Канон преп.Антонию Киево-Печерскому


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ѷ
Ҙҗd҉ҕ҈ҋw ҷҚҞҩ ҕaҠҍҋw ўҕҚHҕі҈ җҍҟeҘҙҒ҈ҋwӐ Ґ4Ҏҍ ҊҢ ҒjҍҊ
ҥӐ ҉ҪҊҠ҈ҋw
ҕ҈ҟaғҤҕҐҒ҈ ҊҙѠҝҢ ҘwҙҙjґҙҒҐҝҢ ҔҖҕaҝwҊҢ

ѷ
ҘҍҗҖҌ0҉ҕ҈ҋw ҌҊ7҈ Ғ҈ҕHҕ҈ ҕ҈ }.

ѫғaҙҢ Ҍ7. ѷѠҙҕҤ ѡ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

T
ҊeҘҏқ ҶҙҚҩ ҔҖҼӐ Ґ3 ҕ҈җ0ғҕzҚҙz Ҍ¦҈Ӑ Ґ3 ҙғ0ҊҖ tҘҪҋҕқ ҞRҐ1Ҟҥ ҔVҘҐӐ
Ґ3 ҲҊғҦ1ҙzӐ ҙҊѠҚғw ҚҖҘҎҍҙҚҊЋzӐ Ґ3 ҊҖҙҗҖҦ2Ӑ ҘaҌқzҙz ҚҖS ҟқҌҍҙҩ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѥ
ѠғҤ
ҕңҔҢ ҊҖҏҌҍҘҎaҕіҍҔҢ Ґ3 ҚҘқҌң6Ӑ ӂ§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ Ґ3 Ҋҙҍҕ0ҡҕңҔҢ
ҙҚҖsҕіҍҔҢӐ ҌЋҠқ ҚҊҖҦ2 ҞRS ҕ҈ҌҢ ҙҚҘ҈ҙҚҤҔҐ2 ҚҥғeҙҕңҔҐ җҖҙҚaҊҐғҢ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҙҖ ҙҊzҚҪҔҐ Ҋҍҙҍғsҡҍҙz ҝrҚҩ җҖeҔҢӐ Қҍ҉Б Қ҈ҒҖҊЊ
җҖ҉ѠҌқ ҕ҈ ҙҚҘ†ҙҚҐ Ҍ҈ҘҖҊaҊҠ҈ҋҖ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ҘҐҙҗБ ҌҕeҙҤ ҊҙҍҟҍҙҚҕҪґ ҌeҕҤ Ҷҙҗeҕіz ҚҊҖҍҋw2Ӑ ӂ
§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҉ҖҋaҚҕw
ҊҍҙҍғS ҟ†Ҍ҈ ҚҊҖҼӐ ҊҙҍҟeҙҚҕҍ. ҚѠҔҎҍ җҖҔҐҕaҦҡҍ ҚҊҖE ҌҘeҊҕҍҍ ҎҐҚіEӐ Ґ3
ѓҋұғҤҙҒқҦ ҎҐ1ҏҕҤӐ ҙҊѠҚғw җҘaҏҌҕқҦҡҍӐ Қҍ҉E ҊҖҙҗҥҊaҍҔҢӐ ӂ§ҍ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

T

ҚeҔҕңҝҢ ҔѠҙҚҢ ҊҖҙҝҐ1ҚҐҊҙzӐ ҒҢ җҘҍҊң6ҠҕҐҔҢ ҙҊѠҚғҖҙҚҍҔҢ
җҘҍҙғaҊҕw җҘҍҠeғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ Ґ3 ҚaҔw ҙҖ ҙVҪҔҐ ЈҒ
w җҖ҉ҥҌҐ1ҚҍғҤ
ҙҚҘ҈ҙҚeґӐ ӂ§ҍӐ Ҋҥҕҟaғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѳ
Ҧ1Қҥ җҖҋҘқҎaҍҔқҦ ҌЋҠқ ҔҖҦ2 ҊҢ җқҟҐ1ҕҥ ҙҚҘ҈ҙҚeґӐ ҉ЋҘҍҦ ҉ҍҏҔѠҘҕңҝҢ
W҉ҙҚҖsҕіґӐ ҙҗ҈ҙeҕіz җҘҖҙҚeҘҠҐ ҔҐ2 ҘЋҒқӐ ҊҖҏҊҍҌҐ2Ӑ ҊLҟҞҍӐ Ґ3ҏҢ ҋғқ҉Ґҕң2
ѦHғҢ ҔҖҐ1ҝҢ.

ѬҘқҋjґ Ғ҈ҕHҕҢ җҘҗd҉ҕ҈ҋw.

ѫғaҙҢ Ҋ7. ѷѠҙҕ
Ҥ ѡ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

Ѫ
Җ ҋғқ҉ҐҕБ җҖҙҚғҩ Ґ3ҕҖҋҌҩ Ҝ҈Ҙ҈wҕҐ1ҚҙҒҖҍ ҊҙҍҊ0ҐҕҙҚҊҖ җҘҍwҘқҎeҕҕ҈z
ҙҐ1ғ҈Ӑ ҊҖҗғ0ҡҠҍҍҙz Ҏҍ ҙғ0ҊҖ ҊҙҍѦғ0҉ҕңґ ҋҘѠҝҢ җҖҚҘҍ҉Ґ1ғҖ Ѣ4ҙҚҤ:
җҘҍҗҘҖҙғaҊғҍҕҕңґ ҋҰҤӐ ҙғaҊҕw ҉Җ җҘҖҙғaҊҐҙz.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѭӄ
ҡE t Ҕaғңz ҊҍҘҙҚң2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҊҍғҐ1Ғқ ғҦ҉0ҊҤ ҙҚzҎaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2
ҒҢ
҉ұқ: Ґ3 ҙҍҋw2 ҘaҌҐ җғҖҚҙҒ†z ҊҏңҋҘ†ҕіz Ґ3 ҙҚҘ†ҙҚҐ ҌҖ ҒҖҕҞҩ
ҶҔҍҘҚҊҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: Ґ3 ҟҐҙҚҖҚ0Ҧ ЈҒҖҎҍ ҒҘҐ1ғң ҊҗҍҘҐ1Ҋҙz җҘҍҙғaҊҕwӐ ҒҢ
ҕ҉7ҙѢ1ҔҢ ҊҖҏғҍҚѠғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ӂ§ҍ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
LҟҕҍҔқ ғҦ҉ҖҙҚҘaҕҙҚҊқӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ җҖҌ0҉zҙzӐ ҙaҔҢ ҙҚҘaҕҙҚҊҖҊ҈ҚҐ
Ґ3ҏҊ0ғҐғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ўҕҚHҕіҍ: ҚѠҔҎҍ ҊҙҍҊҐ1Ҍ
zҡҍҍ ӂҒҖӐ ҊҐ1Ҍz ҚҊҖE ҉ғ҈ҋ0ҍ
җҘҖҐҏҊҖғeҕіҍӐ ҌaҘҖҔҢ ҟқҌeҙҢ W҉Җҋ҈ҚҐ1 ҚzӐ ЈҒw җҘҍҙғaҊҕ҈.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѭ
қҠeҊҕқҦ ҚҐ1ҝҖҙҚҤ Ґ3 ғҦ҉0ҊҤӐ ЈҎҍ ҒҢ ҉ұқӐ ҕҘ†Ҋң Ґ3 ҷ҉ң6ҟ҈Ґ ҉ғ҈ҋҐ1ҔҐ
ҶҒҘaҠҍҕ҈ ҚS ҊҐ1ҌҥҊҢ ҚҊ0ґ Ҍқҝ0Ҋҕңґ ҕ҈ҙҚҖsҚҍғҤӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ җҘҖҘ0ҟҍҙҒҐ
ҊҙүҔҢ җҘҖҗҖҊѠҌқҍҚҢӐ ҝҖҚҼҡ҈z ҕ҈җҖҙғѠҌҖҒҢ

ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҉ҪҚҐ җҘҍҙғ†Ҋҕ҈zӐ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѵ
ҖҐ1ҝҢ җҘҍҋҘҥҠeҕіґӐ ҊLҟҞҍӐ җғҍҕҐ6Ҟң Ҙ҈ҙҚ0ҘҋҕҐӐ ҚҊҖҍҋҖ2 ҙҕ7҈ Ґ3 ҉ұ҈
ҔҖғsҡҐӐ Ґ3 ҚҖҔsҡіґ ҔS ҋҘѠҝҢӐ җҘҐҙҕҖҌҊ7ҖӐ ҕҐҏғҖҎҐ2: ЈҒw Ҍ҈
ҊҖҙҗҥҊaҦ ҚS ҊҙҍҋҌҩӐ җҘҍҕҍҗҖҘ0ҟҕ҈zӐ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҙҗ҈ҙaҍҔҤ.

