Английский язык.Лексика.Семестр 3


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Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение
высшего профессионального образования

©
Российский экономический университет имени Г. В. Плеханова
ª


(ФГБОУ ВПО
©
РЭУ им. Г. В. Плеханова
ª
)



Кафедра иностранных языков №1











АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК
. Семестр
3



ЛЕКСИКА


Модуль 1


Учебно
-
методическое пособие

для дистанционной формы обучения
















Москва

ФГБОУ ВПО
©
РЭУ им. Г. В. Плеханова
ª

201
5


2


УДК 811(075.8)

ББК 81.2я73


М545



Со
ставители:



К.В. Тростина






































Материалы печатаются в авторской редакции


Английский язык.

Семестр
3
.

Лексика. Модуль
1
: учебно
-
методической пособие для дистанционной формы обучения

/
сост.:
К.В. Тростина


Москва: ФГБОУ В
ПО
©
РЭУ им. Г. В. Плеханова
ª
,
201
5
.


5
7

с.


Учебно
-
методическое пособие по дисциплине
©
Иностранный язык

профессионального
общения
ª

(английский язык) 1 модуля
3

семестра
2

курса бакалавриата
.

Данный материал предназначен для студентов
второго

курса

бакалав
риата
дистанционной формы обучения
.


©

ФГБОУ ВПО
©
РЭУ им. Г. В. Плеханова
ª
, 201
5

3


Оглавление

VOCABULARY MODULE

................................
..........

4

UNIT 1. ECONOMIC AN
D BUSINESS ACTIVITY

4

UNIT 2. PEOPLE IN BUSINESS

.........................

11

UNIT

3.
COMMUNICATION FOR BUSINESS

.

16

UNIT 4. CAREER

................................
.................

21

UNIT 5. EMPLOYMENT CORRESPONDENCE
30

UNIT 6. THE JOB INTERVIEW

.........................

36

VOCABULARY

MODULE

REVISION

.............

42

TOPICAL VOCABULARY

................................
........

51

GENERAL VOCABULARY: CAREER, EM
PLOYMENT
CORRESPONDENCE, JOB INTERVIEW

....

51

ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY

........

54

PEOPLE IN BUSINESS

................................
.......

54

COMMUNICATION FOR BUSINESS

...............

55

CAREER

................................
...............................

56

EMPLOYMENT CORRESPONDENCE

.............

56

THE JOB INTERVIEW

................................
........

57


4


VOCABULARY
MODULE

UNIT 1.
ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY

Most people work in order to earn their living. They produce goods and services.
Goods are either produce
d on farms, like maize and milk, or in factories, like cars
and paper. So, goods are either agricultural (like maize and milk) or manufactured
(like car and paper). Agricultural products are called produce. Services are provided
by such things as schools,
hospitals and shops. Some people provide goods; some
provide services. Other people provide both goods and services. For example, in the
same garage, a man may buy a car, or he may buy some service which helps him to
maintain his car. The work which people

do is called their economic activity.
Economic activities make up the economic system. The economic system is the sum
-
total of what people do and what they want.

The work which people undertake either provides what they need or provides them

with money. P
eople buy essential commodities with money.

Of course, most people hope to earn enough money to buy commodities and
services which are non
-
essential but which provide some particular personal
satisfaction, like toys for children, visits to the cinemas and
books.

1.1

Найдите синонимы к данным словам в тексте:

1) goods
______________________
;

2) to manufacture
______________________
;

3) agricultural goods
______________________
;

4) to keep in good condition
______________________
;

5) to support oneself
______
________________
;

6) to give
______________________
;

7)
pleasure

______________________;

8)
trade

______________________.

1.2

Найдите антонимы к данным словам в тексте:

1) leisure
______________________
;

2) to consume
______________________
;

3) essential
______________________
;

4) to spend
______________________
;

5) to sell
______________________
;

6) manufactured
______________________
;

7) dissatisfaction
______________________
;

8) quite little (money)
______________________
.

1.3

После ознакомления с текст
ом, ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1.
What is the text about?

2.
What kind of goods and services are produced by people?

3.
What is the economic system?

4.
What most people hope to do?

5.
What do we need books, cinemas, music, pictures for?

5


6.
Why do most
people work?

7.
What do they produce?

8.
Where are goods produced?

9.
What do schools, hospitals and shops provide?

10.
What two different things can a man buy in, for example, a garage?

11.
What do we call the work which people do?

12.
What is an economic

system sum
-
total of?

13.
What two things can work provide for the worker?

14.
What can people buy with money?

1.4

После ознакомления с текстом, согласитесь или не согласитесь со следующими
утверждениями.

1.
Most people provide either goods or services.

2.
Services are either agricultural or manufactured.

3.
Education and medicine are provided by schools and hospitals.

4.
Cars and paper are agricultural goods.

5.
Paper is a non
-
agricultural commodity.

6.
The work which people do is called and economic system.

7.
A city has its own economic system.

8.
Economic activity is the sum total of what people do and want.

9.
The

work people undertake provides them with money, or with what they need.

10.
Most people do not want to buy non
-
essential commodities and services.

1.5

В таблице показано, как можно образовать от глагола
to produce

другие части речи.

Produc
-

-
e

-
r


-
t

-
iv (e)

-
ity

-
ton


А.

Переведите следующие слова на английский язык, воспользуйтесь таблицей:

1) производить ______________________;

2) производитель
ность ______________________;

3) продукт ______________________;

4) сельскохозяйственный продукт ______________________;

5) производство ______________________;

6) производительный ______________________;

7) производитель ______________________.

В.

Заполни
те пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных в таблице слов
подходящие по смыслу:


1. The company
______________________

a new commodity every year.


2. The company’s newest
____________________

is a special blue soap powder.


3. The
_____________
________



4. That factory is not as
______________________

now as it was 5 years ago.


5. The
__________________

of that factory has gone down over the last 5 years.


6. The manager of the factory has dec
ided that they must increase their
______________________


6


1.6

Economics
.

Совместите

определения

в

правой

колонке

со

словами

из

левой

колонки
:

1) economy

2) economics

3) economise

4) economic

5) economical

6) economist

a) a specialist in economics;

b) relating to an economy, economics, or finance;

c) to save money, limit

d) using the minimum required; not wasteful of time, effort,

e) the management of the resources, finances, income, and

f) the social science concerned wi
th the production and
consumption of goods and services and the analysis of the

1.7


Economics
.

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных в таблице

выше

слов подходящие по смыслу:

1. I am a second year student of Plekhanov Russian University of
____________________
.

2. Statistics and
____________________

are the key subjects at an

___
_________________

university.

3. The global
____________________

crisis started in 2008.

4. This car is very
____________________

5. People
____________________

on travel and holidays when the crisis is
coming.

6. The
Financia
l Times

and the
____________________

are the leading sources
of analytical information about the
____________________

of the world.

7. The programme can analyze futures in weather, politics, and
____________________
.

8. It is
____________________

to buy go
ods at wholesale stores.

9. Politics, religion and
____________________

were difficult topics to talk
about.

10. The leading
____________________

consider outsourcing the future of any
business.

11. The company’s
____________________

largely depends on the

Chief
Accountant’s skills.

12. The soya, like the sugar, was part of another grand scheme to balance Brazil's
____________________
.

13. The end of the month is coming. I'm running out of money. I

have

to

____________________
.

1.8

Измените подчеркнутые существительные, прибавив к ним суффикс

al

так, чтобы
получились прилагательные:

Example:

education +
al



educational


1.
These goods belong to the
nation
. They are therefore
_____________________.

2.
Minerals are a part of the
natu
re
. They are therefore
_____________________.

3.
Schools

and universities

provide
education
. They are therefore centres of
__________________

activity.

7


4.
Shops are places of
commerce
. They are therefore centres of
_______________

activity.

5.
He doesn’t w
ant anyone else to do this work. He wants to do the work in
person
. It

is

his

_________________
concern
.

1.9

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, образовав правильную лексико
-
грамматическую
форму от предложенных слов:


1.

(
EDUCATE
)
.

2.
Our company helps _________________
(
EMPLOY
)

people to find new jobs.

3.
All the _________________
(
EMPLOY
)

in this company are given free meals.

4.
Helen has become a ____________________
(
SUCCEED
)

businesswoman.

5.
I hope to leave school with some useful ____________________

(
QUALIFY
)
.

6.
Mr Dale was my _________________
___
(
EMPLOY
)

for ten years, and paid
me well.


7.
John’s _____________
(
KNOW
)

of economics is amazing for a boy of his age.

8.
Cathy has three jobs, so she has a high ____________________

(
COME
)
.


1.10

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов подходящие по
смыслу:

commodities, money, essential, services, example, undertake

1.
Transport systems like railways, buses and planes provide the public with
important

______________________
.

2.
They told him to look at the
____________________

and then do the exercises.

3.
He decided to
______________________

the work in order to make some
______________________
.

4.
It was
______________________

for him to go to the ci
ty as soon as possible.

5.
They had enough
______________________

to buy most of the
______________________

they needed.

1.11

Переведите данные предложения с русского на английский язык:

1. Что производит ваша фабрика?

2. Как тебе удается поддерживать машину в хорошем состоянии?

3. Он работает, чтобы зарабатывать себе на жизнь или для
самоудовлетворения?

4. Ее отец работает в сфе
ре торговли.

5. Экономическая деятельность


это работа, которую выполняют люди.

6. Мы не можем купить все, что ты хочешь на эти деньги.

7. Товары первой необходимости


это товары, без которых человек не
может жить.

1.12

Замените выделенные слова и выраже
ния синонимами из
Topical Vocabulary
:

apply for a job
,


counselor,


,


insurance
,



jobless
,
quit
,



receptionist
,

schedule
,


unemployed
,

unskilled workers

1. In business practice making appointments is
a rule of polite behaviour

8


________________
______
.

a person who gives advice
______________________
, but first I had to talk to
the employee who receives
callers and answers the phone

______________________
.

3. He went to the manager in order to
formally a
sk for a job

______________________
.

4. He doesn’t work at the moment, he is
out of work
______________________
.

5. The company gives
provisions against sickness, death, damage and loss
______________________
.

6. His parents couldn’t make him
leave the job

______________________
, they
could only give advice.

7. His
programme
______________________

was very busy, every hour was
occupied.

8. These agencies deal only with
people having no trade
______________________
.

1.13

Заполните пропуски в тексте, выбрав и
з предложенных слов подходящие по смыслу:

do,

money,

earn,


make,

essential,


corn,


goods,
produce,


medicine,


has done,


self
-
satisfaction,


pride,

undertaken,


particular,


enough,


non
-
essentials

Most people work to
1
_________________
_____

a living and
2
______________________

goods and services. Goods can be either agricultural
(like
3
______________________
) or manufactured (like cars and computers). Some
people produce goods, other people produce services. The work
4
__________________
____

by people is called economic activity. Most people
work not only
5
______________________

but to earn enough money to buy
6
______________________

and services which are
7
______________________

like
colour TV
-
-
club members
hip. We can do without non
-
essentials but they provide some
8
______________________

personal satisfaction.

1.14

Factory Work
.

Заполните пропуски в тексте, выбрав из предложенных слов

и

выражений

подходящие по смыслу:

labour relations

management

tea break

foreman

apprentice

white collar

factory

canteen

shop floor

manual

I like to work with my hands; in other words, I like
1
______________________
work. I have never wanted to be a
2
____________________ worker, as I would be
bored with office work. So I h
ave been taken on as an
3
___________________ in a
4
____________________for two years to learn to be a machine
-
operator. I work with
a group of men under a
5
____________________, who tells us what to do, when we
can go to the
6
___________________ for lunch
or take a
7
______________________
and so on.
8
____________________ are quite good and the
9
_____________________ spend a lot of time on the
10
______________________
mixing with the workers. I’ve got no complaints.

9


1.15

Office Work
.

Заполните пропуски в тек
сте, выбрав из предложенных слов

и выражений

подходящие по смыслу:

typewriter

shorthand

callers

correspondence

stationery


dictate

file

I do general work in a small office. I deal with all
1
____________________ coming
into and sent from th
e office and
2
____________________ these letters alphabetically
3
___________________ near my desk. I answer the telephone and give
4
___________________ the information they want. If the manager wants to
5
__________________ a letter, I take it
down in
6
___________________ on my pad
and type it on my electric
7
______________________. Of course it’s important that
we always have enough paper, envelopes and so on, and it’s one of my jobs to buy this
8
________________ when we need it. I don’t know w
hat they’d do without me!

1.16

Speaking. Quiz. Are you a workaholic?

