2013-3-tasks-engl-The_Worker_and_Kolkhozwoman


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Worker and Kolkhoz Woman


"Kolkhoznitsa"
for

the Russian word denoting a female collective
-
farm worker.

Worker and Kolkhoz Woman (
Russian
:
чий

и

зниц
)


Artist

Vera Mukhina

Year

1937

Type

stainless steel

Dimensions

2400

cm (940

in)

Location

Russian Exhibition Centre
,
Moscow

Worker and Kolkhoz Woman

(
Russian
:
чий

и

зниц

Rabochiy i Kolkhoznitsa
) is a
famous landmark of monumental art,
"the ideal and symbol of the Sovie
t epoch"
, that represents
a dynamic
sculpture

group of two figures with a
sickle and a hammer

raised

over their heads
(

). It is 24.5


feet) high, made from
stainless steel

by
Vera Mukhina

for the
1937
World's Fair

in
Paris
, and subsequently moved to
Moscow
. The sculpture is an example of the
socialis
t realistic

style, as well as
Art Deco

style. The worker holds aloft a hammer and the
kolkhoz

woman a sickle to form the
hammer and sickle

symbol
.

History

Boris Iofan
) of the
World's Fair.

The organizers had placed the Soviet and German pavilions facing each other
across the main pedestrian boulevard at the
Trocadéro

o
n the north bank of the Seine.

Mukhina was inspired by her study of the classical
Harmodius and Aristogeiton
, the
Victory of
Samothrace

and
La Marseillaise
,
François Rude
's sculptural group for the
Arc de Triomphe
, to
bring a monumental composition of socialist realist confidence to the heart of Paris. The
symbolism of th
e two figures striding from East to West, as determined by the layout of the
pavilion, was also not lost on the spectators.

Although as Mukhina said, her sculpture was intended "to continue the idea inherent in the
building, and this sculpture was to be an

inseparable part of the whole structure"
,
after the fair
the
Worker and Kolkhoz Woman

was relocated to
Moscow

where it was placed just outside the
Exhibition of Achievements of the People's Economy
.

In 1941, the sculpture earned Mukhina one of the initial batch of
Stalin Prizes
.

The sculpture was removed for restoration in autumn of 2003 in preparation for
Expo 2010
. The
original plan was for it to return in 2005, but because the
World's Fair

was not awarded to
Moscow

but to
Shanghai
, the r
estoration process was hampered by financial problems and re
-
installation was delayed.

It finally returned to its place at
VDNKh

on November 28, 20
09. The revealing of the restored
monument was held on the evening of December 4th, 2009, accompanied by fireworks. The
restored statue uses a new pavilion as its pedestal, increasing its total height from 34.5 meters
(the old pedestal was 10 meters tall)

Use in media

Worker and Kolkhoz Woman

was chosen in 1947 to serve as the logo for the
film studio

Mosfilm
. It can be seen in the opening credits of the film
Red Heat
, as well as many
of the

Russian films released by the
Mosfilm

studio itself.

In the 1997 film
The Saint

Treitiak uses a varia
tion of The Worker and Kolkhoz woman holding
a sword on campaign posters.

In the 2010 film
Harry Potter and the Death
ly Hallows: Part 1
, once the
Ministry of Magic

is
taken over by
Lord Voldemort
's
Death Eaters
, a statue is placed in the Ministry Atrium depicting
the new Ministry agenda: stone
Muggles

being squashed trying

to hold up a tall column
inscribed with the words "MAGIC IS MIGHT", and two large stone wizards, one male and one
female, in a similar pose to this statue, holding their wands up.





Gallery




rival




Worker and Kolkhoz Woman

was among achievements of the 20th century in the arts to
be commemorated in Russian stamps in 2000 (depicted with
Tatlin's Tower
)




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