ѷѠҙҕҤ
ұ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

Ѻ
ҊҖҼ җҥҙҕҖҙғ0ҊҞңӐ ҉ҞdҍӐ ҎҐҊҪґ Ґ3 ҕҍҏ҈ҊҐ1ҙҚҕңґ Ґ3ҙҚ0ҟҕҐҟҍӐ ғҐ1ҒҢ ҙҍ҉Б
ҙҖҊҖҒЋҗғҤҠңz Ҍқҝ0Ҋҕw ҶҚҊҍҘҌҐ2Ӑ ҊҢ ҉ҎcҚҊҍҕҕҥґ ҚҊҖeґ ҙғaҊҥ
ҊҥҕҞѢ1ҊҢ ҙғaҊң ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ҘҖҗҖҊѠҌқҍҚҢ җҘҍҙғaҊҕwӐ Ґ3 җaҟҍ ҚҘқ҉ң2 ҊҖҗіeҚҢ ҙҊzҡeҕҕ҈z ҚҊҖSӐ ӂ§ҍӐ
ҊҍғҐ1Ғ҈z ғavҘ҈Ӑ ЈҎ
ҍ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҕ҈ҟaғҖ җҘіeҔҠ҈z: Ҍ0ҔҢ Ҏҍ ҉9іz ҔVҘҍӐ ѓҡҍ
Ґ3 ҕҍ ҋғaҙҖҔҢӐ ҊҍҡҤҔҐ1 Ҏҍ ҝҊaғҐҚҙzӐ ҋғ҈ҋ0ғz: ҶҚҊҍҘҌҐ1ҝҙz ҚҖ҉0ҦӐ ҋҰҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѭӄ
ҌҐ1ҕ҈ҋҖ ҋҰ҈ ҊҖҏғҦ҉Ґ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 Ґ3 ҙҍҋw2 ҒrҚҢ ҕ҈ ҘaҔҖ ҊҏeҔҢӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҙҚҘ҈ҕҕҖғѠҗҕw җҖҎҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ҊҢ җҖҙҚѠҝҢ Ґ3 ҉ҌѠҕіҐҝҢӐ Ґ3
ҔҖғҐ1ҚҊ
҈ҝҢ ӂ҉Ҙ҈ҏҢ ҉ҪҊҢ ҚҊҖҐ6ҔҢ ҶҟҍҕҐҒHҔҢ. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ґ3 t ҝrҚҩ
җҘҖҙғaҊҐғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ғҖҚҙҒaҋw ҎҍғaҕіzӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ tҊeҘҋҙzӐ ҋ0ҘҌҖҙҚҤ ҊҖҏҕҍҕ҈ҊҐ1ҌҥғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2:
ҙҔҐҘeҕіҍҔҢ Ҏҍ Ґ3 ҕҐҡҍҚ0Ҧ W҉Җҋ҈ҚҐ1ҊҙzӐ җҘҍҊңҙHҒ҈z ҌҖҙҚҐ1ҋғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2
ҙVҪҝҢ ҎҐғҐ6ҡ҈.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѷ
ҖҔҐ1ғқґӐ Ѣ3ҌҐ1ҕ҈ ҉ұҖҔaҚҐ
Ӑ җҖҔҐ1ғқґӐ Ґ3 ҶҡeҌҘҐ ҌЋҠқ ҔҖҦ2 ҷҒ҈sҕҕқҦӐ
җҖҚҖҗғsҍҔқҦ ҉үҙңӐ Ґ3 ҙҚҘ҈ҙҚҤҔҐ2 ғқҒaҊңҔҐ: Ґ3 җҘeҎҌҍ ҊҘeҔҍҕҍ Ґ3ҙҝ0Ҍ҈
ҔҖҍҋw2 ҙіҦ2 WҟҐ1ҙҚҐҚҐ ҶҔҐғҖҙeҘҌҐҙz.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѵ
҈ ҒaҔҍҕҐ ҔS ҊѠҘң ҶҚҊҍҘҌҐ1ҊҢӐ Ҙ҈ҏҠҐҘҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҶҙҚҩ ҔҖҼ ҕ҈ ҊҘ҈ҋҐ2
ҔҖҼӐ ҊҖҏҊҍҙҍғҐ1҉Җҙz ҌЋҝҢ Ҕ0ґӐ
ҊҕҍҋҌҩ җѠҚҐ: ҕѠҙҚҤ ҙҊsҚҢӐ ЈҒҖҎҍ ҉ұҢ
ҕaҠҢӐ Ґ3 ҕѠҙҚҤ җҘaҊҍҌҍҕҢӐ җaҟҍ Қҍ҉Ѣ2Ӑ ҋҰҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ҘҖҏҘѠҊҢ ҉{Ҍқҡ҈z ҊҖҏҌ҈ҼҕіzӐ ҏҌБ Ҕ҈ғҖҊҘeҔѢҕҕ҈z ЈҒw ҕҍ ҙ{ҡ҈zӐ
ӂ§ҍӐ WҙҚaҊҐғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: Ґ3 ҙҍҋw2 ҘaҌҐ ҙқҋ{҉҈z ҊҖҏҌ҈Ҽҕіz җҘіsғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ.
ҚѠҔҎҍ ҙҖ ѓҋұғң ҕҍҗҘҍҙҚaҕҕw җҖeҠҐ ҊLҒқ ҚҊҖ
ҍҋҖ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѵ
ҖғҐ1ҚҐҙzӐ ӂ§ҍӐ ҕҍ җҘҍҙҚaґ W ҙҚaҌҥ ҚҊҖeҔҢӐ Ѣ4Ҏҍ Ҕҕ0ҋҐҔҐ җHҚң Ґ3
ҚҘқҌң6 ҙҚzҎaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐҚҐ ҊҙѠҝҢ W҉ҙҚҖsҕіґӐ ҉ѠҌҢ Ҏҍ Ґ3 ҙҒҖҘ҉eґ:
Ҍ҈ ҊҙҐ2 Қҍ҉E ЈҒw ҟ҈ҌҖғҦ҉Ґ1Ҋ҈ ҷҚҞҩ ҊҖҙҗҥҊaҍҔҢ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
ҍҙeғіҍҔҢӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҙҢ ҟҐ1ҕҔҐ ҙVҪҝҢ ҉ұқ җҘҍҌҙҚҖҐ1ҠҐӐ ИҎҍ ҚaҔw Ҋҍҙeғіz
Ґ
3 ҘaҌҖҙҚҐ ҕ҈ҙңҡazҙz: ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґ Ґ3 ҕaҙҢ ҚaҔwҠҕzz ҘaҌwҊ҈ҕіz җҖғқҟҐ1ҚҐӐ
Ҍ҈ Ҋҍҙҍғsҡҍҙz Қҍ҉E ҊҍғҐҟaҍҔҢӐ ӂ§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѷ
ҘҖҙҚeҘҠҐ ҘЋҒқ ҉ҴҋҖқҚҘ0҉іzӐ ҉ұҖҘҖҌҐ1ҚҍғҤҕҐҞҍӐ ҊҙsҒ҈ҋw ҔS Ґ3ҏҔҐ2
WҙқҎҌeҕіzӐ ҒҢ Қҍ҉Б җҘҐ҉ҥҋaҦҡ҈ҋҖӐ Ґ3 Қҍ҉Б җҘҐҗaҌ҈Ҧҡ҈Ӑ Ґ3 җҘҐҏ
ңҊaҦҡ҈
ҚҊҖҦ2 җ0ҔҖҡҤ.

ѹҥҌaғҍҕҢӐ ҋғaҙҢ Ҍ7 ѷҖҌ0҉ҍҕҢ: ҵ
ҌҐҊҐ1ҙz ѧHҙҐҜҢ:

ҵ
ҌҐҊҐ1ҙz ҚҊ0ґ Ҍқҝ0Ҋҕңґ ҕ҈ҙҚҖsҚҍғҤӐ ҊҢ Қҍ҉Б ҊҍғҐ1ҒҖ ҊҖҏҌҍҘҎaҕіҍ
ҏҘSӐ Ґ3 ҊҕҐҔaҠҍ ҔҪҙғіҦ ҝҖҚҼҡ҈z W Қҍ҉Б ҕ҈җҖҙғѠҌҖҒҢ ҉ҪҚҐӐ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ: ҊҐ1ҌҥҊҢ ҉Җ җҖ ҉ҏ7ҥ ҚҊҖE ҊҍғҐ1ҒҖҍ ҎҐҚіEӐ Ґ3 ҊҘaҎіҐҔҐ җҘҐғHҋҐ
ҕ
ҐҒaҒҖҎҍ җҖҒҖғҍ҉Ґ1Ҕ҈. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ґ3 ҙҊҐҌѠҚҍғҤҙҚҊқҍҚҢӐ ЈҒw ҷҚeҞҢ Ґ3
ҝҘ҈ҕҐ1ҚҍғҤ ҚҊҖҍҋw2 ҎҐҚіSӐ ҷҚҞѢ1ҔҢ ҙҊzҚҪz ҋҖҘң2 ҊҖҗіsҠҍ: ҙeґӐ Ґ4Ҏҍ
җҖҙҘҍҌБ ҕaҙҢ ҊҐ1ҌҐҚҙz ҔeҕҠіґӐ ҕҖ җҖҙғҥҌҐ2 ҊҢ ҘwҙҙjҐ ҊҍғҐ1Ғіґ
ҙҊҥҚҐ1ғҤҕҐҒҢ ҉ЋҌҍҚҢ.

