reported statements 16.11 мой


reported statements
Direct speech is the actual words people say. We use speech marks.
Napoleon said: 'I have fought sixty battles and I have learned nothing. '
Reported or indirect speech tells us what people have said. We do not use speech marks.
Napoleon said that he had fought sixty battles and had learned nothing.
tense changes
In reported speech we usually begin with a past tense reporting verb (eg said) 50 we change ali the
verbs that follow, and put them back further in the past.
'I know the answer', she said. 5he said (that) she knew the answer.
'/'ve done it, ' she said. 5he said (that) she had done it.
'1'11see you later', he said. He said he wouJd see us later.
people: persona I pronouns
We also change the word we use to refer to the person who spoke.
Jack said: 'I have finished.' Jack said that he had finished.
words referring to time and place
In direct speech time words like naw, taday, tamarrow, change because there is no longer a 'here and
now' reference. The point of view has changed.
'1'11see you tomorrow.' He said he would see me the following day.
Reference words like here and this also change.
'1like this painting. ' 5he said that she liked the painting.
'I don 't understand this.' He said that he didn't understand it.
tamarrow ~ the following day, the next day
yesterday ~ the day before
here ~ there
this (pronoun) ~ it
this (determiner) ~ the
say and tell
We always put an object after tell.
He said that he feh iii. He toJd them that he felt iiI.We use tell in the phrases tell a lie and tell the truth.
5he toJd her teacher a lie. He toJd me the truth, I'm sure.
We don't say Ue sald the truth or Ue sald a He.
no changes
• When we report immediately what someone says, or talk as if it was very recent, we use a present
tense reporting verb and we do not make tense changes.
Helen says she'lI be back later.
• When we report a state meaning (eg like, live, believe etc) it is possible to make no changes if we
want to show that the state continues.
'I still don 't believe you.' He said that he still doesn't believe me.
We can also make the tense change, but it can suggest that the state belongs to the past.
He said that he didn't believe me at that time.
• When we report a narrative we need not change past simple to past perfect.
'I was standing at the bus-stop, and I saw everything that happened, ' he said.
He said he was standing at the bus stop and saw everything that happened.
Napoleon said that you must never in terrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake.
• We do not make tense changes when we report quotations.
Rewrite each question in indirect speech, beginning as shown.
a) 'You can't park here.' The police officer told Jack  …...............................................................................
b) 'I'll see you in the morning, Helen.' Peter told Helen.................................................................................
c) 'I'm taking the 5.30 train tomorrow evening.' Janet said ..........................................................................d) 'The trousers have to be ready this afternoon.' Paul told the dry-cleaners …................................................
e) ' I left my umbrella here two days ago.' Susan told them .........................................................................f) 'The parcel ought to be here by the end of next week.' Brian said …........................................................... 
g) 'I like this hotel very much.' Diana told me ...….......................................................................................
h) 'I think it's going to rain tonight. William said...........................................................................................
I) 'What time does the film start, Peter?' I asked …......................................................................................
j) 'Do you watch television every evening, Chris ?' The interviewer asked….......................................................
k) 'Why did you apply for this job?' asked the sales manager.The sales manager asked me................................... 
l) 'Are you taking much money with you to France?' My bank manager wanted  to know......................................  m) 'When will I know the results of the examination?' Maria asked the examiner …...............................................
n) 'Are you enjoying your flight?' The stewardess asked me............................................................................
o) 'How does the photocopier work?'I  askedthe salesman............................................................................. 
p) 'Have you ever been to Japan, Paul?' Sue asked Paul ….............................................................................   
q)'I want to know how much this bike costs. Can you tell me?' John asked how…...............................................
r) Took, don't worry, I'll help you if you like.' Sue said she…............................................................................
s) 'All right, I tell you what, the car's yours for, let's say £500.' The salesman said I could …................................
t) 'I hope you don't mind my saying this, but you're being a bit silly, aren't you?'Peter told me I..............................
u)'It doesn't look as if I'll be arriving until after eight, I'm afraid.' Jane said she probably.........................................
 
 
 
Answers:
a) The police officer told Jack that he couldn't park there.
b) Peter told Helen that he would see her in the/the next morning.
c) Janet said that she was taking the 5.30 train the next/following evening.
d) Paul told the dry-cleaners that the trousers had to be ready that afternoon.
e) Susan told them that she had left her umbrella there two days earlier/before.
f) Brian said that the parcel ought to be there by the end of the following week.
g) Diana told me that she liked the/ that hotel very much.
h) William said that he thought it was going to rain that night.
i) I asked Peter what time the film started.
j) The interviewer asked Chris if he watched television every evening.
k) The sales manager asked me why I had applied for the/that job.
l)My bank manager wanted to know if I was taking much money with me to France.
m)Maria asked the examiner when she would know the results of the examination.
n)The stewardess asked me if I was enjoying my flight.
o)I asked the salesman how the photocopier worked.
p)Sue asked Paul if he had ever been to Japan.
q)much the bike cost
r)would help me
s)have the car for £500
t)was being a bit silly
u)wouldn't arrive until after eight.
 

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