Do you spend so much time in the office that there’s a sofa in the corner with your name on it, or
do your colleagues fail to recognise you when you finally take a break from all those s
ickies to
come in for a day? Find out with the quiz.

1. How many hours a week do you spend at work?


A.

I do the normal eight hours a day, five days a week, with a bit of overtime
-

so
about 40 hours.

B.


the office to break the
monotony of the day.

C.

More than 60 hours
-

otherwise I just can’t get through it all.

2. What is the most important thing in your life?


A.

My weekends and annual leave.

B.

My friends, my family, and to a lesser extent, my job.

C
.

My career is the most satisfying and stimulating part of my life. Everything else
comes second.

3. Do your friends tell you that you work too hard?


A.

Are you kidding?

B.

From time to time, but not that often.

C.

All the time, but they’re just jealous o
f my success.

4. What do you normally talk about with your friends?

A.

News, gossip and where we are going on holiday.

B.

I can’t remember, I was too drunk.

C.

The latest intrigues at the office and how I got my promotion.

5. When do you feel most fulfille
d?

A.

When I’m in the pub.

B.

When I’ve just completed an important project at work

C.

When I’m spending time with friends and family.

6. Do you take work to bed with you and at home at the weekends?


10


A.

All the time, it’s the only way to get things done.

B.

Only when I have a really important deadline.

C.

Don’t be daft.

7. Have you ever rung the office/checked your work email while on holiday?


A.

I try to keep in regular contact to ensure all is running smoothly.

B.


sort out.

C.

Never. Do I look like a mug?

8. How many times have you been late for a meal with your partner because you
were working late at the office?


A.

Never. Just try and stop me leaving the office at 5pm.

B.

I try to keep to arrangements because it

is important to have a sensible work
-
life balance.

C.

Quite a few times. You can’t just stop in the middle of something important.



A.

Never. I’m either seeing clients or eating a sandwich at my desk.

B.

I try to fit
the odd bit of work around my lunchbreak.

C.

Three or four times a week, although I do work through lunch when necessary.

10. Do you take all your holiday entitlement?

A.

Yes. I try to use my annual leave to refresh myself so that I come back to work
with
lots of new ideas.

B.


C.

I haven’t had a holiday for two years
-

the place would fall apart without me.

Quiz Answers.
Are you a workaholic?

10
-
14
:
-
life balanced sorted o
ut. You take your job
seriously but you don’t let it dominate your life and you make sure you have plenty
enough spare time to allow yourself to think and plan ahead.

15
-
24
:

You

not what they call a career person, are you? You don’t let your work
could be that you are in the wrong job, and that a change of scenery would make
your working day

more enjoyable and less of a trial. Try guardian.co.uk/jobs for a
change of career. Those eight hours a day really shouldn’t be as painful as you’re
finding them.

25
-
30
:

On the surface you’re the ideal employee: working long hours and taking
work home. Yo
u may have the success that comes with putting in the hard graft. But
you are sacrificing your home life and your social life. You may think you keep
things in perspective, but there is a danger that your obsession with the office is
boring all those aroun
d you. Try to lighten up a bit and not be such a perfectionist. If
you are really stressed, think about how you organise your job so that you don’t have
to shoulder all the burden. Otherwise the job you love might end up killing you.


11


UNIT 2.
PEOPLE IN BUS
INESS

management. It is likely that there will be people working under you and you will
manage them.

Nowadays many young people find the career of a manager the most attractive.
O
departments, hospitals, schools and the like. They are essential to our existence,
helping to create our standard of living and our quality of life. In all these
organizatio
ns, there are people carrying out the work of a manager. They have a
responsibility to use the resources of their organization effectively and economically
to achieve its objectives. The task of a manager is to motivate, to command, to
coordinate and to co
ntrol other workers. This profession needs the following
qualities: enterprise, the ability to foresee and to make decisions, to analyze and to
risk; the ability to keep promises. The person should also be communicative and
know how to handle people and di
rect them effectively. He should be a good
psychologist, too.


Nowadays a good command of a foreign language is becoming more important
because of growing business contacts with foreign firms. So a successful manager
should know at least one foreign langu
age.


And finally, he should be physically fit as in this day and age the pressures and
strains are so great, that only the fittest can survive.


So if the ability to motivate people is one of your strong points, you are physically
fit and are willing to

spend four or more years of hard work and study at the
University, you have a good chance to become a manager one day.

2.1

Найдите в тексте перевод следующих слов и выражений:

1) необходимо для существования ______________________;

2) уровень жизни _____
_________________;

3) выполнять работу ______________________;

4) ответственность ______________________;

5) достичь поставленных целей ______________________;

6) побуждать, управлять, согласовывать и контролировать
________________________________________
__________________________;

7) предприимчивость ______________________;

8) способность предвидеть ______________________;

9) рисковать ______________________;

10) анализировать ______________________;

11) сдерживать обещания ______________________;

12) общ
ительный ______________________;

13) общаться с людьми и направлять их ______________________;

14) психолог ______________________;

15) хорошее владение языками______________________ ;

16) преуспевающий администратор ______________________;

17) самый досто
йный (приспособленный) ______________________.

12


2.2

После ознакомления с текстом, найдите синонимы к следующим словам и выражениям:

1) at present
______________________
;

2) consists of
______________________
;

3) necessary
______________________
;

4) to make
______________________
;

5) persons
______________________
;

6) a duty, you are responsible for
______________________
;

______________________
;

8) working people
______________________
;

9) to forecast
______________________
;

10) to associate w
ith, mix with (people)
______________________
;

11) to decide
______________________
;

12) knowledge
______________________
;

13) stresses
______________________
;

14) to want, to wish
______________________
.

2.3

После ознакомления с текстом согласитесь или не согласитесь со следующими
утверждениями:

1.
The career of a manager is most attractive for young people.

2.
Managers help to create our standard of living.

3.
There are managers in all organizations.

4.
All m
anagers use the resources of the company effectively.

5.
The task of the manager is only to command people.

6.
The profession of a manager needs many qualities.

7.
Managers always keep their promises.

8.
The manager is a communicative person.

9.
Most manag
ers know at least one foreign language.

10.
You will become a manager one day.

2.4

Переведите предложения с русского на английский язык:

1. Хорошее владение иностранными языками часто помогает менеджеру в
работе.

2. Хороший руководитель способен предвидеть возможные проблемы.

3. Он редко рисковал, потому что умел анализировать создавшуюс
я
ситуацию.

4. Если вы считаете себя прекрасным психологом, это значит, что вы легко
общаетесь с людьми и знаете, как побуждать их.

5. Он не сдержал своего обещания и не выполнил свою работу.

6. Предприимчивость


важное качество в нашей жизни.

7. Если вы
зарабатываете на жизнь торговлей, то вы
-

бизнесмен.

8. Из всех моих друзей Майкл


самый приспособленный к жизни.

9. Высокий уровень жизни людей


показатель
экономики
преуспевающей
страны.

10.
По окончании университета я стану экономистом и буду выполнят
ь
работу в финансовом отделе, где я буду анализировать экономику компании.

13


2.5

Заполните таблицу организационной структуры компании, выбрав перевод должностей
из предложенных вариантов:

Advertising Manager,

Chairman of the Board,

Chief Accountant,
Execut
ive Managers,


Exports Manager,

General Manager,

Imports Manager,

Managing Director,

Middle
-
line managers,


Personal Assistant,

Personnel Manager,
Production Manager,


Sales Manager,


shareholders,


The Boa
rd of Directors

Руков
одящие работники компании:

Акционеры

Совет директоров компании

Председатель совета директоров компании

Управляющий компанией

Заместитель управляющего компанией

Руководители второго звена:

Главный бухгалтер

Менеджер по сбыту

Личный секретарь

Начальник

отдела
кадров

Менеджер по экспорту

Менеджер по
маркетингу

Начальник производства

Менеджер по импорту

Менеджер по рекламе

2.6

Переведите рассказ с русского на английский язык:

Здравствуйте, я управляющий компанией. Я расскажу вам о структуре нашей
компан
ии.

Совет директоров руководит деятельностью компании, определяет ее
основную политику. Самый главный человек в компании


это Председатель
Совета директоров. Он представляет интересы компании за ее пределами. Моя
работа


следить за работой менеджеров и к
оординировать их действия.
Начальник производства отвечает за то, чтобы продукция компании была
хорошего качества. Менеджер по маркетингу занимается продвижением
продукции на рынке. Главный бухгалтер отвечает за финансы. Начальник
отдела кадров принимает л
юдей на работу.

2.7

Success
.

Заполните пропуски в тексте, выбрав из предложенных слов подходящие по
смыслу:

achieve

achievement

confidence


ladder

power

ambitious

ruthless

exploit

ability

14


I

ve

never

been

1
__________________
____ in the normal sen
se. I’ve never wanted
to be a manager or director. I’ve never wanted to reach the top of the
2
___________________ or to have
3
___________________. But I’ve always had a
wish to
4
____________________something, to write a book, climb a mountain, win a
prize.

This is not because I want fame or money but just that simple feeling of
5
____________________ you get when you’ve done something difficult. I’m not very
sure of myself and it would be good for my
6
___________________ to succeed in
will lie,
7
______________________ other people, be
dishonest, do anything, in order to succeed. They will be absolutely
8
_______________. But I think the people who deserve to succeed are those who are
9
__________________ and have
10
_______________.

2.8

За
полните пропуски в тексте, выбрав из предложенных слов и выражений подходящие
по смыслу
:


experience,

contributions,

over,


stores,

applications,
allowance,


at,


responsible,

deal,


share,

on,
applicant,


in,


benefits,


bring/provide
,


addit
ion
present/current
,


requires/demands
,

willing
,

provide

SOCIAL SECRETARY

The James Whitely Organization owns department
1
______________________

2
_________________
_____

for providing a wide range of leisure
activities for the employees of the organization. The
3
______________________

4
______________________

the position by the end o
f the year.

This post
5
____________________

someone with a high degree of administrative
ability as well as an interest
6
______________________

encouraging people of all
ages to develop their talents and spare
-
time activities in ways which will
7
__________
___________

happiness and satisfaction.
8
______________________

in the fields of art, theatre and music will be particularly valuable to the successful
9
______________________
, but the activities to be arranged cover sport, as well.

y must be able and
10
______________________

to do a
great
11
______________________

of evening and weekend work and should live in
central London, where the company will
12
______________________

a suitable,
rent
-
free flat as well as a car with a generous tr
avel
13
______________________
.
Other
14
______________________
include membership in the company’s pension
scheme, with all
15
______________________

paid by the employer, discount
16
______________________

all personal shopping, and meals
17
_________________
_____

subsidized prices in the company’s canteens. In
18
______________________
, all employees of the organization
19
______________________

in the profits at the end of the year.

Candidates aged 30
-
50 should make their
20
______________________

on the
standa
rd forms available from the Personnel Department.

15


2.9

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов и выражений
подходящие по смыслу:

ambitious,


fire,


manual work,


resign,

assembly line,
fringe benefit,


night shift,


responsibility,


commission,
good impression,


permanent post,




deal with,


job satisfaction,


promoted,



work overtime

1. It’s my
______________________

to see that the goods are delivered on time.

2. Her work was so good that she was
______________________

to the position
of assistant manager only a ye
ar after she joined the company.

3. Employees have to
______________________

at 65 although I’m sure some
would like to stay on.

4. He’s finally found a
______________________
working for a pharmaceutical
company after years of going from job to job.

5.
I’ve decided to
______________________

and look for a job where I can make
more use of my training.

______________________

on every dress I sell.

7. The staff agreed to
______________________

so that the order would be

on time.

8. The boss threatened to
______________________

her if her work didn’t
improve.

9. Work on the
______________________
was so monotonous that some

10. As I work on the
______________
________

I don’t have much social life.

11. She’s very
______________________


12. You can create a
______________________
, before your interview by filling
in your form as neatly as possible.

13. The only
________
______________

or ‘perk’, he gets is a free company car

14. In my job I have to
______________________

inquiries from customers.

15. For me
______________________

is more important than a high salary so I’m
thinking of becoming a social worker.

16. Who
wants an office job when I can earn more by doing
______________________
, like on a building site?


2.10
Speaking.

Подготовьте презентацию о компании, в которой вы работаете и
расскажите о ней группе. Используйсте упражнения 2.5 и 2.6 как образец.

2.11

Spe
aking.

Подготовьте
рассказ/
презентацию о
выдающемся бизнесмене/лидере нашего
времени. Расскажите об этом человеке группе.