ѬҊaҎҌң.

ѹғaҊ҈Ӑ Ґ3 ҕҪҕҥӐ ҉ұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ҵ
ҌҐҊҐ1ҙz ѧ
HҙҐҜҢӐ Ѣ4Ҏҍ җaҟҍ Ѣ3ҙҚҍҙҚҊҩ ҏҘSӐ Ґ3 ҊҕҐҔaҠҍ ҔҪҙғіҦ Ґ4Ҏҍ ҕ҈
ҘқҕҖ2 Ҍ0ҎҌҤӐ ҊҢ ҉ҍҏҙѠҔҍҕҕҖҔҢ ҏ҈ҟaҚіҐ ҚҊҖeҔҢӐ ҉ҞdҍӐ ҒқҗҐҕЊ ҷҋҕeҔҢ
ҕҍwҗ҈ғҐ1ҔқҦӐ ҎeҏғҢ ў҈ҘHҕҖҊҢ җҘҖҏs҉ҠіґӐ Ґ3 ҙҊҐҌѠҚҍғҤҙҚҊқz
W҉ҘЋҟҕҐҒҢ ҚҊ0ґ Ґ3 ҝҘ҈ҕҐ1ҚҍғҤӐ ҙҊzҡeҕҕҐҒwҔҢ ҊҏңҊaҠҍ: ҌҊ7҈ Ҙ҈ҎҌaҍҚҢӐ
Ґ3 җҖ ҘҎc
ҚҊБ җaҒҐ ҌҊ7҈ җҘҍ҉ңҊaҍҚҢ.

ѷѠҙҕҤ Ҍ7. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѵ
ҍҐҏҙғѠҌҕңґ ҉9іґ ҙҖҊѠҚҢӐ Ѣ4Ҏҍ t ҌҊ7ңӐ ҊҖҗғҖҡeҕіz Қҍ҉Ѣ2 ҊҪҠҕzҋwӐ
җҘҮҘ0Ғ҈ ўҊҊ҈ҒЋҔҢ ҶҙҔҖҚҘszӐ ҏҖҊsҠҍ: ҙғaҊ҈ ҙҐ1ғҥ ҚҊҖeґӐ ҋҰҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѵ
ѠҙҚҖӐ ҊҢ ҕeҔҎҍ ғҍҎҐ1ҚҢ ҟҍҙҚҕ0ҍ Ґ3 ҙҊzҡeҕҕҖҍ ҚѠғҖ ҚҊҖEӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ ӂ§ҍӐ ҔҕHҋ҈ Ґ3ҙҞҥғ
Ѣ1ҕіz tҚЋҌқ җҘіeҔғҦҚҢ ҊѠҘҕіҐӐ ҝrҚЊ t
ҌқҠҐ2 ҊҖҗіҦ1ҡҍ: ҙғaҊ҈ ҙҐ1ғҥ ҚҊҖeґӐ ҋҰҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѵ
ҍ ҶҙҚҘ҈ҠҐ2 Қҍ҉Ѣ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҌҖғҋҖҚҩ ҎҍҙҚ0Ғ҈ҋw җқҚҐ2Ӑ ҕҐҎE ҚaҔw
Ҙ҈ҏ҉0ґҕҐҟҍҙҒҖҍ ҕ҈ҠeҙҚҊіҍ. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҙVЋҦ ҋ0Ҙқ
ҌҖҠeҌҢӐ ҙҢ ҙЋҡҐҔҐ ҚaҔw
ҷҚҞң2 ҊҖҙҗҥҊaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҙғaҊ҈ ҙҐ1ғҥ ҚҊҖeґӐ
ҋҰҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
Ґ1ҌҥҊҢ Ҋҙҍ҉Ҵҋjґ ҉ұҢ ҚҊeҘҌҖҍ ҚҊҖE Ґ3 Ҍ0҉ҘҖҍ Ґ3ҏҊҖғeҕіҍӐ ҚaҔw ҊҖ ҙVҪҝҢ
ҔѠҙҚҥҝҢ җҖҙҘҍҌБ ҷҚѢ1ҞҢӐ ҙғaҊҕ҈ ҚS ҙҖҚҊҖҘsҍҚҢӐ ҙҢ ҕҐ1ҔҐҎҍ ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґ
ҊҏңҊaҚҐ: ҙғaҊ҈ ҙҐ1ғҥ ҚҊҖeґӐ ҋҰҐ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѳ
0ҘҍҕҤ Ґ3ҏҢ ҟҘeҙғҢ ҚS ҞaҘҙҒҐҝҢӐ ҊҙѠҝҢ ҞRҤ ЈҒw ҙЋҡқ ҊҖҏҎҌҍғѠҊҢӐ Ґ3
ҊҪҠҠ
қ ҝҍҘқҊ‡ҔҢӐ Ґ3 ҙҍҘ҈Ҝ‡ҔҢ ҙҖҌѠғ҈ҊҢӐ ҉ҞdҍӐ ҊҙҍғҐ1ҙz ҊҢ ҚS.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѷ
ҖҦ1 ҚzӐ ҙғЋҝҖҔҢ ҉ҖӐ ҋҰҐӐ ҶҙғҪҠ҈ҝҢ Ґ3 ҶҎ҈ҙ0ҝҙz: ҌҖ ҔҍҕѢ1 ҉Җ Ґ4ҌҍҠҐӐ
ҔҍҕE Ґ3ҡS ҏ҈҉ғЋҎҌҠ҈ҋҖ. ҚѠҔҢ Ҕҕ0ҋҖҍ ҚҊҖE ҙҕҐҏҝҖҎҌeҕіҍӐ Ѣ4Ҏҍ ҕ҈
ҔSӐ җҘҖҙғ҈ҊғsҦӐ ҔҕҖҋҖҔҐ1ғҖҙҚҐҊҍ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
Ҙ0ҔңҙғҖҔҢ ҉9іҐҔҢ җaҒҐ
ҒҖ ҷҚeҟҍҙҚҊқ ҚҊҖҍҔЊӐ ҉ғ҈ҎeҕҕҍӐ җҖҙңғaҍҔҤ
҉ңҊaҍҠҐ: ЈҒw Ҍ҈ Ґ3 ҚaҔw Ҕҕ0ҋҐҝҢ ҒҖ ҙҗ҈ҙҐ1ҚҍғҤҕҖҔқ җқҚҐ2
ҕ҈ҙҚaҊҐҠҐӐ ҚҊҖҘҞЊ ҊҖҙҗҥҊaҚҐ: ҙғaҊ҈ ҙҐ1ғҥ ҚҊҖeґӐ ҋҰҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ҵ
җҖҊaҕіҍҔҢ ҉ЋҌқҡҐҝҢ ҉ғ†ҋҢӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҶҒҘҥҗғsҍҔҤӐ җғҖҚҙҒ0ҍ
ҙҚҘҍҔғeҕіҍ W҉қҏҌaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 ҚҊҖeґ җғ0ҚҐ ҊҘaҋҢ ҕ
ҍҔҐ1ғҖҙҚҐҊҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ
҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҙҍҋw2 ҘaҌҐ Ґ3 җ0ҔҖҡҤ ҙҊҪҠҍ ҙҚzҎaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
Ң ҞҥғҖҔЋҌҘіҐ ҎҐ1ҏҕҤ ҚҊҖҦ2 җҘҍҗҘҖҊҖҌҐ1ҊҢӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҏҍҔҕ†z ҕ҉cҕңҔҐ
Ґ3ҏҔҥҕҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 ҕҍҚғүҕҕ҈z ҚғѠҕҕңҔҐ Ґ3ҙҒқҗҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҝrҚЊ
җҖeҠҐ: ҙғaҊ҈ ҙҐ1ғҥ ҚҊҖeґӐ ҋҰҐ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѭ
0҉Ҙң
ҝҢ ҊҙѠҝҢ W҉ҕ҈ҎҐ1ҝҙzӐ Ґ3 ғҍҎЊ ҊҢ Ѧғ0҉ҥ: W҉ҖғҒjґ ҊҙѠҝҢ ҌҘeҊғҍ
җaҌҠҐҝҢӐ Ґ3 ҕҪҕҥ ҔS җҘeҎҌҕҐҔҐ ҶҒҘ҈ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 ҊҚҖҘҪҝҢ Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐӐ
҉ұҖҕҍҊѠҙҚҖ.

