There are different types of higher education establishments in Russia.
There are four types of institutions of higher education in Russia at the present time: Universities, Academies, Institutions and Private Institutions. Universities are responsible for education and research in a variety of disciplines.
Academies are responsible for education and research. They differ from universities only in that they restrict themselves to a single discipline. Institutes are multi-discipline oriented. They can be independent structural units, or part of a university or academy. Private institutions present in increasing numbers.