.

If her behaviour centre is not converted by male
hormones, on the other hand, she will remain feminine
in beh
aviour, but will still be attracted to other females.
These results have also been shown in experiments on
female rats and monkeys.
While 'butch' lesbians can be plainly seen to be the
result of their biology, many people today still resist the
idea that
eminine lesbians are also prisoners of their
to be gay, because they most definitely do not


look gay. Just witness the number of men who say,
when they see a very feminine, or 'lipstick', lesbian
, 'I
These women, however, really are attracted to other





friend. The attraction was instant and
pilled over
immediately into a fast and furious relationship.
of each other. Their speciality was House Sex
the living
room, the bedroom, kitchen,
on the staircase and in the garag
e. For
Jeremy, the sex
was great, so he decided that Stella was
the one for him.
It was wonderful for Stella too, so she
decided she must
be in love. They were going to live
Two years later, their sex life was still fast and furious
with sex twice a week, but Jeremy wanted it every day.
After all, he'd given up single life for this relationship
so he felt it was a fair trade
sex, the less she wanted it, and s
oon they were having
only Bedroom Sex. They started to fight over little
things, the kisses and cuddles slowly disappeared from
their everyday life and they were soon seeing only
negatives in each other. They even began going to bed
at different times and
avoided each other. Now, all they
had was Hallway Sex
shout, 'Screw You!' One lonely night, one of them went
tion was instant and spilled over immediately into a fast
nd furious relationship. They were both smitten and


How Sex Began

Life began with a single
years ago. To survive, it divided itself to make exact
copies. It thus remained the same for mill
and only changed its appearance if, by accident, a
mutation in its structure occurred or it learned
Then, about 800 million years ago, the cell learned an
amazing trick, again probably by accident.
It somehow
figured out how to trade genes with other cells. This
meant that any survival advantages the other cell had
acquired could be passed immediately to a new baby
cell, making it stronger and more resilient than its
parents. It was now no longer nec
essary to wait
millions of years for an accident to mutate the cell
This was an enormously successful development that
accelerated the growth of new cells towards bigger and
th the soft
Six hundred million years ago came animals with bones
and shells, and 300 million years later, the first fish
learned to breathe and dragged themselves on to the
land. And all as a result of gene tradi

Sex was now in full flight. Once the new cell was
created with its stronger genes it was necessary that the
parents died. This was for two reasons. Firstly, the new
unnecessary. Secondly, the pa
removed so that they did not breed with the new cell
and thus, weaken it. Death meant that the new,
stronger gene could survive and share its genes with
other new survivors. So the original purpose of sex was
to trade genes with someone
else to create stronger
genes in the next generation of babies. For most of our


history, however, no connection was ever made
Where is Sex in the B
Your sex centre is located in the hypothalamus which is
the part of the brain that also controls the emotions,
heart rate and blood pressure. It's about the size of a
cherry and weighs around 4.5 grams and is larger in
men than in women, homosexuals
This is the area in which hormones, particularly
testosterone, stimulate the desire for sex. Considering
that men have 10 to 20 times more testosterone than
women and a larger hypothalamus, it's obvious why the
male sex drive is so power
can have sex virtually any time and in almost any place.
Add to this the social encouragement that men have
disapproval of sexually active women, and it's little
the differences in attitude to sex have always
(no pun intended).

The brain's



Men's enthusiastic and impulsive sex drive has a clear
Like most male mammals, he had to evolve with several
elements for its success. Firstly, his sex drive had to be
intensely focused and not easil
y distracted. This would
allow him to have sex under almost any conditions, such
as in the presence of potential threatening enemies, or in
any place where a sexual opportunity presented itself.

A man needed to be able to

ejaculate as often as possible in
shortest space of time to avoid being
caught by predators or enemies.
He also needed to spread his seed as far afield and as
often as possible. The Kinsey Institute in the US, world
leaders in human sex research, reported that, without
been for most of human existence. Since the arrival of
the age of monogamy, however, men's biological urge
has caused constant mayhem for couples trying to build
relationship problems.

A woman's hypothalamus is much smaller than a man's
and she only has small amounts of testosterone to
activate it. This is why women, overall, have signifi


cantly lower sex drives than men and are less aggressive.
So why didn't nature create woman as a raving nympho
maniac to ensure continuation of the species? The
answer is in the long period of time it takes to conceive
and to raise a child to self
In species such as rabbits, for example, the gestation
period is only six weeks and the newborn bunnies are
capable of feeding themselves, running and hiding
within two weeks. There is no need for father rabbit to
be there to defend or feed them. A ne
fallow deer is able to run with the herd shortly after
they are born. Even our closest cousin, the chimpanzee,
will survive if orphaned after six months. For a signifi
cant part of the nine
month human pregnancy period,
most women are phy
sically restricted and it takes at
least five years before a human child can feed and
defend itself. For this reason, women closely analyse a
potential father's traits such as his ability to provide
food and shelter and fight off enemies.
Some men think th
ends with conception.
A woman's brain is programmed to find a man who
will make a commitment to being around long enough
to rear her children. This is reflected in what women
look for in a long
term partner.
Men are Microwaves, Women are

Male sex drive is like a microwave
and operates at full capacity within seconds, and can be
turned off just as quickly when the meal is cooked.


Women's sex drive is like an electric oven
it heats
slowly to its top temper
cool down.
The following graph shows the sex drives of average
been adjusted to reflect the various periods in life where
drives may be higher or lower based on environmen
and so on. To demonstrate sex drive differences we've
simplified this graph to illustrate the differences.

older and his sex drive decreases
accordingly. The
average woman's sex drive gradually increases so that
explains the 'toy boy' syndrome of the older
woman/younger man. Younger men have the physical
performance level an older woman crave
s. A man's
sexual performance level at age 19 is more compatible
with a woman in her late 30s to early 40s. You will also


notice on the chart that the sex drive of a man in his 40s
is compatible with a woman in her early 20s which
partly explains the olde
nation. There is usually a 10 to 20
year age difference
When we say a man's sex drive peaks at age 19 and
falls in later life, we are talking about his physical per
formance level. His int
erest in sex is usually high for most
of his life, meaning that he can be just as interested at 70
as he was at 30 but his performance level is not as high.
A woman can be very interested in sex in her late teens
(because of its relationship to love) but f
eel limited desire
for sex. She can have the same interest in her 30s but at
that time she also has a greater desire for it.
Why We Argue About Sex
Bear in mind that we are talking here about the overall
sex drive of all men as one group and all women as
nother. Individual sex drives vary from person to
person, but in this chapter we are discussing the typical
drives of most people.
An individual woman may have a high sex drive and
a man may have a low drive, but these are minority
cases and do not reflect
the vast majority. Overall, most
men have a higher sex drive than most women. A study
at the Kinsey Institute showed that 37% of men think
about sex every 30 minutes. Only 11% of women think
of it as often. For a man, a continual high dose of
keeps his drive high and this is why, when
it comes to sex, he's ever ready.
When it comes to sex, women
need a reason; men need a place.


The shaded areas on the graph are where most men and
women argue about sex. Until her late 30s, a woman
will complai
n that a man constantly puts pressure on
her for sex, causing resentment on both sides. She will
often accuse him of 'using' her. It's not until her late 30s
that a woman's sex drive matches a man's, and often
surpasses it. Her drive is nature's way of pus
menopause. A man in his early 40s can often be caught
by surprise by this role reversal. His sex drive may be
lower than a woman's of the same age while her level of
assertiveness may be high
er. Many men complain about
having to 'perform on demand'. The boot is now on the
other foot, so to speak. We recommend you read
Loving, Great Sex
by Dr Rosie King and
Mars And
Venus In The Bedroom
by Dr John Gray. Both books
offer excellent technique
s and strategies for handling
sex drive differences. Most couples don't address these
differences and each expects the other to understand
their needs, but that's not how nature planned it.
Men and women have different sex drives, and most
couples experien
different times in their week, month and year. It may be
fashionable to suggest that modern men and women are
equally interested in sex, or that normal couples are
perfectly matched sexually, but that's not the way it is

in real life.
think, sex drive results from the cocktail of hormones
released by the brain. Testosterone is the main hormone
that creates the feeling we call sex drive and, as
discussed in Chapter 7, lo
ve is a combination of
chemical and electrical reactions. Those who think that
love is all in the mind are partially correct. For women,
the psychological factors such as trust, closeness and
overall well


hich the hormone cocktail is released by the
brain. Men can release this cocktail any time, any place.
Studies carried out on American University campuses
showed that when an attractive woman approaches a
man and asks him to go to bed with her, 75% say yes
whereas no women said yes when approached by an
attractive man.
Sex Drive and Stress
A woman's sex drive is significantly affected by events
in her life. If she hates her job, she has a really
demanding project at work, the mortgage repayments
have just
doubled, the kids are sick, she was drenched
in the rain or the dog ran away, sex will not even be a
consideration. All she can think about is going to bed
and sleeping.
When the same events happen to a man, he sees sex
as a sleeping pill
a way of releas
ing the built
tensions of the day. So, at the end of the day, he puts the
hard word on the woman, she calls him an insensitive
couch. Sound familiar? Interestingly, when men are
asked about the stat
e of their relationship they usually
discuss it in terms of their partner's personal services on
cooked him breakfast, ironed his shirt or massaged his
head. Women describe the condition of the relationship

based on recent events, for example, how attentive he's
been over the last few months, his helpfulness around
the house and how much he has communicated with
her. Most men don't understand this difference. He may
have been a perfect gentleman all day but
she refuses
sex because she's still unhappy that he insulted her
mother two weeks ago.