ѷѠҙҕҤ Ѣ7. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ҵ
Ҏ҈ҙ0Ҡ҈ҙz ҊҙsҟѢҙҒ҈z W ҉9eҙҚҊҍҕҕҥґ ҙғaҊҥ ҚҊҖeґ: ҚҪ ҉ҖӐ
ҕҍҐҙҒқҙҖ҉Ҙaҟҕ҈z ҌҊ7ҖӐ Ґ3ҔѠғ҈ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҊҖ ҶҚҘ0҉ҥ ҕ҈ҌҢ ҊҙѠ
ҔҐ ҉ұ҈Ӑ
Ґ3 ҘҖҌҐғҩ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҉ҍҏғѠҚҕ҈ҋҖ ҙҕ7҈Ӑ ҊҙүҔҢ ҊҖҙҗҥҊaҦҡңҔҢ ҚS ҔҐ1ҘҢ җҖҌ҈ҊaҦҡ҈z.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѵ
ҖҕaҠҍҙҚҊқҦҡҐҝҢ ӂ҉Ҙ҈ҏҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ Ґ3 ҕ҈Ғ҈ҏaҚҍғҤ ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҚѠҔҎҍ Ґ3
ҙҐ6ғҤҕңҔҢ ҏ҈җҘҍҡaҍҠҐӐ ҕ҈ ҊҖҙҝҐҡeҕіҍ ҕҍ ҎҍғaҚҐӐ ҕҖ җaҟҍ
Ҕ҈ғҖҔHҡҕңz ҔҐ1ғҖҊ҈ҚҐ. Ґ3 t ҙҍҋw2 җҘҖҙғaҊҐғҙz Ѣ3
ҙҐ2Ӑ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ Ґ3
ҊҍғҐ1ҒҢ ҕ҈ҘҍҟeҕҢ ҶҟҐ1ҚҍғҤ ҲҊҐ1ғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
ҪҠҠҍ ҟҍғҖҊѠҒ҈Ӑ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҙҚzҎaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҎҐҚіEӐ Ҙ҈ҊҕҖaҋұғҤҕw ҉Җ
җҖҎҐ1ҊҢ ҕ҈ ҏҍҔғҐ2. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҘaҊҕқ ЈҎҍ ѓҋұғwҔҢ җ0ҟҍҙҚҤ ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2
җҖғқҟҐ1ҚҐӐ Ґ3 җҖeҠҐ ҙҢ ҕҐ1ҔҐ ҊLҒқ ҚҊҖҍҋҖ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѩ
ұҖҌ҈ҘҖҊ†ҕҕңz ҚҊҖҼ ҉ҴҋҖҌ†
ҚҐӐ ӂ§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҊҙsҒҢ ҙғЋҝҢ ҟҍғҖҊѠҟҍҙҒіґ
ҶҌҐҊҐ1Ҡ҈Ӑ Ґ3 ҕ҈қҟҐ1Ҡ҈Ӑ ИҎҍ ҏҌБ ҔҕҼҡ҈zҙz ҊҍғҐ6Ғ҈zӐ ЈҒw Ҕ†ғ҈ Ґ3 ҝ{Ҍ҈
җҘҍҏҘѠҚҐ ҊҙҼӐ Ґ3 җҖҙғѠҌҖҊ҈ҚҐ ҙҚҖҗaҔҢ ҚҊҖҐ6ҔҢ: toҕЋҌқҎҍ ҔҖғҐ2Ӑ
җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҙҗ҈ҙҚҐ1ҙz ҕaҔҢ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ҵ
җҖҊaҕіҍ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҔҖEӐ җҘҍҟcҚ҈zӐ Ґ3 ҙҗ҈ҙeҕіҍ Ґ3 җҖ
ҝҊ҈ғҩ. ҚѠҔҎҍ җҘҐ҉ҥҋaҦ ҒҢ
җҖҒҘ0Ҋқ ҚҊҖҍҔЊ: ҕҍ ҋҕқҠaґҙz ҔҍҕѢ2 ҋҘҥҝҐ6 Ҕҕ0ҋҐҔҐ Ґ3 ҉ҖғѠҏҕҤҔҐ Ґ3
ҙҒҖҘ҉ҤҔҐ2 ҕҪҕҥ җҖҋғҖҡeҕҕ҈ҋwӐ ҕҖ җҘҍҌҊ҈ҘҐ1ҊҠҐӐ ҙҗ҈ҙҐ1 Ҕz.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѽ
ҖҌaҚ҈ґ ҉ұқ Ґ3 ҟҍғҖҊѠҒwҔҢ ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ҝrҚE ҉9ҍ: ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҉ҖӐ ҊLҒҖӐ ҒҢ
ҙҊҥҚҖҕ҈ҟaғҤҕҐҒқ ҷҞ7Њ ҚҊҖҍҔЊӐ

t ҕ0ҡҐ ҕҍҊѠҌҥҕіz җҘҐҊҍҌeҕіҍ Ґ4Ҕ҈Ҕң.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѹ
ҚҘaҕҕҖ ҚҊҖE ҎҐҚіEӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҒЋҗҕw Ҏҍ Ґ3 ҙҔҐҘeҕіҍӐ Ѣ4Ҏҍ ҙҚzҎaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ
ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ЈҒw ҕҐ ҙ҈Ҕaҋw ҙҊѠҚ҈ ҚҖҋw2Ӑ Ґ4Ҏҍ ҊҢ ҔjҘҥӐ ҕҐҎE ҙ0ғҕҍҟҕ҈ҋw
ҙіsҕіzӐ ҌҖҙҚ0ґҕ҈ Қҍ҉E ҚҖҋw2 ҊҔҥҕҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҏҘѠҕіz: ҕҖ ҊҢ ҚeҔҕҥ
ҔѠҙҚҥ Ѣ3ҌҐ1ҕҢ Қҍ҉E
ҏ҈ҚҊҖҘҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѿ
RҒҖҊҤ Ґ3 Ҍ0ҔҢ җҘҍҙVaҋw Ҍ¦҈Ӑ ӂ§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ҙ҈ҏғҐ1ҟҕңҔҐ
ҌҖ҉ҘҖҌѠҚҍғҤҔҐ ҶҒҘaҠҍҕҢ ҉ҪҊҢ:
ҙҔҐҘeҕіҍҔҢ ҋ0ҘҕҦҦ ҊңҙҖҚЊ ҕ҈ҙғѠҌҐҊҢӐ
ҕҐҡҍҚ0Ҧ ҕ҉cҕҖҍ ҉ҖҋaҚҙҚҊҖ җҘіsғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
aҔzҚҤ ҚҊҖҦ2 ҚҊҖҘsҡҐҝҢ ҙҊzҡeҕҕқҦӐ t ҊҙsҒҐҝҢ ҙҗ҈ҙҐ2

җҘҍҋҘҥҠeҕіґӐ Ґ3
җҍҟaғҍґӐ Ґ3 ҕ҈җaҙҚҍґ: ҚҊҖE ҉ҎcҚҊҍҕҕҖҍ ҌaҘқґ ҏ҈ҙҚқҗғeҕіҍӐ ҊҙѠҝҢ ҞRҦ2
җҘҍҌҙҚҖsґӐ ӂ§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ћ
Ғw ҕҍҊҍҟeҘҕіґ ҙҊѠҚҢӐ t ҟҘeҊ҈ ҚҊҖҍҋw2 ҙЋҡіґ ҊҖҏҙіsҊҠіґӐ
WҚҍҔҕeҕҕқҦ ҌЋҠқ ҔҖҦ2 Wҏ҈ҘҐ2Ӑ ҊLҟҞҍ ҟcҚ҈zӐ Ґ3 tҎҍҕҐ2 ҊҙsҒқ ҔҋғЊ
ҙeҘҌҞ҈ ҔҖҍҋw2.

ѷѠҙҕҤ Ѧ7. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѩ
9eҙҚҊҍҕҕҖҍ ҙіE Ґ3 ҊҙҍҟҍҙҚҕ0ҍ ҙҖҊҍҘҠaҦҡҍ җҘaҏҌҕҍҙҚҊҖӐ ҉ұҖҔЋҌҘіҐӐ
҉ұҖҔaҚҍҘҍӐ җҘіҐҌҐ1ҚҍӐ ҘқҒaҔҐ ҊҖҙҗғeҡҐҔҢӐ t ҕҍS Ҙ0ҎҌҠ҈ҋҖҙz ҉ұ҈
ҙғaҊҐҔҢ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
ҙҍҋҌaҠҕҐҔҢ ҒҢ ҉ұқ Ҙ҈ҟeҕіҍҔҢ ҊҕБ җғ0ҚҐ Ґ3 ҔjҘ҈Ӑ ӂ§ҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҉ҪғҢ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҚѠҔҎҍ Ґ3 ҎҐғҐ1ҡҍ ҌҖҙҚ0ґҕҖ Ҍ¦҈