16


UNIT

3.
COMMUNICATION FOR BUSINESS




WRITER’S ADDRESS OR COMPANY

LETTERHEAD: at the top or in the
top right
-
hand corner. The writer’s name is not at the top of the letter.



READER’S NAME, POSITION AND ADDRESS: on the left. If you are
writing to another country, write the country in the address.



DATE: on the right. Vario
us forms of the date are possible. If you write to
America, remember that they write the month first and then the date.



OPENING SALUTATION: Use the name of the reader if you know it, without
the initial. If you do not, write
Dear Sirs

to a company. Write
D
ear Gentlemen

to America,
Dear Sir/Gentleman

to a man,
Dear Madam

to a woman or
Dear
Sir or Madam

if you do not know the sex of the reader.



BODY OF THE LETTER: Start a new paragraph for each new idea or subject.
Do not break words at the end of a
line.



CLOSING SALUTATION:
Yours faithfully

if you do not know the reader’s
name.
Yours sincerely

if you do. (US
Yours truly

or
Sincerely yours
).



SIGNATURE.



WRITER’S NAME AND TITLE (and position in the company, if appropri
ate).
A man uses the title
Mr
. The title
Mrs

shows that a woman is married;
Miss

shows that she is unmarried;
Ms

shows only that she is a woman.

BLOCK STYLE is the modern style


all paragraphs start at the left
-
hand margin.

PUNCTUATION: in modern business



Use

Example

CAPITAL LETTERS. ПРОПИСНЫЕ БУКВЫ

names, titles and initials of people and
companies

Ms Anne Bell, Mr. J. Hyam Jr.

Transworld Freight

countries, nationalities

Belgium, French



London, Hampshire, River Thames,

Mount Everest

days, months

Monday, January

at the beginning of a sentence


I

I know him and I like him.

with some documents and abbreviations

CV, ACCA

PUNCTUATION MARKS. ПРАВИЛА ПУНКТУАЦИИ

FULL STOP (US: PERIOD)

at the end of a sentence

He works at Transworld

in decimals, money

562.3. 25.20. $6.75

17


QUESTION MARK

after a question

Did you see hem yesterday?

not after reported questions

I asked whether you’d seen him.

COMMA

before and/or after someone’s name

Hello, Jane.

when you are
writing to them

What are you doing, Anne?

in a list of several things

She has got long, dark, curly hair.


I went to London. Rome and Paris.

in numbers over 999

1.786.000

before direct speech

She said, “Hello”

either side of a non
-
defining relative
cl
ause

The invoice, which is a request for
payment, is out
-
of
-
date.

before some clauses and conjunctions
e.g.
but, so, then

If I see him. I’ll tell him.

I went into his office, but he wasn’t there.

not before
and, or

I went into his office and into her off
ice.

APOSTROPHE

belonging to Mary

Mary’s office

belonging to the company

BOS’s staff (or BOS’ staff)

the manager

the manager’s books

the managers

the managers’ books

short forms (contractions)

I’ll (I will), he isn’t (he is not)

INVERTED COMMAS/QUOT
ATION MARKS

with direct speech

He said, “She likes coffee”.

not with reported speech

He said she liked coffee.

3.1

После ознакомления с текстом согласитесь или не согласитесь со следующими
утверждениями:

1. If a letter begins with the receiver’s name, e
.g.
Dear Mr Ross
, it will close with
Yours faithfully
.

, you would open with
Dear Mr
.

Gentlemen
.

4. The abbreviation
enc

or
en
cl



would be correct to use the term
Ms
, e.g.
Ms Tessa Gr
oves
, instead of
Miss

or
Mrs
.

7. The following is an example of a blocked style:







Oberlweinfeldweg 33





5207 Therwil






Switzerland

8. The above address is an example of ‘open punctuation’.

9. The abbreviation in addressing a doct
or, e.g.
Doctor James Spock
, would be
Dt.
Spock
.

18


10. Rather than use the UK close of
Yours sincerely/faithfully
, Americans often
choose
Yours truly
.

3.2

Расставьте абзацы двух деловых писем в правильном порядке:

a) Mrs. E. Lant


31 Ilford Road


London SW1 2XJ

b) London Goods Ltd


12 Martindale Road


London SE5 6BA

c) Mrs. Lant,

d) Sirs,

e) E. Lant (Mrs.)

f) Philip Gallagher


Sales manager

g) 31 Ilford Road

London SW1 2XJ

h) 16th October 2015

i) Sales Separtment


London Goods Ltd


12 Martindale Road


London SE5 6BA

j) 21st October 2015

k) faithfully,

l) sincerely,

1
_____________


2
_____________
3
_____________


Dear
4
_________
____

I saw your advertisement in the Daily
Sun and I would be grateful if you would
send me a copy of your catalogue.


Yours
5
_____________

6
_____________

7
_____________

8
_____________
9
_____________


Dear
10
_____________

October. I enclose our catalogue as
requested.


Yours
11
_____________

12
_____________

3.3

. Вставьте местоимения в текст делового письма (некоторые
местоимения можно использовать более одного раза):

I


it


me


our


you


your


yo
urs

we


SAFE INSURANCE PLC

26 Cheapside

Halifax HX2 5PJ

Mr. N. Stroke

Export Manager

GLM Engineering Ltd

10 Oak Way

Halifax HX6 3LP








18 August 2015

1
_____________
ref: 67/3279CB

2
_____________
ref: NS/jl

Dear Mr. Stroke,

Thank
3
_____________
for
4
__
___________

19


5
_____________
am pleased to inform you that
6
_____________
will insure
7
_____________
consignment to Paris.
8
_____________
would be grateful if
9
_____________
10
_____________
to
1
1
_____________
as soon as possible so that
12
_____________
can calculate the fill
in premium.

13
_____________

look forward to hearing from
14
_____________

in the near future.

15
_____________

sincerely,

(
signature
)

Geoffrey Cook (Mr.)

Premiums Manager

3.4

В результате случайной ошибки компьютера все абзацы делового письма были
переставлены. Восстановите правильный порядок:

a) Transworld Freight plc


74 Dockside


Manchester M15 7BJ

b) Accounts Department


Household Designs & Co Ltd


22 High Stree
t


Manchester

c) Tel: Manchester 85 372 72

E
-
mail: [email protected]

d) Our ref: LS/ sp


Your ref: 0455/ 0004

e) Dear Sirs

f) Yours faithfully



Senior accounts clerk

h)
signature

i) 13 April 2015


j) da
ted 6 April is incorrect.

l) $66.00 and adjust our next statement accordingly.

k) on the price with your salesman.

m) I would be grateful it you could issue a credit note for

n) I am sorry to inform you that your invoice (ref 0455/0004)

o) behalf and
she told me that she had agreed a 10% discount

p) I have spoken to the employee who bought the chairs on our

3.5

Перепишите меморандум, правильно расставив знаки пунктуации и заглавные буквы:

Brighter Office Supplies Limited

Memorandum

To:

allstaff

Fr
om:

howardspencerpersonneldepartment

Date:

30october1994

Subject:

appointmentsystem

iamnotavailabletoseestaffonmondayandwedn
esdaythisweekbecauseiaminterviewingnewstafi
canstillseestaffbyappointment

20


3.6

Перепишите деловое письмо, правильно расставив знак
и пунктуации и заглавные буквы:

BOS Italia

mrs sheila baker

sales manager

brighter office supplies ltd


harlow essex cm20 2jr







27
th

november 1998

our ref lmfa

dear sheila

th

november i am very pleased that
you are coming
to milan to visit bos italia

how long are you staying would you like me to book you a hotel room please write
and give me all the details

i look forward to see
ing you again

best wishes

lorenzo magnani

sales representative

3.7

Найдите перевод на английский язык фраз и оборотов из левой колонки:

1. Благодарим за Ваше письмо от 3
июня и сообщаем Вам, что…

June…

2. С сожалением сообщаем Вам, что…

b) With reference to the enquiry of 3rd
of J
une…

3. С удовольствием сообщаем Вам,
что…

c) We are pleased to inform you…

4. Ссылаясь на запрос от 3 июня …

d) We regret to inform you…

5. Подтверждаем получение Вашего
письма от 3 июня….

of June and write to
tell you…

6. Просим Вас подтвердить получение
счета…

f) Please accept our apologies for…

7. С нетерпением ожидаем Вашего
ответа в ближайшем будущем…

g) We would be very much obliged…

8. Мы были бы весьма
признательны…

h) Please let us know…

9.
Просим В
ас сообщить нам…

i) Please acknowledge the receipt of our
invoice…

10. Просим принять наши извинения
за …

j) We look forward to hearing from you
soon…

3.8

Переведите следующее письмо с русского на английский язык:

Уважаемый господин Смит!

Как Вы знаете,
господин Грин, наш торговый представитель в Вашей стране,
только что занял пост в нашем главном офисе. Однако нам приятно Вам
21


сообщить, что господин Браун будет нас представлять в Вашей стране.

Господин Браун имеет большой опыт работы в нашей области. Мы у
верены,
что он сможет ответить на все Ваши вопросы, и обеспечить, чтобы Вы были
полностью удовлетворены качеством наших услуг. Вы можете полностью
положиться на его советы.

Искренне Ваш,

Джон Джонсон

Менеджер по экспорту.

3.9

Переведите следующее письмо с

русского на английский язык:

Уважаемый господин!

Во время работы Международной торговой ярмарки Вы посетили наш стенд
и проявили интерес к нашим новым товарам, и в частности, к нашим
электронным игрушкам.

Я был бы очень рад обсудить с Вами возможность про
дажи этих товаров в
Вашей стране, где у нас нет установившихся связей с какой либо фирмой.

Мы могли бы встретиться в нашем головном офисе, если Вы не хотите,
конечно, чтобы я приехал к вам.

Прилагаю нашу брошюру ©Электронные игрушкиª, в которую вошли наши
самые последние модели, и, в частности, второе поколение ©Языковых игрª,
которая, как нам кажется, Вас интересует.

Надеюсь на скорую встречу с Вами.


С уважением,

Менеджер по продажам.


UNIT
4
.
CAREER

It is not an easy thing to choose a profession out of
many

existing in the world.
There are many more career opportunities out there than the ones you thought about
when you were younger
, when you entered the university. Then you didn

t know

you will be
specialize in the profile that matches your interests and skills best. So

e
verybody
asks himself or herself a question:

Which career would I like to pursue?


F
ortunately, there are things you can do to help find a career that suits you. You
can, for example, find out as much as you can about yourself. When you know more
about yourself, it will be easier to match your skills and interests with the ones a job
requ
ires.

You will also want to find out as much as you can about different careers, discover
what jobs are available, and which ones suit you best. Finally, you will want to learn
because
future economic and social conditions will affect the job opportunities in occupations
you find attractive.

The career you choose is likely to affect many aspects of your life. It may
22


influence how much you earn, the type of ho
u
se you live in, the

clothes you wear, the
interests and hobbies you pursue, even the political beliefs you hold.

But it works both ways. Your personal values influence your career decisions.
When you choose a career, you are directly or indirectly making decisions about the

type of people you

d like to associate with, the amount of leisure time you want, and
the importance of money in your life. These decisions depend on the personal values
and interests you already have. If you like a subject taught
at

the
University
, and d
o
well in it, it

s worth investigating occupations that involve that subject.

If, for example, you are especially good at mathematics, it would be worth your
while to explore those careers that call for the use of this discipline. Each of the
following jo
bs requires a certain amount of mathematical skill: engineer, architect,
computer programmer, bank officer and many others.

Because of the wide difference in jobs you should find out all you can about any
job that interests you. This can be done by readin
g widely and also by talking to
friends and adults who have different kinds of jobs. You also need to think about
how well you can do what you would like to do.

Like a hobby or a sport every job involves knowledge and skills that you must
learn. Perhaps t

Jobs change and new ones are constantly appearing. Some years from now there
will be many more new jobs nobody knows anything about today. By reading and
talking to people you will learn what
great opportunities there will be for you.


4.1

Найдите в тексте перевод следующих слов и выражений:

1)
подходить

______________________
;

2)
подходящий

______________________
;

3)
соответствовать умениям и интересам

______________________
;

4)
требовать прямо или косвенно

______________________
;

5)
привле
кательно

______________________
;

6)
повлиять на многие стороны жизни

______________________
;

7)
придерживаться политических убеждений

______________________
;

8)
личные ценности

______________________
;

9)
стоит того, чтобы сделать

______________________
;

10
)
служащий

______________________
;

11)
несколько лет спустя

______________________
.

4.2

После ознакомления с текстом ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. When were you able to give a definite answer about your future profession?
Who helped you to make your c
hoice?