One remarkable study found that the level of criticism
and contempt displayed by a couple towards each other
bears a direct relation to the number of infectious disease
from which they would suffer over the next five years,
especially in the women. The higher the level of criticism,
the more prevalent and virulent the infections. The
reason for this is that heightened stress levels resulting
from arguments weakens the i
mmune system, making the
body more susceptible to disease and less able to cope.
How Much Sex Are We Having?
A survey of couples conducted in Australia in 2000
showed the average frequency of sex for couples. Those
who participated in the survey were chose
n at random
and it was conducted anonymously so it is likely re
spondents were telling the truth.


Frequency of Sex

148 times a year

110 times a year


78 times a year

61 times a year


61 times a year
Keep in mind that these are average
s. Some 65
olds go at it six times a week and some 20
have never had sex, but these are exceptions rather than
the rule. Interestingly, 81% of couples claimed to be
happy with their sex life which, assuming they were
telling the truth, means
have been taking place to make up for the excess of
men's sex drive. The percentage of couples who say
they have a satisfactory sex life in Western countries
usually runs at around 60%.


One American study found that all wh
ite men have
roughly the same amount of sex, Latin women have sex
more often than black or white women (who have about
the same amount), and black women are 50% more
likely than white women to reach orgasm every time
they have sex. Asian men were found to
be having the
least amount of sex which is consistent with their lower
testoterone levels.
Sex on the Brain

American Demographics
magazine reported the
findings of a group of researchers who surveyed over
sex drive and intelligence. They found that the cleverer
you are, the less sex you have, or want to have.
Intellectuals with postgraduate qualifications had sex
52 times a year compared to an average of 61 times for
ordinary graduates, while school leaver
times. Men with nine
five jobs had sex 48 times a
year, compared to 82 times for men working more
than 60 hours a week
increased testosterone
probably made the difference to both their work drive
and sex drive. Jazz enthusiasts have sex
34% more
than those who like pop, and classical enthusiasts have
the least sex.
A woman is most safe with a Chinese
man who loves classical music and

works part
beware of hardworking jazz pianists.


For men, testosterone comes in five
to seven waves a
day, and is highest at sunrise
any other time in the day
the day's hunting. On average, a man's testosterone is
30% lower in the evening when he's fire
'I woke up at 6 o'clo
ck one morning and my wife was
poking me in the back with a broom handle!', one man
told us after a lecture we had given. 'When I asked her
what she was doing, she said, "You try it for a change!"'
How Sex Improves Your Health
There is an overwhelming amou
is great for your health. Having an amorous interlude an
average of three times a week burns up 35,000 kilo
year. Sex increases your testosterone levels which fortify
your bones
and muscles and supply you with good cho
lesterol. Sex researcher Dr Beverley Whipple says,
'Endorphins, which are the body's natural pain killers,
are released during sex and are good for relieving
headache, whiplash and arthritis.'

The hormone DHEA (dehy
droepiandrosterone) is
also released just prior to orgasm, and improves
cognition, builds the immune system, inhibits tumour
growth and builds bones. In a woman, oxytocin, the
hormone that arouses the desire to be touched, is
released in large doses during
sex and her oestrogen
levels also increase. Dr Harold Bloomfield, in his book
The Power of Five,
women. The effect of all these hormones is to protect
heart an
less stress. The list of benefits for having a vibrant sex


Monogamy and Polygamy
Polygamy is where a man or woman has more than
one partner at one time. By now you may ha
the conclusion that the human species is not monoga
mous by nature. Certainly, during most of our
Some men think monogamy is
what furniture i
Monogamy means that one male is permanently paired
with one female, which is the natural state for a number
of animal species, such as foxes, geese and eagles.
Monogamous male and female animals are generally the
same physical size and paren
divided 50/50. In polygamous species, the males are
usually bigger, more colourful, more aggressive and have
minimal involvement in parenting. The males of polyga
mous animals mature sexually much later than the
females so that co
the older males and younger, inexperienced males who
are less likely to survive a fight. Human males fit the
physical specifications of polygamous species; it's no
wonder men have a constant battle to stay monogamous
Why Men Are Promiscuous

Where does marriage fit into the lifestyle of an animal
species that has a biologically promiscuous male?

Promiscuity is wired into a man's brain and is a legacy
of his evolutionary past. Throughout human history,
wars greatly dim
inished the numbers of men so it made


sense to add to the size of the tribe as often as possible.
lower than at the start. This meant that there was
always a large number of widows, so creating a harem
strategy for the tribe.

Giving birth to boys was seen as a wonderful event
because additional males were always needed to defend
the community. Girls were a disappointment because
the tribe invariably had an
way it was for hundreds of thousands of years. In
addition, modern man is still equipped with a large
hypothalamus and enormous amounts of testosterone
to fulfil his ancient urge to procreate. The reality is that
men, like
ost primates and other mammals, are not
The huge male
proof. Practically all pornography, erotic videos, prosti
tution and X
ng that while most men can live in a monoga
mous relationship, their brain
wiring demands polyga
mous mental stimulation. It has to be understood,
however, that in discussing men's urge to be promiscu
ous, we are talking about biological
men with an excuse for infidelity. We live today in a
our expectations and demands.
Human biolo
dangerously out of date.

doesn't mean that it's good for us. The brain circuitry


of a moth gives it an instinctive attraction towards
bright lights and this allows the moth to navigate at
night u
sing the stars and the moon. Unfortunately, the
modern moth is also living in a world that is dramati
cally different to the one in which it evolved. We now
have moth and mosquito zappers. By doing what is
natural and instinctive, the modern moth flies int
o the
zapper and is incinerated instantly. In understanding
their biological urges, modern men have a choice of
avoiding self
incineration as a result of doing what
comes naturally.
There's a small percentage of women who are as
promiscuous as men, but the
different to that of men. To be turned on sexually, the
brain circuitry of the nest
defending human female
responds to a range of criteria other than just the
promise of sex. Most women want a relationship or at
least the possibili
ty of some emotional connection
before they feel the desire for sex. Most men don't
realise that once a woman feels an emotional bond has
been created, she will happily bonk his brains out for
the next three to six months. With the exception of the
rare pe
the strongest urge for physical sex during ovulation
which can last several days or several hours.

If unrestrained, most men would fall into a bottom
less pit of mindless fornication to guarantee survival of
the t
ribe. A survey conducted by the American Health
Institute showed that 82% of boys aged 16
19 said
they liked the idea of participating in an orgy with
strangers, while only two percent of girls felt the same.
The rest found the idea appalling.

A woman want
she loves. A man wants lots of sex.


The Rooster Effect
A rooster is a very randy male bird which can copulate
with hens almost incessantly, more than 60 times in a
given mating. He cannot, however, mate with the same
hen more th
an five times in one day. By the sixth time,
he is presented with a new hen, he can mount her with
the same enthusiasm he did with the first. This is
known as the 'Rooster Effect'.

A bull will lose
interest after copulating seven times
with the same cow but can be fired up again by the intro
duction of a new one. By the time he reaches the tenth
new cow, he is still giving an impressive performance.
A ram will not mount the same ewe more than five
imes, but can continue to mount new ewes with
tremendous zeal. Even when the ram's former sexual
partners are disguised with perfume or bags over their
heads, the ram still cannot perform. You just can't fool
them. This is nature's way of ensuring that the
seed is spread as widely as possible in order to achieve
the highest number of conceptions and ensure the
survival of that species.
Men give their penis a name because
they don't want a stranger making

99% of their decisions for them.
For healthy
oung men, that number is also around
five. On a good day, he can have sex with the same
woman five times but will usually fail to give a sixth
encore. Introduce a new female however, and, like
roosters and bulls, his interest (along with parts of his
my) can rapidly rise.


Male sex urge is so strong that Dr Patrick Carnes of
the Sexual Recovery Institute in Los Angeles estimates
that up to eight percent of men are addicted to sex,
compared to less than three percent of women.
Why Men Want Women to Dres
s Like
Tarts (but never in public)
a man is pre
wired to seek out and mate with as many
healthy females as possible. This is why men love
novelty factors like sexy lingerie in a monogamous rela
Unlike other mammals, men can fool them
selves into believing they have a harem of different
women by dressing their partners in a range of sexy
clothing and lingerie. It is, in effect, his version of
fferent appearances. Most women know the effect
lingerie has on men although few understand why it is
so powerful.
Every Christmas the lingerie sections of department
stores are full of men sheepishly skulking around
trying to find a sexy gift for their pa
those women are standing in line at the refunds
counter in the same store. 'This is just not me,' they
say, 'he wants me to dress up like a hooker!' The
hooker is, however, a professional sex seller who has
sale. One American study has shown that women who
more faithful men than women who prefer white
cotton underwear. This is just one way that a man's
mous relationship.


Minute Wonders
From a cold start to orgasm, a healthy man's average
time is around two
half minutes. For a healthy
woman, the same average is 13 minutes. For most
mammals, copulation is a fas
t affair because when they
vulnerable to attack from predators. The quickie was
Nature's way of preserving the species.

'You're a lousy lover!' she said. 'How can
you tell that in two minutes?' he asked.

Depending on age, health and mood, many men can
have sex several times a day, sustaining an erection for
varying lengths of time. This is much more impressive
merely ten and 20 seconds, and gives just f
our to eight
pelvic thrusts per mating, but pales into insignificance
against the wild rat, which has been recorded mating
up to 400 times in a ten
the animal kingdom goes to the Shaw's mouse, which
holds the current sexual
record of more than 100
matings per hour.
'It takes a lot of balls to do that!' This is a common
expression that highlights how we unconsciously
assertiveness. Right across the animal world
relative to the owner's overall body mass
is the
size is not necessarily related to body size, however. A


gorilla, for example, weighs four times more than a
chimpanzee but a chimp's
testicles are four times
heavier than a gorilla's. A sparrow's testicles are eight
times larger, relative to its body mass, than an eagle's
testicles, making the sparrow one of the randiest little
The African Bonobo chimpanzee has the largest
testicles of all primates and has sex incessantly with
every female in sight, but the mighty gorilla, with his
relatively small balls, would be lucky to have sex
a year, even though he has his own harem. On the
testicle/body mass ratio, human males have balls that
are an average size for primates. This means that men
produce enough testosterone to encourage them to be
promiscuous, but little enough to be kept
mous with strict rules enforced by women, religion or
In light of all this, it would make sense if political
leaders like Bill Clinton, John F. Kennedy, Winston
Churchill and Saddam Hussein had larger than average
check. It also follows that their sex drive would then be
correspondingly much higher than the average man's
tions of power
and then expects them to behave with as much sexual
restraint as a neutered cat. The reality is that high sex
ironically, see them turfed them out again.
Ray plays his wedding video backw
says it's so he can see himself
walk out
of church, a free man.