җҘҍҙVaҋw җҖҒ҈ҏaғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ЈҒҖҎҍ
Ґ3 ҙaҔҢ ҝrҚ0ҙҢ ҘҍҟE: җҘҐҠeҌҢ ҙҖ ҷҞ7eҔҢ Ґ3 Ҍ¦ҖҔҢӐ ҚaҔw ҊҙҍғҦ1ҙz.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ћ
Ғw җҘҍҙғaҌҒіґ ҕѠҒіґ ҊіҕҖҋҘaҌҢӐ ҙVaz ҋҖҘҩ Қҍ҉EӐ ӂ§ҍӐ Ґ3ҏҘ҈ҙҚҐ1ҊҠҐӐ
җҘҍҙғaҊҕw ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҒҘ҈ҙЋҍҚҙzӐ Ґ3 ҘaҌқҦҡҐҙz ҝrҚҩ җҘҖҙғ҈ҊғsҍҚҢӐ Қҍ҉E ҙҐ6ҔҢ
Ҍ҈ҘҖҊaҊҠ҈ҋҖ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѵ
0ҡҤ ЈҒw
ҌeҕҤӐ Ґ3 ҌeҕҤ ЈҒw ҕ0ҡҤӐ Қҍ҉Б ҊҔҥҕsҠҍҙzӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍ: ҕҍ
ҌaғҢ ҉Җ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ җҖ җҘҖҘ0ҒқӐ ҙҕҩ ҷҟҐ1Ҕ҈ ҚҊҖҐ1Ҕ҈Ӑ ҕҐ ҊѠҎҌҖҔ҈ ҌҘҍҔaҕіzӐ
ҕҐҎE җҖҒ0z ҚҥғҍҙҐ2 ҚҊҖҍҔЊӐ Ҍ0ҕҌҍҎҍ ҙіE ҟҐ1ҙҚҖ ҙҢ ҌқҠeҦ ҉ұқ
җҘҍҌҙҚaҊҐғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѻ
ҊҖҦ2 җҖҌaҎҌҤ ҔҐ2 җ0ҔҖҡҤӐ Ґ3 Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐ ҔS ҉ѠҌҢ
Ґ3 ҙҒҖҘ҉eґӐ Ґ3
җҘҍҋҘҥҠeҕіґ ҔҖҐ1ҝҢӐ ЈҎҍ ҊҙѠҝҢ Ҙ0ҎҌҠ҈z җҘҐ1ҙҕҖҍ Ґ3ҏ҉҈Ҋғeҕіҍ.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

Ѫ
Ң ҉eҏҌҕҥ ҋҘҥҝ0Ҋҕҥґ Ҋ҈ғszҙzӐ ҕҍҐҏҙғѠҌҕқҦ ҔҐғҖҙeҘҌіz ҚҊҖҍҋw2
җҘҐҏңҊaҦ ҉eҏҌҕқ: t ҚғҐ2Ӑ ҉9ҍӐ ҔS ҊҖҏҊҍҌҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ћ
Ғw ҙҊҖ҉ҖҎҌeҕ҈ ҉ҪҊҠҐ ҉ғ҈Ҏeҕҕ҈z ҚҊҖS ҌқҠҩ t
ҚsҎҍҙҚҐ җғҖҚ
ҙҒjzӐ
Ґ3 t ҋ0ҘҤҒ҈ҋw Ҝ҈Ҙ҈Hҕ҈ ҔқҟҐ1ҚҍғzӐ ҔjҘ҈ ҙҍҋw2 Ґ3ҏҠeҌҠҐӐ ҊҢ ҏeҔғҦ
W҉ҥҚҖҊaҕіz ҘaґҙҒ҈ҋw җҘeґҌҍ ҕҍҔzҚeҎҕwӐ ҙҖ ҙVҪҔҐ җҘҍ҉ңҊaҍҚҢ
ҊҍҙҍғsҡҐҙz.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѵ
Ҫҕҥ ҙҊzҡeҕҕҖҍ ҚѠғҖ ҚҊҖEӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҊҢ җҍҡeҘҥ ғҍҎaҡҍҍӐ Ґ3ҙҞҥғѢ1ҕіz
ҔҕHҋ҈z Ґ3ҙҚҖҟaҍҚҢ ҊѠҘҖҦ җҘҐҝҖҌsҡңҔҢ. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ҕ0ғҐҔҢ Қ
SӐ Ґ3
ҌқҠѢ1Ҋҕ҈z ҏҌҘ†Ҋіz ҔҖғҤ҉aҔҐ ҚҊҖҐ1ҔҐ җҖҌaҎҌҤ Қҍ҉E ҙғaҊzҡңҔҢ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѹ
ҊҥҚғѠґҠҐ ҙ0ғҕҞ҈ ҊҖҏҙіSӐ җҘҍҟҍҙҚҕaz җaҔzҚҤ ҚҊҖSӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҊҢ
ҕҦ1Ҏҍ ҙҖҠeҌҠҍҙz җҘҖҙғ҈ҊғsҍҔҢ ҚҊҖE Ҷҙҗeҕіҍ Ґ3 ҚҘқҌң2Ӑ ИҎҍ җҘҍҚҍҘҗѠғҢ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҊҢ ҎҐ1ҏҕҐ ҙeґӐ җҘҖҙsҡҍ t ҝrҚҩ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ җҘіsҚҐ ҋҘҥҝHҊҢ WҙҚ҈Ҋ
ғeҕіҍ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѳ
Ҙ҈ҙҖҚң6 ҔS ҊҐ1ҌҥҚҐ ҙғaҊң ҚҊҖҍS ҙҗҖҌ0҉ҐӐ Ѣ3ҋҌҩ t җғ0ҚҐ ҔҖҍS ҝҖҡЊ
Ҙ҈ҏғқҟҐ1ҚҐҙzӐ ЈҒw ҶҚҊҍҘҎҌeҕіҍ ҔҖE Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ҊLҟҞҍ: Ҍ҈ tҙҦ1Ҍқ җҘіҐҔЊ
Ґ3ҏ҉҈Ҋғeҕіҍ.

ѲҖҕҌaҒҢӐ ҋғaҙҢ }. ѷҖҌ0҉ҍҕҢ: Ѫ
Җҏ҉ҘaҕҕҖґ:

Ѫ
ҖҏғҖҎҐ1ҊҢ ҙҍ҉E ҉ұқӐ җaҟҍ ҊҙѠҝҢ ҊҖҏғҦ1҉ғҍҕҕҖҔқ t Ҧ4ҕҖ
ҙҚҐӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ
ҚҖҔЊ t ҊҙҍS ҌқҠҐ2 ғҦ҉0ҊіҦ җҖҙғѠҌҖҊ҈ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҔjҘ҈ Ҏҍ Қғүҕҕ҈z
ҕҐҊҖҟҚ0Ҏҍ ҊҔҥҕҐ1ҊҢӐ ҊҢ ҏҍҔғҐ2 җҍҡeҘқ ҙҖҌѠғ҈ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 ҊҢ ҕeґ Ҍ0҉Ҙҥ
җҘҖҚҐ1Ҋқ ҕҍҊҐ1ҌҐҔ҈ҋw ҊҘ҈ҋҩ Ғ0ҏҕҍґ җҖҌҊҐҏaҊҙzӐ ЈҒw ҙҊҥҚҖҏaҘҕҖҍ
ҙ0ғҕҞҍ ҊҖ ҊҙҼ ҒҖҕҞң2 ҏҍҔғҐ2 ҊҖҏҙіsғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: toҕЋҌқ
Ҏҍ Ҋҍҙҍғsҙz
җҘҍҠeғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҒҢ ҕ҉cҕңҔҢ ҟҍҘҚ0ҋwҔҢ. Ґ3 ҕҪҕҥ ҙҖ ѓҋұғң ҊLҟҕҦ җҘҍҙҚ0ғқ
җҘҍҌҙҚҖSӐ җҖҔҐҕaґ ҕaҙҢ ҟҚЋҡҐҝҢ җaҔzҚҤ ҚҊҖҦ2Ӑ Ҍ҈ ҏҖҊeҔҢ ҚҐ2:
ҘaҌқґҙzӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍ ӂ§ҍ ҕaҠҢ.

ЌҒҖҙҢ:

ѷ
ҘҐҙҕҖҙЋҡҕ҈ҋw ҕҍҔҍҘҞaҦҡ҈ҋw ҙҊѠҚ҈ ҙVҪz ҚҘҮҞң ҕ҈ҙғ҈ҌҐ1ҚҐҙz ҎҍғazӐ
Ґ3 ҙҍҋw2 ҘaҌҐ ҟҍҚң
ҘҍҌҍҙzҚҖғѠҚҕҖҍ ҊҘeҔzӐ ҊҢ Ѣ3ҌҐ1ҕҖґ җҍҡeҘҥ ҚeҔҕҥ
Қҍ҉E ҏ҈ҚҊҖҘҐ1ҊҢӐ tҚЋҌқ ҕҍҐҙҝ0ҌҍҕҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ җҘҍ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ҍ0ҕҌҍҎҍ ҚѠғҖ
ҚҊҖE ҟҐ1ҙҚҖ ҙҢ ҌқҠeҦ ҉ұқ җҘҍҌҙҚaҊҐғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2. toҕЋҌқҎҍ Ґ3 җҖ
җҘҍҙҚ҈ҊғeҕіҐӐ ЈҒw ҎҐ1ҊҢӐ t ҋҰ҈ Ҍ҈ҘҖҊ†ҕіz ҟқҌeҙҢ җҘіsғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3ҙҞҥғsҚҐ
Ҙ
҈ҏғҐ6ҟҕңz ҉ҖғүҏҕҐ ѦғБ ҙҚҘaҎҌқҡҐҝҢӐ Ґ3 ҉Ѡҙң t ҟҍғҖҊүҒҢ
җҘҐҝҖҌsҡҐҝҢ Ґ3ҏҋҖҕҐ1ҚҐ. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ҕ0ғҐҔҢ ҚS: ҔҖғҐ1ҙzӐ ӂ§ҍӐ ҙҖҝҘ҈ҕҐ1ҚҐ
҉ҍҏҢ ҊҘeҌ҈ ҷҚeҟҍҙҚҊҖ ҚҊҖEӐ ҋҘaҌҢ Ҏҍ Ґ3 ғҦ1ҌҐӐ Ҍ҈ ҏҖҊeҔҢ ҚҐ2: ҘaҌқґҙzӐ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ ӂ§ҍ ҕaҠҢ.

