Hemingway_The_Old_Man_and the Sea_Lesson Plan


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Lesson 10 (1). THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA

(up to "Then when luck comes you
are ready.")


The

aim

of the lesson is to teach you to draw conclusion
s from the information given in the text

as to the


1.

Use the following piece of information to GIVE YOUR SUMMARY of the pages you have
read.

The
questions below may help you to do it.


Hemingway's "The Old Man and the Sea" is
built upon the greatest abstractions
-

love and truth
and honour and loyalty and pride and humility
-

and
attaining a

*** What is it that makes Santyago's going to sea
inevitable? Is it only hunger? Why does he go to sea
alone? Is the old man full of resolution or is he
doubtful about his ability to catch a big fish? What is
the old man's atti
tude to Nature, and the sea in
particular? What is the old man's state of mind as he
remains on the sea alone?)

2.

Glossary. Guess the words by their definitions.


1)

Bonito

a)


2)

Coagulate

b)

A small sword used for thrusting.

3)

Cumulus

c)

The upper edge of the side of a boat.

4)

Fathom

d)

Any of several marine food and game fishes of the genus Sarda, related
to the tuna.

5)

Gaff

e)

A flatbottomed open boat with a pointed bow and a square stern.

6)

Gunwale

f)

A type of cloud characterized by dense

individual elements in the form
of puffs, mounds, or towers.

7)

Iridescent

g)

An agricultural tool with a long, curving blade fastened at an angle to a
handle

8)

Oakum

h)

An aquatic bird related to a gull but usually with a more slender body
and bill, and smaller f

9)

Rapier

i)

To congeal, as a fluid

10)

Scythe

j)

Having many lustrous colors like the rainbow.

11)

Skiff

k)

A large iron hook attached to a pole, used to catch large fish.

12)

Tern

l)

Loosely twisted hemp or jute fiber filled with tar, used in caulking seams
and packing j
oints.


3.


Give
the story of the old man's life
.


4.

Describe S
antiago
.

Your description should reflect your impression of the character. Each statement should be
supported by a quotation from the book. (
It should be both a description and a character
-
sketc
h
).


5.

Characterize the relationship b
etween the old man and the boy M
anolin.


Mind that their relationship can be regarded from various points of
view. Great attention should be paid to their spiritual unity.
Support your
statements with quotations from th
e text
.


6.

Hemingway's achievement lies in the manner in which he renders his
themes through sensory detail that brings the physical world to the
reader with lyrical freshness or excruciating horror; through symbols
embedded in the natural world; throu
gh a dialogue which is as
suggestive as his sensory detail.

Explain, what effect Hemingway produces with the help of:

a)
;

b)
dialogue.


7.

"THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA" gives us a person who is up against the
opposing forces of life, and nature

in particular. No matter how aggressive they are, they are not
alien to him. In his apprehension of the world they are not sinister and should be respected.
EXPLAIN.



8.

Why does the author call Santiago "
a strange old man
"?


Lesson 10 (2)

THE OLD MAN AND T
HE SEA

(up to "But I will show him what a man can do and what a man endures.")

The

aim

of the lesson is similar to that of the previous one.


1.

Reproduce the information by heart supplying the most suitable quotation(s):


Hemingway's basic attitude to
reali
ty remained unchanged from "In Our
Time" to "The Old Man and the Sea". Life
is a solitary struggle, a desperate fever of
action conscious of having no sense of
reason beyond itself. Nothing in it can be
that can be
scarcely comprehends but which he knows
that he must continue to strive against,
though knowing, too, that the struggle must
end in defeat. But it is not victory or defeat
that matters but

the struggle itself.


2.

PROVIDE EVIDENCE from the story of the fish
-
hunt to prove that it is just the sort of struggle as it
is described above.


3.

In many of Hemingway's books, the important thing is not that one dies, but
how one dies
. And,
equally importan
t, that it is not that one kills, but
how one kills
. We are told carefully,
painstakingly, how the old man performs his function as a fisherman, how he prepares for the
hoped
-
for struggle. We are told how he hooks the fish and secures the line, waiting in
suspense
for the fish to turn and swallow the bait, then waiting again until it has eaten it well, then striking,
hook, then placing the line across the back a
when the fish plunges and the line will not break.


How does Hemingway handle
physical detail

to produce an effect on the reader?


4.

HOW DOES HEMINGWAY USE THE
INNER MONOLOGUE

AND
AUTODIALOGUE

to make the
story
more dynamic and expressive? What features of the old man do they bring
out? In what way does the passage under discussion show that the story
is built upon the greatest abstractions
-

love and truth and honour and
loyalty and pride and humility?


5.

A careful reading of Hemingway shows that that there are times
when the most powerful effect comes from restraint and understatement.
He believes that the strongest effect comes with

an economy of means
(the pause, the sparse and careful use of adjectives
, simple sentences,
limited vocabulary).

EXPLAIN, GIVE EXAMPLES.


6.

So far, judging by the pages we have read and discussed, "The Old Man and the Sea" can be treated
as a story of............

FINISH THE STATEMENT. Mind that it should stress the
universal

meaning of the story.



HOME TASK.

RENDER THE TEXT IN ENGLISH AND COMMENT UPON IT:

Хемингуэй всегда зорко видел окружающий мир,
природу, но только теперь он позволил Сантьяго говорить о ней
полным голосом. Говорить о море, о рыбах, о пти
цах. Едва ли в
ранних его книгах возможны были бы обращения Сантьяго к
большой рыбе или его разговор с птицей или его мысли о
кашалотах и дельфинах.