There may soon be a solution to the philandering urges
of males. In 1999, Drs Larry Young and Thomas Insel of
Emory University in Atlanta, carried out studies on two
groups of rodents
of vole: monogamous prairie voles and their polygamous
cousins, the montane vole, which share 99% of the same
genes. In
Magazine, Young and Insel described
how they took the gene (called the vasopressin receptor
gene) that plays a role in male behaviours, including
aggression, communication, sexual activity, and social
memory, from a monogamous vole and inserted it into
the polygamous vole. They discovered that the resulting
'new mice' formed close relationships
ith females and
behaved in many other monogamous ways.

There is only one guaranteed solution to the problem
of male infidelity
castration. Not only would a man
be monogamous, he wouldn't have to shave much, he
wouldn't go bald and he'd live longer. Studi
mental institutions show that castrated men live to an
average age of 69, while men left intact with testos
terone coursing through their bodies only live to 56.
The same principle applies to your cat.
We can also expect future generations of
men to be
much less potent than modern men. Testicle size and
sperm production have been steadily decreasing for
generations. Evidence shows that our male ancestors
had much larger balls than modern men and, compared
to other primates, men produce signific
antly smaller
amounts of sperm per gram of tissue than their gorilla
or chimp cousins. The average sperm count of men is
now approximately half that of men in the 1940s so we
are now producing males who are less masculine than
their grandfathers.


Balls Ha

Dr Robin Baker from the School of Biological Sciences
at the University of Manchester conducted some remark
able research that showed a man's brain can uncon
sciously sense from a woman's behaviour when her
ovulation stage has arrived. His bo
releases the exact amount of sperm required at any given
moment to create the greatest chance of conception. For
example, if a couple is having sex every day, around the
woman's ovulation time his body may release 100
million sperm p
er session. If he hasn't seen her for three
days, his body will release 300 million sperm in a
session, and 500 million if he has not seen her for five
other women. Based on biological calculations by hi
brain, his body releases just enough to do the job of con
may be present.
Men and Ogling

Men are stimulated through their eyes, women through
their ears. Men's brains are wired to look at female
impact on them. Women, with their greater range of
words. A woman's sensitivity to hearing wonderful
compliments is so strong, many women even close their
Miss Universe contests command large audiences of
both men and women but television polls show there
are more male viewers than female. This is because men
are attracted to the female form and these contests are


Universe contests appeal to almost no
one and are
rarely televised. This is because neither men or women
are interested in the passive male form because the
attractiveness of a man usually depends on his sk
and physical prowess.
mainly by men, but Mr Universe
contests turn nobody on.
When a woman with a nice body walks by, a man,
lacking as he does good peripheral vision, turns his
head to look and goes into a tranc
like state. His
blinking ceases and saliva fills his mouth, a reaction
described by women as 'drooling'. If a couple are
the woman's short
range perip
spot the woman before the man does. She'll make quick
the man eventually spots her he receives a negative
reaction from his wo
man for ogling. A woman will
usually have two negative thoughts in this situation:
firstly, she mistakenly thinks that the man may prefer to
be with the other woman than with her and, secondly,
that she is not as physically attractive as the other
en are attracted visually to curves, leg
lengths, and shapes.
woman with the right shape
and proportions will catch his attention.
Men prefer looks to brains because most


It doesn't mean that the man immediately
wants to race
the other woman off to bed, but it is a reminder to him
that he is masculine and his evolutionary role is to look
for opportunities to increase the size of the tribe. After
all, he doesn't even know the other woman and could
not realisticall
y be thinking about a long
ship with her. This same principle applies to a man
looking at the centrefold in a men's magazine. When he
looks at the naked woman, he doesn't wonder if she has
a nice personality, can cook or play the piano. He lo
at the shapes, curves and her physical equipment
that's all. For him it's not much different to admiring a
leg of ham hanging in a shop window. We are not
making excuses for the rude, blatant ogling that some
men do; we're simply explaining that if a
caught ogling, it doesn't mean he doesn't love his
note that in a public place like the beach or swimming
pool, studies show that women ogle more than men.
What Men Need to Do
One of the best compliments a man can pay a woman is
not to 'ogle' inappropriately at another female, particu
larly in public, but to give his partner a simultaneous
compliment. For example, 'Sur
e, she's got great legs, but
not in the same league as you, darling.' When this type
of complimentary approach is used in the presence of
other people, especially her friends, it pays big dividend
to the man with the courage to try it. Women need to
understand that a man is biologically compelled to look
at certain female shapes and curves, and that they


shouldn't feel threatened by it. An easy way for a
woman to take the pressure off a man is fo
the other woman first and make the first comment. A
man also needs to understand that no woman appreci
ates inappropriate ogling.
What We Really Want, Long
This chart is of a survey of more than 15,000 men and
women aged 17
60 which sh
ows, in order of impor
tance, what women are looking for in a long
sexual partner and what men

What Women Look For
What Men Think

Women Look For



1. Personality



2. Good body

3. Humour


4. Sensi
Good body
5. Good looks
This study shows that men have a reasonable under
standing of what a woman wants in a man. Men placed
'Good body' high on list B but this was not high on a
woman's criteria list. And 15% of men believed that
having a large pe
only two percent of women said that it mattered. Some
men are so convinced that penis size is critical that
penis extension equipment is now sold in sex shops and
magazines everywhere.
sexual partner and what women


What Men Look For

What Women Think

Men Look For

1. Good looks


Good looks

2. Good body


3. Breasts


4. Bum

Good body

5. Personality

As you can see, women are considerably
ess aware of
men's criteria for a long
women base their assumptions on the behavioural traits
they see or hear in men
List A is both a short
what a women wan
different. List D is what a man looks for when he first
the long

Why Men Want 'Just One Thing'
Men want sex; women want love. This has been
known for thous
what to do about it, is rarely a topic of conversation.
It is a major source of complaint and argument
want in a man and they will normally say they like a
man with broad
houlders, a small waist, and good
arms and legs
wrestle large animals
plus he must be caring, gentle
and sensitive to her needs, and a good conversational
ist, which are all female attributes. Unfortunately for
and female values is usually found only in gay or
effeminate men.


A man needs to be trained in the art of pleasuring a
woman as it does not come naturally to him. He's a
fight enemies. At the end of the day, he just wants to
gaze and give a few pelvic thrusts to keep his tribe
populated. For a woman to feel the desire for sex she
needs to feel loved, adored and significant. Now here's
the twist that most peopl
Unfortunately, a woman needs him to do that first
before she's turned on to sex. A man is wired to hunt.
His body is conditioned to do this regardless of
freezing, icy,
ot or sweltering conditions. His skin is
desensitised so that he is not handicapped by injuries,
burns or chills. Historically, a man's world was full of
fighting and death
there was no place for sensitivity
to others' needs, communications or feelings.
To spend
time communicating or expressing compassion meant a
man would lose concentration and leave the tribe open
to attack. A woman needs to understand that this is the
biology with which modern males are saddled, and
devise appropriate strategies to dea
l with it.
Women are taught by their mothers that men want
'just one thing'
The sexual priorities of men and women are so
opposite that it makes no sense for
either to chastise the
other. Neither one can help it; it's just the way they
were made. Besides, being opposites is one of the things
that attract. It's only in two gay male or female partners
that sexual desires are usually the same, which is why
ual men and women don't have the love/sex


Why Sex Suddenly Stops

The person who first said that the way to a man's heart
is through his stomach was aiming too high. After a
man has had great sex, his softer, feminine si
emerges. He can hear birds singing, is struck by the
colours of the trees, can smell the flowers and is
touched by the words of a song. Before sex, he
probably only noticed the birds because of the mess
they made on his car. But a man needs to understan
this after
sex side is the one that a woman loves to see
and finds wonderfully seductive. If he can practise
feeling this way, he'll be able to turn the woman on
before having sex. At the same time, a woman needs to
understand the importance of giving gr
eat sex to a man
so she can glimpse this softer side and explain how
alluring she finds it.

At the beginning of a new relationship, sex is always
great and there is plenty of love. She gives him plenty of
sex and he gives her plenty of love, and one thing
the other. After a few years, however, the man becomes
chasing and the woman with
simultaneously. Men and women are equally responsi
each often blames the other when things don't go well.
Men need to understand that a woman needs attention,
praise, pampering and lots of time before she heats her
electric oven. Women have to remember that these are
the feelings men are mo
re likely to express
session of great sex. A man should remember how he
felt after sex, and relive these feelings with a woman
when he wants sex next time. A woman should be
prepared to help him.

The key here is sex. For when sex is great, the whol
relationship dramatically improves.