ѷѠҙҕҤ ҏ7. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѵ
ҍ җҖҙғқҎҐ1Ҡ҈ ҚҊaҘҐ ҉ұҖҔЋҌҘіҐ
җaҟҍ ҙҖҏҌaҊҠ҈ҋwӐ ҕҖ ӂҋҕҍҕҕҖҍ
җҘҍҡeҕіҍ ҔЋҎҍҙҒҐ җҖҗҘaҊҠҍӐ ҘaҌҖҊ҈ҝқҙz җҖҦ1ҡҍ: җҘҍҗѠҚңґ ҷҞ7Ѣ1ҊҢ ҋҰҤ Ґ3
҉ұҢӐ ҉ҴҋҖҙғҖҊeҕҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ҖҊҍғѠҕіҍҔҢ Ҍқҝ0Ҋҕ҈ҋw ҚҊҖҍҋw2 ҕ҈ҙҚҖsҚҍғzӐ ҉ҴҎeҕҕҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ җaҒҐ
ҒҖ ҷҚeҟҍҙҚҊқ ҚҊҖҍҔЊ җҖҙңғaҍҔҤ ҉ңҊaҍҠҐ. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҘҍҟѢ1ҕҕ҈z Қҍ҉Б
ҷҚҞeҔҢӐ Ј
Ғw t ҉ұ҈ җҖҊҍғүҕҕ҈z ҙҖҚҊҖҘҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: Ґ3ҌѠҎҍ җҘҐҠeҌҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ
Ҕҕ0ҋҐҝҢ ҌЋҠң ҋҰқ җҘҐҊeғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѹ
VѠґҠ҈ҋw ҔѠҙҚ҈Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ЈҒw ҌҖҙҚҐ1ҋғҢӐ Ҕҕ0ҋҐҝҢ ҎҐҚіeҔҢ
ҚҊҖҐ1ҔҢ ҶҌҐҊҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҊҪҠҍ ҉Җ ҟҍғҖҊѠҒ҈ ҊҖҙҗҘіeҔҢ ҎҐҚіEӐ Ґ4ҔҎҍ
Ҕҕ0ҋҐҝҢ ҔіҘҙҒ†z җҘҍҏҐҘaҚҐ ҙҖҚҊҖҘҐ1ғҢ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ґ
ҘҝіҍҗjҙҒҖҗ҈ ѧғ҈ҘіHҕ҈ җҍҡeҘқ ЈҒw W҉ҘѠҚҢӐ ҚҘқҌҖғҦ1҉ҕҥ ҊҢ ҕeґ җҖҎҐ1ғҢ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҊҢ ҔҖғҐ1ҚҊ҈ҝҢ Ґ3 җҖҡeҕіҐҝҢӐ Ҍ0ҕҌҍҎҍ Ґ4ҕқҦ җҍҡeҘқ ҙҍ҉Б
ҙҖҌѠғ҈ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: ҊҢ ҕeґҎҍ ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҋ0Ҙҕzҋw ҏҊaҕіz.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѿ
ҍғҖҊѠҟѢҙҒіz ҕ҈җ†ҙҚҐ Ґ3 ҙҖҊѠҚңӐ ҟcҚ҈zӐ Ҙ
҈ҏҖҘҐ2 ҉9eҙҚҊҍҕҕңҔҐ
ҔҖғҐ1ҚҊ҈ҔҐ ҚҊҖҐ1ҔҐӐ Ґ3 Ҙ҈҉ң6 ҚҊҖҼ Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐ ҉ҖғѠҏҕҍҕҕңҝҢ җҘҍҋҘҥҠeҕіґ:
ЈҒw Ҍ҈ җҘҐҙҕҖҌҊ7қ ҚS Ҷ҉ғ҈ҎaҍҔҢ.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѩ
ұҖҗҘҖҚҐ1ҊҕҖҍ ҊҍғѠҕіҍ ҉ҍҏҏ҈Ғ0ҕҕқҦҡ҈ҋw ҔқҟҐ1Қҍғz Ҋңҙ0ҒҢ җғaҔҍҕҤ
ҊҖҏҕҍҙғҖ2 Ѣ4ҙҚҤ: ҝrҚ0ҙҢ Ҏҍ җҘҖҙҚҘE ҉ұҖҟҍҙҚҐ6ҊңҔҢ ҷҚҘҖҒHҔҢ Ҙ
0ҙқ
Ҍ¦0ҊҕқҦӐ ҙҪґ ҉ҴҋҖҙғҖҊeҕҢ Ґ3 җҘҍҗҘҖҙғaҊғҍҕҢ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
ҍғҐ1Ғ҈ҋw ҚҘқҌҖҗҖғ0ҎҕҐҒ҈Ӑ Ґ3 ҘҍҊҕҐ1Қҍғz ҚҊҖҍҔЊ
ҎҐҚіҦ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ fҍҖҌ0ҙі҈ ҉ҴҎeҕҕ҈ҋҖ ҙҚzҎaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ѓҋұғҤҙҒҖҔқ ҚҊҖҍҔЊ ҎҐҚіҦ2
җҖҙғѠҌқҦҡ҈: ҙҢ ҕҐ1ҔҎҍ ҊҢ ҊҪҠҕҐҝҢ ҊҖҌҊҖҘszҙzӐ ҕaҙҢ җҖҔҐҕaґ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѵ
0Ҋ҈ҋҖ ҚS

Ҕwmҙe҈Ӑ ӂ§ҍӐ җҖҏҕaҝҖҔҢӐ ҙҚҘ҈ҙҚeґ җҖ҉ҥҌҐ1Қҍғz: ЈҒҖҎҍ ҉Җ
ӂҕҢ ҌҘeҊғҍ ўҔ҈ғҐ1Ғ҈ җҖ҉ҥҌҐ1ҊҢӐ ғҦ1ҌҐ Ґ3ҏҊҍҌE: ҚҪ ҎҍӐ ӂ§ҍӐ Ҕҕ0ҎҍҙҚҊҖ
ҔҖҕaҠҍҙҚҊқҦҡҐҝҢ ҊҢ ҏeҔғҦ W҉ҥҚҖҊaҕіz ҘaґҙҒ҈ҋw җҘҐҊeғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѫ
ҘaҌ҈ Ґ3 ҷҚeҟҍҙҚҊ҈ ҚҊҖҍҋw2 җҘҍҙeғҤҕҐҒҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: җҖ җaҒҐ
҉9іҐҔҢ
җҘҖҔңҠғeҕіҍҔҢӐ ҒҖ ҷҚeҟҍҙҚҊқ ҚҊҖҍҔЊ ҙғaҊҕw
ҙҊҐҌѠҚҍғҤҙҚҊҖҊ҈ҕҢ ҊҖҏҊҘ҈ҡaҍҠҐҙzӐ Ґ3ҌѠҎҍ ҉ғ҈ҋҖҌaҚҤ t ҋҰ҈Ӑ ӂ§ҍӐ
җҘіsғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѷ
eҡҤ җҘҖw҉Ҙ҈ҏҖҊaҠҍ ҚҊҖE ҘҎcҚҊҖ2Ӑ җҘҍҕҍҗҖҘ0ҟҕ҈z: ӂҚҘҖҒҐ ҉Җ ҕҍ
Wҗ҈ғҐ2Ӑ ЈҒҖҎҍ ҕҐ ғҖҎҍҙҕҩ ҚҊҖҼ ӂҋҕҤ ҕҍҙҚҍҘҗҐ1Ҕңґ. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ҕ0ғҐҔҢ
ҚS
: ҷҋҕS ҊѠҟҕ҈ҋw Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐ Ҙ҈҉ң6 ҚҊҖҼ.