2. What are your interests and abilities? What do you think you are capable of?

3. What was your favourite subject at school? How did it influence your choice?

about
all kinds of jobs?

5. How your personal values influence your career decisions?


7. What career
would
you like to follow? What
do
you know about it, what
23


qualifications and qualities are needed for it?
Why do you think this kind of career
will suit you?

8. What you should take into consideration when choosing a career?

9. Is it important for you to know more about your future profession?


4.3

После ознакомления с текстом согласитесь или не согласитесь
со следующими
утверждениями:

1.

2.
It is easier to find your job if you know yourself well.

3.
The career you choose influences your life.

4.
Your personal values affect your career decision.

5.
If

you are good at mathematics you will be a banker.

6.
You must learn knowledge and skills as well as sport and hobbies.

7.

8.

How to look for jobs

.

4.5

Persona
l qualities
.

Определите, являются ли данные характеристики положительными
или отрицательными для делового человека:

1. She’s very ambitious. I’m sure she’ll be very successful one day.

2. He isn’t very reliable. He takes a day off sick every two weeks.

3. She’s a bit
lazy. She doesn’t do anything if she doesn’t have to.

4. He’s extremely conscientious. He’s often here long after
we

ha
ve

gone home.

5. She’s very flexible. She can adapt to most situations.

6. He hasn’t got much self
-
confidence. He worries about what peop
le think of him.

7. He’s very punctual. He’s never late for meetings.

8. She’s always on top of her work. Her desk is always tidy.

4.6

Совместите значения предложений из правой и левой колонок:

A.

She was given the sack.

B.

She got a rise.

C.

She got a promotion.

D.


E.

She applied for the job.

F.

She resigned.

G.

She was unemployed.

H.

She did it for a living.

I.

She was amb
itious.

J.

She was conscientious.

1.


2.

She answered an advertisement.

3.

She decided to leave.

4.

She did the job carefully.

5.

She didn’t have a job.

6.

She earned her money that way.

7.

She was dismissed.

8.

er job.

9.

She was old and stopped work.

10.

She was given more money.

4.7

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов подходящие по смыслу:


job


-

anything that one has to do, task, duty;


position


-

a person



occupation


-

that which chiefly engages one

s time;

one

s trade.

1. He was unemployed doing only odd
______________________.

2. Knitting is a useful
______________________

for long winter evenings.

24


3. This aid is for those who have a very low
______________________


4. My sister occupies an impo
rtant
______________________

in the Department
of Health.

5. The police called to the company to find out his
______________________

at
the moment.

6. He had a hard
______________________

painting the car.

4.8

Выберите из предложенных слов лучший вариант:

1. It was hard physical
job
/
work
,

you know, lifting people and helping them into
wheelchairs and pushing them.

2. I got my first
job / work

as an assistant receptionist in a hotel when I was just 18.

3. It w
asn’t a very well
-
paid
job / work
, but then first
jobs / works

often aren’t.

4. I thought it was a great
opportunity / occasion / possibility

experience.

5. And on some
opportunities / possibilities / occasions

I was left on my own as t
he
person in charge of the whole of this enormous hotel.

6. I don’t think there’s much
possibility / opportunity

of us choosing him for the job.

7. I only wear this suit on special
occasions / opportunities
.

a(n)

possibility / opportunity

to speak to Matt yesterday?

9. She’s just written to our company applying for a
work / job
.

10. I’m a qualified engineer, so my aim is to find
work / job

in that field if I can.

11. One of my
works / jobs

was to count the money at the end of the day.

12.
Most people would prefer a
job / work

which was near home.

4.9

Переведите следующие слова и выражения со словарем:

1)
to employ as (She was employed as a
stock broker.
)

______________________

2)
to engage, to hire, to take on an employee

______________________

3)
to dismiss, to fire, to sack an employee

______________
________

4)
to make an employee redundant

______________________

5)
a government, white
-
collar employee

______________________

6)
a full
-
time, a part
-
time employee

______________________

7)
a fellow employee

______________________

8)
to give, to provide em
ployment

______________________

9)
to find, to seek employment

______________________

10)
casual, full
-
time, part
-
time, seasonal, steady employment

__________________________________________________________________

11)
to find employment as (
an accountant
)

______________________

4.10

Переведите предложения с русского на английский язык, употребив слова и выражения
из предыдущего упражнения:

1.
В течение нескольких месяцев Джон Гаррис был безработным, и его семья
жила в самых ужасных условиях.

2.
Владелец фа
брики предложил безработным работу, но за такую низкую
плату, что они отказались от предложения.

3.
Безработный рабочий делал несколько попыток найти чем заняться.

25


4.
Безработица
-

одна из главных проблем во всех странах.

5.
Безработица увеличивается.

6.
С
читалось, что безработица была полностью ликвидирована в бывшем СССР.

7.
Иногда безработные могут быть весьма опасными членами общества.

8.
Его взяли на работу незамедлительно.

9.
Она работает в издательстве.

10.
Они держат пять человек прислуги.

11.
Будуч
и инвалидом, он нетрудоспособен.

12.
Он работает в этой фирме / он служащий этой фирмы.

13.
Я слышала, он твой будущий работодатель?

14.
Если ты не можешь найти работу в течение долгого срока, напиши на
биржу труда.

15.
Ты знаешь, где находится бюро по тру
доустройству вашего района?

16.
Они предложили мне почасовую работу, а мне была нужна полная
занятость.

4.11.

Работа со словарем. Заполните таблицу, образовав другие части речи от уже
имеющихся:

Глагол

Одушевленное
существительное

Неодушевленное
существит
ельное

advise

adviser

advice

apply







assistant





interviewer/interviewee



translate







critic







employment

think









shopping

speak









love

use







opponent



discover









invention





robbery






observe









organization



…/trainee







gift

imitate







publisher







loss

26


4.12

Заполните пропуски в тексте, образовав правильную лексико
-
грамматическую форму
от предложенных слов:




There
is
no doubt that the world
has
become a more
1
__________________

(
)

place. For the
past
twenty years or so the chase for paper
2
__________________
(
QUALIFY
)

has become even tougher.

Young people without pieces of paper are immediately
3
__________________

(
QUALIFY
)

from applying for even the lo
west
jobs. All that
seems to
wait
for them
is
long term
4
__________________

(
EMPLOY
)
.

However, there are two ways out
of this.

The first
is
to
enrol on
a training course
in
areas where there is a
5
__________________

(
SHORT
)

of people
with
the right skills

and know
-
how.
With
6
__________________

(
ENTHUSIASTIC
)

enough can be
learned to dramatically improve the
7
__________________

(
EMPLOY
)

of young
people whose prospects would otherwise be poor.

The second is
to
contact big companies direct.

8
__________________

(
EMPLOY
)

increasingly

believe that the general education offered by most
schools
and colleges is out
-
dated and
9
__________________

(
RELEVANT
)

to today’s new
professions. This
is
why they
are offering

apprenticeships

to

10
______________
____
(
APPLY
)

who demonstrate the necessary aptitude and
11
__________________
(
COMMIT
)
.

The future is much brighter than we thought
.

4.13

Заполните пропуски в тексте, образовав правильную лексико
-
грамматическую форму
от предложенных слов:


Job Fair

Althoug
h a certain percentage of graduates will still be
1
__________________

(
EMPLOY
)

six

months after leaving university, the majority will have found
2
__________________

(
EMPLOY
)

by

then. Many of these will even have been
offered a job while at university, as a

result of visiting a job fair.

Job fairs are held at many universities each year. Companies come along to
advertise jobs, which are usually in
3
__________________

(
MANAGE
)
, and the
career structures and benefit packages that go with them. Job fairs are an

4
__________________

(
EFFECT
)

way for undergraduates to find out what kind of
job they might be interested in.

If you go to a job fair, dress
5
__________________

(
PROFESSION
)
. Don’t wear
jeans and a T
-
shirt. Wear a suit! You don’t want to look
6
___________
_______

(
RESPONSIBLE
)

when

you have your first
7
__________________

(
)

with

your potential
8
__________________

(
EMPLOY
)
.

If you’re interested in a job on offer, you may have to fill out an
9
__________________

(
APPLY
)

form, so it’s
10
__________________

(
HELP
)

to

take along relevant information with you.

You’ll also need proof of all your
11
__________________

(
QUALIFY
)
, so don’t


27


4.14

Choosing the right job
.

Заполните пропуски в тексте, выбрав и
з предложенных слов
подходящие по смыслу:

commute

pension

salary

ambitious

prospects

perks

promotion

increments


commission

Job satisfaction is important but I have a wife and
a
baby so I have to think about
money too. If a job interests me, I need
to know what
1
_________________ it offers
2
______
_____
_________.
I want to know if I will receive a
3
___________________ when I
4
____________________

at the age of 60 or 65. If the job is selling
a product, I ask
if I’ll receive a percentage of the value of what I sell, called
5
___________________.

It is also important to know if there are extra advantages, like free meals or transport,
or the free use of a car. These are called
6
__________________
_ or fringe benefits.
Are the future
7
_____________________ good? For example, is there a good chance
of
8
____________________ to a better job, with more money and responsibility? Is
the job near my home? If it isn’t, I’ll have to
9
_____________________ ev
ery day
and this can be expensive. I am very keen to be successful. I am very
10
______________________. I don’t want to stay in the same job all my life.

4.15

Переведите предложения с русского на английский язык, используя слова и выражения
из Topical Vocabulary:

1.
Сейчас во многих странах много безработных. Особенно много
безработных среди молодых людей только что закончивших школу. У них нет
необходимого обра
зования и опыта работы.

2.
Часто, чтобы получить необходимую для работы квалификацию
(образование и опыт работы), надо закончить специальные курсы.

3.
Молодые люди в течение года получают пособие по безработице. Они
ищут работу, обращаются в специальные а
гентства и просматривают
объявления в газете в рубрике

Требуются

.

4.
Мэри хотела получить место секретаря в приемной, но на это место было
40 кандидатов. Она не получила его, теперь она согласна на любую работу, т.к.
ей надоело стоять в очереди за пособ
ием каждую неделю.

5.
Роджеру за 50. Он проработал в одной компании более 30 лет. Из
-
за
экономических трудностей в промышленности он попал под сокращение
штатов. Он опять начал искать работу, но т.к. ему уже за 50, он получил много
отказов. Все кандидаты
были моложе его, хотя у них было меньше опыта. Ему
необходимо получить новую профессию, но никто не хочет обучать человека,
который скоро должен уйти на пенсию.

4.16

Speaking
.

Ответьте

на

вопросы

теста
.
Обсудите варианты ответов с остальными
студентами.

Ar
e you in the right job?

Ever get that nagging suspicion that your job just isn

t right for you? That you

re making your
way up the corporate ladder when really you

d be better suited as a market gardener
-

or vice
versa? Take our quiz and find out what sor
t of job you really ought to be doing.

28


1.

It

s Monday morning: the start of the working week. How do you spend the
first hour at your workplace?

A
Jotting down all the brilliant ideas you had over the weekend.

B
Planning your schedule for the next fortnig
ht.

C
Having a cup of coffee with colleagues and catching up on the news.

D
Prioritising tasks so that there are no serious problems later.

2.

What is the most rewarding aspect of your job?

A

B
The ch
ance to be innovative and think laterally to solve problems.

C
The authority to make decisions which have a direct impact on the business.

D
The opportunity to provide a service that people really need and value.

3.

How important is it to you that you work

in an environment that is well
-
organised and has a proper routine?

A
I feel it is important to know what is expected of me.

B
Fine, as long as the needs of others are taken into account.

C
I prefer organisations where there is a clear hierarchy and chain
of command.

D

4.

You are given the option of a promotion and a pay rise, but it will mean
longer hours and travel away from home. What is your reaction?

A
I am only interested if it is an upward move or one that wil
l help me develop
new skills.

B
I

m concerned about the effect it will have on my family.

C
I


D
I

ll take it, so long as it doesn

t involve lots of extra pen
-
pushing and admin.

5.

How

important is it to you that you are in a position where you can give
instructions to others?

A
I

bureaucracy.

B
I prefer to remain part of the team rather than lead it.

C
I would be
happy to do it but I

m not really interested in managing for the sake of it.

D
It

s very important to me to stamp my personality on a project.

6.

What single thing would improve your working life?

A
More freedom to think "out of the box".

B
More power and
more money.

C

D
Visible proof that I have made a difference.

7.

Under what circumstances would you turn down a new role at work?

A
If it was at odds with my personal values.

B
If I thought it was a career
dead end.