How To Satisfy A Woman Every Time:
Caress, praise, pamper, relish, savour, massage, fix
things, empathise, serenade, compliment, support,
feed, soothe, tantalise, humour, placate, stimulate,
stroke, console, hug, igno
re fat bits, cuddle, excite,
pacify, protect, phone, anticipate, smooch, nuzzle,
forgive, accessorise, entertain, charm, carry for,
oblige, fascinate, attend to, trust, defend, clothe,
brag about, sanctify, acknowledge, spoil, embrace,
die for, dream of, t
ease, gratify, squeeze, indulge,
idolise, worship.
How To Satisfy A Man Every Time:
Arrive naked.
What Men Want From Sex
For men this is simple: the release of built
orgasm. After sex a man weighs less (some say it's
because his brain is empt
y) because he has lost a part of
his body and he needs rest to recover. This is why men
often fall asleep after sex. A woman may become angry
about this and feel that he is selfish or doesn't care
about her needs.
Men also use sex to express physically wha
express emotionally. If a man has a problem such as
how he'll find a new job, pay the overdraft or resolve a
dispute, he's likely to use sex to relieve the intensity of
his emotions. Women usually don't understand this and
become resentful at
being 'used', missing the point that
the man had a problem he couldn't deal with.


Men fantasise about having sex with

two women. Women fantasise about
it too
so that they'll have someone
to talk to when he falls asleep.
There are few problems a man can
have that great sex
won't fix. Tests show that a man who has a pent
need for sex has difficulty hearing, thinking, driving or
operating heavy machinery. He also suffers a form of
distortion where 3 minutes feels like 15. If a
woman wants an intelli
gent decision from a man she's
What Women Want From Sex
For a man to feel fulfilled through sex, he needs the
release of tension. A woman has the opposite need: she
needs to feel the build
tension over a longer period
of time with her prerequisite of lots of attention and talk.
He wants to empty; she wants to fill up. Understanding
this difference makes men more caring lovers. Most
women need at least 30 minutes of foreplay before they
are r
eady for sex. Men need at least 30 seconds, and
most consider driving back to her place as foreplay.
Adam came first

After sex, a woman is high on hormones and is ready
to take on the world. She wants to touch, cuddle and
talk. A man,


coffee. This is because a man needs to feel in control of
himself at all times and, during orgasm, he temporarily
him to regain that command.
Why Men Don't Talk During Sex
Most men can only do one thing at a time. When a man
has an erection he finds it difficult to speak, hear or
drive, and this is why men rarely ta
lk much during sex.
monitor his progress. Men love to hear women talk
'dirty' about what she can and will do for him
sex, not during. A man may experience a
loss of direction (and erec
tion) when a woman talks to
him during sex. During sex, a man uses his right brain,
and brain scans show that he's so intent on what he is
doing, he's virtually deaf.
For a man to talk during sex, he needs

to switch to his left brain. A woman
can multi
For a woman, talk is a crucial part of foreplay because
words are all
important to her. If during sex, a man
stops talking, a woman may think he isn't interested in
her. A man needs to practise lots of love talk during
foreplay to fulfil
needs to stop talking during sex, and just use vocal
sounds to keep a man interested
'aaahs' give a man the positive feedback he needs to
achieve fulfilment. If a woman talks during sex, a man
s obliged to respond and the moment can be lost.


A woman's brain is not pre
wired to respond to the
chemicals of sex drive as dramatically as a man's brain.
During sex, a woman is acutely aware of outside
sounds or environmental changes, but a man will be
totally focused and undistracted. This is a woman's
ancient nest
toring sounds to make sure nothing is sneaking up to
steal her offspring. As many men have found, trying to
entice a woman to make love in an open
rea, or in a
room with thin walls or unlocked doors can be a great
way to start an argument. It also throws light on why
sex in a public place.

The Orgasm Objective
'She just uses me whenever she wa
about me. I hate being a sex object!' These words have
been uttered by any man. A man's criterion for
fulfilment is orgasm and he mistakenly assumes that it
is also a woman's. 'How could she possibly feel fulfilled
without orgasm
?' he wonders. A man can't imagine
such a situation for himself and so he uses a woman's
orgasm as the measure of his own success as a lover.
This expectation puts enormous pressure on women to
perform and actually reduces their chances of orgasm.
A woman
needs the feelings of closeness and warmth
and the build
up of tension for great sex, and she
usually sees orgasm as an extra
man always needs orgasm, but a woman does not. Men
see women as their sexual mirrors and spend ages
and thrusting away, thinking that's what she
really wants. Look at the next chart and study the
peaks and troughs of a woman's sex drive throughout
the year. The peaks are when she is most likely to want


an orgasm
around the time of ovulation
and the

troughs are where she needs lots of cuddles and non
sexual touching.You will notice that a woman's desire
for sex is highest in the autumn. This means more
babies will be born in the summer giving them a greater
chance of survival due to warmer temperatur
more plentiful food.

Male and female sex drives
A common fantasy for most men is a sensuous, unknown
woman coming on to him and finding him irresistible.
He satisfies her every need
every need. A man's
measurement of his prowess as a lover i
s directly related
level of satisfaction and so he constantly monitors
her reactions to see how well he's doing.
Men don't fake orgasm
pull a face like that on purpose.
Most men do not have the ability to sense a woman's
eelings and emotions during sex which is
another reason why her orgasm is so important to him.
It proves to him he must have done a good job, he


achieved a result. Most men never understand that
compulsory orgasm is a man's criterion for success; it's
an added bonus, not a measurement.
What Turns Us On?
Here is a list of the top turn
ons for both sexes,
showing how men and women do not understand each
others' sexual needs. The list of preferences is a di
visual and want sex. Women are auditory and feeling
and want touch and romance.
Women's Turn

Men's Turn
1. Pornography



2. Female nudity





4. Lingerie



5. Her availability

A man's biological job is to find as many healthy
females as possible and help them conceive. A woman's
biological role is to bear children and find a partner
who will stick around long enough to ra
ise them. For
both, these ancient forces are driving them on, despite
living in an age in which procreation for survival is no
longer relevant. This is why commitment is such a turn
on for women, with romance containing the subtle
promise of a man's readin
This is why women need monogamy, and we'll discuss
this in the next chapter.

For a woman to criticise a man's need for visual stim
ulation is like a man criticising a woman for wanting to
talk or go out to dinner. The answe
r is to have both.


The things that turn men on are often described as
dirty, disgusting, crude or perverted, particularly by
women. Overall, women are not aroused by the items
on a man's turn
the items on a woman's list.
The public generally glorifies women's turn
ons in
movies, books and advertisements, and condemns
men's as pornographic or crude. From a biological
standpoint, however, each needs these factors to feel
aroused. Public criticism
of men's turn
ons is what
drives men to hide their
magazines and deny
unfulfilled and many feel guilt or resentment. When a
man and a woman understand the history and
evolution of their desires,
it makes it easier to under
stand and accept, without anger, resentment or guilt.
No person should do anything they do not feel com
fortable with but having an open discussion about
each others' needs can help to enhance a more loving
relationship. A man
lso needs to understand that it
takes less effort for him to organise a romantic dinner
or weekend away than it is for a woman to dress in
suspenders and swing from a chandelier.
The Aphrodisiac Myth

Of the hundreds of popularised aphrodisiacs around,
work on what is called the placebo effect
if you
think it will work, it probably will. Some so
called aphrodisiacs can even help inhibit or
constrain sexual desire, particularly when they irritate
the kidneys


aphrodisiacs guaranteed to work are those on the list
of what turns us on.
Men and Their Pornography

Men love pornography and women don't. For men, it
appeals to their biological urges by showing clear
images of sh
as showing the domination of women by insensitive
men. There has been no evidence to prove a connection
be psychologically damaging to men and women
simply becau
se it shows men hung like donkeys who
can keep thrusting mindlessly for hours. This can sig
nificantly affect the expectations a man has about his
own performance.
What's the difference

Erotic is when you use a feather.
Kinky is w
hen you use the

whole chicken.
Pornography also implies that women have the same
visual and physical arousal criteria as men, and that a
woman's sex drive is as strong as or higher than a
Showing them b
eing treated as sex objects and having a
totally unrealistic hunger for physical sex can damage a
woman's self
olds show that 50% of men feel that their sex life is not


as good as that portrayed in movies, TV and
gazines, 62% of women feel their sex life is as good
are more affected by their performance expectations
than women.
Are There Female Sex Maniacs?

If aliens from outer space landed on Earth and survey
a selection of our men's and women's magazines, books
and movies, they would quickly reach the conclusion
that human females are a highly sexed lot who are all
then read or watched the kind of porn
routinely produce, they would be convinced that women
any man under nearly any circumstances. This is the
image that modern women have been expected to live
up to by the media. In reality,
the voracious female sex
maniac is a figment of most men's imaginations and
accounts for less than one percent of all women. A
modern woman now has difficulty believing a man who
tells her that he likes the way she looks when she's
naked. This fantasy imag
e usually only affects modern
men and women because their parents and grandparents
were never exposed to this idea of a woman possessing
a man's sex drive. Many women, however, feel
abnormal or even frigid because they don't measure up
to these media image
s. Men have been coaxed into
believing that women now have high sex drives and this
makes men feel angry or frustrated when women don't
initiate sex often enough. With magazine article
headlines like, 'Become multi
'How to bed a Eu
going for hours', 'I had 300 lovers in three years!' and


'How to keep him hard all night', it's no wonder that
men and women are befuddled into thinking that
women have only sex on their minds.
The women's movement fr

modern women's attitudes to
their sexuality, but it did not
increase their basic urge to have sex.

Women's sex drive has probably remained the same for
thousands of years and all that has changed is that it is
now open for discussion. The sex drive of
a modern
woman is probably no different to that of her mother
or grandmother, but the older generation of women
suppressed it and certainly didn't discuss it. Before the
Pill arrived, sexual frustration must have been a good
deal higher. But certainly not
as high as the media today
would have us believe.

Lights Off or On?