ѷѠҙҕҤ }. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

Ӂ
ҚҘҖҒҐ ҉ҴҋҖҟҍҙҚҐ6Ҋңz ҊҢ җҍҡҐ2 ҘҎcҚҊҖ2 ҉ұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҖ ҙҗ҈ҙғҖ2 Ѣ4ҙҚҤӐ ҚҖҋҌҩ
X҉w W҉Ҙ҈ҏЋҍҔҖҍӐ ҕҪҕҥ Ҏҍ ҌѠґҙҚҊқҍҔҖҍӐ ҊҙҍғeҕҕқҦ ҊҙҦ2 ҊҖҏҌҊҐҏaҍҚҢ
җѠҚҐ Қҍ҉Б: ҋҰ҈ җ0ґҚҍӐ ҌҥғҩӐ Ґ3 җҘҍҊҖҏҕҖҙҐ1Қҍ Ѣ3ҋҖ2 ҊҖ ҊҙҼ ҊѠҒҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѫ
LҒҐ ҚҊ
Җҍҋw2 ҝrҚҩӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҙҔҐҘeҕіҦ җҖҘҍҊҕҖҊaғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: Ґ3 ҙҍҋw2
ҘaҌҐ ҙҔҐҘeҕҕҖҍ Ґ3 ҎҍҙҚ0ҒҖҍ ҎҐҚіE ҊҖҏғҦ҉Ґ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ҏҍҔҕaҋw җҘҐҙҚҘaҙҚіz
tҘҥҊazҙz. ҚѠҔҎҍ җ0ҟҍҙҚҐ ҙVҪҝҢ ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 ҙҢ ҕҐ1ҔҐ җҖeҠҐ
ҋҰ҈ ҊҖ ҊѠҒҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѻ
ҊҖE җҘҍҙғaҊҕҖҍ Ҷҙҗeҕіҍ җҘaҏҌҕқҦҡңҔҢӐ ҉ғ
҈ҎeҕҕҍӐ ҔҖғҐ1ҙzӐ Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐҚҐҙz
ҊҙүҔҢ t Ҙ҈ҏғҐ1ҟҕңҝҢ ҕ҈җaҙҚҍґӐ Ҍ҈ ҊҙҐ2 Қҍ҉E җҘҖҙғ҈ҊғsҍҔҢӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ Ґ3
җҘҍҊҖҏҕ0ҙҐҔҢ ҋҰ҈ ҊҖ ҊѠҒҐ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Њ

ҕaҙҢ ҔҐ1ғҖҙҚҐҊҕҖ ӂҒҖӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ җҘҖҙҚҐҘaґ ҒҖ ҊLҞҥӐ ҟ҈ҌҖғҦ1҉ҕҖҍ
җҖҒ҈ҏЋzӐ Ґ3 ҕҍtғЋҟҕw t ҕaҙҢ ҌЋҝҖҔҢ җҘҍ҉ңҊaґӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ЈҒҖҎҍ
W҉ҥҡaғҙz

Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ѣ3ҋҌҩ ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2
ҙҢ ҕaҔҐӐ Ҍ҈ ҊҙҐ2 ҙҢ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҝrҚЊ
ҊҖҙҗҖeҔҢ: ҉ғ҈ҋҖҙғҖҊҐ1ҚҍӐ ҊҙҼ Ҍҥғҩ ҋҰҕzӐ ҋҰ҈.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѵ
҈ ҔҖғeҕіҍ ҔҖE ҶҔҐғҖҙeҘҌҐҙz ҕҪҕҥӐ Ґ3 ҘaҌҖҙҚҤ ҔҐ2 ҊҢ җҍҟaғҐ ҔѠҙҚw
ҌaҘқґӐ Ҍ҈ җҖҦ1 ҚzӐ ҊLҟҞҍӐ ҙҕ7қ ҚҊҖҍҔЊ ҊҖҙҗҥҊaz: ҋҰ҈ җ0ґҚҍ ҌҥғҩӐ Ґ3
җ
ҘҍҊҖҏҕҖҙҐ1Қҍ Ѣ3ҋҖ2 ҊҖ ҊѠҒҐ.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѷ
eҡҤ Ґ3ҕҖҋҌҩ ӂҋҕҍҕҕ҈z ҊҢ Ҋ҈ҊmғHҕҥ ҌүґҙҚҊ҈ Ҙ҈ҏҌҥғsҠҍӐ ҉9іҐҔҢ
ҊҍғѠҕіҍҔҢ ҝ҈ғҌѢ1Ґ Wҗ҈ғsҦҡ҈zӐ ҊүҘҕңz Ҏҍ WҘҖҠaҦҡ҈zӐ җҖҦ1ҡңz:
҉ғ҈ҋҖҙғҖҊҐ1ҚҍӐ ҊҙҼ Ҍҥғҩ ҋҰҕzӐ ҋҰ҈.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѱӄ
ҙҞҥғѢ1ҕіz ҷ҉Ґ6ғҤҕ҈Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҊѠҘҖҦ җҘҐҝҖҌsҡңҔҢ ҒҖ ҝҘaҔқ ҚҊ
ҖҍҔЊӐ Ґ3
ҙЋҡңҔҢ ҊҢ ҙҒ0Ҙ҉ҍҝҢ ҶҚҥҠeҕіҍ җҖҌ҈ҊaґӐ Ҍ҈ ҊҙҐ2 ҙҢ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҝrҚЊ
ҊҖҗіeҔҢ: ҉ғ҈ҋҖҙғҖҊҐ1ҚҍӐ ҊҙҼ Ҍҥғҩ ҋҰҕzӐ ҋҰ҈.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѩ
ғ҈ҋҖҌaҘҕҖҍ ҙіE җѠҕіҍ җҘҐҕҖҙsҡңz ҚҐ2Ӑ ӂ§ҍӐ ҙҊҪҠҍ ҔҐ1ғҖҙҚҐҊҕw
ҕ҈ҏҐҘaґӐ Ґ3 ҔҖғҐ2 ҝrҚҩ Ґ3ҏ҉aҊҐҚҍғzӐ ҙҗ҈ҙҚҐ2 ҊҙѠҝҢ ҊҖҗіҦ1ҡҐҝҢ Ѣ3ҔЊ:
҉ғ҈ҋҖҙғҖҊҐ1ҚҍӐ Ҋ
ҙҼ Ҍҥғҩ ҋҰҕzӐ ҋҰ҈.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ҘҐҕҍҙeҙz ҌaҘҢ ҊҙҍҌҍҘҎҐ1ҚҍғҦӐ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ Ҕҕ0ҎҍҙҚҊҖ ҙҗ҈ҙaҍҔңҝҢӐ ҚҊҖҍҔЊ
ҎҐҚіҦ2 җҖҙғѠҌқҦҡҐҝҢӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍ. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҔҖғҐ2 ҙҗ҈ҙҚҐ1ҙz ҊҙүҔҢӐ ҙҢ
ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҝrҚЊ ҊҖҗіҦ1ҡңҔҢ: ҉ғ҈ҋҖҙғҖҊҐ1ҚҍӐ ҊҙҼ Ҍҥғҩ ҋҰҕzӐ ҋҰ҈.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѫ
ҍғҐ1ҒҖҔқ ҚaҐҕҙҚҊқ ҘҎcҚҊҩ ҚҊҖҍҋw2Ӑ ҒҚҖ2

ҕҍ ҶҌҐҊҐ1ҚҙzӐ ҉Ҟdҍ; Ґ3ғҐ2 Ғjґ
ҾҏҪҒҢ ҏeҔҍҕҢӐ Ґ3ғҐ2 XҔҢ ҉ҍҏҗғ0ҚҍҕҢ Ґ3ҏҘҍҡҐ2 ҊҖҏҔ0ҎҍҚҢ; җaҟҍ
Ѣ3ҙҚҍҙҚҊa ҉Җ Ґ3 ҙҔҪҙғ҈Ӑ ҉ҞdҍӐ ҏҐҎҌҐ1Қҍғz ҘҖҌҐғҩ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷѠҙҕҤ f7. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