C
If it cramped my style and my freedom to come up with novel solutions.

D
If it brought me into conflict with others.

29


8.

In what sort of organisation would you feel most at home?

A

One which doesn

t force me to compromise my beliefs.

B
One which

actively encourages fresh thinking.

C
One which builds and develops its staff.

D

One which offers a clear path to an executive role.

9.

What do you aim for in your day to day work?

A
To raise my profile and develop my professional skills.

B
To feel that w
hat I do has a direct and beneficial effect on people, and really matters.

C
To maintain a harmonious and cooperative atmosphere where everyone can
contribute.

D

10.

If you won the lottery, what would you do
?


A
Treat all my friends to a massive night out.

B

C
Use the financial security to take greater risks in my career.

D
Donate a chunk of it to charity.

Are you in the right job?
Count your score.
Answers:

10
-
1
5:

You are an innovator

and a free thinker and you hate the restrictions that often
accompany corporate life. You yearn for the freedom to dream up new ideas or create new
products and you would love to be an entrepreneur and run your own business. You find red
tape, office poli
tics and career structures more of a hindrance than a help. A young, vibrant,
company which actively recruits mavericks and dreamers would suit you best. You are at

16
-
24:

F
or you, harmony and good relationships with colleagues are important. You are
likely to be most fulfilled in a role which emphasises teamwork and cooperation. You enjoy
product
which they would have been unable to do alone. Your personality is best suited to a job
where socialising is an important part of the work environment and where building
relationships is an integral part of your role.

25
-
33:

You would be unhappy in

any job where you felt you were not making a
difference to people

s lives. Public service, teaching and the caring professions may be the
most suitable for you. You are less interested in money and prestige and more interested in
developing and nurturing
others. You would not work for an organisation where the culture
was at odds with your personal values. If you do not work in such an environment, you will
find greater satisfaction either self
-
employed or in a job where your core beliefs are not
compromis
ed.

3
4
-
40
:

You are interested in the power and prestige which corporate life can bring.
Although money is important to you, the real driver in your life is your need to push
onwards and upwards. You value success very highly and feel unfulfilled if your jo
b is not
develop and improve your skills, you may feel unmotivated and depressed. You have a
strong need to be visible and to be appreciated, and a large organisa
tion which requires your
management skills and focused personality is the one most likely to bring you career
happiness.

30


UNIT 5.
EMPLOYMENT CORRESPONDENCE


Advertisements (ads) for employment appear in all the media including radio
and television. However,

newspapers and magazines are usually the main sources for
vacancies. Most

ads


use abbreviated forms to announce conditions of employment,
especially in the

small ad


section for appointments. You can find such pages in
most Russian and foreign newspape
rs and magazines under

Job opportunities

,

Vacancies


headings.

The company sites and electronic versions of newspapers and
magazines also provide a lot of ads.


simply state
what you are doing, and remember to give a date or reference:
I would
like to apply for the position of
Chief Accountant

advertised in this month

s edition
of Computer
Accounting
. If you apply for a position which has not been advertised,
you can open like

this:
I am writing to ask if you might have a vacancy in the sales
department
. If your enquiry is only for an application form, you can give some brief
s, in these cases, are not for the positions themselves, but are for
interviews.


Some companies do not send application forms, but prefer applicants to supply
a curriculum vitae (
C.V
.) in British English or resume in American English
,

which is
your person

forms and
C.V
s, either explaining points that might not be clear, or giving further
information to emphasize your suitability for the post. Remember to quote any
reference numbers o
r

job tittles that have to be mentioned, and if an application form
has been sent, thank the company.


You may

also

need to revise
some
exercises of
Vocabulary Module 1

of the
applic
ation.

5.1

Applying for a job
.

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов
подходящие по смыслу:

references

fill in

short
-
list

interview

experience

applicants

vacancy

apply

qualifications

application forms

In times of high unemployment
there are usually very many
1
________________________ when a
2
_____________________ is advertised.
3
______________________, and send off
4
____________________ for a single job. It is not unusual, in fact, for hundreds of
p
eople to
5
____________________ to a firm for one post. This number is reduced to
a
6
___________________ of perhaps six or eight, from whom a final choice is made
when they all attend an
7
______________________. Very possibly the people
interviewing will be

interested in the
8
____________________ the candidates
gained at school or university and what
9
_____________________ they have had in
previous jobs. They will probably ask for
10
______________________ written by
the candidates’ teachers and employers.

31


5.
2

Прочитайте анкету девушки:

Curriculum Vitae

(Please write in block capitals)

Surname:
BELL







Address:

First Name:
ANNE MARY





42
MONTREAL DRIVE
,

D.o.b.:
1 OCT 1991






STUBBINGTON, HANTS

Marital status:
SINGLE

Children:………….






Tel. no:
01
-
123 987
6

Education and further studies

Dates

Schools/colleges (name and address)

Qualifications

19
97
-
2007

FAREHAM COMPREHENSIVE
SCHOOL, FAREHAM, HANTS.

5 GCE

O


LEVELS

1 GCE

A


LEVEL ENG

2007
-
2008

STAR SECRETARIAL COLLEGE,
QUEENS ROAD, LONDON SWI
ORD

SECRETAR
IAL DIPLOMA (SPEEDS:
TYPING 40 WPM; SHORTHAND 120
WPM)







Experience

Dates

Place of work (with address)

Job

Pay

2008
-
PRESENT

COMMERCIAL BANK, HIGH
STREET, FAREHAM, HANTS

DEPARTMENT
SECRETARY






Names and addresses of three referees:

MR. J HEAD,
FAREHAM COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL, HANTS.

MR. G. PICKERING, STAR SECRETERIAL COLLEGE, QUEENS ROAD, LONDON SWI
ORD.

MS. L. BANES, COMMERCIAL BANK, HIGH STREET, FAREHAM, HANTS

5.3

Прочитайте анкету Анны и ответьте на вопросы:

1.
What is Anne

s full name?

2.
What
is her date of birth?

3.
Is she married?

4.
Where does she live?

5.
Where did she go to school?

6.
What qualifications did she get at school?

7.

8.

9.
arial speeds in words per minute?

10.
Where did she work from
2008

until she joined another company?

32


5.4


Расставьте абзацы в правильном порядке:

a)
10 March
2015
;

1
_____________

2
_____________


3
_____________

4
_____________

I enclose an application form for the
5
_____________

of
6
_____________
. As you can see,
I do not have any exper
ience, but my examination
results were good and I am very interested in fashion.

I am available for an interview at your convenience.

I look forward
7
_____________.

8
_____________

(signature)

9
_____________

b)
position;


c)
to hearing from you;

d)
Tr
acey Davis (Miss);

e)
Personal Assistant;


f)
Dear Sir or Madam;

g)
Personnel M
anager



Whitehouse & Co Ltd






London WC2B 3XP;

h)
Yours faithfully;

i)
62 Longford Lane


London EC4 & 7EL

5.5

Прочитайте заявление о приеме на работу, которое написала Tracey (предыдущее
упражнение). Ответьте на вопросы, выбрав лучший вариант ответа:

1.
Is the Personnel Manager a man or a woman?

a) man;



b) woman;



c) we do not know.

2.
What is Whitehouse & Co

Ltd, do you think?

a) a school;



b) a dress company;

c) a job agency.

3.
When can Tracey go for an interview?

a) at any time;


b) only in school hours;

c) only out of school hours.

4.
At the moment, do you think Tracey

a) is still at school;

b) has
left school;


c) is in another job.

5.
Is Tracey Davis married?

a) yes;



b) no;



c) we do not know.

5.6

Writing an application.

Here is part of the application form for a scholarship. The applicant
who wrote this has a serious problem with word order

in English. Read the text and correct all the
word order mistakes that you can find. Write out the correct version. There are 17 word order
mistakes in total.

I arrived in London ago three months with my wife and two children young. Since
then I very hard

have tried to get a job (in my country I was a lawyer). However, isn’t

very good my English and I think this is the reason why I yet haven’t found a job. I
seem always to have problems when I have to speak at interviews. I am sure that if I
could improve
support.

I have done my best to improve my English since I arrived. I have studied books
speaking it is quite d
ifficult. I think that having regular classes of language would
really help me and as soon as possible I am very keen to start. I know what a
reputation good has your school and very grateful I would be if seriously you would
consider my application.


33


5.7

Найдите в правой колонке перевод слов и выражений из левой колонки.

1.
I am just writing a few lines to
introduce Mr. ...

a
)
С большим удовольствием
представляю вам г
-
на …

2.
It gives us a great pleasure to
introduce Mr. ...

b
)
Мне приятно сказать несколь
ко
слов в качестве рекомендации г
-
на…

3.
The bearer of this letter is а...

c
)
Я могу искренне рекомендовать г
-
на... как человека высокой
ответственности и очень надежного.

4.
This will introduce Mr ... who will be
very grateful for any help you may be
ab
le to give him.

d
)
Я рад замолвить слово за г
-
на ...
который сочетает в себе высокий
уровень технической подготовки и
практические способности.

5.
It is a pleasure to say a word of
recommendation on behalf...

e
)
Пишу эти несколько строк, чтобы
представить

г
-
на....

6.
I can sincerely recommend Mr ... as a
highly responsible and reliable man.

f
)
Податель сего письма г
-
н...
является...

7.
I am glad to write on behalf of Mr...
who combines the qualities of Techical
Training and practical efficiency.

g
)
Я рад

рекомендовать Вам г
-
на... Я
связан с ним довольно тесно,
поскольку...

8.
I am glad to write you concerning
Mr... I have been associated with him
rather closely as...

h
)
Настоящим представляю Вам г
-
на..., который будет очень благодарен
за любую помощь, ок
азанную ему.

5.8

Переведите предложения с русского на английский язык:

1.
Я бы хотел поступить на работу на должность Директора по производству,
о которой недавно было объявлено в …

2.
С интересом узнал, что Ваша компания набирает (работников)…

3.
…узнать
, что в фирме есть вакантная должность…

4.
Я женат и в настоящее время работаю в качестве … в…, где я уже с
20


5.
Мне приятно было найти Ваше объявление о …, так как это именно та
должность, для которой я обладаю всеми необходимыми качествами.

6.
Полные д
етали моей карьеры изложены в прилагаемой анкете.

7.
Я буду рад предоставить любую подробную информацию, необходимую
Вам.

5.9

Looking for a job
.

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов
подходящие по смыслу: (
In the United States a
CV

is called a
résumé
):

qualifications

application experience

section

interview

CV

I thought it would be quite easy to find a job when I left school, but it’s been really
difficult. I look through the job
1
______________________ in the local paper
every
week, but everybody seems to want people with lots of
2
______________________
and I didn’t do very well at school. I’ve sent my
3
___________________ to dozens
of companies in the local area but nobody has got back to me. I must have filled in at
leas
t thirty
4
______________________ forms and I’ve only had one reply. I went for
34


an
5
_______________________ last week but it didn’t go very well


they said
they wanted someone with more
6
______________________ but I’ve never had a
f I’ll ever find anything.

5.10

Applying for a job


verbs
.

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из
предложенных слов подходящие по смыслу
, употребив их в правильной грамматической
форме
:

offer


send it off


find


go into

fill in

apply for

1. I left university six months ago and I still haven’t __________
______ a job. It’s
more difficult than I thought it would be.

2. I’ve _____________ a part
-


it’s four afternoons a week.

3. I’m not really sure

what I want to do when I
graduate
. I might
________________ banking like my Dad.

4
. I’ve ________________ the application form and ________________, so now
I’ve just got to wait until I hear from them.

5. I can’t believe it. They’ve ________________ me that job in New York. They
want me to start next month.

5.11

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных
предлогов:


at


in


for


to


as


off


of

1. I’m interested _______ this job.

2. What did you study _______
the
university?

3. He has applied _______ Lufthansa _______ a job _______ an office

manager.

4. This job advertisement looks interesting. I’ll send ______ an application form.


6. You must send _______ the form by 20 May.

7. He’s been _______ that job for two years.

ge of 60.


10. The use _______ a company car is a nice perk to have.

11. The sixty applicants were reduced _______ a short
-
list of four.

5.12

Переведите письмо с русского на английский язык:

Благодарим Вас за Ваше обращение на получение должности Директора по
продажам (в Европе).

Ваша анкета и рекомендации показывают, что, вероятно, Вы обладаете теми
качествами, которые нам необходимы. Я был бы
благодарен, если бы Вы
приехали в наш главный офис для собеседования … числа в … часов.

Процесс собеседования займет несколько часов и будет включать
представление нашему экспортному отделу.