As we now know, men are visual when it comes to sex.
They want to see shapes, curves, nudes, pornography.
Kinsey found that 76% of men said they wanted sex
with the lights on, compared to
only 36% of women.
Overall, women are not stimulated by nudity unless it
is a nude couple in a romantic or suggestive scene.
When a man sees a woman naked he becomes highly
stimulated and aroused. When a woman sees a man
naked, she usually bursts into laug
Women love words and feelings. They prefer sex with
the lights down or off or with their eyes closed, as this


perfectly suits a woman's finely tuned sensory
equipment. Gentle stroking, sensual touches and whis
male centrefolds come and go as women's magazines try
to persuade us that women's attitudes to nudity are now
the same as men's. These centrefolds vanish just as
quickly as they appear, but it has been shown that they
increase overall readersh
Most women prefer sex with the
lights out
a man enjoying himself.
Men like sex with the lights on

All attempts at selling porn to women have failed
although, during the late
1990s, there was an increase
in the sale of semi
ended up outstripping the sales of female nude
calendars. The buyers of nude male calenders have been
shown to fall into three categories
want pictures
of their favourite movie or rock star,
women who want it as a humorous joke for one of their
friends, and gay men.



'...I want openness, honesty,
relationship. I'm not into men who want to play games


bonding, that is, one man
one woman, has
been the general living concept for humans for a
long time. It was usually an arrangement where a
kept his favourite female and, if he could afford to
them, several other females, plus a range of
criminate sexual encounters on the side.

Modern marriage was an invention of Judeo
Christian ideals and was a subtle form of recruitment. By
demanding obedience to a God, the offspring of the
e would automatically be born into the parents'
religion. Whenever any human activity, however, is sur
rounded by elaborate rituals and public declarations, it is
usually contrary to our biology and is intended to make
them to 'marry'
it is their natural biological state. To
insist that a polygamous animal like a ram agrees to a
contract of marriage to a single ewe is equally ridiculous.
This is not to
to understand its history and its relation to our biology.
Marriage has its good side. It teaches you
loyalty, forbearance, tolerance, self
restraint, and o
ther valuable qualities
wouldn't need if you stayed single.



So, what's the advantage of marriage to men? In basic
evolutionary terms, nothing. A man is like a rooster
possible and as often as he ca
still marry, and divorced men remarry or live in pseudo
to restrain biologically promiscuous men.

Sex is the price women pay for marriage.
Marriage is the price men pay for
When asked, 'What can marriage offer you?', most men
refuge, having their food cooked for them, their clothes
and a personal servant. Psychoanalyst
Sigmund Freud
said such men probably have a mother/son relationship
with their wives. Only 22% of men mention their
female partner as their best friend. The best friend of
most men is usually another man, because they under
stand each other's thought proce
'Who's your best friend?' 86% of women said it was
another woman, in other words, someone with similar

When men walk down the aisle, many see it as the
beginning of an endless supply of sex
this expectation, n
ever discussed
marriage, is not
how women see it. Surveys do reveal, however, that
married men have more sex than single men, with
times a week, whereas only half the single men have
that much. The
single man's average is less than once a
week. In 1999 in Australia 20% of single men did not
have sex in the year of the survey and three per cent of
married men also missed out. As we've already


discussed, sex is marvellous for overall health.
premature death rate than married men.
a toothless tiger from a legal standpoint, it is still the
ambition of most women and 91% of people still
married. This is because, for a woman, marriage is a
declaration to the world that a man regards her as
'special' and intends to have a monogamous relation
ship with her. This feeling of being 'special' has a
dramatic effect on the chemical action in
a woman's
brain which is evidenced by research showing that a
woman's orgasm rate is four to five times higher in a
marital bed and two to three times higher in a monog
amous relationship.
There is a feeling among older people that the young
think marriage
is an outdated institution. A survey in
1998 of 2,344 male and female college students aged
to be the case. When asked about commitment,
of women, compared to 70% of men, said they would
ome day. Only 5% of men and 2% of women
Friendships were found to be more important than
sexual relationships for 92% of both sexes. When it
came to the notion of being married to one person for
the rest of their lives, 86% of
omen liked the idea,
compared to 75% of men. Only 35% of couples felt
parents' generation. Fidelity was a high priority on
women's lists, with 44% of the under
30s saying they
would end a relationsh
ip if a man was unfaithful, a


figure that dropped to 32% among women in their 30s.
Of women in their 40s, 28% said they'd end it, while
only 11% of women in their 60s felt the same. This all
shows that the younger a woman is, the tougher she
will be on a
straying man, and the more important
fidelity and monogamy are to her value system.

This is a difference that most men never understand.
The majority believe having the odd fling will not affect
their relationship because men have little problem sep
however, sex and love are intertwined. A sexual liaison
with another woman can be seen as the ultimate
If marriage fails as often as it does, why do so many
our families or friends, and have lovers when the mood
takes us? There are two answers. Firstly, happy stable
marriages continue to be the most reliable way to bring
up happy, healthy children. Secondly,
marriage can
have an enormous soothing effect. In a world where life
is lived at breakneck speed, marriage at its best can
function like a port in a storm, a place to rest and recu
perate from the stresses which face us every day
place to relax and be,
both literally and psychological
'at home'.

Why Men Avoid Commitment
A man who is married or in a long
more sex and more fun. He imagines wild singles
parties, adventurous, commit
Jacuzzis full of naked supermodels. He fears opportuni
is passing right by him, and he's missing out com
It doesn't matter that, when he was single, such


opportunities never presented themselves anyway. He
baked beans out of a can, the humiliating rebuffs from
women in front of friends at parties and the long
periods without sex. He just can't help worrying that
commitment equals missing out.
Men want to wait for the
Where is Love in the Brain?
In June 2000, Professor Semin Zeki and Andrew
Bartela at University College, London scanned the
brains of 11 female and 6 male volunteers who all
described themselves as 'madly
in love' and had fallen
in love within the past 6 to 12 months. They were
shown alternating pictures of their lover plus pictures
of friends of the same sex. The scientists found that
seeing a lover activated 4 specific regions of the brain.
Two areas lay
in the cerebral cortex, the more advanced
part of the brain. These were the medial insula, which
is thought to be responsible for 'gut feelings' and part
of the interior (cingulate), which is known to respond
to euphoria
and more primitive basal (ganglin) region of the brain
were involved in finding experiences rewarding and
play a role in addiction.

This research explains why when we are in love
we are often in an euphoric, drug
like state and don't
American anthropologist Dr Helen Fisher of Rutgers
University, New Jersey, has also been carrying out pio
neering work using brain scans in order to locate the


position of love in the brain. While her research is still
in the preliminary stages, she has
located three types of
emotion in the brain: lust, infatuation and attachment.
Each emotion has its own specific brain chemistry
which lights up the brain when its owner is attracted to
someone. In biological terms, these three components
of love have evol
ved to serve the vital function of
ensuring reproduction. Once conception has occurred,
the system deactivates itself and the love process stops.
The first stage, lust, is the physical and non
verbal attraction previously discussed. Fisher says,
on is a stage where a person keeps popping
ignores their bad habits.'

Infatuation is the brain's attempt to form a bond with
a potential partner
and it is an emotion so powerful
that it can cause incredible euphoria. If someone is
rejected it can also cause extraordinary despair and can
lead to obsession. In extreme cases, it can even end in
murder. At the infatuation stage, several powerful brain
chemicals are released which cause feelings of elation.
Dopamine gives the feeling of well
lamine increases excitement levels, serotonin creates a
sense of emotional stability and norepinephrine induces
the feeling that you can achieve an
is someone who becomes addicted to the hormonal
cocktail of the infatuation stage and wants to stay per
manently high. But infatuation is a temporary feeling
lasting, on average, from 3 to 12 months, when most
people mistakenly define
it as love. It is, in fact, a bio
logical trick by nature to guarantee that a man and a
The danger of this stage is that lovers believe their sex
drives are perfectly matched, but only because they are


reveal themselves only after the infatuation stage ends
or the attachment stage begins.

Infatuation is nature's biological
trick to guarantee that a man
and a woman are thrown
When reality finally takes over from infatuation, either
one or both of the partners will reject the other, or the
third stage, attachment, will kick in, with its focus on
building a co
operative bond that will last long enough
to raise childr
en. With more research and the rapid
technological advancement in brain scanners, Fisher
expects soon to have a formula for understanding the
brain locations for love and emotions in both men and
women. Understanding these three stages can make it
o deal with the infatuation stage and to be
prepared for its possible downside.

Love: Why Men Fall In and Women Fall Out
Love is said to be confusing, and this is especially true for
men. Men are fuelled to the eyeballs with testosterone
which leads them e
asily into the lust phase of falling in
love. During the infatuation stage, men are so fired up on
testosterone that most can't tell which way is up, down
or sideways. Reality, when it hits home, can hit especial
hard. The woman who was so exciting at m
night might not seem anywhere near as attractive
morning when the sun rises
and not all that intel
either. But because the centres for emotion and


she's not out of control on
partner for her. This is why most relationships are ended
by women and why so many men are confused about
what happened. Women are gentle in separation even
when they are
him, some women will finish by drawing a happy face or
saying they will always love him.

Why Men Can't Say'I Love You'
Saying 'I love you' is never a problem for a woman. A
woman's brain
wiring makes her world full of
emotions, communication and words. A woman knows
that when she feels warm, wanted and adored and is in
the attachment stage, she's probably in love, but a man
is not exactly sure what love is and he's likely to
confuse lust and infatuation with
love. All he knows is
that he can't keep his hands off her so ... maybe that's
love? His brain is blinded by testosterone, he has a
constant erection and he can't think straight. It's often
not until years after a relationship begins that a man
Women recognise when love does not exist and that's
why most relationships are ended by women.
Women recognise when love doesn't
exist. That's why they're much more

proactive in finishing relationships.