Ѫ
ҙsҒҢ ҏҍҔҕҖҘ0Ҍҕңґ Ҍ҈ ҊҏңҋҘaҍҚҙz Ҍ¦ҖҔҢ җҘҖҙҊҥҡaҍҔҤӐ Ҍ҈
ҚҖҘҎҍҙҚҊЋҍҚҢ Ҏҍ ҉ҍҏҗғ0ҚҕңҝҢ ҶҔHҊҢ Ѣ3ҙҚ
ҍҙҚҊҖ2Ӑ җҖҟҐҚaҦҡҍҍ ҙҡ7eҕҕҖҍ
ҚҖҘҎҍҙҚҊҖ2 ҉ұҖҔaҚҍҘҍӐ Ґ3 Ҍ҈ ҊҖҗіeҚҢ: ҘaҌқґҙzӐ Ҋҙҍ҉ғ҈Ҏeҕҕ҈z ҉ҞdҍӐ ҟҐ1ҙҚ҈z
җҘҐҙҕҖҌҊ7Җ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ґ
ҕҚHҕі҈ ҌҘeҊғҍ җҘҖҙіsҊҠ҈ҋwӐ ҚҖҋw2 ҎҐҚіҦ2 ҊҙsҟҍҙҒҐ җҖҘҍҊҕҖҊaҚҐ
җҖҚҡaғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2. ӂҕҢ ҉Җ ҊҢ җқҙҚҪҕҦ Ѣ3ҌҐ1ҕҢ
ҊҙҍғҐ1ҙz: ҚҪ Ҏҍ ҊҢ җҍҡeҘҥ
Ѣ3ҌҐ
1ҕ҈ҋҖ ҙҍ҉E ҏ҈ҚҊҖҘҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 Ҕҕ0ҋҐҔҐ ғѠҚңӐ ӂ§ҍӐ ҕҍҐҙҝ0ҌҍҕҢ
җҘҍ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
ҍҟeҘҙҒҖҔқ ҎҐҚіҦ2 җҍҘҊҖҕ҈ҟaғҤҕҐҒҢӐ Ґ3 ҕ҈ҙҚaҊҕҐҒҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ ҉ҪғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2: Ґ3
ҚaҔw җҖҌҊҐҏaғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ЈҒw ҉ҍҏҗғ0ҚҍҕҢ. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ґ3 ҝrҚ0ҙҢ Ҍ҈ҘҖҊaҕіҍҔҢ
ҟқҌeҙҢ W҉Җҋ҈ҚҐ1 ҚzӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

Ѵ
ҖѢ1Ҧ ҘқҒЊ ҊҖҏ
Ҍҥsҕіҍ җҘіҐҔҐ2Ӑ җҘҗd҉ҕҍӐ ҊLҟҕҥґ җҖҌ0҉zҙz ҉ҴҋҖҙҚҐӐ
җҘҍҏҐҘaz җҘҍҋҘҥҠѢ1ҕіz: ҚҪ ҉Җ ҌЋҠқ ҶzҏҊҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2 ҝrҚ0ҊҖҦ ғҦ҉0ҊіҦӐ Ґ3
Ѣ3ҋw2 җҘҍҟcҚңz ҉ұҖҔaҚҍҘҍ. Ҧ4Ҏҍ ҶҔҖғҐ2 ҙҗ҈ҙҚҐ2 ҌЋҠң ҕaҠz.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

Ѹ
қҒ0Ҧ ҚҊҖeҦӐ җҘҗd҉ҕҍ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ Ѣ4Ҏҍ ҒҢ ҉ұқ ҊҖҏҌҥsҕіҍҔҢӐ җҘҍҙғaҊҕw
ҟқ
ҌҖҌѠґҙҚҊҖҊ҈ҙzӐ ҔҖғҐ1ҚҊ҈ҔҐ ҉Җ ҚҊҖҐ1ҔҐ ӂҋҕҤ ҙҢ ҕ҉7ҙE ҙҊ0ҌҐҠҐӐ ҊҖ
WҟҐҡeҕіҍ ҔѠҙҚ҈ ҝҘaҔ҈ җҘҍҟcҚңz: Ҧ4Ҏҍ ҊҙҐ2 ҙҢ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҊҍғҐҟaҍҔҢ.

ѰӃҕҢ. ЖҘҔ0ҙҢ:

ѩ
ҍҏҕ҈ҟaғҤҕ҈ ҘҖҌҐ1Қҍғz ҙҕ7ҢӐ ҉ұҢ Ґ3 ҋҰҤӐ ҊҖҗғ0ҡҙz t ҌҊ7ң ҕaҔҢ ҲҊҐ1ҙzӐ
WҔҘ҈ҟѢ1ҕҕ҈z җҘҖҙҊҥҚҐ1ҚҐӐ ҙҖ҉ҘaҚҐ Ҙ҈ҙҚҖҟѢ1ҕҕ҈z. ҚѠ
ҔҢ ҊҙҍҗѠҚқҦ ҉Ҟdқ
ҊҍғҐҟaҍҔҢ.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѷ
҈ҝHҔі҈ ҊҍғҐ1Ғ҈ҋwӐ ѓҋұғҤҙҒ҈ҋw ҊҐҌѠҕіz ҙҗҖҌ0҉ғҤҠ҈ҋwҙzӐ ҎҐҚіEӐ ӂ§ҍӐ
җҖҌҘ҈ҎaҊҢӐ Ҙ҈ҊҕҖaҋұғҤҕw ҊҢ җҍҡeҘҥ җҖҎҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2. ҚѠҔҎҍ Ґ3
Ҙ҈ҊҕҖaҋұғҤҕқҦ җ0ҟҍҙҚҤ ҙҗҖҌ0҉Ґғҙz Ѣ3ҙҐ2 җҘіsҚҐӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍ.

ѬҊaҎҌң.

ѷ
Ҙҗ
d
҉ҕҍ ӂ§ҍ
ўҕҚHҕіҍ
Ӑ ҔҖғҐ2 ҉ҋ7҈ Җ ҕ҈1ҙ

ѰӃ
Ҏҍ t ҙVҪz ҋҖҘң2 җқҚeҔҢ ҊҍҌЋҡҐҔҢӐ ӂ§ҍӐ
ҔѠҙҚ҈ ҒjҍҊҙҒ҈ҋw ҌҖҙҚҐ1ҋғҢ
Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ґ3ҌѠҎҍ ҉sҠҍ Ҷҋ0ҌҕҖ ҊLҟҞң ҔVҘҍ ҉9іz ҝҘaҔқ ҊҖҏҌҊҐ1ҋҕқҚҐҙz: Ґ3
ҚaҔw ҝҘaҔҢ җҘҍҟeҙҚҍҕҢ ҊҢ ҙғaҊқ ҉ұҖҔaҚҍҘҍӐ ҒЋҗҕw ҙҖ ҉ғ҈ҎeҕҕңҔҢ
fҍҖҌ0ҙіҍҔҢ ҊҖҏҌҊҐ1ҋғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2. ҚѠҔҎҍ ҚS ҊҙҐ2 ҙҢ ҕҐ1ҔҢ ҊҍғҐҟaҍҔҢ.

ѩұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѹ
ҊҥҚҖҘҖҌҐ1ҚҍғҤҕҐҞҍ ҌҊ7ҖӐ
ҌқҠҐ2 ҔҖҍS ӂ҉ғ҈ҒҢ tҎҍҕҐ2Ӑ Ґ3 Ҍ҈Ҋaґ ҟҐ1ҙҚw
ҏҘѠҚҐӐ ҊLҟҞҍӐ ҙҗ҈ҙҐ1ҚҍғҤҕқҦ ҌҖ҉Ҙ0Ққ ҊҖҏҙіsҊҠқҦ ҕҍҐҏҋғ҈ҋ0ғ҈ҕҕwӐ Ґ3ҏҢ
ҚҊҖҍS җҘҍҟcҚңz ҶҚҘ0҉ң ҊҖ ҙҊѠҚҢ ҲҏҪҒwҊҢӐ җҘҍҗѠҚ҈z.

ѹҊҥҚҐ1ғҍҕҢ:

Ѯ
ҐҚeґҙҒҖҍ ҙғ҈ҌҖҙҚҘaҙҚіҍ ҶҔҍҘҚҊҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ўҕҚHҕіҍ: ҙғaҊқ Ҏҍ
Ҕ҈ғҖҊҘeҔҍҕҕқҦ җ
ҖҏҕaҊҢӐ ҙҍS ҊҙҒ0Ҙҥ tҙҚқҗҐ1ғҢ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ ҚѠҙҕңҔҢ җқҚeҔҢ
Ґ3ҏҊ0ғҐҊҢ ҝҖҌҐ1ҚҐӐ ҊҍҌЋҡҐҔҢ ҒҢ ҘaґҙҒҖҔқ җҘҖҙҚҘaҕҙҚҊқ. ҚѠҔҎҍ
ҔҖғҐ1ҙzӐ ўҕҚHҕіҍӐ ҙҗ҈ҙҚҐ1ҙz Қҍ҉E җҖҟҐҚaҦҡңҔҢ.

ѬҊaҎҌң.

ѹғaҊ҈Ӑ Ґ3 ҕҪҕҥӐ ҉ұҖҘ0ҌҐҟҍҕҢ:

ѩ
Ҟdқ ҚS ҊҖҐ1ҙҚҐҕҕқ Ґ3ҙҗҖҊѠҌ҈ҦҡҍӐ ҊLҟҞҍӐ Ґ5Ҏҍ ҚҖ҉0Ҧ ҙҗ҈ҙaҍҔіҐ:
ҚҪ ҉Җ
҉ұ҈ ҘҖҌҐғҩ Ѣ3ҙҐ2Ӑ Ҙ҈ҏ0ҘҠ҈ҋҖ ҒrҚ0ҔҢ ҙҔeҘҚҤӐ Ґ3 ҒҢ ҙҍ҉Б җҘҐҊғeҒҠ҈
җҘҍҗҖҌ0҉ҕңҝҢ ҙҖ҉0ҘңӐ ҙҢ ҕҐ1ҔҐҎҍ ҚS ҊҖҙҝҊ҈ғsҍҔҢӐ ҌҊ7Җ.



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