Semantic classification of nouns and morphologi…


Semantic classification of nouns and morphological characteristics
Semantically, all nouns fall under several main groups. How many of them and what are they?
+ give your examples.
(Two, PROPER and COMMON nouns. PROPER: John, Russia. COMMON: table, flower, arm) Муслим, Таня
Give a definition of “a proper noun”+ your examples.
(A proper noun is the name of smn or smth that is usually thought of as unique. Ex: Mary, London, England). Лена, Настя
Give a definition of “a common noun” + your examples.
(A common noun is a name given either to an example or a class of things or notions. Ex: table, water, air, idea). Алёна, Аня
What are the types of “a common noun”? Give some examples illustrating the difference. Semantic division of these types.
(Common nouns can be COUNT and NON-COUNT.
Nouns typically used as count include the class names of:
Persons, animals, plants, etc.: friend, cat, rose;
Concrete objects having shape: ball, car, hat, house;
Units of measurement, society, language, etc.: metre, hour, dollar;
The individual parts of a whole: part, element, atom;
Abstractions thought of as separate wholes: family, word, idea.
Nouns normally used as non-count include the names of:
Solid substances and materials: earth, bread, rice;
Liquids, gases, etc.: water, oil, tea;
Many abstractions: equality, honesty, peace.
There is a semantic division into CONCRETE (material) and ABSTRACT (immaterial) nouns, though concrete nouns are mainly count and abstract mainly non-count). Юля А, Лиза
According to their morphological structure nouns fall into several groups. What are they? Illustrate simple nouns and give some examples.
(SIMPLE, DERIVATIVE, COMPOUND nouns
SIMPLE nouns consist of only the root which very often coincides with the word; the usual or most favoured phonetic shape is one single stressed syllable: bus, bear, land, glass, wife, etc. Simple nouns are undecomposable, having neither suffixes nor prefixes). Маша, Алиса
According to their morphological structure nouns fall into several groups. What are they? Illustrate derivative nouns and give some examples.
(SIMPLE, DERIVATIVE, COMPOUND nouns
Derivative nouns have affixes (prefixes or suffixes or both)
Ex: worker, kindness, brotherhood, etc.). Яна, Саша
According to their morphological structure nouns fall into several groups. What are they? Illustrate compound nouns and give some examples.
Compound nouns are the words consisting of at least two stems which occur in the language as free forms. They usually have one main stress.
The main types of compound nouns are:
Nouns with a stem modified by another noun stem.
(Sunbeam, snowball, film-star)
Nouns consisting of a verb stem and a noun stem.
(dining-room, searchlight, reading-hall)
Nouns consisting of an adjective stem and a noun stem.
(blackboard, blackmail, bluestocking)
A very large and productive group of nouns derived from verbs with postpositives, or more rarely, with adverbs.
(blackout, breakdown, make-up, set-back) Катя
EXERCISES
SIMPLE, DERIVATIVE or COMPOUND? Divide them into three groups.
Dislike (derivative), boy (simple), noun (simple), resistance (derivative), meanings (derivative), remark (derivative), airman (compound) , footnote (compound), agreement (derivative), artist (derivative), doctor (derivative), decision (derivative), hook (simple), friendship (derivative), blackboard (compound), greenhouse(compound), teacher (derivative), freedom (derivative), girl (simple), make-up(compound). Катя, Муслим, Лена, Алёна, Маша, Яна, Алиса
Point out the nouns and define the class each belongs to.
The woman sat fingering her hair, which was thin and graying.
(Woman – common, count, concrete;
Hair – common, non-count, concrete.)The sister in the office had wanted to be a school teacher, but at the moment of decision all the extra money of the family had been needed for Charlie.
(Sister – common, count, concrete;
Office – common, count, concrete;
Teacher – common, count, concrete;
Moment- common, count, abstract;
Decision –common, count, abstract;
Money – common, non-count, concrete;
Family- common, count, concrete;
Charlie - proper).I saw light at the end of the tunnel.
(Light –common, non-count, abstract;
End – common, count, abstract;
Tunnel –common, count, concrete).What Sam has done is to send this letter to Mr Jones.
(Sam, Mr Jones – proper;
Letter – common, count, concrete).The teacher gave a book to each of the boys.
(Teacher, book, boys – common, count, concrete).
He said two or three words in the local dialect that she could not understand.
(Words, dialect – common, count, abstract).Anne cooks fish exactly the way her mother did.
(Fish, mother – common, count, concrete;
Way– common, count, abstract).
Таня, Настя, Лиза, Юля, Аня, Саша

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