Many me
n are commitment
phobes. They are scared
that saying the 'L' word commits them for the rest of


their lives and spells the end of any chance of naked
supermodels in Jacuzzis. When a man eventually crosses
the line by saying it, he then wants to tell everyo
everywhere. Most men, however, do not notice the
increase in a woman's orgasm rate after he has said the
How Men Can Separate Love from Sex

The happily married woman who has an affair is rare,
but the happily married male wanderer is common.
More than 90% of affairs are initiated by men but
more than 80% are ended by women. This is because
when a woman begins to realise that the affair has no
lasting emotional promise and will only be physical, she
wants out. A man's brain, with its ability to
love from sex and deal with each item separately
one thing at a time. He's therefore often happy with just
a good physical relationship
that's taken all his
attention. It is still unclear
xactly where love is
situated in the brain, but research indicates that a
her love centre and her sex centre (the hypothalamus),
and the love centre needs to be activated before her sex
centre can be switc
hed on. Men do not appear to have
these connections and so they can deal with sex or love
separately. For a man, sex is sex and love is love, and
The first question a woman will ask a man who has
been caught having an affair
is, 'Do you love the
woman?' The man who answers, 'No, it was only
physical, it didn't mean anything,' is likely to be telling
the truth, because he can separate sex from love. A
woman's brain is not wired to understand or accept this


answer and this is
why many women find it difficult to
believe a man who says it meant nothing, because, for
her, sex equals love. In a woman's mind, it is not the
physical act of sex with the other woman that affects her
as much as the violation of the emotional contract an
trust she had in him. If a woman has an affair and says it
didn't mean anything, she's probably lying. For a woman
to cross the line to having sex, she would have already
had to establish an emotional bond with the new man.

For women, love and sex are in
One equals the other.
When Women Make Love, Men Have Sex

An old adage holds that making love is what a woman
does while a man is bonking her. What it actually is,
where. A man will call sex 's
ex' but a woman is likely
to react negatively to the word as it is not, by her defi
nition, the way it is. A woman 'makes love', meaning
that she needs to feel loved and have loving feelings
before she wants to have sex. To most women the act
of 'sex' is
enerally seen as a loveless, gratuitous act
because the wiring of a female brain does not identify
with this definition.

physical sex, but this doesn't mean he doesn't love his
woman. When a man wants to 'make
love', he is still
likely to call it 'sex'. This can have negative effects on a
woman, but to use the expression 'make love' can make
many men feel that they are being phoney or conning
woman claims a man i


her?' women ask. 'You don't even like her!'
Emotionally, men and women do seem to inhabit
lack of moral fibre.
The bit of the brain that handles
our emotions
the limbic system
has two parts.
There is the old part (temporal limbic) which is the bit
that deals with sex and violence, and a newer part
(gyrus cinguli) which is more linked into thinking and
. Male brains are more active in the old part
and are more tuned for action and women's brains are
active in the newer part for 'symbolic emotional
responses.' When men and women understand each
other's perspective and agree not to judge each other's
in the relationship.

Why Great Partners Look Attractive

Studies at the Kinsey Institute reveal that during love
making a man's perception of his woman is related to
the depth of his intimate feelings for
her. This means
that he rates her higher on the physical attractiveness
scale if he's madly in love with her, even if others feel
that, when she's naked, she'd look more like the
Michelin Man. He rates her lower in attractiveness if he
does not particularl
y care for her, even though she may
be physically stunning. When a man is turned on by a
woman, the size of her thighs becomes irrelevant. In
fact, they're perfect. This demonstrates that while a
woman's physical attractiveness rates highly in initial
accounts for a significant part of her attractiveness in
the long
term and this is confirmed by the surveys of
'what we look for' in Chapter 9. This is not the case


with a man's attractiveness to a woman, however
. This
has been illustrated by some interesting studies carried
out in singles bars. Researchers found that the later the
hour, the more attractive the available women looked
to the unattached men. A woman who was rated by the
men as a five out of ten at
pm, was rated seven by
10.30pm, and eight
half at midnight, with
alcohol levels enhancing the scores. With women,
however, a man who rated a five at 7pm was still given
the same mark at midnight.

For a woman, a man who rates
five at 7pm still rates
score at midnight, regardless
how much she's had to drink.
Alcohol did not increase his attractiveness rating and,
in some cases, it even decreased his rating. Women still
evaluate a man's viability as a partner by his personal
less of the hour or the amount of alcohol consumed.
Men increase a woman's attractiveness rating relative
professional sperm donor.

Do Opposites Attract?
are drawn to people with similar values, interests,
attitudes and perceptions, and these are people with
whom we instantly 'click'. Subsequent studies showed
that lovers have a greater chance of a long


tionship under these conditions. Too many similarities,
however, can also become boring. We need just enough
difference to make it interesting and to complement our
with our lifestyles. A qui
attracted to an outgoing woman and a woman who is
a worrier may zero in on a relaxed, laid

Physical Opposites Attract
Look at any study or survey of what attracts us physi
cally to the opposite sex and you'll fin
d that we prefer
opposite physical features to our own. Men prefer
women with softness and curves where men have
firmness and flat areas. Men prefer women with wide
hips, narrow waists, long legs and round chests
attributes they will never possess.
e prefers smaller
chins and noses and a flat stomach, too, as he will
normally have the opposite.

Women also prefer the opposite in men, including
wider shoulders, narrower hips, thicker legs and arms,
esting exceptions. Some studies, for example, have found
that men who don't drink alcohol prefer women with
small breasts, women with large breasts prefer men with
small noses, and men with large noses usually hang out
with flat
chested women. Extrover
ted men prefer
women with very large breasts.

The Hips
Waist Ratio is the Key

If you look at men's tastes over the centuries you will
see that they have gone ga
ga over everything from
large, fleshy 16th Century models to the pencil


who look more like asparagus spears. The
one thing that has remained constant, however, is a
woman's hip
waist ratio which never fails to grab a
man's attention. Women with a hip
waist measure
ment of 70% waist size relative to hips have been
shown t
than other women. Dr Devendra Singh of Cambridge
University surveyed men of many nationalities to find
that men had unconsciously learned to read this infor
mation somewhere in their past, and now have it pr
wired into their brains.
The good news for women is that if your waist meas
overweight as the curves are the essential criteria. As a
bonus, women
ith these ratios are also perceived by
men as humorous, sexy, healthy and intelligent. Women
with a higher ratio, that is, thick waist, are seen as
caring and faithful. Women who are too thin are
perceived as ambitious and aggressive.

Women everywhere pref

small, tight rear on a man,
although few women know why.
Women still go for the
shaped man with broad
shoulders, narrow waist and strong arms, which were
all the original prerequisites of the successful lunch
chaser. A strong chin, nose and brow als
because they give a man a greater chance of surviving
a heavy blow to the front of the head.

Women every
where also prefer a small tight rear on a man, although
few will have any idea why they find that so attractive.
We are the only primate that
has a protruding rear and


its purpose is two
fold. Firstly, it helps us stand
upright. And secondly, it ensures that a man can give a
strong forward thrust during sex to increase the chance
of fertilisation.

Men and Romance

It's not that men don't want to
just that they don't understand its importance to
women. The books we buy are a clear indicator of the
things that interest us. Women spend millions every
year on romantic novels. Women's magazines concen
trate on love, romance, other
people's affairs or how to
romance. One Australian study showed that women
who read romance novels have sex twice as often as
those who don't. Conversely, men spend millions on
books and magazines teaching t
echnical know
how on
a range of spatially
related subjects, from computers
and mechanical apparatus to lunch
chasing activities
like fishing, hunting and football.
It's no wonder when it comes to romance that most men
generally don't know what to do. This
is understandable
as a modern man has never had a role model. His father
didn't know what to do either, as it was never an issue for
him. A woman at one of our conferences recently said that
she had asked her husband to show her more affection
so he washe
d and polished her car. This demonstrates how
men see 'doing things' as a way of showing they care. The
same husband bought her a car jack for her birthday and
got her front row seats at a wrestling match for their tenth
wedding anniversary.


romantic. She enjoys wine, flowers,
too, remember these things

speaking of them occasionally.
Woody Allen
While European men have a somewhat over
reputation for romance, the vast ma
jority of men, in
every corner of the world, haven't got a clue. Previous
have to worry about such finesse. Besides, men's brains
that a man wo
nificance of opening a car door, sending flowers,
A woman enters a new relationship looking for romance
and love. Sex comes as a consequence. Men frequentl
enter a relationship through sex and then look to see if
there could be the possibility of a relationship.
Some Surefire Romance Tips for Men
Women don't have a problem when it comes to love and
romance, but most men are in the dark about it so they
ly make sure they're ready for love any time, any
place. A man's romantic skills (or lack thereof) play a
sex with him, so here are six tried and tested things that
work as well for men today as the
y did 5,000 years ago.


How do you know if a man is
ready for sex? He's breathing.


sensitivity to her surroundings and the high receptiv

ity of her senses to outside stimuli, it makes sense

that a man pa
ys attention to the environment.
Women's oestrogen hormones make her sensitive to

the right lighting
lit rooms make pupils
dilate, so people look attractive to each other and
skin blemishes and wrinkles are less noticeable. A

woman's superior h
that can be invaded by children or other people at

any moment. Women's insistence on sex in private

explains why most women's private fantasy is of
having sex in public,
sex with a stranger.

Feed her.
chaser, you'd

think it would occur to a man that providing a

woman with food stirs up primal female feelings.
This is why taking a woman to dinner is a significant
vent for her even when she's not hungry because the

provision of food shows his attention to her well

being and survival. Cooking a meal for a woman has

an even deeper intrinsic meaning as it brings out
primitive feelings in both a man and a woman.

give warmth and protection has been done by men
for women for hundreds of thousands of years, and
appeals to most women's romantic side. Even if it's a
gas fire that she can light easily herself, he needs to

off comes from the act of providing for her

needs, not from the fire itself.