5.13

Переведите предложения с русского на английский язык:

Чтобы

получить интервью с представителем компании, вы должны разослать
ваше резюме и заявление в разные компании и агентства. Резюме должно быть
правильно составлено, т.к. это первая информация, которую компания
35


получает о вас. Неправильно составленное резюме


это потерянная
возможность получить работу. Вы должны указать точные даты, должности и
места работы.

Резюме не должно быть длинным, не более одной машинописной страницы.
Необходимо перечислить все места вашей учебы в обратном хронологическом
порядке. В э
тот список можно включить все прослушанные курсы,
относящиеся к данной должности.

Укажите последнее место работы и следуйте в обратном порядке. Цель
получения данной работы не должна быть сформулирована в слишком
обобщенном виде.

Если вы закончили универс
итет с отличием, укажите это в разделе
©
образование
ª
.

Указав имена, адреса и телефоны людей, которые могут дать вам
рек
омендацию, вы можете написать: ©
могут быть

представлены при
необходимостиª
.

Резюме посылается с письмом к работодателю. Конечно, резюме

не
предоставит вам работу, но оно поможет вам быть приглашенным на интервью.

©
Получение высокооплачиваемой работы
ª



не должно быть указано как
главная цель получения работы. Это произведет неблагоприятное впечатление.

5.14

Напишите письмо


просьбу о п
риеме на работу:

If you have a job, describe it and say what you like/dislike about it. If you could
do any kind of job, what would you most like to be? You have seen an advertisement
for an English
-
speaking guide to take groups tourists around your countr
y. Write a

I think I would like to be a(n)
______________________

because
____________________________________________
.

I would like to apply for the job of tourist guide, as advertised in
______________________
. At pre
sent I am studying
______________________

at

______________________

and I hope to
__________________________________
.

For the last
_____________

years I have been working as a(n)
______________________

for
______________________
.

My duties include
(verb +

ing)

_______________________________________
.

I have had experience in
(verb + ing)

______________________
.

In previous jobs I have had to
_________________________________________
.

I can speak/write/understand English
______________________
.

I am appl
ying for the job because
______________________________________
.

I would be available for an interview
______________________
.

I hope you will consider my application favourably.

I look forward to hearing from you.



36


UNIT 6.
THE JOB INTERVIEW

Certain q
uestions frequently come up at the interview. So it

s worth thinking about

the answers beforehand.


Why did you leave your last job?


Try to be as honest as possible without
appearing to criticize your previous employer. If you weren

t happy or found the
job
boring, say that you didn

t think you could make full use of your true abilities. Be as
positive as possible. Emphasize any experience you think is relevant to the new job
you are looking for.


What exactly did you do in your last job?


Don

t just giv
e the name of the job.
In a few brief sentences, describe the main duties and responsibilities the job
involved. Offer enough information to give a clear picture of the job and then see if
your interviewer has any further questions. Be sure to mention any
promotion or
advancement you had.


Why do you want to work for us?


This is your chance to show you

ve found
interests you in particular. Don

t talk only about what you ho
Emphasize what you can do for them, as well. Explain how what you have done in
the past will be useful in the new job.

Remember these things, too. Try to relax and be yourself. This is very important.
ng. Don

t just answer

Yes


or

No

. If you don

t
understand anything, say so clearly. Don

t just answer questions. Ask a few yourself!
At the end, thank the interviewer for seeing you.

6.1

После ознакомления с текстом, выберите лучший ответ на вопросы:

1. If you are asked why you left your last job, a good answer would be:



A)

They just didn

t appreciate my true abilities.




B)

I felt I could offer more than the job required.




C)

To

be honest, I found the job boring.





D)

I don

t want to criticize my employers. I won

t say anything.



2. When asked what your last job was, you should:




clerk


and wait for more questions



as possible of exactly what you did.



C) try to make it sound as important as you can.



D) give a short but reasonably clear idea of what you did.

3. When you are asked why you want the new job, it is a good idea to:



A) say what you know about the
firm and how you think you can help it.



B) concentrate on the advantages of the job from your point of view.







4. You a
re advised to:



A) answer only the questions you are asked.



B) answer questions with

yes


or

no

.



C) show when you haven




D) be reserved and formal in your behavior.

37


6.2

Найдите в правой колонке определения к словам и выражениям из левой колонки.

1)
self appraisal;

a)
to consider smth after delaying it;

2)
self concept;

b)
to visit without an appointment;

3)
self evaluation;

c)

4)
resume;

d)
newsp
aper listing of job;

5)
give notice;

e)
your own view of yourself;

6)
give me a call;

f)
to give someone a good opinion of you;

7)
create a good impression;

g)
summary of one

s employment record;

8)
classified ad;

h)
a form to be filled in when applyin
g for smth;

9)
drop in;

i)
ation of

your own value or worth;

10)
make an appointment;

j)
estimat
ion of

your own qualities, abilities;

11)

k)
telephone me;

12)
application form.

l)
inform your employer in advance that you are

leaving the job.

6.3

Заполните пропуски в тексте, образовав соответствующую лексико
-
грамматическую
форму от предложенного слова:

My first job interview

I left university with good academic
1
__________________

(
QUALIFY
)

but
writing out my first
2
_________
_________

(
APPLY
)

for a job was very difficult.

I was not very
3
__________________

(
AMBITION
)

so I could not see myself as
4
__________________
(
PREFER
)

related to my studies, but there was li
ttle
5
__________________

(
CHOOSE
)

in my field. Still, I had to earn my
6
__________________

(
LIFE
)

somehow.

So I applied for the post of
7
__________________

(
ASSIST
)

to the press officer
of a company. As I stood at the
8
__________________

(
RECEIVE
)

desk be
fore the
interview I knew I had nothing to recommend me but a reasonably pleasant
9
__________________

(
APPEAR
)

and a good
10
__________________
(
REFER
)

from my tutor at university.

6.4

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных в
Topical Voca
bulary

слов
и выражений подходящие по смыслу. Первая буква слова послужит Вам подсказкой:

For example: A career in medicine can be very hard work but it is rewarding.


1. The
p
______________________

of Sales Manager was advertised last week in
the national

newspapers.


2. So far we have had more than fifty
a
______________________

for the job.


3. We are offering a
s
______________________

of $16,000.


4. We would prefer to appoint someone with a few years


e
______________________

in the field.


5. High ac
ademic
q
______________________

are not so necessary for a job like
this.


6. In this company all
e
______________________

are treated in the same way.


m
______________________

38


and
s
______________________

are

essential.


8. We have chosen ten
c
______________________

to be interviewed next week.


9. All staff are entitled to an annual share in the
p
______________________

of
the company.

10. The successful candidate will be expected to take up his/her
a
______
________________

from next month.

6.5

Переведите предложения с русского на английский язык:

1.
Когда я вошла в офис агентства, секретарь, встречающий посетителей,
спросил меня, назначена ли у меня встреча.

2.
У меня назначен
о

собеседование

с Мисс Харрис.

3.
Я проходил мимо вашего агентства и

решил зайти и поговорить с одним из
ваших сотрудников.

4.
Он не пришел в назначенное время на встречу с Мистером Брауном, это,
конечно, произвело крайне отрицательное впечатление.

5.
Анкета для поступления на работу заполняется печатными буквами.

6.
Вам

придется начать работу с самой маленькой должности, чтобы
приобрести необходимый опыт.

7.
Вы должны пойти на курсы, чтобы приобрести знания, необходимые для
этой работы.

8.
Агентство поможет вам подобрать работу согласно вашей квалификации.

9.
Ему предло
жили две разные должности, но он не мог решить, какую
выбрать.

6.6

Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов подходящие по
смыслу:

a
nnual, annum, applicant, applicants, colleagues, contract, curriculum vitae,
duties, employment, fringe
, interviewer, non
-
contributory, perman
ent, public,
reference, vacancy

1. If a company offers a
_____________
-
______________________
pension
scheme, they pay for your premiums.

2. Christmas Day and Easter Monday are examples of
______________________

holi
days.

3. A prospective employer will often ask a candidate

s previous employer for a
______________________

to find out what sort of person they are.

4. Jobs that are not temporary are
______________________
.

5. Free travel, subsidised food, and staff dis
counts are examples of
______________________

benefits.

6. An
______________________

is someone who applies for a job.

7. My current salary is $
20
,
0
00 per
______________________
.

8. In the company we have
______________________

reviews of salaries every
October.


s
______________________

can include typing, filing, and making
appointments.

39


10. Successful applicants are sent a contract of
______________________

which

11. The company had a
__________________
____

for an accounts clerk, so they
put an advertisement in the paper.

12. The company invited five
______________________

to come to the
interview.

13. The
______________________

spent about an hour asking me questions
about my previous jobs and experie
nce.

______________________

conditions of work.

15. The new cashier was introduced to all her
______________________

on th
e
first day.

______________________
.

6.7


Заполните пропуски в предложениях, выбрав из предложенных слов подходящие по
смыслу:

We are looking for someone with
1
current

/

fluen
t

/

spoken

English and Italian,
and preferably another language, such as French or German. The
2

/

interviewee

/

applicant

should have at least two years


3
work

/

experience

/

employment
. Office skills such as typing, word processing,
and
shorthand would be a(n)
4
advantage

/

benefit

/

addition
.

The work
5
consists

/

contains

/

includes

customer liaison, and
6
doing

/

making

/

acting

Europe. The successful candidate w
ill also be expected to proof
-
read manuscripts in
English and Italian. In addition to this, he/she will be expected to carry out the usual
7
work

/

duties

/

employment
.

For a(n)
8
application form

/

c.v.

/

interview
, phone Paula Prentiss, the Pe
rsonnel
Manager, on (0223) 6814, Ext. 412, quoting
9
number

/

reference

/

figure

PP 391.

6.8

Составьте грамматически правильный диалог (интервью при приеме на работу),
воспользовавшись предложенными словами:

Example:

How /you/ this/ job?

How did you hear about this job?

A: you ever/do/this kind/work/before?















B: No/I be/afraid/this kin















A: Why/you be/interested/it?















B: It be/difficult/say. It/just/sound/interesting.















A: What/interest you/most/the job?
















40
















A: What/you/do/your previous job?















B: I/sell books/bookshop.















A: Why/you/leave?















B: I/have/arguments/my/boss.















A: What/cause/these arguments?















each other!















6.9

Speaking.

INTERVIEW TECHNIQUES
.

Interviewing technique affects both the style of an
interview and the type of questions asked. Many

interviews use a combination of approaches to
discover as much as possible about the applican
t.

Look at the following job advertisement:


An expanding young software development company

with 950 employees, with its
head office in London

and with production sites in London, Rotterdam and

Paris, is
looking for a dynamic, ambitious g
raduate

with experience in direct selling and
strategic

planning, preferably in a relevant sector.

Telephone 0800 5656 and ask for

Freephone Professional for further

application form.

With your partner, classify the following interview quest
ions into three groups: Personall
them on a scale of 1 to 5: where 1 = most useful in a job interview, and 5 = not useful at all. Give

reasons for your assessments
.

1
.

Can you give an example of a situation where you have been in conflict with
colleagues in your

present job or in a previous job?

2
.

Do you enjoy working alone or do you prefer teamwork?

3
.

How does your experience until now prepare you for the work in

this company?

4
.

How does your family feel about your relocation to London?

5
.

Given your lack of experience in software development


your background is in
the food sector


is

this likely to be a problem?

6
.

What do you do when you need to relax?

7
.

If
what would you

do to resolve the situation?

8
.

How do you see the future of the computing industry in ten years


time?

9
.

Can you describe a particular project that you have b
een closely involved with in
your present job?

41


6.10

Speaking.


Hard


interview questions
.

Some interviewers like to give candidates a hard time
by asking them difficult questions. Here are some typical questions that an interviewer might ask:

1. Tell me
about yourself.

2. What do you think are your strengths and weaknesses?

3. We have a lot of applicants for the job, why should we appoint you?

4. What has been your most valuable experience?

5. How would you describe your personality?

6. When did you last
lose your temper? Describe what happened.

7. Which is most important to you: status or money?

8. How long do you think you’d stay with us if you were appointed?

9. Why do you want to leave you present job?

10. What makes you think you’d enjoy working for u
s?

11. Are you an ambitious person?

12. What would you like to be doing ten years from now?

13. What are you most proud of having done in your present job?

14. What was the worst problem you have had in your present job and how did
you solve it?

15. What i
s the best idea you’ve had in the past month?

16. What is your worst fault and what is your best quality?

17. Don’t you think you’re a little young/old for this job?

18. What are your long
-
range goals?

19. Describe your present job


what do you find rewar
ding about it?

