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Lesson 10 (1). THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA
(up to "Then when luck comes you
of the lesson is to teach you to draw conclusion
s from the information given in the text
as to the
Use the following piece of information to GIVE YOUR SUMMARY of the pages you have
questions below may help you to do it.
Hemingway's "The Old Man and the Sea" is
built upon the greatest abstractions
love and truth
and honour and loyalty and pride and humility
*** What is it that makes Santyago's going to sea
inevitable? Is it only hunger? Why does he go to sea
alone? Is the old man full of resolution or is he
doubtful about his ability to catch a big fish? What is
the old man's atti
tude to Nature, and the sea in
particular? What is the old man's state of mind as he
remains on the sea alone?)
Glossary. Guess the words by their definitions.
A small sword used for thrusting.
The upper edge of the side of a boat.
Any of several marine food and game fishes of the genus Sarda, related
to the tuna.
A flatbottomed open boat with a pointed bow and a square stern.
A type of cloud characterized by dense
individual elements in the form
of puffs, mounds, or towers.
An agricultural tool with a long, curving blade fastened at an angle to a
An aquatic bird related to a gull but usually with a more slender body
and bill, and smaller f
To congeal, as a fluid
Having many lustrous colors like the rainbow.
A large iron hook attached to a pole, used to catch large fish.
Loosely twisted hemp or jute fiber filled with tar, used in caulking seams
and packing j
the story of the old man's life
Your description should reflect your impression of the character. Each statement should be
supported by a quotation from the book. (
It should be both a description and a character
Characterize the relationship b
etween the old man and the boy M
Mind that their relationship can be regarded from various points of
view. Great attention should be paid to their spiritual unity.
statements with quotations from th
Hemingway's achievement lies in the manner in which he renders his
themes through sensory detail that brings the physical world to the
reader with lyrical freshness or excruciating horror; through symbols
embedded in the natural world; throu
gh a dialogue which is as
suggestive as his sensory detail.
Explain, what effect Hemingway produces with the help of:
"THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA" gives us a person who is up against the
opposing forces of life, and nature
in particular. No matter how aggressive they are, they are not
alien to him. In his apprehension of the world they are not sinister and should be respected.
Why does the author call Santiago "
a strange old man
Lesson 10 (2)
THE OLD MAN AND T
(up to "But I will show him what a man can do and what a man endures.")
of the lesson is similar to that of the previous one.
Reproduce the information by heart supplying the most suitable quotation(s):
Hemingway's basic attitude to
ty remained unchanged from "In Our
Time" to "The Old Man and the Sea". Life
is a solitary struggle, a desperate fever of
action conscious of having no sense of
reason beyond itself. Nothing in it can be
that can be
scarcely comprehends but which he knows
that he must continue to strive against,
though knowing, too, that the struggle must
end in defeat. But it is not victory or defeat
that matters but
the struggle itself.
PROVIDE EVIDENCE from the story of the fish
hunt to prove that it is just the sort of struggle as it
is described above.
In many of Hemingway's books, the important thing is not that one dies, but
how one dies
t, that it is not that one kills, but
how one kills
. We are told carefully,
painstakingly, how the old man performs his function as a fisherman, how he prepares for the
for struggle. We are told how he hooks the fish and secures the line, waiting in
for the fish to turn and swallow the bait, then waiting again until it has eaten it well, then striking,
hook, then placing the line across the back a
when the fish plunges and the line will not break.
How does Hemingway handle
to produce an effect on the reader?
HOW DOES HEMINGWAY USE THE
to make the
more dynamic and expressive? What features of the old man do they bring
out? In what way does the passage under discussion show that the story
is built upon the greatest abstractions
love and truth and honour and
loyalty and pride and humility?
A careful reading of Hemingway shows that that there are times
when the most powerful effect comes from restraint and understatement.
He believes that the strongest effect comes with
an economy of means
(the pause, the sparse and careful use of adjectives
, simple sentences,
EXPLAIN, GIVE EXAMPLES.
So far, judging by the pages we have read and discussed, "The Old Man and the Sea" can be treated
as a story of............
FINISH THE STATEMENT. Mind that it should stress the
meaning of the story.
RENDER THE TEXT IN ENGLISH AND COMMENT UPON IT:
Хемингуэй всегда зорко видел окружающий мир,
природу, но только теперь он позволил Сантьяго говорить о ней
полным голосом. Говорить о море, о рыбах, о пти
цах. Едва ли в
ранних его книгах возможны были бы обращения Сантьяго к
большой рыбе или его разговор с птицей или его мысли о
кашалотах и дельфинах.