Bring flowers.
power of a bunch of fresh flowers. Men think, 'Why

spend so much money on
and thrown out in a few days?' It makes sense to a
man's logical mind to give a woman a pot plant

because, with constant care and attention, it will

However, a woman doesn't
see it that way

wants a fresh bunch of flowers. After a few days the

flowers die and are thrown out, but this presents an

opportunity for him to buy another bunch and once
again bring out her romantic side by providing for
her needs.

Go dancing.
s not that men don't want to dance,
it's just that many of them don't have the location in

the right brain required to feel rhythm. Go to any

aerobics class and watch the male participants (if any

turn up) trying to keep time. When a man takes

dancing less
ons for basic rock 'n' roll and waltz, he
will be the hit of the party with
women. Dancing

has been described as a vertical act of horizontal

desire and that's its history

to allow close male/female body contact as a lead
to courtship, just as it did with other animals.
Buy chocolates and champagne.
has long been associated with romance, although few

people know why. Champagne contains a chemical

not found in other alcoholic beverages which

centre in the brain. Recent research by Danielle

Piomella at the Neurosciences Institute in San

Diego discovered three new chemicals called N
cannabis receptors in a woman's brain, giving her

sensations similar to being high on marijuana. These


chemicals are in brown chocolate and cocoa, but not
in white chocolate or coffee.
Why Men Stop Touch

'Before we were married he would hold my hand in
public, rub my back and talk endlessly to me. Now he
never holds my hand and doesn't want to talk
only touches me when he wants sex.' Does this
complaint sound familiar?

After marria
needs to know about his partner
sees no point in excessive talk.
During courtship, a man touches his girlfriend more
than at any other time in their relationship. This is
t received the green light for any sexual touching so
going back to 'the old days'. So he just concentrates on
the 'good bits'. He talks a lot
facts and data about his girlfriend
to give her information about himself. By the time
they're married, he knows all he needs to know about
her and sees little point in excessive talk. But when a
man underst
ands that a woman's brain is programmed
to communicate with talk and that her sensitivity to
touch is ten times greater than his, he can teach himself
to become skillful in these areas and the overall quality
of his love life will dramatically improve.


y Men Grope and Women Don't
The hormone oxytocin is known as the 'cuddle
hormone', and it's released when someone's skin is
gently stroked or they are cuddled. It increases sensitiv
to touch and the feelings of bonding, and is a major
factor in a woman
's behaviour towards babies and
men. When a woman begins breast
feeding it triggers
If a woman wants to pleasure a man by touching him,
she normally does it the way she would like to receive
it. Sh
back and tenderly brushes his hair. This type of touch
has little impact on most men and can even be
annoying. His skin is significantly less sensitive to touch
than a woman's in order that he won't feel pa
injury during the hunt. Men prefer to be touched in
mainly one area, and as often as possible. This creates
major relationship problems. When a man decides to
sensually touch a woman, he gives her the things he
he gropes her breasts and crotc
h. This is at the
top of a woman's hate list and causes resentment on
both sides. When a man and woman learn to give each
other sensual touch based on their individual needs and
skin sensitivity, their relationship is even more enriched.
Is There Love in S

Nature's biological clock works to allow female
animals to give birth in the warm part of the year to
ensure survival of the offspring. If it takes a species, say,
three months to give birth, nature makes the males
randiest in the spring so the
young are born in summer.
For humans, gestation takes nine months and so a
man's testosterone level is highest nine months earlier,


in the autumn. The old adage, 'In the Spring a man's
fancy turns to love' only applies to species that have a
short gestati
'Love in the spring' is only for animals
who bear offspring quickly.
Research shows that in the Southern Hemisphere a
man's testosterone is highest in March and, in the
Northern Hemisphere, in September. Men have also
during these months because spatial ability is enhanced
by testosterone. (Turn back to the chart in Chapter 9
and you'll see how this happens.)

How to Think Sexy
Because the mind is a cocktail of chemical reactions
, it
is possible to think yourself into feeling sexy. This
technique is taught by many sex therapists. It involves
concentrating only on the positive aspects of your
partner and recalling exciting sexual experiences you've
chemicals that drive your sex urge and make you feel
sexual. This reaction is obvious during the infatuation
stage or courtship when a lover can see only good in
also possibl
on a partner's negatives, which prevents the brain
releasing the chemicals necessary for a sex drive.


Recreating Infatuation
The good news is that because you can think yourself
into sex, you can also
think yourself into infatuation
whenever you want by recreating the courtship routines
that existed early in your relationship. This is why
candlelit dinners, romantic beach walks and weekends
hormonal 'hit'
the feeling that has often been
described as a 'natural high' and 'high on love'. Lovers
who expect the exhilaration of infatuation to last
forever are sadly disappointed but, with effective
planning, it can be recreated whenever you feel the need.
How t
Love starts with lust which can last a few hours, a few
days or a few weeks. Next comes infatuation which
lasts, on average, 3 to 12 months before attachment
takes over. When the blinding cocktail of hormones
subsides after a year
or so, we now see our partner in
the cold light of day and those little habits we found so
endearing at first begin to become irritating. Once you
thought it was cute that he could never find things in
the fridge, but now it makes you want to scream. He
but now he's contemplating murder. You silently ask
yourself, 'Can I live like this for the rest of my life?
What do we have in common?'

The flower of love is the rose. After
you're left with an ugly, prickly thing.


Chances are you don't have much in common or much
to talk about. Nature's objective is to throw men and
hormonal cocktail that causes them to procreate an
think. Finding the right partner means deciding
what things you will have in common with someone
the long
and to do this in advance of nature's
blinding hormonal highs. When infatuation has passed

and pass it will
based on friendship and common interests? Write
a list
of the traits and interests you want in a long
partner and then you'll know
who you are
looking for. A man will have a list of qualities for his
ideal mate but when he go
up by testosterone. It then searches for the 'ideal'
woman based on hormonal motivation
stomach, round bum, good breasts, and so on, all
features connected with short
term procreation.
Women want a man wh
shaped torso and a great personality, all things
connected to child
rearing, lunch
chasing and protect
ing. These are also short
little to do with success in a modern relationship. When
write a list of the desirable long
in your perfect partner and keep it handy, it helps you
to be objective about a new person the next time
tries to control your thoughts and urges.
Nature wants you to procreate as often as pos
and it uses powerful drugs to push you into it. When
you understand this and are armed with a job descrip
tion of your ideal long
be tricked and more likely to be successful in your hunt
for that elusive perfect part
ner with whom you'll be
finally able to live happily ever after.



'We may never know what motivated
our fish ancestors to come out of the
David Attenborough, naturalist


hey say it's great to be a man becau
se you can
walk topless on the beach in Tunisia without
remember where you left things, you can open your
own jars and eat a banana in front of builders. It's great
to be a woman because you can buy your ow
n clothes,
cross your legs without adjusting yourself and if you
slap a man's face in public, everyone thinks you're in
the right.

It's great to be a man because you
can buy cucumbers and marrows

Men and women are different. No
but different. Science knows it, but political correctness
does everything it can to deny it. There is a social and
political view that men and women should be treated
equally, based on the strange belief that men and
women are the same.
For modern men, not much has changed over the
centuries. Eighty
seven percent of men today say their
work is the most important thing in their life and 99%
they want a great sex life. For
odern women,


many of their priorities are quite different to those of their
mothers and grandmothers.
Many women have chosen professional careers because
they want some of the things men have: money, prestige
and power. Studies now show that care
problems, ulcers, stress and premature death.
More than one in three women takes
days off each year due to stress.
four percent of career women say their work is
now their grea
test source of stress. A survey of 5,000
women conducted by the British private health
insurance company BUPA and health magazine

showed that 66% felt overwork was damaging
their health.

Most women also said that if money was no object,
they woul
and only 19% said they were interested in actually being
a career woman. In a similar survey in Australia, careers
only rated a top priority for five percent of women aged
65 and motherhood ranked as the
umber one
choice across the board. Sixty percent of women in the
39 age group said that motherhood was their first
choice, as compared with 2% for careers. For 31% of
women aged 18
and careers accounted for only 18%.

children in traditional families at the top of their
priority list, showing that media hype and the feminist
drive have not had as big an impact on women's
attitudes as has been previously believed. The va
and priorities of modern women are basically the same
as they have been for centuries. The dramatic difference


is that 93% of modern women say financial independ
ence is vital to them and 62% want more power in
in other words they don't wa
nt to be
dependent on men.
As for their personal lives, sex rated as the top
priority for a mere 1% of women, compared to 45%
for trust and 22% for respect. Only 20% of women
said their sex life was fantastic, and 63% said their
partner was not a wonderful
lover. The bottom line is
that motherhood still rates top of most women's list of
things that give the greatest satisfaction. Many career
women say they work for the money and most of these
in cities where two incomes are critical for survival.
seem to believe that earning money to feed,
clothe and educate the next generation is a more noble
cause than rearing it. Women enjoy parenting more
appreciate it until they are grandparents.
Overall, occupational choices haven't changed much
for men with spatially
number one choice. There has been a increase in the
number of men entering traditionally female jobs, but a
study of these men would show th
ey have, to a greater
or lesser extent, female
wired brains. This is obvious in
areas such as hairdressing and creative arts, and less
obvious in counselling and teaching.
For women, however, some things have changed, with
84% of working women in the USA
ow being
part of the information and service sectors. In the Western
are owned by women, and they now hold over 40% of
executive, administration and management posts.


If you are a woman working in a
traditional male hierarchy, you have

two choices: quit or masculinise.

In traditional male hierarchies, women still have to
women don't want these positions anyway. In most
political systems, less than
female although they seem to attract 50% of the media
coverage. If you are a woman working in a traditional
male hierarchy, you have one of two choices for
receive a fair go
, the other is to behave more like a man.
Maleness still opens doors, and studies confirm that
women who wear more 'masculine' clothes have a
positions than those dressed in 'feminine' styles
when the d
maker is a woman. Male interview
also have a preference for candidates who are not
wearing perfume.