20. What do you do in your spare time?

21. What excites you about the job you’re doing now?

22. What worries you about the job you’re doing now?

23. Describe your ideal boss.

24. How would you rate your present boss?

25. Have you written man

26. Are you an aggressive person?

27. Can you tell me about your experience in writing English?

28. What kind of person would you say you were?

29. Could you tell me why you want to leave your present job?

30. What do you
think my next question will be?

31. Does your present employer know you’ve applied for this job?

32. If you were me, what other questions would you ask?

33. How would you describe the ideal person for this job?

Try some of the “hard” interview questions. D
isciss the best answers to the questions

above

with
your partner
.

42


VOCABULARY

MODULE

REVISION

1.
Resume
.
Расставьте цифры, соответствующие частям резюме, в правильном порядке.

1 additional skills

6 fluent

11 recommendations

2 annum

7 hobbies

12 references

3 business studies

8 marital status

13 responsibilities

4 customers


14 signature

5

education and qualifications

10 qualities

15 work experience

Resume

Name:

Carol Brice

Date of Birth:

25 February 19
-

Present address:

25, Westbound Road, Borehamwood, Herts, WD6 ID

Telephone
number:

0819
539914

A
____________
:

Single

B
____________
:

2004
-

2008

Hilltop Further Education College, Kenwood Road, London
NW7 3TM. Diploma in
C
_______________
.

D
____________
:

2008
-

present


London

Type of Company:

Car importers

Post

E
_______________
:

Dealing with all correspondence; taking
eports;
receiving
F
_______________

and suppliers: dealing with home
and overseas enquiries; representing the company at various
business functions.

G
___________
:



Word and Excel, ITechnology course at The City College



H
_______________

Italian and French

Interests:

tennis, badminton, swimming and reading

I
_____________
:

Mr B. Norman, Assistant Director, National Auto Importers Ltd.,

Current salary:

£14,000 per
J
__________
_____.

43


2.
Business

.
Расставьте

цифры
,
соответствующие

частям

письма
,
в

правильном

порядке
.

1 complimentary ending

6 introductory paragraph

11 references

2 concluding paragraph


12 recommendations

3 date

8 main paragraph

13 salutation

4 enclosures

9 position
/title

14 sender's address

5 full name

10 recipient's address

15 signature










A.


WIDGETRY LTD


Telephone 9017 23456 Telex X238WID Fax 9017 67893

B.


Michael Scot
t, Sales Manager,

Smith and Brown plc,

Napier House,


Oxbridge OB84 9TD 31 January
20XX

C.


Your ref. MS/WID/15/88




Our ref. ST/MN/10/88

D.


Dear Mr Scott,

E.


-
3908, are no longer available but that ST
-
1432, made to the same specifications b
ut using a slightly different alloy,
are now available instead.

F.


Before I place a firm order I should like to see samples of the new super
wish to reinstate the original order,
but placing an order for the new items.

Apart from anything else, I should prefer to continue to deal with Smith
and Brown, whose service has always been satisfactory in the past. But
sure that the quality is good.

G.


as possible.

H.


Yours sincerely,

I.


Simon Thomas



Simon Thomas

J.


Production Manager

44


3.
Расставьте

буквы
,
соответствующие

частям

делового

письма
,
в

правильном

порядке
.

A.

Further to your advertisement in The
Baire Herald of May 7, we would
like to request further information
about your Cultural Differences in
the Workplace course.

B.

All the best,

C.

Dear Mr Strachan

D.

Hi Donald!

E.

Dear Sir/Madam

F.

Please write soon.

G.

Sue Loweles,

Deputy Manager

Lindcom UK

H.

We look forward to hearing from
you.

I.

Yours faithfully

J.

Brentford TW9 2AK

K.

May 11, 20XX

L.

Mr Donald Strachan

The Morningside BAT

College

13 Buccleuch Avenue


Edinburgh EH 4 7BG

M.

Yours sincerely

N.

In particular, we would like to know
the start dates and the maximum
number of participants on the course.

O.

Finally, any information about
discounts for groups of five would
also be welcome
.


1.


2.




3.


4.


5.



6.



7.



8.


9.


10.



45


4.

Business

.
Расставьте буквы, соответствующие частям делового письма, в
правильном порядке.

A.

Mr. G. Simpson

MORRISON OFFICE SUPPLIES

1 Connaught Place

Edinburgh EH2 7EY


B.

23 March 20XX


C.

All the best


D.

Paul Gower Advertising

23 Alexandra Road

Bournemouth


E.

Yours sincerely


F.

Hi, Simpson


G.

Dear Mr Simpson


H.

Andrey Clark


I.

As we urgently need those supplies, could
you please send the correct items and pick
up the wrong ones as soon as possible
.


J.

However, you sent us toner cartridges for
we had ordered. In addition, three of the
boxes contained different coloured paper.


K.

OUR ORDER BG/503


L.

I am writing with reference to the above
order for office supplie
s. We ordered 5
toner cartridges (Ref. LXJ2) and 10 boxes
of white A4 photocopying paper (Ref.
PA4/1).


M.

Yours faithfully


N.

Please write as soon as possible.


O.

Dear Sir/Madam


1.


2.




3.


4.


5.



6.



7.



8.




9.


10.



46


5.

Business

Vocabul
ary
.

Обведите правильный вариант ответа кружком:

1. He was made _______
because of economic problems in the industry.

A. fired


B. unemployed


C. redundant


2. _______ of women are usually lower than those of men.

A. salary


B. bonu
s



C. earnings

D. pay

3. All the _____ for that position were younger than him though they had less _____.

A. employers, experience


B. applicants, experience

C. employees, skills



D. visitors, skills

4. No employer wants to hire a
person who will _______ soon.






C. employ

D. fire

5. If you are good at Math, you may choose a career of an accountant or bank _____.

A. office


B. officer


C. official

D. authority

6. Being a manager mea
ns delegating responsibility to other members of _______ .


A. Board of Directors

B. staff

C. factory


D.this department

7. Last December the boss gave all his _______ a bonus.


A. employment

B. employers

C. employees

D. unemployed

8. Her employee was

so angry at her attitude that he _______ her.


A. staffed


B. hired


C. took on


D. fired

9. He hoped the employment _______ would help him find a job.


A. agency


B. board


C. management


D. resources

10. I would be _______ if you could fill in the encl

A. enclosed

B. grateful

C. requested

D. polite


A. paragraph


B. part

C. signature

D. clause

12. _______ are

put at the of a sentence and in decimals.

A. question marks

B. commas

C. colons D. full stops

13. Closing your business letter write _______ if you know the reader’s name.

A. Yours sincerely B. Yours faithfully C. See you tomorrow

D
. Thank you


A. sum of money

B. extra pay

C. degree

D. bonus

15. She _______ school two months ago and couldn’t find a job.

A. ended


B. left



D.

graduated


A. Master of Arts

B. lecturer

C. graduate

D. professor

_______ as well.

A. sa
lary


B. money

C. grant


D. premium

18. If your CV is _______ correctly, it can help you to be invited to an interview.

A. write


B. compiled

C. sent

D. mentioned

19. I’m afraid he’s away _______ business today.

A. with


B. on



C. in


D. to

20. When interviewed, _______ any experience you think is relevant to the new job
you are looking for.

A. offer


B. underline

C. explain

D. emphasize

47


6.

Business

Vocabulary
.

Обведите правильный вариант ответа кружком:

1. He doesn’t work at the moment, he is _______ .

A. unemployed


B. vacant


C. free


D. employed

2. A good manager should be able to delegate part of his tasks to his _______ .

A. subordinates

B. employers

C. supervisors

D. foremen

3. People looking for job often apply to _______ .

A. research institutes


B. government authorities

C. employment agencies


D. colleagues

4. Would you like to _______ a big or a small compa
ny?

A. attend

B. apply


C. join


D. resign

5. If you need extra money, you can work _______ .

A. overtime

B. regularly

C. on leave

D. quit

6. I wish to _______ the position of Product Manager which was recently advertised.

A.

state


B. apply for


C. graduate


D. fill in

7. Employees have to _______ at 65 although some of them would like to stay on.

A. forecast




C. promote


D. apply

8. The company had a _______ for an accounts clerk.

A. vacancy


B. contract


C. work

D. position

9. If you continue being late for work, I will have to _______ you.




B. leave


C. employ


D. fire

10. All _______ for the job must fill in the correct form.


A. brides


B. employers

C. employees

D. applicants

11. If business has b


A. notice


B. bonus


C. fund


D. deposit


A. initials

B. full stops

C. question marks

D. punc
tuation

13. If you don’t know the reader’s name, you will use _______ as a closing

A. Yours sincerely B. Yours faithfully C. See you tomorrow

D. Thank you

ach paragraph.


B. margin

C. heading

D. line space

15. We are _______ to inform you that your consignment to Paris has been insured.

A. happy


B. pleased

C. grateful

D. thankful

16. The final goal of the course is


A. certificate

B. plan


C. receipt

D. schooling

17. Only the best students of the University could apply for _______ .

A. scholarships

B. bonuses

C. prizes


D. money

18. I th
ink English is my favorite _______ .


A. subject


B. student


C. homework

D. examinations


A. scholarship

B. graduates


C. degree


D. educated

20. If your _______ is only for

than ask for the form.



B. inquiry

C. notes


D. vacancy

48


7.

Business Vocabulary.

Обведите правильный вариант ответа кружком:

1. I would be grateful if you could come to our Head Office for ______ on 27
th

May.

A. a holiday

B. an interview


C. a speech

D. a visit

2. There is no point in applying for the job unless you have

the right _______ .


A. qualifications


B. occupation

C. employment

D. position

3. I was interested to know that your company is now ________ people
.

A. advertising


B. recruiting

C. applying


4. Ads for employment can be found i
n many newspapers
as

the main sources for __.


A. vacancies


B. places


C. references

D. interviews

5. Most companies prefer applicants to supply a _______ which is your personal and
working history.


A. reference

B. curriculum vitae


C. qualifications D. track record



A. resigned


B. sacked



C. fired


D. dismissed

7. I was offered a ______ job but I refused this offer because I need full employment.

A. good


B. part
-
time


C. well
-
paid

D. challenging

8. The Academy was _______ by several leading Russian businessmen who
subscribed money to the new university.



A. begun


B. founded


C. initiated

D. started

9. Our University provides the students

with basic economic _______.

A. disciplines


B. topics


C. matters

D. ideas

10. It’s my _______ to see that the goods are delivered on time.

A. responsibility


B. necessary


C. resource


D. leisure

11. He went directly to the personnel man
ager to _______ for a job.

A. ask


B. take


C. apply


D. train

12. Almost 78% of companies in the UK use _______ from previous employers.



B. references

C. skills


D. earnings

13. After graduation from a university
you receive a _______ .



B. diploma

C. plan



14. Another form of distance learning is education by _______ .

A. correspondence


B. entry


C. resident



15. The _______ enc or encl means that there are enclosu

A. abbreviation


B. inverted commas

C. heading

D. margin

16. If you don’t know whether a female correspondent is married or not, it will be
correct to use the term _______ .




A. Ms


B. Mrs.


C. Miss


D.
Mr.


A. enclosure

B. body


C. signature

D. clause

18. I’ve been unemployed since June. I must _______ work soon.


A. find


B. leave


C. fire



19. _______is one of the mai
n problems in all countries.

A. applicant


B. unemployment


C. redundancy

D. Board of directors

20. We _______ to seeing you again.

A. look forward

B. look through C. put forward

D. look like

49


8.

Business

Vocabulary
.

Обведите правильный вариант ответа кружком:

to different companies and agencies.






plication

C. form, cov

D. invitation, resume

2. __ for employment appear in most foreign newspapers under “Job Opportunities”.

A. Advertisements

B. Invitations


C. Applications D. Appointments

tion forms and CVs.