Сантьяго преследует полоса неудач. Но ведь, собственно,
много ли ему надо? Ограничь он себя заботами о собственном
пропитании, посиди в лодке на добычливых местах, наставь
больше удочек с мелкой наживкой
-

и он был бы сыт. Но к чему
тогда его мастерство?
он ведь мечтает о "большой рыбе",
которой накормил бы много людей. И он убил рыбу не просто,
чтобы продать ее, а потому что он рыбак.

Lesson 10 (3)
THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA
(up to the end)

The aim of the lesson is to teach you how to explai
n the value of a work of fiction to those who have little
experience in analysing it.

1.


Reproduce the information & add a few words answering the questions:

For anyone who hasn't read "
THE OLD MAN & THE SEA
" it would be disastrous to discuss
it

at length; the story is too briefly delicate to survive heavy analysis. It is necessary, however, to
mention some of the attributes Hemingway displays in it. What in this context is immediately striking
is the combination of narrative skill, the rootednes
s in character, simplicity, and symbolism that


Why can't the story "survive heavy analysis"? (= What makes it "delicate"?) Why does
Hemingway resort to pain to bring out the

meaning of the story?


2.

Hemingway achieves the great double desired by all writers of suspense. One longs to know what
will happen next & prays that it will not hurt the character.

Give a
short summary

of the events that take place in the last part of t
he story and say what makes the
reader experience

the feeling of suspense.


3.

As you remember, "
dramatic
monologue
" is the voice of one person but
addressed to another one, while a "
soliloquy
",
either voiced or silent, is addressed to oneself. The
speech
& thoughts of Santyago have the
characteristic features of both.


GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF EACH DEVICE AND SAY
WHAT MOOD Hemingway expresses in each of
them.


4.

Trace the flow of the old man's monologue
of either type and account for the changes in the
mood of t
he character.


(*** encouragement? compassion? self
-
pity?
curiosity? persuasion? a sense of


5.

Hemingway wrote, "
I tried to make a real old man, a real boy, a real sea & a real fish. But if I
make them goo
d and true enough, they would mean many things. The hardest thing is to make
."

Did Hemingway
succeed in his attempt?



6.

The Old Man and the Sea
Review
. Fill in the gaps.

The Old Man and the Sea

______________

in
1952 after the
____________
ten
years in Hemingway's literary career. His last major work,
Across the River

and into
the Trees, was
______________

as unintentional self
-
parody, an
d people began to
think that Hemingway
___________

his store of ideas.

Santiago's story was originally
______________

as part of a larger work,
including material that later appeared in
Islands in the Stream
. This larger work, which
Hemingway referred to as

The Sea Book

,

was proving
_____________
, and when
Hemingway received positive
_____________

of the Santiago story, known then as
"The Sea in Being
"
,


he decid
ed to allow it to be published _____________________
.
He wrote to publisher Charles Scribner in October 1951, "This

is the prose that I have
been working for all my life that should read easily and simply and seem short and yet
have all the
______________

of the visible world and the world of man's
__
___________
. It is as good prose as I can write as of now."

The Old Man and the

Sea
, published in its
___________

in one edition of
Life
magazine
, was an
____________

success. In two days
,

the September 1st edition of
Life sold 5,300,000 copies and the book version sold 153,000. The novella
_____________

to the top of the best
-
seller list and remain
ed there for six months. At
first, critical
______________

was warm. Many
__________

it as Hemingway's best
work, and no less than William Faulkner said, "Time may show it to be the best single
piece of any of us, I mean his and my
_______________
." Others, however,

complained of
_____________

in the characterization and excess sentimentality.
Despite these
______________
,
The Old Man and the Sea

was
___________

the 1953
Pulitizer Prize and American Academy of Arts and Letters' Award of Merit Medal for
the Novel and played a

____________

role in Hemingway's selection for the Nobel
Prize for Literature in 1954.

C
onceive

P
ublis
h

C
ondemn

D
ifficult

R
ecept
ion


D
imension

A
rtificial

S
oar

I
ndependent

I
nstant

E
xhaust

A
ward

B
leak

E
ntirety

C
ontemporary

R
eview

S
pirit

H
ail

D
etractor

S
ignificant



7.

If we compare Santyago with the characters of Hemingway's stories, we may say that
H
IS IS
THE DIGNITY OF MAN

-

the rest have the dignity of ruined children.

Express agreement or disagreement with the above
-
given statement. Explain what is meant by
"the
dignity of man
".


8.

That Hemingway's central character is a fisherman
: rightly or wrongly, we are inclined to accept
the rhythm of a fisherman's life as being close to the workings of the universe
-

indeed, almost a
symbolic reflection of them. There is a constant change of rhythm throughout the book. It may be
noticed o
nly by a patient eye which is accustomed to vast territories and to the constant changes
also stresses that routine is no routine in the long run and that man i
s part of nature and opposed
to it at the same time.

Speak of the
RHYTHM

of Hemingway's work. Explain its role. Give examples.

9.

symbolic meaning. They are rep
resented by different images that show what their essence really
is.

WHAT IS THE BOOK ABOUT:
victory
or
defeat
, or both? What are the images of victory or defeat?

10.

Give a summary of the
whole
story in
the context of characters
’ interrelations
and interactions.

Use this Characters Map


11.

John Donne
, qu
oted at the
start of the novel "
For Whom the Bell Tolls
", in his later book "
The Old Man and the Sea
": "
No
man is an island entire of itself
"?


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