The Feminising of Business

Male characteristics and values are largely responsible
for driving people to the top of the tree but feminine
are fast becoming the only way to stay there.
Traditionally, most organisations have been con
trolled by a male hierarchy with a dominant male
leader whose credo was, 'Follow me
organisations are today rapidly becoming rarities, just
the school tough guy, who rose to the top at a time
when brawn was respected over brains, is now also
roundly despised. Masculine priorities need to be


understood by any person aiming for the top of the
suited to making the whole show work more efficient
harmoniously and, therefore, successfully.

At the top levels, an emphasis on masculine values
leads to internal power struggles. Individuals want to
'go it alone' when agreement cannot be reached.
itiative and intuitive hunches have no place in the
new strategies or lateral approaches might encourage
new growth and development. Feminine values, on the
other hand, encourage teamwork, collaboratio
n and
organisation's strategic capabilities and human
resources. This doesn't mean that a man needs to be
effeminate or a woman needs to be masculine, but men
and women need to understand that each gender s
is vital at different times in the rise to the top.

What to Do About Boys

Boys everywhere are failing at school so they need
expulsions in schools in the Western world are boys.
Almost all
children are boys and this
condition is rarely seen in girls. Instead of dropping
what girls do) boys drop out of school and become
responsible for most community crime. While girls are
praised for thei
r ability to compose and send emails to
each other on the computer, boys are suspended for
their ability to crack school computer codes and locate
doing poorly in many areas of schoolwork. Male role
s have deserted the teaching profession and in


primary schools women now dominate teaching and
the few men who remain have traded their suits and ties
for woolly cardigans.
learning facts replaced by empathis
it's all become very caring and sharing.
Out with discipline, in with niceness. Boys are left in a
void with no
one to role
model maleness.
One answer is to have single
classes and to encourage masculine role models back
days of bullying or the cane
boys need to be taught
the value of respect, tolerance and co
they also ne
ed to be shown authority, discipline, com
of education has divided boys into two groups
soft, gentle types and the undisciplined bullies and
school dropouts.

No Role Models For Boys
Role models fo
modelling warmth, communication and nurturing
to the younger female generation. While female role
models such as Elle MacPherson, Barbra Streisand,
Hillary Clinton, the late Princess Diana and Madonna
all sh
owed masculine attributes like self assertiveness
and sexual independence, they also role
modelled the
typical female nurturing behaviours. Even the Iron
her feminine side in the face of human tragedy or
But boys now lack male role
models. Past male role
models included Clarke Gable, James Dean and James
Bond who all displayed classic male traits but they also


modelled manners, courtesy, respect for women
and would defend their family or frien
These role
models have been replaced by Sylvester
Stallone, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Bruce Willis and Jean
Claude Van Damme playing characters who use
violence to solve their problems and cause mindless
destruction of other people's property
; or wimpy char
acters like Hugh Grant who role
models more female
behaviours than male. Four out of five primary school
teachers are now female and more and more boys are
being raised by single mothers. A man who role
a traditional male attribute s
uch as holding a door open
for a woman can be accused of being sexist, chauvinist
or aggressive.
The Sports Hero

Many boys no longer have an older male role
model in
their lives and this has paved the way for a new role
200 years the objec
tives of sport were twofold; first, to allow young men to
burn up their testosterone, which benefited the entire
community and second, to teach the life skills and values
that help young people to become effective adults. The
player, and the principles of achieving personal and
team goals were passed on to younger generations.
Players were taught consideration and respect of other
participants and the players were considered to be more
important than the game. Since the 1980s, however,
most sporting activities have become controlled by
money and players regularly receive staggering amounts
of money for their spatial ability
hitting, kicking or
the game has become more important than the players.


Where else can you now see greater displays of temper,
violence, aggression, egotism and contempt for others
than on a sports field? In past generations sport was
used for character develop
ment and the player's well
being was paramount because money was never an
issue. Today, players are left on the field crumpled,
abused, broken, demoralised or half
dead as the pack
the clubs and hote
ls after the game, young men are
shown the role
modelling of crude behaviour, severe
drunkenness and general disrespect for others. Assaults
on umpires or even biting off an opponent's ear are con
sidered humorous by some fans.

The phenomena of the sports
hero has brought some
ominous role
modelling to the youth of sports
nations. Like pop stars, they can be an unknown one day
and revered as gods the next, often giving half
inexperienced advice to impressionable young people.
Sports heroes are
used to sell almost every type of
merchandise and product imaginable. Many people in
measure of worth as an individual is related to how
The sports hero synd
Europe where, mainly due to colder climate, indoor
activities or cultural pursuits are encouraged. As a
Michael Jordan or David Beckham.

Is This All Politically Correct?
We sur
six countries where political correctness is high on
the political agenda, and found that 98% of men and
94% of women felt it had become an oppressive


concept that stifled their freedom to say what they felt
without censure.

Political correctness, in regard to gender, was original
intended to combat sexist attitudes, language,
male/female inequalities and to give women equal oppor
tunity. Women were supposedly being oppressed by
dominant men, but, clearly,
political correctness is not
supported by the majority. So, will it ever work?
Scientists say that it's unlikely. It has taken a million years
for men and women to evolve into what they are today,
and it will probably take another million years for them
ronment. The biggest problem humankind faces today is
that their lofty ideals and concepts of behaviour are a
Our Biology Hasn't Changed Much
Boys want
to play with things; girls want to interact
with people. Boys want to control, dominate and reach
the top, but girls are more concerned with morality,
relationships and people. Women are still a minority in
big business and the political arena, but not bec
ause of
male oppression. It's just that women are not interested
in those things.
Despite the best intentions of equal
opportunity employers, boys still stub
bornly go into jobs with a mechanical
and spatial bias and girls seem compelled
to seek jobs invol


Israeli kibbutzim have for years tried to remove the
sex stereotyping of boys and girls. Children's clothes,
shoes, hairstyles and lifestyles were fashioned on one
sexless, neutral model. Boys were encouraged to play
with dolls, se
motivated to play football, climb trees and play darts.

The idea of the kibbutz was to have a sexually neutral
sex and each member had equal opportunity and equa
responsibility within the group. Sexist language and
phrases like 'big boys don't cry' and 'little girls don't
play in the dirt' were removed from the language and
kibbutzniks claimed that they could demonstrate a
So, what happened?

After 90 years of kibbutzim, studies have shown that
boys in the kibbutz constantly display aggressive and
disobedient behaviour, form power groups, fight
amongst themselves, form unwritten hierarchies and do
'deals', whi
le girls co
conflicts, act affectionately, make friends and share
with one another. Given a free hand to choose their
own school courses and subjects, each opted for sex
specific courses, with boys studying physics, engineer
and sports, and girls becoming teachers, counsel
nurses and personnel managers. Their biology
them to pursuits and occupations that fitted
of their brains.

Studies of neutrally
show the remov
al of the mother/child bond does not
reduce the sex differences or preferences in children.
Rather, it creates a generation of children who feel
neglected and confused and are likely to grow into


Finally ...
overwhelming sex differences. Much of the credit here
goes to women because they have the necessary skills to
manage relationships and family. They're equipped
with the ability to sense the motives and meanings
behind speech and behavi
our, and can therefore predict
outcomes or take action early to avert problems. This
factor alone would make the world a much safer place
if every nation's leader was a woman. Men are
equipped to hunt and chase lunch, find their way home,
gaze and pro
that's it. They need to learn
new ways for modern survival just like women do.
Relationships become rocky when men and women
fail to acknowledge they are biologically different and
when each expects the other to live up to their expecta
tions. Muc
h of the stress we experience in relationships
comes from the false belief that men and women
are now the same and have the same priorities, drives
and desires.
For the first time in human history we are raising and
educating boys and girls in identical wa
ys, teaching
them that they are the same and that each is as capable
up one morning to find they are different to each other
in every way, shape and form. It's little wonder that
young people's relat
ionships and marriages are in such
disastrous shape. Any concept that insists on sexual
uniformity is fraught with danger because it demands
the same behaviour from both men and women, who
to unders
tand why Nature would plan such apparent
that way because our biology is so at odds with our
current environment.


The good news is that when you understand the
origins of these differences, you not only
find it easier
to live with them, you can manage, appreciate, and end
up cherishing them too.
Men want power, achievement and sex. Women want
is as useful as abusing the sky for raining. Acceptin
that it rains allows you to cope with the weather by
carrying an umbrella or raincoat, so it is no longer a
problem. In the same way, anticipating the difficulties
or conflicts that might arise in relationships as a result
of our differences enables you
to anticipate and defuse
them as they occur.

Every day, brain scans are giving us new and exciting
insights into how our brains operate and explain many
of the things we take for granted. When a girl with
anorexia looks in a mirror she sees herself as fat
obese. What she sees is somehow a distortion of her
reality. Dr Bryan Lask of London's Great Ormond
teenagers in 1998 and found that nearly all of them had
reduced blood flow to that part of the brain that
controls vision. This is just one of dozens of studies that
are now uncovering what happens in the brain when
things go haywire.
Consistent and solid evidence is coming from scientists
everywhere showing that biochemicals in the womb
direct the structure
f our brains, in turn dictating our
preferences. But most of us don't need millions of
dollars worth of brain
men don't listen and women can't read maps; the
equipment just explains what is often self
In writing thi
mation that you probably already knew on a subcon
scious level, but have never stopped consciously
to understand.


It's amazing that here, at the beginning of the 21st
century, we still don't teach an understanding of male
study rats running around mazes or to look at how a
monkey will do backflips when conditioned by the
reward of bananas. Science is a slow, lumbering disci
pline and takes years to feed its results into
education system.

So it's therefore up to you, the reader, to educate
yourself. For only then can you hope to have
relationships as happy and as fulfilling as both men and
women deserve.



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