A. advertising


B. recruiting

C. applying

D. covering

4. When I came to the office the receptionist asked me if I had an _______ .

A. professional record B. advertisement

C. appointment

D. inquiry

5. The age
ncy will help you to find a job in accordance with you _______ .

A. qualifications

B. salary


C. resume

D. graduation

6. In your resume try to emphasize your _______ for the post.

A. degree


B. track record

C. suitability

D. o
pportunities

7. At a job interview try to avoid criticizing your previous _______ .

A. employer


B. employee

C. trainer


D. interviewer

8. They offered me a _______ job while I needed full employment.

A. shift



B. distance


C. part
-
time


D
. occupation

9. In 1917 the Institute became the Moscow Institute of National Economy _
___
_
G.V.Plekhanov.

A. named after


B. mentioned

C. called

D. named

10. Accounting was my favourite _______ at the University.

A. topic



B. subject


C. exercise

D. matter

11. He _______ from Oxford University last summer.

A. graduated


B. left


C. finished

D. went

12. We study many interesting _______ at our faculty.

A. knowledge


B. terms


C. disciplines

D. topics

13. The ___
____ Mrs shows that a woman is married.

A. initial



B. margin

C. title


D. abbreviation


A. write



B. calculate

C. issue


D. fill in

15. My father
occupied a top _______ in the Department of Education.

A. place



B. position

C. task


D. posts

16. Jobs that are not temporary are _______ .

A. admit


B. applicant


C. permanent


D. time

17. The government is criticized for failing to reduc
e _______ .


A. work


B. jobs


C. unemployment


D. jobless



A. notice


B. bonus


C. fund


D. deposit

19. We _______ to inform you that we have no possibility to distribute yo
ur goods.

A. are pleased



D. enclose

20. This job requires a good _______ for figures.


A. head


B. understanding


C. brain

D. faculty

50


9
.

Speaking. Topic Revision Questions.

Подготовьте

ответы

на

вопросы
:

1. Economic and business activity.
What is the economic system? What is the
people do for the economy of their country?

2. People in business.
Descri
be a typical company structure. What do the
managers of a company do? What are the duties and responsibilities of a manager?
What qualities and abilities should a manager have?

3
.

Businessmen.

Give a brief description of one of the most successful business

to achieve success in your career? Why/Why not? What other qualities are
important?

4.
Career
.
What factors will you take into consideration when choosing a job?
How did

you make your career choice?
How your personal values influence your
career decisions?

What are your career plans? What career would you like to follow?

5. Communication for business.
What is important to remember when writing a

6. Employment correspondence.
What should be included in the advertisement
of a vacancy? What are the requirements for the positi
on you would like to hold?

7. The job interview.
How should you prepare for the job interview? Have you
ever had a
n interview? If you have, what was it for? What difficult questions have
you been asked? How did you feel? What was the result? If you have not, how will
you prepare for your first interview? Which tips will you try to follow?

51


TOPICAL VOCABULARY

GENERAL
VOCABULARY:
CAREER, EMPLOYMENT
CORRESPONDENCE, JOB INTERVIEW

abilities (talent)

дарования, способности, особые данные

calling (for)

призвание

values (moral/artistic values)

ценности

personal strengths

сильные стороны, талант, умения

accomplishments

1)
успехи, достижения

2) хорошие манеры, образованность

activity

деятельность, активность, оживление

attitude

позиция, отношение к чему
-
либо

appointment

свидание, условленная встреча

to make an appointment

назначить встречу

to keep/break an appointment

п
рийти/не прийти в назначенное место или время

to cancel an appointment

отменить встречу

to work by appointment

работать по "записи", т.е. организация, где
необходимо предварительно назначить встречу
("записаться")

career goals

цели, которые ставит прете
ндент при получении
данной работы

education

образование

Job hunting

поиск работы

job hunting file

банк данных

agency

агентство

employment agency

агентство по трудоустройству

nonprofit agency

агентство, которое не взимает плату за услуги;
один из видо
в социальной службы

private agency

частное агентство

advertisement

объявление, реклама (
co
l
l.

ad
)

classified advertisements

объявления, расположенные по рубрикам

courtesy

правила вежливости, учтивость, этикет

receptionist

секретарь в приемной

fee (to

pay a fee to smb/ to
pay a fee for smth)

плата за услуги, гонорар

to claim

претендовать

to contact

связаться с, обратиться к

to counsel

давать совет, рекомендовать

counselor

советник, адвокат (амер.) (зд.) служащий
агентства, который дает советы и
рекомендации

resume

описание образования, работы и опыта,
выполненное в специальной форме для
52


поступления на работу (анкета)

vacancy

вакансия, свободное место

job (employment, work)

работа, должность

job qualification

качества
(образование + опыт работ
ы, которыми
должен обладать претендент)

technical job

работа в промышленности

high
-
salaried job

высокооплачиваемая работа

position

положение, должность

nonskilled position

место, на котором не требуется особая
квалификация и образование

to fill a posi
tion

заполнить вакансию

to find a position

найти место работы

occupation (trade)

занятие, род занятий, профессия

capacity

в качестве, положение

business

профессия, занятия, дело

on business

пo делу

business trip

командировка

to join the company

пост
упить на работу в компанию

to apply (to smb for smth)

обращаться за работой (помощью, разрешением)

application

заявление, прошение

application form

анкета для поступающего на работу

an applicant

претендент, кандидат

post

должность, пост

to employ

пр
едоставлять работу

employer

наниматель, работодатель

unemployed

безработный

employment

занятость, постоянная работа

full
-
time employment

основная работа на полный рабочий день

part
-
time employment

работа "по совместительству" на неполный
рабочий день

employee

служащий

prospective employer

возможный работодатель/наниматель

clerk

конторский служащий

to hire

нанимать на работу

responsibilities (duties)

обязанности

to talk over

обсудить

salary (wages, pay, earnings)

заработная плата

salary

monthly

payment for regular employment

wages (pl)

usually weekly

pay

used instead of wages and salary


повысить зарплату

earnings

money earned

bonus

премия

fringe benefits

дополнительные выплаты

53


insurance

страховка

to insure (aga
inst)

страховать (от)

leave

отпуск

to be on leave

быть в отпуске

to be on sick leave

"на больничном"

to schedule smth

назначать на определенное время,
намечать,планировать

schedule

график, расписание

shift

смена

to notify (give notice)

уведомить
(
зд. об увольнении)

to dismiss

уволить с работы

to fire

уволить кого
-
либо

to quit (leave the service)

оставить (работу), уволиться

to resign (v) from/resign
one

s job/position

отказываться от должности, уходить в отставку

labour (work) force

рабочая с
ила
(зд. персонал)

staff (personnel)

штат
(сотрудников)

authorities (pl)

власти
(зд. руководство)

head

глава, руководитель

at the head of

во главе

chief

руководитель, начальник

supervisor

высший, старший начальник

subordinate

подчиненный

manager (m
anaging director)

управляющий, заведующий, директор

executive

руководитель

senior (junior) executive

старший (младший) сотрудник

assistant

помощник, заместитель

foreman

мастер

colleague

коллега

to be in charge of

заведовать, возглавлять

work under s
mb/smb

s
authority

работать под руководством, быть в подчинении

next in importance

второй по положению, званию, чину

experienced

опытный, знающий

qualified

квалифицированный

skilled

квалифицированный, искусный

department

отдел

research institute

науч
но
-
исследовательский институт

shop

магазин, цех

to work on piece work

работать сдельно

to promote

выдвигать, повышать в чине (должности)

redundant

лишний, не нужный

to become redundant

попасть под сокращение штатов

reference

рекомендации, рекомендате
льное письмо

54


skills (such as languages
skills, computer abilities)



умения, квалификация, искусство, мастерство

to work hard

упорно работать, хорошо работать

a white
-
collar job

работа в учреждении,
офисе
, "чистая" работа

to work overtime

работать свер
хурочно

allowance

пособие, надбавка, прибавка
(денежная)

an intern

стажер, практикант
(в компании)

internship

стажировка, (студенческая) практика

overseas posting

назначение на должность в зарубежном филиале
компании

ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY

to

earn one’s living

зарабатывать на жизнь

to produce

производить

produce

сельскохозяйственная продукция

farm

ферма

factory

фабрика

to provide

обеспечивать

goods

товары

to maintain

поддерживать, сохранять в хорошем состоянии

economic activities

эко
номическая деятельность

to make up

составлять

sum
-
total

общая сумма

essential goods

товары первой необходимости

commodities

товары

commerce

торговля

agricultural

сельскохозяйственный

agriculture

сельское хозяйство

manufactured

производственный

sat
isfaction

удовлетворение

PEOPLE IN BUSINESS

It is likely…

скорее всего

to manage

руководить, управлять

nowadays

в наши дни


общество

to be made up

состоять

government department

государственный департамент, отдел

…and the like.

…и тому подоб
ное.

resources

ресурсы

effectively

эффективно

economically

экономично

objective

цель

55


at least

по меньшей мере

strain

стресс, напряжение

to survive

выживать

strong point

сильная сторона

to will

хотеть, желать

COMMUNICATION FOR BUSINESS


шапка на фирменном бланке, фирменный
бланк

top right
-
hand corner

верхний правый угол

left
-
hand side

левая сторона

opening salutation

вступительное обращение, приветствие

the initials

инициалы

Dear sir

Уважаемый господин!

Dear Madam

Уважаемая госпожа!


текст письма

paragraph

абзац

a line space

расстояние размером в строчку

closing salutation

заключительная формула вежливости

Yours faithfully

С уважением,

Yours sincerely

Искренне Ваш

Yours truly

Искренне Ваш

Best wishes

С наилу
чшими пожеланиями

signature

подпись

enclosed

прилагается
(к письму)

enclosure

приложение

job tittle

должность

block style

стиль письма без красной строки в абзаце

margin

поле
(письма)

heading

заголовок

ending

заключение

punctuation

пунктуация

abb
reviations

сокращение

invoice

счет
-
фактура

full stop

точка

question mark

вопросительный знак

comma

запятая

apostrophe

апостроф

inverted commas / quotation marks

кавычки

decimals

десятки

clause

придаточное предложение

conjunction

союз

as requested

как вы просили
(строчка из делового письма)

I would be grateful

…буду благодарен
(строчка из делового письма)

56


consignment

груз

fill in /fill out

заполнить

premium

страховой взнос

look forward to hearing from …

ожидаем вашего ответа

CAREER

career op
portunities

возможности выбора карьеры

to pursue

заниматься
(делом, карьерой)

fortunately

к счастью

available

доступный, имеющийся в наличии

to occur

появляться, оказываться

to require

требоваться, требовать


рынок “рабочей силы”

to affect

влиять

to earn

зарабатывать на жизнь

political beliefs you hold

политические убеждения, которых ты
придерживаешься

But it works both ways.

Но у этой медали две стороны.

to associate with

общаться с кем
-
то

to investigate

изучать, исследовать

it would

be worth your
while

это стоит того, чтобы…

to explore

исследовать, изучать

to call for

звать, призывать

skill

умение, навык

bank officer

банковский служащий

constantly

постоянно

EMPLOYMENT CORRESPONDENCE

an advertisement

объявление

(1
-

о приеме на р
аботу; 2
-

коммерческого характера)

an ad

объявление
(сокращенно)

to advertise

давать объявление о приеме на работу; рекламировать

employment

работа, трудоустройство

the media

средства массовой информации

abbreviated

сокращенно

to announce

объявлять
(давать объявление некоммерческого характера)

an appointment

назначение
(на работу)
; договоренность о встрече

to state

указывать

a reference

отзыв, рекомендация; поручитель

to apply for

просить
(должность)

an applicant

кандидат, претендент
(на должнос
ть)

a position

пост, должность

a vacancy

вакансия


стажироваться

training

обучение

57


trainee

стажер

a post

пост

a job tittle

должность

an enquiry

запрос

an application form

формы заявления о приеме на работу

brief details

краткие све
дения

an interview

собеседование
(при приеме на работу)

a curriculum vitae /
resume

анкета


сопроводительное письмо

to emphasize

усиливать, особенно подчеркнуть

suitability

пригодность

to graduate

закончить высшее учебное заведение

degree

диплом
(вуза)
, степень
(ученая)

to recruit

набирать, нанимать на работу

to hire

нанимать
(на работу)

executive

руководитель

referee

рекомендующий

professional record,
track record

место, должность и опыт работы; данные о
профессиональной деятел
ьности

qualification(s)

квалификация, подготовленность

to quote

цитировать, упоминать

THE JOB INTERVIEW

job interview

собеседование при приеме на работу

interviewer

интервьюер
(работник компании, проводящий
собеседование)

interviewee

интервьюируемый

to interview

(
здесь)

проводить собеседование

to come up

появляться, оказываться

beforehand

заранее

to criticize

критиковать

to make full use

воспользоваться полностью

Be as positive as possible.

Старайтесь произвести наиболее благоприятное
впечатлени
е.

to emphasize

подчеркнуть, обратить особое внимание

relevant

относящийся к делу

promotion / advancement

продвижение, повышение по службе

in particular

в особенности

to relax

расслабиться, почувствовать себя свободно

to be yourself

оставаться самим
собой

a conversation

беседа



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