Сантьяго преследует полоса неудач. Но ведь, собственно,
много ли ему надо? Ограничь он себя заботами о собственном
пропитании, посиди в лодке на добычливых местах, наставь
больше удочек с мелкой наживкой
и он был бы сыт. Но к чему
тогда его мастерство?
он ведь мечтает о "большой рыбе",
которой накормил бы много людей. И он убил рыбу не просто,
чтобы продать ее, а потому что он рыбак.
Lesson 10 (3)
THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA
(up to the end)
The aim of the lesson is to teach you how to explai
n the value of a work of fiction to those who have little
experience in analysing it.
Reproduce the information & add a few words answering the questions:
For anyone who hasn't read "
THE OLD MAN & THE SEA
" it would be disastrous to discuss
at length; the story is too briefly delicate to survive heavy analysis. It is necessary, however, to
mention some of the attributes Hemingway displays in it. What in this context is immediately striking
is the combination of narrative skill, the rootednes
s in character, simplicity, and symbolism that
Why can't the story "survive heavy analysis"? (= What makes it "delicate"?) Why does
Hemingway resort to pain to bring out the
meaning of the story?
Hemingway achieves the great double desired by all writers of suspense. One longs to know what
will happen next & prays that it will not hurt the character.
of the events that take place in the last part of t
he story and say what makes the
the feeling of suspense.
As you remember, "
" is the voice of one person but
addressed to another one, while a "
either voiced or silent, is addressed to oneself. The
& thoughts of Santyago have the
characteristic features of both.
GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF EACH DEVICE AND SAY
WHAT MOOD Hemingway expresses in each of
Trace the flow of the old man's monologue
of either type and account for the changes in the
mood of t
(*** encouragement? compassion? self
curiosity? persuasion? a sense of
Hemingway wrote, "
I tried to make a real old man, a real boy, a real sea & a real fish. But if I
make them goo
d and true enough, they would mean many things. The hardest thing is to make
succeed in his attempt?
The Old Man and the Sea
. Fill in the gaps.
The Old Man and the Sea
1952 after the
years in Hemingway's literary career. His last major work,
Across the River
the Trees, was
as unintentional self
d people began to
think that Hemingway
his store of ideas.
Santiago's story was originally
as part of a larger work,
including material that later appeared in
Islands in the Stream
. This larger work, which
Hemingway referred to as
The Sea Book
, and when
Hemingway received positive
of the Santiago story, known then as
"The Sea in Being
ed to allow it to be published _____________________
He wrote to publisher Charles Scribner in October 1951, "This
is the prose that I have
been working for all my life that should read easily and simply and seem short and yet
have all the
of the visible world and the world of man's
. It is as good prose as I can write as of now."
The Old Man and the
, published in its
in one edition of
, was an
success. In two days
the September 1st edition of
Life sold 5,300,000 copies and the book version sold 153,000. The novella
to the top of the best
seller list and remain
ed there for six months. At
was warm. Many
it as Hemingway's best
work, and no less than William Faulkner said, "Time may show it to be the best single
piece of any of us, I mean his and my
." Others, however,
in the characterization and excess sentimentality.
The Old Man and the Sea
Pulitizer Prize and American Academy of Arts and Letters' Award of Merit Medal for
the Novel and played a
role in Hemingway's selection for the Nobel
Prize for Literature in 1954.
If we compare Santyago with the characters of Hemingway's stories, we may say that
THE DIGNITY OF MAN
the rest have the dignity of ruined children.
Express agreement or disagreement with the above
given statement. Explain what is meant by
dignity of man
That Hemingway's central character is a fisherman
: rightly or wrongly, we are inclined to accept
the rhythm of a fisherman's life as being close to the workings of the universe
indeed, almost a
symbolic reflection of them. There is a constant change of rhythm throughout the book. It may be
nly by a patient eye which is accustomed to vast territories and to the constant changes
also stresses that routine is no routine in the long run and that man i
s part of nature and opposed
to it at the same time.
Speak of the
of Hemingway's work. Explain its role. Give examples.
symbolic meaning. They are rep
resented by different images that show what their essence really
WHAT IS THE BOOK ABOUT:
, or both? What are the images of victory or defeat?
Give a summary of the
the context of characters
Use this Characters Map
oted at the
start of the novel "
For Whom the Bell Tolls
", in his later book "
The Old Man and the Sea
man is an island entire of itself